[PIB notes, Hindu notes]DAILY IASTODAY CAPSULE-JULY 21 2017

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General Studies-01

 

Cloudburst in Himalayan region

  • Himalayan region is facing problem of cloud burst frequently.
  • Due to height of Himalaya, clouds have to go upward.
  • With increase in height ; temperature will go down.
  • At a point cloud capacity become optimum and burst suddenly.
  • This kind of incidence makes disaster because sudden break washed away area like dam broke out

General Studies-02

 

Post of president of india

  • Ram Nath Kovind enters Rashtrapati Bhavan with big win

  • India’s 14th President gets 65.6% of votes to beat joint Opposition candidate Meira Kumar

  • President of india is head of state elected by electoral college.
  • This electoral college consist of elected members of parliament an legislative assembly of state.
  • Person should have at least qualification of being member of lok sabha.
  • President voting to be done with single transferable vote and candidate have to get majority of vote to be elected.
  • President can be removed from office with procedure mentioned in constitution.

General Studies-03

HIV infection and treatment

  • HIV patient have many problem like diagnosis on time, social exclusion, access to medicine..etc
  • To solve this problem indian Pharma played vital role and made access to medicine very easy.
  • Government and many organization using marketing as means to increasing awareness about disease.

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JUNE 21 2017

GST from July 1: FM
Kerala and Jammu and Kashmir,which are yet to ratify the State GST law to facilitate the implementation of the GST under their jurisdiction,would lose out on the benefits of a single national tax.
Deadline to file the first return, was extended to September 15 [from August 10]

What to do next? GST will be live by JULY 1 so study basics of GST like levels of taxes, Tax structure,understand meaning of some keywords like IGST,CGST,SGST.

The tiger and Adilabad tribes
The aboriginal Raj Gonds worship the big cat as Rajulk Pen, the forest king and god.
The customs of the Raj Gonds and Kolam tribes are attuned to peaceful co-existence with wild animals.
In a Dandari-Ghusadi performance,a masked Tappal Pen dancer depicts a tiger’s attack on cattle.

What to do next? Make a brief note on Tribes of india and their location. Its a wise area so name & state where they live is enough for todays note.Its recommended to add one line about their importance or special features.

Floods pound northeast, West Bengal
Many people washed away, security forces rush to the rescue of those stranded due to deluge and landslips.

What to do next? Make a note on security forces in india & their mandate.

The Indian Navy’s first indigenously built floating dock(FDN-2),
Enhances Navy’s capability in repair, maintenance of ships.
The floating dock is 185 meters long and 40 meters wide.

It will enable docking of all kinds of vessels, including Naval ships and submarines
(excepting aircraft carriers and tankers) of up to 8,000 tonnes displacement,
with draughts of up to seven metres, during both day and night

What to do next? study the important achievements of Indian Navy especially INS series.

First sitting High Court judge to be awarded imprisonment
Justice Karnan was the first sitting High Court judge to be awarded imprisonment for six months by the Supreme Court .
His arrest comes after his retirement eight days ago.

What to do next? Give importance to anything that happens first. here you must go through process of impeachment of judges, case of justice karnan.
10,000 more NGOs may lose licence
Union home ministry is planning to cancel Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) licences as they are not filing annual return.
The FCRA licences of more than 11,000 NGOs have been cancelled in last few years of NDA government.

What to do next? try to understand FCRA, NGO’s and its conditions /requirements and importance.

Do CRPF jawans have human rights?
Section 24 of the Right to Information Act (RTI) exempts security and intelligence
agencies from RTI provisions, except in the case of allegations of human rights violations and corruption

In its reply to an RTI application, the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has said that no human rights were
violated in the brutal killing of 25 CRPF personnel by leftwing extremists in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district on
April 24, 2017

What to do next? Revise RTI act and its provisions. Focus on the exceptions given to some security and intelligence
agencies.
Pak. begins fencing Afghan border
The two nations are divided by the 2,400-km Durand Line, drawn by British rulers in 1896.
The line runs through ethnic Pashtun territory, dividing families and tribes between the two countries.
but Afghanistan is opposed to the building of the fence.

What next? Learn the strategical importance of PAK & Afgan to india. Make a note on friendship dam and similar links with india.

A bleak forecast on deadly heatwaves
Seventy-four per cent of the world’s population will be exposed to deadly heatwaves by 2100, if carbon dioxide emissions continue to rise at current rates.
The Heat waves that proceeds the ongoing monsoons with odisha particularly witnessing series of heat related death.

Tiny temperature rise can make mass death twice as likely;unchecked emission can expose 3/4th of humanity to deadly heat waves.

What next? Make note on international initiates on climate change & their goals. Understand the impact of heat waves on human beings and animals.
Volcanism heralded era of dinosaurs
Volcanic activity may have played a key role in triggering the mass extinction event about 200 million
years ago, which set the scene for the rise and age of the dinosaurs, an Oxford study has found.
The casualty list includes large crocodile-like reptiles and several marine invertebrates.
This mass extinction has long been linked to a large and abrupt release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere,
but the exact source of this emission has been unknown.

What next? Study the evolution & periods of evolution like thorasic period. And proceeds to organisms and their features in those periods.

[sociallocker id=”2087″] [/sociallocker]
NASA finds 10 Earth-sized exoplanets
10 new rocky, Earth-sized planets that could potentially have liquid water and support life..
The Kepler mission team released a survey of 219 potential exoplanets — planets outside of our solar system — that had been detected by the space observatory launched in 2009 to scan the Milky Way galaxy.
The 10 new Earth size planets bring the total to 50 that exist in habitable zones around the galaxy.

What next? Make notes on NASA space missions to analyse asteroid,planet , Solar system and their observations and achievements.


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General Studies-02

Freedom of expression

  • Freedom of expression and speech is core part of our fundamental right.
  • But the question is; Are we in a situation to express ourselves freely without any hesitation??
  • Article 19 proclaims this fundamental right to express.
  • Every activities of mankind express something different that ranges from cultural creativity to violent opposition.
  • What we think and apply is actually a process of expression but difference between thought and its application means lack of freedom or restraint.
  • Government can make reasonable restriction but there should be clarity in the definition of reasonableness.

Demand of statehood

  • Demand for statehood in indian federation is always a result of regional unbalanced growth or political advancement of people to get more representation
  • Now gorkhaland people demands separate statehood for that fact file given below

Mind map statehood

General Studies-03

Zero defect zero effect scheme

  • This scheme is sub part of make in india, to make indian market more competitive.
  • ZED will focus mainly on strategy of certification, productivity, technology, efficiency, intellectual property right etc.
  • Quality council of india has given apex role to check organization efficiency in MSME.

Internet and non state terrorism

  • When terrorism funded and supported by any political unit that is called state actor terrorism; while any voluntary group or person joins terrorism without state support is non state actor.
  • Internet has opened new opportunity to develop terrorism as virtual form of organization.
  • Its difficult to control as internet have no geographical or political border.
  • In the incident of terrorist attack by remote control with help of internet then cyber planner have to take appropriate step.

GST

  • July 01 is the target date for government to implement this tax structure that is also called one nation one tax..
  • This tax system will also create nationwide market where no tariff among state and city.
  • Tax structure is easy to understand as it will eliminate complex multi tax system or cascading effect.
  • GST council decide tax rate.
  • The council comprise of central and state finance ministers.
  • Central GST, state GST and integrated GST will be differentiated.
  • But major problem for implementation is lack of awareness or misleading informations among people about technological skill and infrastructure, state cooperation, tax department staff training etc.

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General Studies-01

 

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

  • This scheme started by the government to reform in sex ratio as population data showing major negative pace.

  • This scheme come under ministry of women and child welfare.

  • Major objective of this scheme is to prevent infanticide, protect and educate girl child.

  • This scheme to be implemented through task force of the district level.

  • District to be selected as per the population data that districts have lower ratio of the female.

General Studies-02

Atal pension yojna

  • It is one of the social security scheme in which every person between 18 to 40 can subscribe.

  • After age of 60, person will get pension as per the fund has been invested by him/her.

  • It is special scheme for the person working in informal sector.

  • It is new version of the swabhiman scheme.

  • Under this scheme central government will also provide 50 % of the fund.

  • This scheme is managed by the provident fund regulatory authority of india.

International court of justice

  • It is one of the global court to solve the issue of conflict between countries.

  • Headquarter is in Hague.

  • This institute comes in the group of United Nation.

  • Russia recently quit this platform.

  • All the UN member is automatically parties to this platform and this court have only advisory role.

National human right commission

  • It is statutory body that consist of chairman and four other members.

  • Chairman should be retired chief judge of supreme court.

  • This commission can take suo motto action in breach of human right.

  • This commission also work as civil court and fine on guilty person.

General Studies-03

Gravitational wave

  • Project LIGO has been started to study the nature of gravitational wave that passes through space.

  • This wave has special pattern and nature that was first proved by Einstein.

  • According to Einstein gravitational wave have special pattern or way that can not be dispersed as light wave.

Zika virus

  • It is a viral infection transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito, which is also the carrier of dengue and chikungunya viruses.

  • Zika has mild effects for most people but doctors believe infection during pregnancy can result in babies with small heads, which is known as microcephaly, and other serious developmental disorders.

  • Roughly 2.6 billion people could be at risk of zika and india first cases come into light form Gujarat recently.

Economic slow down

  • Recent report on indian economic performance show us that india is no more fastest developing country.

  • Because of demonetization, every sector of the economy have negative pace of development.

  • Major set back or reform will depend on indian monsoon that is expected to be normal.


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General Studies-02

The security of Afghanistan

  • Peace in Afghanistan becoming a very difficult thing because of ongoing trans border terror financing or multiple stack holders who wants to control this territory.

  • Afghanistan is a good partner of india,that means we have sound interest in Afghanistan.

  • Regional group established in Istanbul called heart of asia conference that wants to build partnership among neighbor to spread peace in Afghanistan.

  • Last meeting was organized in Amritsar.

Cow and constitution

  • Prohibition of cruelty toward animal passed in 1960 gives welfare approach toward animals.

  • Ban on slaughter as gandhian principle added to directive principle of state policy(DPSP) with states having power to ban slaughter house.

  • Animal welfare is concurrent subject ie, state and center,both can frame law on that particular subject.

  • This cow protection point also make discussion in constitution as religious or fundamental right.

General Studies-03

Kalavari submarine

  • It is a scorpion type submarine.

  • This submarine built with the support from France.

  • Kalavari means deep ocean tiger shark.

  • This deal with france includes: total six submarine ,one of them is khanderi that will start dive from June 1, 2017.

  • Khanderi named after an island fort of shivaji,the ruler of Maratha kingdom.

Indian economy is no more fastest growing economy

  • According to recent report data, indian economy is no more fastest economy of the world because of the after effect of demonetization economic growth in every sector giving a negative sign.

Indian economy is no more fastest growing economy

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General Studies-01

Kohinoor diamond

  • Kohinoor diamond recently making news because people of india want Britain to return diamond

  • Supreme court refuse to hear petition and ask that this come outside of its power

  • Kohinoor was taken by east india company in 1849 from king dulipsingh of Punjab

  • India have law regarding it and Britain and india is also signatory of the UNESCO convention regarding it

General Studies-02

Quality Mark” Award Scheme for Dairy Cooperatives initiated by NDDB

  • NDDB created and managed india white revolution and operation flood related to growth of the milk production under leadership of vergese kurian

  • the National Dairy Development Board(NDDB) developed initiative of “Quality Mark” Award Scheme for dairy Cooperatives to promote and encourage enhancement of safety, quality and hygiene of milk and milk products manufactured by dairy cooperatives.

  • It is aimed at bringing about process improvement in the entire value chain from producer to the consumer to ensure availability of safe and quality of milk and products both for the domestic and foreign market.

Case of Aadhaar

  • Central government created unique identification program which include mass population and big data for policy analysis and benefit transfer

  • Unique identification authority created and more than 100 crore Aadhaar has been issued

  • Central government make it compulsory to have Aadhaar enrolled to get benefit of welfare scheme

  • Government present this bill as money bill under article 110 that also under case in supreme court as lok sabha speaker have final say in case of money bill definition that to be presented after prior president permission only in lok sabha and rajya sabha have limited power in it.

  • Supreme court ordered that government can not make it compulsory to enroll Aadhaar as Aadhaar evolve person biometric ID and it is breach of the person right to privacy under right to speech and expression

UDAN scheme{PIB}

  • It offers concessions to the airlines to encourage them to fly on regional routes like levies or charges imposed by the airport operators, excise duty at 2% and VAT at 1% on aviation turbine fuel etc
  • Airports Authority of India (AAI) is the implementing agency.

  • A Regional Connectivity Fund (RCF) will be created to subsidise operations under the RCS.

  • The central government will fund 80% of the losses incurred and the rest will be covered by the states.

  • This is provided through the Viability Gap Funding (VGF) to the selected airline operators from RCF, and state governments will be required to reimburse the applicable share. VGF will be provided for three years from the date of commencement of operations of such RCS flight.

General Studies-03

Maiden Firing of BrahMos Land Attack Supersonic Cruise Missile

  • Indian Navy successfully undertook the firing of BrahMos Land Attack Supersonic Cruise Missile

  • This variant of Long Range BrahMos Missile was fired from Indian Naval

  • BrahMos Missile has been jointly developed by India and Russia, and its Anti Ship variant has already been inducted into Indian Navy.

PMGKY{ PIB}

  • Taxation and Investment Regime for Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, 2016’ (PMGKY) was proposed in the Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016

  • Under this, besides 50% tax, surcharge and penalty, a quarter of the declared income will be to be deposited in interest free deposit scheme for four years.
  • The scheme enables people with undisclosed income to come clean

  • In addition to tax, surcharge and penalty, the declaring will have to deposit 25% of undisclosed income in a deposit scheme

  • This amount is proposed to be utilized for programmes of irrigation, housing, toilets, infrastructure, primary education, primary health, livelihood etc, so that there is justice and equality

 MGNREGA {PIB}

  • Adult members of a rural household willing to do unskilled manual work are eligible to seek employment under the act.

  • Employment is to be given within 15 days of application for work, otherwise daily unemployment allowance has to paid by the respective State.

  • Wages are to be paid according to Minimum Wages Act 1948

  • for agricultural labourers in the State unless otherwise notified by the centre

  • Equal wages are to be paid to both men and women.

  • At least one-third beneficiaries are to be women.

  • No contractors and machinery is allowed

Geo tagging

  • It is the process of adding geographical identification like latitude and longitude to various media such as a photo or video. Geotagging can help users find a wide variety of location-specific information from a device. It provides users the location of the content of a given picture.

CURRENT AFFAIRS PRELIMS QUIZ

Q.1 consider the following statement about Kohinoor is/are correct

1. it was originally asset of Punjab king

2. india and Britain both signatory of UNESCO convention on it

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct answer: Option C

Q.2 operation flood related to

A. production of milk

B. related to khalistan movement

C. related to terrorist in pathankot

D. related to Kashmir terror operation

Correct answer: Option A

Q.3 consider the following statement about money bill is/are correct

1. Money bill defined in constitution

2. Decision of speaker is final and can not be discussed in court

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct answer: Option A

Q.4 consider the following statement about UDAN scheme of the government

1. It is implemented by the airport authority of india

2. government will provide viability gap funding

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct answer: Option C

Q.5 consider the following statement about MGNREGA

1. Wages are to be paid according to Minimum Wages Act 1948

2. Equal wages are to be paid to both men and women

3. At least one-third beneficiaries are to be women

A. 1 2 only

B. 2 3 only

C. 13 only

D. all of the above

Correct answer: Option D

 

1 C
2 A
3 A
4 C
5 D

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IASTODAY DAILY CAPSULE @ 7PM- April 20 [PIB, Hindu notes & MCQ]

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DAILY HINDU NOTES,PIB daily notes and Multi choice quiz on current affairs together called DAILY CAPSULE for APRIL 20 2017...We also offers PDF version of daily capsule..This is a new initiative and your feedbacks will be appreciated. Shoot your feedbacks at [email protected]

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General Studies-01

Roman coin

  • Recently coin of roman emperor found in the area of the amarawati which is of 1st century old

  • This coin told about roman king and found in south india with origin about 1st century CE that means roman have presence in southern india

  • Study of the coin called numismatics

Monsoon forecast

  • Monsoon forecast done by the indian metrological department come under ministry of earth science

  • This department predict normal monsoon for india

  • That means this year will be good health of economy and ecology

  • Monsoon of india affected mostly by el nino, indian ocean dipole, temperature of Tibet highland, north west Europe temperature, sea surface temperature of indian, pacific and Atlantic ocean, sea level mean pressure on south east Asian country

  • Good monsoon > good agriculture crop> good farmer situation

  • Good rain > higher reservoir level > no inter state water conflict

General Studies-02

Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail

  • Union cabinet approve demand of grant for VVPAT machine of election commission of indian

  • This machine will be used nationwide in general election 2019

  • This machine have technique in which when voter vote then he/she can watch paper train for 7 second to verify vote to candidate of need

  • This machine can be also helpful in time of checking any tampering in EVM by verifiying trail count

National Commission for Backward Classes

  • National commission is statutory non constitutional body and this commission appointed by president every five year in central level and governor by state level

  • This commission report about development and step taken by the governemtn and current scenario of the class

  • Inclusion of any caste also suggested by this commission

  • Recently government proposed constitutional law to make it constitutional body that means inclusion of caste also need constitutional amendment

Babri masjid case

  • This is being sensitive case of religious which should be decide with great care so it take long time

  • Supreme court by suing article 142 can transfer case or cases form one court to another one

  • Delay in justice is also equal to injustice

BCIM corridor

  • Bangladesh – china – india – Myanmar corridor to be take place as international highway under china policy of one belt one road and economic corridor for regional connectivity to inclusive development

  • Indian might hesitate to join this proposal as china Pakistan economic corridor passes through Pakistan occupied Kashmir

  • By this corridor india can have greater access in north east state by connectivity development but this also come with strategic importance of north east as china also have access

State assistance from another country

  • Under current situation state got its revenue from tax, revenue devolution form center on recommendation of the finance commission, grant in aid, loan but state cannot seek external financial support from external

  • Recently cabinet approved proposal to borrow support from out side entity by state with condition of financially sound firm can do that

  • This support only can be get under official development assistance [ODA]

General Studies-03

NPA problem in indian banks

  • Current level of the NPA in bank is more than what was in korea at the time of economic crisis

  • When bank do not get interest and principle for 90 day this called NPA and for agricultural criteria is two crop season

  • Distressed asset is another concept which include NPA as sub part of it

  • Government started S4A, 5/20 rule etc. program

College unrest in india

  • This incident taking place due to valueless education

  • Unemployment after degree

  • Economic and social discrimination and inequality

  • Government should not impose law and order but take creative step to mould youth nature and mental status

  • Antimicrobial Resistance

  • Anti microbial resistance means bacteria develop strength against existing drug that can make Bacteria more strong

  • Antimicrobial resistance is a serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society and is driven by many interconnected factors.

  • Over use of high dose or schedule high drug can make it more compulsive situation

  • Whole world is now under threat about resistance that to be managed with cooperation.

CURRENT AFFAIRS Multiple Choice Quiz

Q.1 consider the following statement about indian metrological department is/are correct

1. it is come under ministry of earth science

2. it has responsibility of weather forecasting and highway accessibility

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

 

Q.2 what is numismatics

A. study of rock edict

B. study of coin

C. study of sculpture

D. study of pillar

 

 

Q.3 consider the following statement about national commission for backward class

1. it is constitutional body

2. state and center have joint body

3. this commission give its report to president

A. 2 only

B. 3 only

C. 1 3 only

D. all of the above

 

Q.4 consider the following statement about BCIM initiative

1. it is idea of one belt one road initiative

2. this economic corridor pass through india

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Q.5 form which of the following way state can get financial assistance

1. grant in aid

2. tax

3. central tax devolution

4. foreign loan

A. 1 2 3 only

B. 2 3 4 only

C. 1 2 4 only

D. all of the above

 

1 C
2 B
3 B
4 C
5 A

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UPSC IAS DAILY CAPSULE @ 7PM- April 12 [PIB,Hindu notes & MCQ]

Daily Capsule

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General Studies-01

Mahatma Phule [PIB]

  • Jyotiba phule also known as mahatma phule from Maharashtra also worked in the era of the socio religious reform

  • Jyotiba phule worked in the area of the elimination of the caste system and specially worked in the field of the dalit society improvement

  • Mahatma phule established satyasodhak society for the institutional work of social development

General Studies-03

Blue Revolution[PIB]

  • Realizing the immense scope for development of fisheries and aquaculture, the Government of India has restructured the Central Plan Scheme under an umbrella of Blue Revolution.

  • Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries (CSS) approved by the Government provides for a focused development and management of the fisheries sector to increase both fish production and fish productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources of the inland and marine fisheries sector including deep sea fishing.

  • The Blue Revolution is being implemented to achieve economic prosperity of fishermen and fish farmers and to contribute towards food and nutritional security through optimum utilization of water resources for fisheries development in a sustainable manner, keeping in view the bio-security and environmental concerns.

     

    High Yielding Seeds [PIB]

  • High yielding varieties is the one of the developed and researched component of the green revolution

  • This varieties include commercial and food grain that make it higher production and higher economic prosperity to farmer

  • This also target to farmer development but without rationale research this led to environmental degradation

  • Now government want to launched evergreen revolution that aim to achieve sustainable and inclusive development

PMBJP [PIB]

  • Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras are functional in the country to provide medical facility to people who need it most

  • This scheme started in order to promote the use of generic drugs in the country and with the objective of making available quality generic drugs at affordable prices to all, a countrywide campaign in the name of PMBJP has been started.

  • The PMBJP scheme provides more than 600 medicines and 154 surgicals and consumables at affordable prices in all therapeutic categories such as Anti-infectives, Anti-diabetics, Cardiovasculars, Anti-cancers, Gastro-intestinal medicines, etc.

  • This initiative also led to maximum expenditure by the government in health that is most needed sector of the nowadays government

Virtual Currencies [PIB]

  • Virtual currency is the currency that design on internet platform to use it on digital platform and this currency have no physical form

  • Bitcoin is major component of the digital currency but no country or central bank have provided them authorize status

  • The creation, trading or usage of VCs including Bitcoins, as a medium of payment is not authorized by any central bank or monetary authority. No regulatory approval, registration or authorization has been obtained by the entities concerned for carrying on such activities.

    Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB)[PIB]

  • The Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) was created to enhance access to financial services at affordable rates, promote asset ownership, entrepreneurship for the purposes of inclusive growth and empowerment of women in general.

  • The objectives of affordable credit to women as well as propagation of women-centric products need to be quickly achieved through a wider network and lower cost of funds which are not possible for a new bank and that is why to achieve this, BMB has been merged with State Bank of India.

Mission to curb tuberculosis [PIB]

  • According to report of the global burden of the disease india accounted for majority of the cases of tuberculosis

  • But major problem is related to the access to the health facility and resistant to drug

  • The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme is being implemented under the aegis of the National Health Mission with the following steps

  1. strengthening and improving quality of basic TB services,

  2.     addressing TB HIV co-infection, other co-morbidities and MDR-TB

  3.   engaging with care providers both in the public and the private sector

  4.    targeted intervention in the vulnerable population and strengthening urban TB control along with active case finding activities

  5.   integrating newer molecular diagnostics for TB  in the health system (CBNAAT) for early diagnosis of MDR TB

PMGSY

  • Pradhan mantri gram sadak yojna is the flagship program of the government of india for the rural infrastructure development

  • This program aim to provide all weather road connectivity to rural area

  • This program will provide road connectivity to village with population up to 500 population in plain region and 250 population in mountain, tribal and desert areas

  • New law on HIV AIDS

  • Parliament passed human immune virus [HIV] acquired immuno deficiency syndrome [AIDS] act 2017

  • This law provide equal right for the treatment and opportunity of the job to person and this new law also provide opportunity right to life with dignity

  • The legislation prohibits discrimination against people living with, and affected by, HIV in a range of settings, including employment, education, housing and health care, as well as with regard to the holding of public or private office, access to insurance and freedom of movement.

  • The Bill also prohibits any individual from publishing information or advocating feelings of hatred against HIV positive persons and those living with them.

CURRENT AFFAIRS MCQ

Q.1 consider the following statement about mahatma phule is/are correct

1. Mahatma phule worked in the area of the widow remarriage

2. phule has formulated satyasodhak samaj

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct Answer : Option B

Q.2 which of the following pair correctly matched

1. green revolution agriculture

2. blue revolution fishery development

3. round revolution egg production

4. white revolution milk production

A. 1 2 4 only

B. 2 3 4 only

C. 1 3 4 only

D. all of the above

Correct Answer : Option D

 

Q.3 consider the following statement about Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras is/are correct

1. functional in the country to provide medical facility to people who need it most

2. this surgicals and consumables at affordable prices in all therapeutic categories such as Anti-infectives, Anti-diabetics, Cardiovasculars, Anti-cancers, Gastro-intestinal medicines

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct Answer : Option C

Q.4 consider the following statement about bitcoin is/are correct

1. it is one of the virtual currency

2. it is backed by the world bank

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct Answer : Option A

 

Q.5 consider the following statement about bhartiya mahila bank

1. The Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) was created to enhance access to financial services at affordable rates, promote asset ownership, entrepreneurship for the purposes of inclusive growth and empowerment of women in general.

2. BMB has been merged with State Bank of India.

 

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

 

Correct Answer : Option C

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The Hindu notes monthly magazine [Pdf]

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UPSC IAS DAILY CAPSULE @ 7PM- April 9 [PIB,Hindu notes & MCQ]

Daily Capsule

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General Studies-01

Mahavir and jain tradition

  • Bhagwan Mahavira’s philosophy of ahimsa, truth, compassion and non-violence are of increasing relevance in today’s world. his teaching of right faith, right knowledge and right conduct. Let us unite and build a society free from violence, terrorism and exploitation.”

  • Jain have tirthakara tradition from which mahavir was 24th jina who preached world about non violence

  • Jain sect have two part i.e. swetambar and digambar sect

Welfare of the tribal people

  • Constitution have lot of provision related to tribal people from security of the special culture and tradition to the reservation in the government post to give them space main stream

  • On the eve of the independent then prime minister jawaharlal Nehru told to the nation that if government will force tribal people to transform them to mainstream will create exploitation of them and exclude them from process of development means lack of inclusive and sustainable society

  • Government given status of particularly vulnerable group [PVTG] to some tribal group that have major threat from process of development or they are vulnerable to social exploitation

  • Major PVTG living in Orissa and all the tribal group from the Andaman island are in PVTG category

  • Some PVTG group are the great Andamanese, onge, lanjiasoara, toda of nilgiri, birhor, and the saharia tribe are largest community under PVTG found in MP and Rajasthan

Draught situation and food security

  • Draught becoming like daily problem for the indian sub continent as global climate changing

  • Draught will be many type like meteorological draught situation means lower rainfall than what is climate standard for that particular area while hydrological draught means scarcity of water in river basin while lack of humidity and high temperature also make above rainfall year as draught hit year

  • Lack of water > no food crops > or farmer going to cash crops > food security affected > food inflation > worsened malnutrition problem > lower economic capability of person > lower HDI > higher subsidy of government > no capital investment

Lower rate of women in labour participation

  • Recent study by the world bank reveled that despite of the economic growth of the indian economy women participation and economic process remain stagnant

  • Lowe rate is due to lack of education as more girls drop out ratio > less skill > less pay and there are also lack of security on work place major incident of the women molestation at work place.

  • Patriarchic society also not accepting women as economic earner of the family.

Teesta river water sharing problem

  • This river flowing from Sikkim, west Bengal and merge into Brahmaputra in Assam and then flowing in Bangladesh.

  • Global warming and climate change led to major water crisis between country and intra country.

General Studies-02

India Bangladesh relation

  • India and Bangladesh relation taking new step under leadership of the hasina that start during liberalization of the Bangladesh

  • After partition india and Pakistan divided in which Pakistan have two geographical entity ie east Pakistan and west Pakistan

  • But east Pakistan always become territory of the exclusion from the government policy

  • And this policy of the exclusion led to people migrate to the india and that led to the internal security threat to the india

  • So india government help in liberation of the Bangladesh that led to indo pak war

  • Recently Bangladesh government pay honor to indian army battalion which helped in liberation

  • Major problem of indo Bangladesh relation is the river water sharing issue major problem is teesta river

General Studies-03

Elephant census

  • India government recently announced to conduct census of the elephant after 5 year that will check the quality of the ecosystem for key species like elephant.

  • Key species are the species that are most important for the sustainable ecosystem and without them whole forest food chain will be impacted so their existence is clear sign of the good health status of the ecosystem.

  • Government also stated special project for the elephant.

Global warming and heat wave problem in india

  • 2016 become the warmest year of record for this century and that led to major problem for the indian subcontinent with lack of humidity in air that also make worse scenario for the agriculture of the india

  • This heat wave like condition also make peoples life more harder with interstate water sharing problem

  • Heat waves are a sharply defined concept, as per Indian meteorology. Depending on whether a place’s historical temperature is 40C or less, a 4.5C (or greater) rise in temperature counts as a ‘heat wave’ and 6.5C and more, a ‘severe heat wave.’

  • El nino effect is the major cause of the indian heat wave like situation because of the changing wind pattern and humidity deficit in country

  • Negative indian ocean dipole also effect of the heat wave because in this situation when severe heat wave attack > land surface become hotter than ocean > but land surface cool down rapidly while ocean temperature become slow change > ocean now become hotter than land and this will weaken indian monsoon > indian ocean is rapidly becoming hot island

  • Heat wave have major problem on human health as this led to water deficit in the human body and many other symptoms

General Studies-04

Scene of deteriorated humanity

  • Syrian chemical attack victim who now doesn’t know what is this world think and define what is humanity according to you

CURRENT AFFAIRS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

Q.1 mahavir given principle of the

1. right conduct

2. right faith

3. right view

4. right knowledge

A. 1 2 3 only

B. 2 3 4onyl

C. 1 2 4only

D. all of the above

Correct Answer : Option C

Q.2 teesta river flowing form which of the following state of india

1. Assam

2. Sikkim

3. west Bengal

A. 1 2 only

B. 1 3 only

C. 2 3 only

D. all of the above

Correct Answer : Option D

 

Q.3 for which animal government of india have started special project for their conservation

1. elephant

2. tiger

3. lion

4. hangul

5. gangetic dolphin

 

A. 1 2 3 5 only

B. 1 2 4 only

C. 1 2 3 4 only

D. all of the above

 

Correct Answer : Option B

Q.4 consider the following statement about definition of the heat wave is/are correct

1. this is defined by indian meteorological department

2. rise of more than 5 C called as heat wave condition

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

 

Correct Answer : Option A

Q.5 literally el nino means

A. god

B. devil

C. ocean current

D. child

Correct Answer : Option D

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