HINDU NOTES-December 11 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-December 11 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

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WTO: diverse views fuel bleak prospect for outcomes

News:

  • The World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) Buenos Aires meeting commenced amid concerns on support for anti-globalization, protectionism and bilateralism.

Beyond News:

  • A vast majority of the 164 WTO member nations — led by India, China and South Africa — are, therefore, learnt to be demanding that the final declaration of the WTO’s highest decision-making body reaffirms commitment to multilateralism and rules-based trading system as well as negotiations with development agenda at the centre.

However, due to the divergent views of the WTO members on several issues, including the outstanding ones in the ongoing Doha Round negotiations, there is little expectation that the outcome of the December 10-13 Ministerial Conference would be substantial.

  • The Doha Round had begun in Doha in 2001 with the ‘development agenda’ — to improve trading prospects of developing nations — at the heart of the talks.
  • Countries, mostly from the developed world, want what they call the ‘21st century trade issues’ — such as e-commerce, investment facilitation, matters relating to small firms and gender equality — to be discussed for rule-making to enhance the relevance of the WTO.

India, and several countries mainly from the developing world, are against introduction of such ‘new issues’ into the Doha Round, saying it is important to first resolve outstanding issues such as the ones relating to food security and protection of poor farmers before taking up new topics.

New tanks in fourth phase of Mission Kakatiya

News:

The State Government has decided to take up formation of new minor irrigation tanks across the local rainwater flows – streams – and extend the benefits of small water bodies to people as part of the fourth-phase of Mission Kakatiya programme scheduled to be launched next month.

Mission Kakatiya programme

  • Mission Kakatiya tagline or Mana Ooru Mana Cheruvu is a program of restoring all the tanks and lakes in Telangana State, India. The Program was inaugurated on 12 March 2015 by chief minister Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao.The name ‘Mission Kakatiya’ is given in the remembrance and tribute to the Kakatiya rulers who developed a large number of the irrigation tanks.

Beyond News:

Formation of new tanks would be in addition to taking up restoration of the identified existing minor irrigation tanks as part of the programme. Only repairs and de-silting of small water bodies including restoration of feeder channels, strengthening of bunds, repairs to surplus weirs and sluices were taken up in the first three phases of the programme which also aimed at revival of the chain-link-tank system.

24 years on, OBC workforce in Centre still short of Mandal mark

News:

  • President Ram Nath Kovind has appointed a five-member commission to examine sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) “to achieve greater social justice,” a reality check shows that representation of OBCs in the workforce in Central Government offices falls far short of achieving the 27% quota recommended by the Mandal Commission.

Beyond News:

  • Data furnished under the Right to Information (RTI) Act by 24 of the 35 Union Ministries, 25 of the 37 Central departments and various constitutional bodies reveal that 24 years since the implementation of the Mandal Commission recommendations, across various groups of employees, the OBCs have not optimally benefited from it.
  • Only 17% of the Group A officers in the 24 Ministries belong to the OBCs. The representation among the Group B officers is even lower at 14%.
  • Likewise, only 11% of the Group C employees are from the OBCs and in Group D, the figure is 10%. (See Graphic)

In the Cabinet Secretariat, which has 64 Group A officers, not one is from the OBCs, whereas 60 belong to the Open Competition (OC) category and four are from the Scheduled Castes.

 ‘Older persons hardly aware of their rights ’

News:

Older persons in India are hardly aware of their human rights, which is a major cause of violation of their human rights, mostly within the four walls of their homes: noted a study on human rights of older persons in India by NGO Agewell Foundation.

 Findings of the Survey

  • 9% of older persons had never heard of human rights of older persons.
  • The foundation interacted and surveyed over 5,000 persons aged 60 years and above across the country.
  • Over 23.3% older persons were found living in inhuman conditions and that every eighth elderly or 12.9% revealed that they did not get proper food in old age.
  • Only 68% older persons claimed to have access to necessary medicines, healthcare and medical facilities.
  • The survey also revealed that 48.6% of elderly persons were not respected by their family, relatives and society.
  • Nearly 47% of them were discriminated against because of their age and were humiliated occasionally or treated disrespectfully.

 The survey found that 65% older persons in urban areas compared to 57% elderly persons in rural areas reported living in abject situations due to violation of their basic human rights.

  • Due to lack of awareness about human rights of older persons, particularly among the elderly, old people face increased incidences of age discrimination, ageism, elder abuse and mistreatment.

India, Russia and China slam terrorism

Indo china russia join dealNews:

In a joint communique issued after the 15th meeting of foreign ministers of Russia, India and China in New Delhi, the countries made it clear that their cooperation was not directed against any nation.

Beyond News:

  • Russia, China and India on condemned terrorism in all forms and reaffirmed their determination to prevent and counter it.
  • They said that, those committing, organising, inciting or supporting terrorist acts must be held accountable and brought to justice.

The statement urged all countries to take adequate measures to prevent terrorist activities from their territory.

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[IASTODAY MASTER 2018] UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-DECEMBER 11 2017 QUESTIONS

[IASTODAY MASTER 2018] UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-DECEMBER 11 2017 QUESTIONS

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DECEMBER 11 2017– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

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Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 

General Studies -01

Syllabus area:Previous year questions.

Q1: 16. In what way can floods be converted into a sustainable source of irrigation and all-weather inland navigation in India? (250 words)

Source: UPSC 2017 MAINS


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: India & its neighborhood relations

Q2: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands must be seen as a strategic force multiplier that will enable India to demonstrate its military presence in the Indian Ocean Region.Discuss the strategical significance of A & N for india (Answer in 200 words)

Source: The Business standard

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE-December 11 (Page  2)

Syllabus area: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on india’s interest,Indian diaspora.

Q3: Pyongyang started becoming a threat to world ever since it withdrew from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 2003. Analyse its threat to global politics and possible way ahead. (Answer in 200 words)

Source: The Hindu

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE- December 11(Page  4)


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Indian Economy,Inclusive growth and issues arising out of it.

Q4:  A bail­in provision could mean a provision cancelling  a liability owed by a bank, a provision modifying or changing the form of a liability owed by the bank. when the present system is not broken, why attempt to fix it? Discuss. (Answer in 200 words)

Source:The Business Line , The Business standard ,The Hindu 

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE- December 11 (Page 6,7,8)


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Previous year Questions.

Q5: Conflict of interest in the public sector arises when:

(a) official duties

(b) public interest, and

(c) personal interest are taking priority one above the other.

How can this conflict in administration be resolved? Describe with an example. (150 Words)- 10 Marks

Source: UPSC 2017


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[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- December 11

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HINDU NOTES-December 09 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-December 09 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam, UPSC toppers

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

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 Burial urn, pots unearthed in Pallavaram

 Burial urn, pots unearthed in PallavaramNews

  • A six-foot-high burial urn, mudhumakkal thazhi,made of clay, and pieces of pots were unearthed at Old Pallavaram .

Beyond News

  • The artefacts are estimated to be around 2,000 years old.
  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) had earmarked several acres of land in Old Pallavaram for undertaking such excavations, which was objected to by the residents. The archaeological remains were found near Ambedkar Thidal.
  • A few clay pieces were initially found by the researchers. On Friday, they unearthed a six-foot-high pot. The pot had 12 leg points made of sand mixed with clay.

An official said that, the history of mudhumakkal thazhi goes back to over 3,000 years, and these pots could be at least 2,000 years old, going by their black and brown colour..It was an ancient Tamil practice to make huge earthen pots to bury people.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

UN rejects US recognition of Jerusalem as Israeli capital

News:

  • The United States found itself isolated at a special United Nations Security Council meeting in its recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, a move that set off alarms about the risk of escalating conflict in the Middle East.

Beyond News:

  • Eight of the 15 members of the UN Security Council, the organization the looks out for peace and security around the world, had called for an urgent meeting to analyze the decision taken by Washington.
  • Five European nations said that, the status of Jerusalem must be determined through negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians leading to a final status agreement.
  • The European Union “has a clear and united position: they believe that the only realistic solution to the conflict between Israel and Palestine is based on two States, and with Jerusalem as the capital of both the State of Israel and the State of Palestine.
  • UN special envoy to the Middle East said that, for both Israelis and Palestinians, Jerusalem “is and always will be the centre of their life, their culture,” as well as the “symbol and cornerstone” of the faith of many millions of people around the world.

RTE reservation likely to be extended to aided schools

News

  • With the aim of improving the efficacy of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, the State government is planning to ensure that aided schools too start reserving seats for students from weaker sections in the neighbourhood.

Beyond News

  • Primary and Secondary Education Minister said that,they are in the process of making changes to ensure that scope of the RTE Act is extended to aided institutions and will ensure that the right beneficiaries are selected.
  • As per Section 12 (1) (b) of the RTE Act, aided schools shall provide free and compulsory elementary education to such proportion of children admitted based on the annual recurring aid or grants so received bears their annual recurring expenses, subject to a minimum of 25%.

More minors smoking, chewing tobacco in State

Smoking effects an issues

News

  • The number of people smoking and chewing tobacco in the State has decreased by nearly five percentage points since 2009, according to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2.

Findings of Survey

  • The report, released at Tata Memorial Hospital (TMH) in Parel, showed that the prevalence of tobacco has come down from 31.4% in GATS1 (2009-10) to 26.6 % in GATS2.
  • Tobacco use in the 15-17 age group has nearly doubled from 2.9% to 5.5%, and the age of initiation has fallen further from 18.5 years to 17.4 years.
  • The report also revealed that exposure of adults to second-hand smoke at home has dipped from 36.6% in 2009-10 to 19.9% in 2016-17.
  • The figure is also lower at the workplace, coming down from 23.8% to 20.1%.

Solutions

  1. The police, who have to ensure that tobacco is not sold near schools and colleges, are not proactive as they look at this task as moral policing.
  2. Spread awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco.
  3. The State has also undertaken an oral cancer screening drive, through which they will reach out to at least one crore people this month.

Adultery law weighted in favour of men: Supreme Court

News

  • The Supreme Court said that, the dusty Victorian provision of adultery in the Indian Penal Code treats a married woman as her husband’s “subordinate.”

Beyond News

  • The court admitted a petition to drop adultery as a criminal offence from the statute book.
  • The Supreme Court recorded in its five-page written order that, time has come when the society must realise that a woman is equal to a man in every respect.
  • Issuing notice, the court would examine two aspects of the penal provision. One, why does Section 497 treat the man as the adulterer and the married woman as a victim. 
  • The Supreme Court declared that, the provision (Section 497) really creates a dent in the individual independent identity of a woman when the emphasis is laid on the connivance or consent of the husband. This tantamount to subordination of a woman where the Constitution confers (women) equal status.

Further, only a husband or the person in whose care the husband has left his wife can file a complaint under Section 497. The petition challenges the validity of Section 198 (1) and (2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure which deems that only a husband can be an aggrieved party in offences against marriage like adultery and only he can go to court.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Kacheguda becomes India’s first energy-efficient railway station

Kacheguda becomes India’s first energy-efficient railway stationNews

  • Kacheguda Railway Station under the South Central Railway (SCR) has earned the unique distinction of being the first Energy Efficient ‘A1 Category’ Railway Station on Indian Railways.

Kacheguda Railway station

  • Kacheguda Railway station is a historic building and had completed 100 years. Situated in the heart of Hyderabad, it was built in 1916 by the Nizam’s Guaranteed State Railway during the reign of Mir Osman Ali Khan, the seventh Nizam.

Beyond News

  • The station has achieved 100% energy efficiency by replacing 1,312 conventional lights with light-emitting diode (LED) lighting, among other steps.
  • About 370 ceiling fans, too, were replaced with energy efficient Brushless DC Electrical (BLDC) motors fans, and 12 air conditioners with energy efficient inverter-type air conditioners.
  • All these measures would save about 1.76 lakh units and ₹14.08 lakh per annum with reduction of the connected load by 46.18 kW for Railways, said General Manager Vinod Kumar Yadav.

India gets admission into Wassenaar Arrangement

wassener agreementNews

  • India’s gets entry to the Wassenaar Arrangement  as the 42nd member of the organisation .
    • AIM: To regulate trade and use of dual use technology.

Beyond News

  • India will get access to high technology, which will help address the demands of Indian space and defence sectors.
  • It will also boost New Delhi’s chances of joining the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).
  • India’s membership is expected to facilitate high technology tie-ups with Indian industry and ease access to high-tech items for our defence and space programmes.”

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[IASTODAY MASTER 2018] UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-DECEMBER 8 2017 QUESTIONS

[IASTODAY MASTER 2018] UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-DECEMBER 8 2017 QUESTIONS

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DECEMBER 8 2017– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

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Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 

General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Salient features of Indian society;Role of women.

Q1: The 1954 Act is seen as a statutory alternative for couples who choose to retain their identity in an inter ­religious marriage. But still Indian mindset is not accepting it. Discuss in the light of recent developments & court verdicts.(Answer in 200 words)

Source: The Hindu,The Indian Express

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE-(Page 1 and 2)


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interest;Indian Diaspora. 

Q2: Do you think that US endangered the peace process by recognizing Jerusalem as Israels capital?Analyse its effect on india’s interests. (Answer in 200 words)

Source: The Financial Express, Hindu.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE- (Page  5 and 6)


General Studies -03

Syllabus area:Science & technology-Achievements of Indians in science and technology.

Q3:  What do you mean by Wassnaar Arrangement? Discuss the significance of admitting india as 42nd member of the organization which aims to regulate trade and use of technology. (Answer in 200 words)

Source: The Indian Express, The Hindu

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE- (Page 8,9)


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Ethical concern and dilemmas in government & private institutions.

Q4: Poor farmers commit suicides while failing repayment of loans whereas Giants roam around freely. Comment on the ethical issues associated in the light of recent cases about deliberately misleading banks. (150 Words, 10)

Source:The Hindu

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE-(Page 11)


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[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- December 9

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HINDU NOTES-December 08 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-December 08 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

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Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

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UNESCO names Kumbh Mela Intangible Cultural Heritage

KumbaMela UNESCONews

  • After ‘yoga’ and ‘Nouroz’, Kumbh Mela/ KumbhMela, the largest congregation of pilgrims on the planet, has been listed as an Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation).

Beyond News

  • The Kumbh Mela is held in Haridwar, Allahabad, Ujjain and Nashik.
  • The inscription of ‘Kumbh Mela’ in the list was undertaken following recommendation by an expert body which examines nominations submitted by member countries of the UNESCO.
  • The Intergovernment Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO has inscribed ‘Kumbh Mela’ on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity during its 12th session held at Jeju, South Korea from 4-9 December 2017.
  • This inscription is the third in two years following the inscriptions of ‘Yoga’ and ‘Norouz’ on 1st December 2016.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Wassenaar Arrangement decides to make India its member

News:

  • In a significant development, elite export control regime Wassenaar Arrangement(WA) decided to admit India as its new member, which is expected to raise New Delhi’s stature in the field of non-proliferation besides helping it acquire critical technologies.

What is WA?

  • The Wassenaar Arrangementon Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies, commonly known as the Wassenaar Arrangement, is a multilateral export control regime (MECR) with 42 participating states including many former Comecon (Warsaw Pact) countries.

Beyond News:

  • The decision was taken at the two-day plenary meeting of the grouping in Vienna.
  • India will become the Arrangement’s 42nd participating state as soon as the necessary procedural arrangements for joining the WA are completed.

Significance:

  • India’s entry into the export control regime would enhance its credentials in the field of non-proliferation despite not being a signatory to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
  • The WA membership is also expected to build up a strong case for India’s entry into the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).
  • The Wassenaar Arrangement plays a significant role in promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies.

India to achieve ‘electricity for all’ by early 2020s: IEA

Electricity for all in indiaNews:

  • Half a billion people have gained access to electricity in India since 2000, almost doubling the country’s electrification rate, according to the World Energy Access report released by the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Important Findings in Report:

  • This “remarkable” growth puts India on course to achieving access to electricity for all in the early 2020s
  • The number of people without access to electricity fell to 1.1 billion in 2016 from 1.7 billion in 2000.
  • It is on track to decline to 674 million by 2030, with India reaching universal access well before then. Since 2012, more than 100 million people per year have gained electricity access, an acceleration from the rate of 62 million people per year seen between 2000 and 2012.
  • Half a billion people have gained access to electricity in India since 2000, almost doubling the country’s electrification rate.

Beyond News

The report also added that India is expected to reach universal electricity access in the early-2020s. Progress has also been made on clean cooking, although 830 million people in India still lack access.

Ministers not under RTI: HC

News

  • The Delhi High Court has set aside the Central Information Commission order declaring Ministers as “public authorities” and answerable under the Right to Information law.

Beyond News

  • The judge said that,there was no occasion for the CIC to enter upon the question as to whether a minister is a ‘public authority’ under Section 2(h) of the Act. Further, directions issued by the CIC are also wholly outside the scope of the matter before the CIC.
  • The High Court’s order came on the Centre’s appeal against the CIC order.

The case emanates from an application filed by a Maharashtra resident who wanted to know how to get an appointment with the Union Law Minister.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

A.P. registers 11.37% growth rate in first half of current fiscal

News

  • Andhra Pradesh has registered a growth rate of 11.37% during the first half of the current fiscal compared to the national growth rate of 5.8%.

Why this News Important?

  • The State has registered highest growth rate in the agriculture and allied sectors with 25.60% as against the national growth rate of 2%.

Beyond News

  • Industry and services sectors also registered highest growth rate of 7.43% and 8.38% respectively. These growth rates are higher than the national growth rates of 3.6% and 7.9% respectively.
  • All the three sectors have shown a fall in growth during Q2 compared to Q1.
  • The agriculture and allied sectors’ growth rate slipped to 24.05% in Q2 from 27.6% in Q1. Similarly, the industry sector has shown a growth rate of 6.80% in Q2 as against 8.05% in Q1.
  • The services sector registered a growth rate of only 8.38% in Q2 as against 8.67% in Q1.
  • A growth rate of 9.98% had been registered in the industry sector during the first half of 2016-17, while it is 7.43% during the first half of the current fiscal. The services sector too registered a fall from 9.57% in 2016-17 to 8.38% in 2017-18.
  • The growth in these sectors is high compared to the national growth. Also, there is a fall in the national growth in the agriculture and allied sectors and services sector.

NGT raps Punjab, Haryana over their action plan on pollution

News

  • The National Green Tribunal slammed Punjab and Haryana governments for filing generalised action plans to combat air pollution and directed them to refer to its previous judgements on the issue.

Beyond News

  • A bench headed by NGT Chairperson, also summoned the environment secretaries of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, UP and Rajasthan asking them to give a “workable solution” for combating the problem of pollution.

The tribunal took exception that Punjab and Haryana were following the Supreme Court-appointed Environment Pollution Control Authority’s (EPCA’s) comprehensive action plan and not applying their own mind.

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HINDU NOTES-December 7 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-December 7 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

India clarifies on UAV crash as China protests ‘violation of airspace’

News

  • An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) of the Indian Army that crashed into the Chinese side of the border was on a regular training mission and lost contact with ground control due to technical problem.

Beyond News

  • In a statement, it also claimed that ,as per standard protocol, the Indian border security personnel immediately alerted their Chinese counterparts to locate the UAV.
  • The Indian clarification came in the wake of China’s defence ministry accusing India of violating its airspace.
  • Indian side said hat, an Indian UAV which was on a regular training mission inside the Indian territory lost contact with the ground control due to some technical problem and crossed over the LAC [Line of Actual Control] in the Sikkim Sector.

A woman does not mortgage herself to a man with marriage: CJI

News

  • Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra orally observed that,a woman does not mortgage herself to a man by marrying him and she retains her identity, including her religious identity, even after she exercises her right to marry outside her community under the Special Marriage Act.

Beyond News

  • The Special Marriage Act of 1954 is seen as a statutory alternative for couples who choose to retain their identity in an inter-religious marriage.
  • The Chief Justice of India observed nobody can presume that a woman has changed her faith or religion just because she chose to change her name after marrying outside her community.

India’s position on Palestine is independent, says MEA

News

  • Hours after U.S. President Donald Trump recognised Jerusalemas the capital of Israel, India took a cautious stance, saying it follows an independent policy on Palestine that is not influenced by any “third country.

Beyond News

  • Trump’s announcement was welcomed by the Israelis but drew swift condemnation across the Arab-Islamic world even as Indian experts cautioned that the U.S. recognition will place new challenges before the Arab world.
  • The United Nations Security Council has convened a meeting on Friday in the wake of the US President Donald Trump announcing his decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
  • At least eight of the 15 members of the Security Council, including Britain and France — the two permanent members which closely align themselves on most of the global issues joined by other non-permanent members  Bolivia, Egypt, Italy, Senegal, Sweden, Britain and Uruguay  asked for a special meeting of the top decision-making wing of the New York-headquartered world body.

India has traditionally supported an independent Palestine as part of a two-state solution. The statement, however, did not specifically address the issue of Jerusalem as the U.S.-recognised capital of Israel.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

What is DNA fingerprinting and how is it done?

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‘8% drop in environmental crimes’

Environmental crime survey reportNews

  • The data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) recently have shown a decline of over 8% in environmental crimes across the country.

Beyond News

  • A total of 4,732 environmental crimes were recorded in 2016, marking a decline from 5,156 offences in the same category in 2015.
  • Environmental crimes include offences related to Indian Forest Act, 1927, Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, and Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

Dead pelican triggers a scare

News

  • The death of a few spot-billed pelicansat Kukkarahalli Lake in Mysuru over the last one week has raised concern over the apparent rise in pollution in the lake, besides adding to fears of avian flu.

Beyond News

  • In the past week, at least eight pelicans have reportedly died, but the deaths have gone unreported.
  • Though officials from the Department of Animal Husbandry claimed that they had not come across any bird deaths and stated that only a couple of sick birds were treated, bird enthusiasts said pelicans had indeed died over the last few days.

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DNA Fingerprinting-Applications and Laws

DNA Fingerprinting-Applications and Laws

General Studies, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, MAINS 2018, UPSC exam

DNA finger printingWhy in News?

  • The Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB) in Thiruvananthapuram is carrying out DNA fingerprint examination to identify the bodies of fishermen found from the sea after the Ockhi storm.

 What is DNA fingerprinting?

  • It is a technique, for identification of an individual by examining their DNA.
  • DNA, or Deoxyribonucleic acid, is the basic building block of life.

Components of cells:

  • This component in cells contains all the information about an organism and it also helps transfer the characteristics to the next generation.
  • The DNA of each individual is composed of Bases [Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G), and Cytosine (C)], Sugar and a Phosphate. Two bases link to each other using hydrogen bonds to form base pairs.
  • Blood, bones, hair with root, saliva, semen, teeth, and tissue can also be used to study the DNA.

Uses of DNA Finger printing

– For criminal identification

– To resolve disputes of maternity /paternity

– To identify mutilated remains

– In cases of exchange of babies in hospital wards,

– In forensic wildlife (The arrangement of the nucleotides is unique to any living form (except identical twins) be animals, plants, or microbes.)

 laws in India regarding DNA fingerprinting

  • In July, 2017 the law commission of India drafted a Bill for the use and regulation of DNA-based technology called the Human DNA Profiling Bill.

As there are currently no legal mechanisms for identifying missing persons and victims of disasters, the new Bill seeks to regulate human DNA profiling and establish standard procedures for DNA testing