HINDU NOTES-FEBRUARY 17 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-FEBRUARY 17 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Prelims UPSC, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Proposal to recognise Marathi as classical language being pursued, says Maharashtra CM

News:

Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has assured that his government is pursuing the demand that Marathi be granted the status of `classical language’ with the Union government.

Beyond News:

The proposal was placed before a committee of linguistic experts, which approved it, and now it is under the consideration of the Union Ministry of Culture, the Maharashtra CM informed.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Nearly 100 new planets discovered beyond our solar system.

News:

Scientists have confirmed nearly 100 new planets outside our solar system, bringing the total number of exoplanets found using NASA’s K2 mission to almost 300.

Beyond News:

  • One of the planets detected was orbiting a very bright star.
  • The Kepler spacecraft was launched in 2009 to hunt for exoplanets in a single patch of sky, but in 2013, a mechanical failure crippled it. However, astronomers and engineers devised a way to save the telescope by changing its field of view periodically.
  • This solution paved the way for the follow-up K2 mission, which is still ongoing as the spacecraft searches for exoplanet transits. These transits can be found by registering dips in light caused by the shadow of an exoplanet as it crosses in front of its host star.
  • The dips are indications of exoplanets, which must then be examined more closely to confirm their nature.

The first planet orbiting a star similar to our own sun was detected in 1995. Today, some 3,600 exoplanets have been found, ranging from rocky Earth-sized planets to large gas giants like Jupiter.

Delhi, Haryana told to resolve polluted water supply issue

Delhi pollution NGT

News:

  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed the governments of Delhi and Haryana to convene a meeting and resolve the matter pertaining to polluted water, which is allegedly being provided by the Haryana government to the Capital.

Beyond News:

  • A Bench directed the chief secretaries of the two governments to meet on February 20 and settle the issue after the Delhi Jal Board (DJB) had moved an application in the tribunal.
  • The DJB had alleged that the water that was being supplied by the Haryana government had high ammonia content to the extent that the water could not be treated and supplied as drinking water to the people in the national capital.

The green panel passed the directions after both the authorities agreed to an amicable settlement.

  • The DJB had claimed that while at the source point in Haryana, the ammonia content in the water was negligible, the source point in Delhi saw high levels of ammonia.

Cause:

The petition had alleged that the primary cause of pollution appeared to be the addition of untreated domestic and industrial waste in some areas, including Panipat and Sonipat.

Milky Way ties with Andromeda in galactic arms race

Milky way -Galaxy

News

The Andromeda galaxy, our nearest large neighbour, is roughly the same size as the Milky Way, astronomers have found, putting the “gravitational arms race to rest”.

Beyond News

It had been thought that Andromeda was two to three times the size of the Milky Way, and that our own galaxy would ultimately be engulfed by our supposedly bigger neighbour.

  • However, the latest research evens the score between the two galaxies. The study found the weight of the Andromeda is 800 billion times heavier than the Sun, on par with the Milky Way.
  • The study used a new technique to measure the speed required to escape a galaxy.
  • The research suggests scientists previously overestimated the amount of dark matter in the Andromeda galaxy.

The Milky Way and Andromeda are two giant spiral galaxies in our local universe, and light takes a cosmologically tiny two million years to get between them.

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  • Revision Tests to allow time for regular revision.
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HINDU NOTES-February 16 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 16 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2018, Prelims UPSC, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

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Supreme Court revises Tamil Nadu Cauvery water quota to 177.25 tmc

RIVER-CAUVERY-SC -Verdict

News

  • The Supreme Court in a verdict on the Cauvery river water dispute, reduced the allocation of  water from Karnataka to Tamil Nadu.

Beyond News

  • Karnataka will now supply 177.25 tmc instead of 192 tmc – a reduction of 14.75 tmc, from its Billigundlu site to Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu 
  • A Special Bench declared the Cauvery a “national asset” and largely upheld the water-sharing arrangements finalised by the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal (CWDT) in its award on February 5, 2007, said Karnataka was entitled to a “marginal” relief.
  • The court rejected an argument by the Centre that Section 6A of the Inter-State Water Disputes Act of 1956 bestowed upon it discretion in framing a Cauvery water sharing scheme.
  • The court said that subject to the formulation of a scheme, the water allocation arrangement should stand unchanged for the next 15 years.
  • It said the argument did not stand to reason and a scheme had to be framed under Section 6A as per the Tribunal award.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

More villages join protest against Kondapochamma reservoir

News

  • Protests continue to strengthen in Bahilampur village in Telangana against the Kondapochamma reservoir in Mulugu mandal, with residents of Mamidyala village joining the agitation and stalling the ongoing work.

Beyond News

  • Some 200 locals squatted in a tent erected in Bahilampur and had a heated argument with some TRS leaders about promises made by Chief Minister, not being fulfilled.
  • Residents said that the promises must be fulfilled before forcing them to vacate the village.
  • Villagers said that,heavy dust clouds had encompassed the village, a result of the construction activity, making it difficult to even breathe.
  • In addition, the villagers of Singaram under Mallannasagar limits have also commenced a protest demanding constructing of double bedroom houses before they are asked to leave the village.

Orangutan population under threat at Borneo Island

SCIENCE-ORANGUTANS

News

  • Hunting by people and habitation destruction by oil palm, paper, logging and mining industries helped drive a startling drop of about 50 percent in the orangutan population on the island of Borneo from 1999 to 2015.

Beyond News

  • The researchers calculated a population decrease of about 148,500 during that 16-year period and projected another drop of 45,000 by 2050, painting a bleak picture for the future of these shaggy reddish tree dwellers that are among the world’s most imperiled great apes.
  • Orangutans inhabit lowland forests on Borneo, an island shared by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, and Indonesia’s island of Sumatra, eating wild fruits, insects, bark, flowers and leaves.

Hunting and habitat loss

  • Deforestation was only part of the danger. Around 70 percent of the loss in Borneo’s populations may have resulted from orangutan killings by people in forested areas.
  • The researchers tallied arboreal nests for these apes and used satellite images to appraise forest loss, determining there were between 200,000 and 300,000 Borneo orangutans in 1999 and between 70,000 and 100,000 in 2015.

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HINDU NOTES-February 15 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 15 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

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China slams Modi’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh

News:

China has slammed Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh, saying it was not helpful in creating “enabling conditions” for boundary talks and improvement of Beijing-New Delhi ties.

Beyond News

Xinhua news agency quoted foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang as saying that China was “firmly opposed” to Mr. Modi’s visit to the “disputed area.”

The Chinese government has never recognised the so-called Arunachal Pradesh and is firmly opposed to the Indian leader’s visit to the disputed area.

Mr. Geng said that China and India had reached “important consensus” on properly managing disputes, and the two sides were working to resolve the territorial disputes through negotiation and consultation.

He urged India to cherish “the hard-won momentum of improvements in bilateral relations and create enabling conditions for the boundary talks and the development of bilateral relations.”

Kerala has pressed for ban on Popular Front of India

Muslim popular front ban

News

Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju has said that,Kerala has sought a ban on the Popular Front of India (PFI), a Muslim organisation that is mainly operating out of the State.

Beyond News

The issue was discussed at the annual DGP meet held in Madhya Pradesh’s Tekanpur in January, where Kerala police chief Lokanath Behera gave a detailed presentation on the PFI’s growth and activities in the State.

The session was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Home Minister Rajnath Singh and other senior officials in the security establishment.

Mr. Behera listed four cases where members of the PFI were involved in criminal activities.

Last year, the National Investigation Agency sent a detailed report to the Home Ministry and mentioned four cases where cadres of the PFI had either been charge-sheeted or convicted.

In 2010, some armed members of the PFI attacked Professor T. J. Joseph in Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam district, and chopped off his right palm.
Mr. Joseph was targeted over a question paper he set for a college examination that had some references to the Prophet Mohammad, which the attackers said insulted the Prophet.
In May 2015, a court convicted 13 PFI activists in the case.

The NIA said it examined nine cases where men and women converted to Islam and in at least four of them, the involvement of members of the PFI was established.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Electrons behind colourful auroras observed for the first time

electron rain discoveryNews

Scientists have, for the first time, directly observed the shower of electrons bouncing across Earth’s magnetic field, which causes the spectacular, colourful phenomenon commonly known as the Northern Lights.

Beyond News

While the cause of these colourful auroras has long been hypothesized, researchers had never directly observed the underlying mechanism until now. The spectacle of these subatomic showers is legendary.
Green, red, and purple waltz across the night sky, blending into one another for a fantastic show widely considered one of the great wonders of the world.

Among a variety of auroras, pulsating auroral patches appearing at dawn are common but the physical mechanisms driving this auroral pulsation had so far not been verified through observation.

With the advent of a new satellite with advanced measuring tools, researchers have now identified that this wonder is caused by the hard-to-detect interaction between electrons and plasma waves.
This interaction takes place in the Earth’s magnetosphere, the region surrounding the Earth in which the behaviours of the electric particles is usually governed by the planet’s magnetic field.

The global reconfiguration often drives a specific type of plasma waves called chorus waves, to rain electrons into the upper atmosphere. This stabilizes the system, and gives off a colourful light as the electrons fall.

Straw management now mandatory in Punjab

air pollutionsNews

In an attempt to check the dangerous trend of stubble burning, the Punjab government has decided to make use of Super Straw Management System while using the combine harvester machines mandatory for harvesting the paddy (rice) crop.

Beyond News

These instructions are aimed at saving the environment from air pollution caused by stubble burning.

The owners of combine harvesters desirous of undertaking the harvesting of paddy in the State would now have to attach super straw management system with the harvester combine.

Punjab Pollution Control Board have also instructed that no harvester combine shall be allowed to harvest paddy in Punjab without functional super straw management system.
Instructions have been issued under section 31 A of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

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HINDU NOTES-February 12 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 12 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorials, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Prelims Quiz, Prelims UPSC, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

China differs with Nepal on Mount Everest’s height: report

Mount Everest

News:

China continues to differ with Nepal over the height of Mount Everest and sticks to its own calculation of the world’s highest peak which is four meters less than the Kathmandu’s measurement.

Beyond News:

  • China’s response came after reports said that Beijing had agreed to accept Nepal’s measurement of the mountain, which is almost four meters taller.
  • China has not changed its measurement of the height of Mount Qomolangma, the Chinese name of the Mt Everest, which stands at 8844.43 meters, state-run Global Times reported.
  • China recognises Mount Qomolangma as the world’s tallest, measuring 8,844.43 meters above sea level, the National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geo-information (NASG) told the state-run Xinhua News Agency.

The peak of Mt Everest played a significant role in the settlement of boundary between Nepal and China, which earlier claimed the whole mountain as part of its territory after it took control of Tibet.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

SC refuses interim stay on Kambala buffalo race in Karnataka

Kambala race supreme court

News:

  • The Supreme Court refused to grant Karnataka’s buffalo race, Kambala, an interim stay.
    A bench however, fixed March 12 for a final hearing on the plea by animal rights body People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) in the matter.

Beyond News:

  • To pave the way for the festival, the State cabinet had on January 28 last year decided to amend the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, (Central Act 59 of 1960), enacted to prevent infliction of unnecessary cruelty and suffering on animals.
  • PETA has opposed the upcoming Kambala festival on grounds of cruelty to animals. Calling for banning the sport, it said the agitators have taken a leaf out of the pro-jallikattu protesters’ book.
  • Earlier, another animal rights’ body, Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organisations (FIAPO), had approached the apex court challenging the bill to legalise traditional buffalo races in Karnataka.

Buffalo race

Bullock cart races are held in parts of north Karnataka and in the coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada.
The Kambala race, held between November and March, involves a pair of buffaloes tied to a plough and anchored by one person.
They are made to run in parallel muddy tracks in a competition in which the fastest team wins.
It is believed to be held to propitiate the Gods for a good harvest, besides being a recreational sport for farmers.

Tribal areas to soon get bike ambulances

News:

Buoyed by the response to the free bike ambulance service in Mumbai, the State government is planning to expand the fleet and run similar services in tribal-dominated regions.

Beyond News:

The bike ambulance service, which was started in Mumbai in August last year to provide swift medical assistance to patients, has so far received around 1,500 calls from different parts of the metropolis.
It is difficult for a four-wheeler ambulance to go to hilly regions or reach the areas with narrow roads.
But bike ambulances can reach such places easily. Therefore, [this service will be operated] in inaccessible places in Jawhar, Mokhada, Nandurbar and Melghat regions.
The emergencyfirst responder service is available through the ‘108’ helpline. Paramedics ride the bikes to provide treatment to patients during the golden hour. The 10-bike fleet is operated by integrated services company BVG India.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

India’s forest, tree cover up by 1% in 2 years: Centre

News:

India’s tree and forest cover has registered an increase of 1% or 8,021 sq. km in two years since 2015, according to the latest assessment by the government.

Beyond News:

  • The India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2017 was released by Environment Minister .
  • According to the report, the total forest cover is 7,08,273 sq. km, which is 21.54% of the total geographical area of the country.
  • Forest and tree cover combined is 8,02,088 sq. km or 24.39% of the total geographical area.
  • The Environment Ministry said in the latest assessment that very dense forest in India has also increased by 1.36% as compared to 2015. ISFR is released every two years.

In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to the total geographical area, Lakshadweep with (90.33%) has the highest forest cover, followed by Mizoram (86.27%) and Andaman and Nicobar Island (81.73%).

  • The top five States where maximum forest cover has increased are Andhra Pradesh (2,141 sq. km), Karnataka (1,101 sq. km), Kerala (1,043 sq. km), Odisha (885 sq. km) and Telangana (565 sq. km).
  • The survey, which has for the first time assessed water bodies, said that these bodies inside forest cover have increased by 2,647 sq. km during last decade.
  • As per the latest Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) report, India is placed 8th in the list of top ten nations reporting the greatest annual net gain in forest area.

Cyberspace shouldn’t help trigger terror: PM

News:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi cautioned the world against the misuse of cyberspace to ensure it did not become a source of radicalisation, asserting that technology should be harnessed as a tool for development, not destruction.

Beyond News:

  • The comments by Mr. Modi at the World Government Summit in his plenary address comes at a time when the world community is engaged in efforts to address the misuse of cyberspace by terrorists and hackers.
  • He emphasised the role technology was playing in India’s development.
  • The Prime Minister told the audience that India is aspiring to assume leadership position in Artificial Intelligence, Nano, cybersecurity and cloud computing.
  • India is the ‘Guest Country’ at the sixth edition of the World Government Summit, which is being attended by more than 4,000 participants from 140 countries.

Three new eel species found in Bay of Bengal

News:

Scientists have discovered three new species of eel along the northern Bay of Bengal coast in the past few months.

Beyond News:

  • Dark brown with white dots on the dorsal side, Gymnothorax pseudotile was discovered at the Digha coast of the Bay of Bengal.
    The other two species, Gymnothorax visakhaensis (uniformly brown) and Enchelycore propinqua (reddish brown body mottled with irregular creamy white spots), were discovered from the Visakhapatnam coast of the Bay of Bengal.
  • While Gymnothorax pseudotile is about 1 feet to 1.5 feet long, Gymnothorax visakhaensis is about a foot long. Enchelycore propinqua is the smallest of them measuring less than a foot.
  • Eels are found mostly at the bottom of rivers and seas. Across the world about 1,000 species of eels have been identified. In India, the number is around 125.
  • For species belonging to the family Muraenidae, referred commonly as Moray eels, there are records of about 200 species of which more than 30 species are found in India.

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Category:

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NB: Prebooking open till FEB 28 2019 at 7499; The fees will be 9000 there after.

  • 35 Tests Each with High Quality Questions
  • Perfectly schedules Easy to follow Timetables.
  • 24×7 availability in anywhere like Laptop/Mobile.
  • Dedicated series enabling you to get 140+ score in Paper – 1.
  • Analysis of your Performance in different categories after Each Test.
  • Revision Tests to allow time for regular revision.
  • High-quality questions similar to UPSC standards which help you learn faster.
  • We keeps you consistent & motivated in RIGHT TRACK TO UPSC PRELIMS.
  • 24 x 7 access.
  • GENERAL FAQ

    A: Our Test series starts from basics with timely revision. Even if you don't know anything,you can pop up with our schedule & you will eventually realize the difference. At the end of the course you will be strong with depth knowledge in all syllabus areas.
    A: There is no fixed date to join. Moreover you can access all tests date wise in user dashboard till the date of examination.But series with individual care & daily answer review have limited seats and wont be open everyday.So earlier the best to avoid future fee hike.
    A: You can complete fee payment using your debit card/credit card/Net banking/Mobile wallets /UPI.
    A: Normally its instant & never takes beyond 1 hours(60 Minutes) in any circumstances
    A: Log on to your registered email. You will get LOGIN credentials & Link to create your password via registered email ID.You can use it to login to our test series portal & access all features in user dashboard.
  • PRELIMS TEST SERIES FAQ

    A: NO. Our users who enrolled for prelims 2018/PREMIUM/LIFETIME are not supposed to pay for this additionally.
    A: Sure, PDF versions of all tests with questions ,Answers and their explanations will be provided .These are additional to online tests provided in dashboard with TIMER for real exam experience and time management. All pdfs will reach you at least a month prior to exams
    A: Dont worry. Our tests are not limited to office hours. You can take tests any time 24 hours x 7 days as per your schedule. No matter whether its 12 AM or 12 PM.
    A: YES, You can upgrade to PREMIUM by paying remaining amount in 15 days of first Login.Upgrading to LIFE TIME is always available till your validity expires.
HINDU NOTES-February 10 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 10 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, MAINS 2018, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

4,400-year-old tomb discovered outside Cairo

cairo tomp 44000 years old

News:

  • Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered a 4,400-year-old tomb near the country’s famed pyramids at the Giza plateau just outside Cairo.

Beyond News:

  • The Antiquities Ministry said that, the latest discovery that authorities hope will help revive the country’s staggering tourism sector.
  • It likely belonged to a woman known as Hetpet, who archaeologists believe was close to ancient Egyptian royals of the 5th Dynasty.
  • The tomb is made of mud brick and includes wall paintings in good condition depicting Hetpet observing different hunting and fishing scenes.
  • Other scenes also depict a monkey in pharaonic times, monkeys were commonly kept as domestic animals picking fruit.
  • According to the ministry’s statement,similar scenes have been found in other tombs belonging to the later 12th dynasty.
  • Throughout 2017, the Antiquities Ministry made a string of discoveries across Egypt including some in the southern city Luxor known for its spectacular temples and tombs spanning different dynasties of ancient Egyptian history.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Kerala, Punjab, T.N. top NITI Aayog’s health index report.

News:

  • Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu were the top rankers in NITI Aayog’s latest Health Index report which has, for the first time, attempted to establish an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation’s performance in the health sector.

Beyond News

  • The document, developed by NITI Aayog with technical assistance from the World Bank and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, indicates that Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh showed the maximum improvement in indicators such as Neonatal Mortality Rate, Under-five Mortality Rate, full immunisation coverage, institutional deliveries, and People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).
  • The next report will be released in June this year and district hospitals too would be ranked.
  • Manipur registered maximum incremental progress in indicators such as PLHIV on ART, first trimester antenatal care registration, grading quality parameters of Community Health Centres, average occupancy of key state-level officers and good reporting on the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP).
  • Lakshadweep showed the highest improvement in indicators such as institutional deliveries, TB treatment success rate, and transfer of National Health Mission funds from the state treasury to implementation agency.

State nod awaited for child rescue project roll out.

child rescue project

News:

  • Having set up a district task force earlier this week to monitor the implementation of Operation Sarana Balyam, a project aimed at rescuing children from labour and begging, Social Justice Department officials in the district are awaiting a direction from the government for the district-level rollout of the project.

Beyond News

  • The project is now being run in Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Kottayam and Alappuzha districts, with the government proposing to expand it across Kerala state.
  • Minister for Social Justice told the Assembly that 41 children vending various goods and housed in unhygienic conditions had been rescued under the project in the past two years.
  • The district task force chaired by the District Collector and the District Child Protection Officer as convener also has representatives of police, Health, Education, SC/ST Development and Forest departments.
  • Once a tip-off is received on child labour or beggary, the children will be rescued with police protection, if it so warranted, and produced before the Child Welfare Committee (CWC).
  • Social Justice Department sources said that,it was fully set to implement the project in the district upon receiving directions from the government.
  • Apart from checking child labour and beggary, the project aims at identifying the whereabouts of destitute migrant children found in streets and deporting them back to their homes. That again calls for temporary shelters.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Scientists grow human eggs to full maturity in laboratory.

Egg developed fully in lab

News:

  • Scientists have succeeded for the first time in growing human eggs in a laboratory from the earliest stages in ovarian tissue all the way to full maturity — a scientific step that had previously been taken in mice.

Why this news Important?

  • This latest work, by scientists at two research hospitals in Edinburgh and the Center for Human Reproduction in New York, is the first time human eggs have been developed outside the human body from their earliest stage to full maturity.

Beyond News:

  • Scientists from Britain and the United States said that, it could one day help in developing regenerative medicine therapies and new infertility treatments.
  • In previous studies, scientists had developed mouse eggs in a laboratory to the stage where they produced live offspring, and had also matured human eggs from a relatively late stage of development.
  • It could in future help cancer patients wishing to preserve their fertility while undergoing chemotherapy treatment, improve fertility treatments, and deepen scientific understanding of the biology of the earliest stages of human life.

Drones can help structure urban development: KTR

drone for health care

News

  • An all-women team and its solution for women’s security walked away with top honours at the finals of ‘Hackadrone 2018’in Hyderabad(Telangana), the country’s first UAV hackathon.

Beyond News:

  • The solution, developed by Team Drone Force comprising an engineering student from the city and two of her assistant professors Fatima and Swapna Bhandari, comes into play as soon as victim sends an alert from a mobile app.
  • The solution sends real-time alerts to the control station and the victim’s guardians. The control station would then deploy a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) to the location and start beaming images thereby promoting the response.
  • Information Technology Minister said that, drone technology can play a major role in various areas, especially urban development and mining.
  • Some of the areas in which drones can be of immense help were in the project to rejuvenate the Musi river, to monitor mining activities and even assess building violations without being intrusive.

Strongest solar magnetic field measured on Sun.

strongest solar field

News

  • Astronomers in Japan have observed the strongest magnetic field ever directly measured on the surface of the Sun.

Sunspots

  • Sunspots are areas of concentrated magnetic fields. A sunspot usually consists of a circular dark core (the umbra) with a vertical magnetic field and radially-elongated fine threads (the penumbra) with a horizontal field.

Beyond News

  • HINODE’s continuous high-resolution data allowed us to analyse the sunspots in detail to investigate the distribution and time evolution of the strong magnetic field and also the surrounding environment.
  • The researchers using the HINODE spacecraft determined that the field was generated as a result of gas outflow from one sunspot pushing against another sunspot.
  • Magnetism plays a critical role in various solar phenomena such as flares, mass ejections, flux ropes, and coronal heating.
  • The penumbra harbours an outward flow of gas along the horizontal threads.
  • The darkness of the umbrae is generally correlated with the magnetic field strength. Hence, the strongest magnetic field in each sunspot is located in the umbra in most cases.

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HINDU NOTES-February 6 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 6 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

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Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

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‘When 2 adults marry, none should interfere’

News:

Adult marry-Sc Verdict

  • Two adults are free to marry and “no third party” has a right to harass or cause harm to them, said Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, speaking against honour killings .

Beyond News:

  • When two people get into wedlock, no one should interfere. Neither parents, society, khap or panchayat… no one at all, said Justice Misra, leading a three-judge Bench that upheld the fundamental right of two people who wish to marry and live peacefully.

A senior counsel, who represented the khap panchayat, objected to the panchayats being portrayed as “inciters” of honour killings.

  • The counsel said such panchayats were age-old traditions and they do encourage inter-caste marriages now.
  •  He argued that the objection of khaps to marriages between people from the same gotra was upheld in Section 5 of the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955.
  • Only three per cent of honour killings were linked to gotra. The remaining 97% were due to religion and other reasons.

Marriage within the same gotra led to genetic deformity in children, the counsel argued.

Bill introduced in US House to end non-defence aid to Pakistan

News:

A bill was introduced in the US House of Representatives to end non-defence aid to Pakistan as it “provides military aid and intelligence” to terrorists.

Beyond News:

  • It sought that the amount be redirect to infrastructure projects in the US.
  • Introduced by Congressmen Mark Sanford from South Carolina and Thomas Massie from Kentucky, the legislation will prohibit the US State Department and the US Agency for International Development (USAID) from sending American taxpayer money to Pakistan.

The lawmakers alleged that Pakistan “knowingly” provides resources to terrorists.

  • Mr. Massie said the U.S. should not funnel money to a government that “provides military aid and intelligence to terrorists”.
  • This common-sense bill puts America first by reallocating tax dollars to roads and bridges at home instead of funnelling money overseas, he added.
  • The U.S., post 9/11, has provided nearly $34 billion in aid to Pakistan, including $526 million in 2017 alone.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Agni-I missile with nuclear weapon carrying capability flight-tested successfully

News:

Agni-1 launch

India flight-tested the indigenously developed Agni-I ballistic missile that can carry a nuclear payload as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range off the Odisha coast.

Beyond News:

  • The Strategic Forces Command of the Army conducted the user trial of the 700 km range missile from launch pad-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Abdul Kalam Island in Balasore.
  • Defense sources said that,it was 18th version of Agni-I, which could achieve all parameters within the stipulated time period.
  • The missile was inducted into service in 2004.
  • The surface-to-surface, single stage missile, powered by solid propellants, was launched as part of a regular training exercise by the armed forces.
  •  The trial reconfirmed the Army’s readiness to fire it at short notice.

The missile has a specialised navigation system, which ensures it reaches the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision. It has proved its excellent performance in terms of range and accuracy.

  • The 15-metre-long Agni-I, weighing 12 tonnes, can carry payloads up to 1,000 kg.
  • The last trial was successfully conducted on November 22, 2016 from the same base.

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HINDU NOTES-February 1 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 1 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

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Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

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Stone tools offer insights into history of human evolution.

Stone age prescriptions

News

  • Based on the study of over 7,200 stone artefacts collected from the archaeological site at Attirampakkam in the Kortallayar river basin about 60 km from Chennai, researchers suggest that hominins in India may have developed a Middle Palaeolithic culture phase around 3,85,000 years ago and continuing up to around 1,72,000 years ago.

Beyond News

  • According to earlier evidence, the Middle Palaeolithic culture in India was dated to around 1,25,000 years ago.
  • The Middle Palaeolithic is an important cultural phase, associated as it is globally with both modern humans and Neanderthals or other archaic hominins, with complex histories of interaction, cultural transitions and change and dispersals.
  • Based on stone tool and fossil studies, the Middle Palaeolithic culture (called the Middle Stone Age in Africa) is associated with modern humans in Africa, while it is associated with both modern humans and Neanderthals in Israel. But in Europe, the Middle Palaeolithic culture is associated only with Neanderthals.
  • In 2011, Prof. Shanti Pappu from the Sharma Centre for Heritage Education in Chennai and her team reported the discovery of 1.5-million-year-old stone artefacts belonging to the Lower Palaeolithic (Acheulian) culture from Attirampakkam.
  • The objects were buried in sediments at the lowest levels in the excavation. In the top three metres of the soil, the same site has yielded artefacts that reflect a distinct Middle Palaeolithic culture.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Indian aid for Palestine diplomatic institute

News

  • Sources said that, prime Minister Narendra Modi will fly from Amman in Jordan on February 10 to arrive in Palestine where he is expected to lay the foundation stone of a new diplomatic training institute.

Beyond News

  • Modi’s visit will be the first by an Indian Prime Minister to Palestine and comes weeks after India voted in favour of Palestine’s rights over Jerusalem in the United Nations General Assembly.
  • Sources also said that,the Government of India has already sanctioned US$4.5 million for the Indo-Palestine Diplomatic Institute which will be a unique institute in the region and it is one of the several events that are likely to feature in the PM’s visit to Ramallah.
  • Visit is aimed at de-hyphenating India’s policy towards Israel and Palestine that was reflected in Mr. Modi’s 2017 visit to Tel Aviv when he skipped Palestine.
  • A new agreement on IT-training was sealed during President Mahmoud Abbas’s visit to Delhi on May 16, 2017 when both sides signed five agreements.
  • Continuing India’s commitment, New Delhi also pledged $1.25 million humanitarian assistance to UNRWA (UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East) in 2016.
  • India’s support to UNRWA is in contrast to U.S. policy to the organisation as President Donald Trump has announced slashing of American funds to UNRWA.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

INS Karanj boosts Navy’s firepower

INS Karanj details

News

  • The Navy’s third state-of-the-art Scorpene class submarine, INS Karanj, was launched by Reena Lanba, wife of Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba.

Beyond News

  • The new submarine is named after the earlier Kalvari class INS Karanj, which was decommissioned in 2003.
  • Six Scorpene class submarines are being built under Project 75 by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDSL), Mumbai, under a $3.75 billion technology transfer signed in October 2005 with the Naval Group of France.
  • The Scorpene class is the Navy’s first modern conventional submarine series in almost two decades, since INS Sindhushastrawas procured from Russia in July 2000.
  • Wednesday’s launch follows the launch of the first two Scorpene submarines – INS Kalavari and INS Khanderi.
  • According to Navy officials, INS Kalvari, the first to be launched, was commissioned in December 2017 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. INS Khanderi, which was launched in January 2017, is currently undergoing deep dive trails and is expected to be commissioned later this year.
  • INS Kalvari, manned by a team of eight officers and 35 sailors, carries sea-skimming SM39 Exocet missiles and the heavyweight wire-guided Surface and Underwater Target (SUT) torpedoes. For self-defence, it has mobile anti-torpedo decoys.

‘Bhu Seva’ project to be rolled out by October

News

  • Land administration is going to be hassle-free with the rolling out of the ‘Bhu Seva’ project by October-end.

Beyond News

  • It is being successfully piloted in the Jaggaiahpet mandal and the Vuyyuru municipality in Krishna district in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Each land will be assigned a unique ‘Bhudhaar’ number, which will be the single point of reference for all transactions.
  • Deputy Chief Minister (revenue) said that, this system will be a repository of 2.84 crore agricultural land parcels and 50 lakh urban and 85 lakh rural properties.
  • A land would be geo-tagged and an 11-digit temporary Bhudhaar number starting with 99 would be given.
  • An 11-digit permanent number starting with 28 (A.P.’s census code) would be assigned after the physical attributes and records available with the Revenue, Registration and Stamps, Survey, Municipal Administration, Panchayat Raj and Forest departments were cross-checked.
  • The survey and mapping of lands were being done using high-resolution satellite imagery and Differentiated Global Positioning System (DGPS) and Electronic Total Stations (ETS) wherever possible.
  • Farmers could get mutations done online automatically, which saves time and money, and all the electronic records would be aligned with the information contained in the field measurement books.

Rs. 370 cr. allotted for building border infra

News

  • An official said that,laying emphasis on building infrastructure along the Indo-Pak and Sino-India borders, the government has sanctioned nearly Rs. 370 crore to the BSF and the ITBP for construction of bunkers and special climate-controlled huts in forward areas.

Beyond News

  • A total of Rs. 369.84 crore has been sanctioned by the Home Ministry for construction of infrastructure for Border Security Force (BSF) and Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
  • The amount will be spent for construction of bunkers, fortifying border outposts of the BSF along the Indo-Pak border, construction of climate-controlled huts, procurement of snow scooter for the ITBP besides other necessary works of the two forces.
  • The BSF guards the 2,526.86-km-long Indo-Pak border, including 237.2 km of the Line of Control, and 4096.7 km of the Indo-Bangladesh border.
  • The Indo-Pakistan border has been witnessing massive ceasefire violation from across the border since the beginning of 2017.
  • ITBP guards the 3,488-km-long Sino-India border that runs through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

The force is specially trained to operate in high altitude mountainous terrain along the border.

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HINDU NOTES-January 30 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 30 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB)

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

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Impose heavy penalty for burning agricultural waste, says Economic Survey

AGRICULTURAL WASTE-Economic surveyNews

  • Economic Survey said heavy penalties should be imposed for burning agricultural waste, and more incentive for farmers is needed to prevent alarmingly poor air quality in Delhi-NCR and adjoining areas.

Beyond News

  • Besides, implementation of congestion pricing, expansion of public buses, phasing out of old vehicles as also coordination across agencies and governments can prevent the city turning into a gas chamber, especially during winters, the survey noted.
  • Citing various reports according to which Delhi accounts for one of the unhealthiest cities in the world in terms of air pollution, the survey said effective actions suggested by National Green Tribunal, the Supreme Court and others call for strict enforcement through heavy penalties on agricultural waste burning and incentive payments to farmers.
  • The survey noted that some 35 million tonnes of rice paddy in three adjoining states (Punjab, Haryana and Western UP) are burnt in late October, whose plumes drift eastward, and seasonal load from other sources, including fire crackers during Diwali are top reasons for Delhi’s poor air quality.
  • Besides, vehicular emissions add about 23-28 per cent from trucks, buses, cars, three-wheelers and two-wheelers.

Solutions

  • Suggesting ways to curb air pollution, the survey called for use of technologies to convert agricultural waste into usable concentrated fodder or bio-fuels, development and implementation of business models with private sector and communities and incentives for shifting to non-paddy crops, among others.

Bus-sized dinosaur fossil dug up in Egyptian desert

News:

  • Scientists have unearthed in a Sahara Desert oasis in Egypt fossils of a long-necked, four-legged, school bus-sized dinosaur that lived roughly 80 million years ago, a discovery that sheds light on a mysterious time period in the history of dinosaurs in Africa.

Mansourasaurus:

  • Researchers said that the plant-eating Cretaceous Period dinosaur, named Mansourasaurus shahinae, was nearly 33 feet, weighed 5,000 kg and was a member of a group called titanosaurs that included Earth’s largest-ever land animals.
  • Like many titanosaurs, Mansourasaurus boasted bony plates called osteoderms embedded in its skin.
  • Mansourasaurus, which lived near the shore of the ancient ocean that preceded the Mediterranean Sea, is one of the very few dinosaurs known from the last 15 million years of the Mesozoic Era, or age of dinosaurs, on mainland Africa.
  • Madagascar had a separate geologic history.
  • The scientists recovered parts of its skull, lower jaw, neck and back vertebrae, ribs, shoulder and forelimb, back foot and osteoderms.
  • This, in turn, demonstrates for the first time that at least some dinosaurs could move between North Africa and southern Europe at the end of the Mesozoic, and runs counter to long-standing hypotheses that have argued that Africas dinosaur faunas were isolated from others during this time.

Coral reefs get sick from plastic waste: study

OCEAN PLASTIC-Coral reefsNews

  • Billions of bits of plastic waste are entangled in corals and sickening reefs from Thailand to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef.

Beyond News

  • The trash is another pressure on corals, already suffering from over-fishing, rising temperatures caused by climate change and other pollution.
  • Numbers would rise by 40 percent by 2025 as marine pollution gets steadily worse. The plastic increases the likelihood of disease about 20 times, to 89 percent for corals in contact with plastics from four percent in comparable areas with none.
  • Trash may damage the tiny coral animals that build reefs, making them more vulnerable to illness. And bits of plastic may act as rafts for harmful microbes in the oceans.
  • Scientists were shocked to find plastic even in remote reefs.
  • The link between disease and plastic may well apply to other reefs such as in the Caribbean and off Africa, and may be harming other life on the ocean floor such as sponges or kelp, Lamb said.
  • The presence of plastics seemed especially to aggravate some common coral afflictions, such as skeletal eroding band disease.
  • The scientists urged tougher restrictions on plastic waste. In December, almost 200 nations agreed to limit plastic pollution of the oceans, warning that it could outweigh all fish by 2030.

Railways decides to run cleaner and faster trains.

Indian railway issues

News

  • The Railways is learnt to have tasked officials in the Research Designs & Standards Organisation and coach production units with the mission of developing new design coaches that will be faster, reliable and comfortable to the passengers.

Beyond News

  • With complaints pouring in on poor maintenance of toilets, water scarcity and jerk/vibration on trains, including the new design Linke Hoffman Busch (LHB) rakes, researchers and engineers have been told to develop new design coaches that can run at higher speed for longer duration at a lower maintenance cost.
  • The Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai manufactures the LHB coaches which are facing complaints of jerks and vibration while in motion.
  • Senior officials of the Railway Board also expressed concern over complaints relating to cleanliness, amenities, safety and riding comfort.
  • The Railways is set to install CCTV cameras, LED/LCD destination boards and fire/smoke detection gadgets on trains.
  • To address complaints of water scarcity in trains and at railway stations, sufficient funds would be allocated for quick watering arrangements.
  • On the freight side, focus would be on providing better quality wagons and special commodity coaches for enhanced loading and higher speed potential.

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