HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 15 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 15 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Antarctica ice melting increased by 280% in last 16 years

Antarctica mountain under ice

News

  • Yearly loss of ice from Antarctica has increased by an alarming rate of 280% between 2001 and 2017, according to a study which showed that accelerated melting caused global sea levels to rise more than half an inch in the last four decades.

Findings

  • The researchers, were able to discern that between 1979 and 1990, Antarctica shed an average of 40 gigatonnes of ice mass annually.
  • From 2009 to 2017, about 252 gigatonnes per year were lost.
  • The pace of melting rose dramatically over the four-decade period. From 1979 to 2001, it was an average of 48 gigatonnes annually per decade. The rate jumped 280% to 134 gigatonnes for 2001 to 2017.
  • For the study researchers conducted the longest-ever assessment of remaining Antarctic ice mass.
  • Techniques used to estimate ice sheet balance included a comparison of snowfall accumulation in interior basins with ice discharge by glaciers at their grounding lines, where ice begins to float in the ocean and detach from the bed.
  • One of the key findings of the project is the contribution East Antarctica has made to the total ice mass loss picture in recent decades.
  • The sectors losing the most ice mass are adjacent to warm ocean water researchers said.
  • As climate warming and ozone depletion send more ocean heat toward those sectors, they will continue to contribute to sea level rise from Antarctica in decades to come.

An open-air lab to study effects of climate change

News

  • In one of the most inhospitable places on Earth, the southernmost part of Chile’s Patagonia region, scientists are studying whales, dolphins and algae in order to help predict how climate change will affect the world’s oceans.

Beyond News

  • For the study, four researchers embarked from Punta Arenas for the remote Seno Ballena fjord.
  • The fjord produces the kind of conditions that should be seen in other marine systems in the next few decades, when dramatic changes are expected in the environment due to increased carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere and the melting of glaciers.
  • The researchers are analysing the chemical, physical and biological variables of the waters, which show lower levels of pH, salinity and calcium, especially in the most shallow areas, as a consequence of climate change.
  • The chilly fjord waters provide one of the most productive marine habitats in the world, where sardines and krill can be found in huge numbers.
  • But climate change poses a threat to its ecosystem as the melting of a glacier on Santa Ines island and increased rainfall have led to rising levels of freshwater. If that continues, it would have dire consequences for whales as the plankton they feed on could disappear.
  • A change in the microalgae could generate changes in the secondary structure (of the marine system) or the animals that feed on these.
  • The expedition members are taking samples from eight stations around Seno Ballena to measure the effects of the melting glacier on Santa Ines.
  • For now, researchers have noted a slight drop in the number of humpback whales but an increase in other species such as sea lions, which previously were not present in that region, and dolphins.
  • They also found a lower concentration of calcium carbonate, something which can affect the shells of marine organisms such as mollusks or krill, a staple of a whale’s diet.
  • The crab, a species vital to the economy of the region around the strait, could be affected as it needs calcium to harden its shell.

Water desalination plants harm environment: UN

News

  • Almost 16,000 desalination plants worldwide produce bigger-than-expected flows of highly salty waste water and toxic chemicals that are damaging the environment.

Beyond News

  • Desalination plants pump out 142 million cubic metres of salty brine every day, 50% more than previous estimates, to produce 95 million cubic metres of fresh water.
  • About 55% of the brine is produced in desalination plants processing seawater in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar.
  • The hyper-salty water is mostly pumped into the sea and, over a year, would be enough to cover the U.S. state of Florida with 1 foot of brine, it said of the fast-growing and energy-intensive technology that benefits many arid regions.
  • Brine, water comprising about 5% salt, often includes toxins such as chlorine and copper used in desalination, it said. By contrast, global sea water is about 3.5% salt.
  • Waste chemicals accumulate in the environment and can have toxic effects in fish.
  • Brine can cut levels of oxygen in seawater near desalination plants with “profound impacts” on shellfish, crabs and other creatures on the seabed, leading to ecological effects observable throughout the food chain.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

SC bans transportation of extracted coal lying at various sites in Meghalaya

News

  • The Supreme Court banned the transportation of extracted coal lying at various sites in Meghalaya which has had no success in rescuing 15 miners trapped inside anillegal rat-hole coal mine for almost a month.

Beyond News

  • The order was passed by a bench which refused the plea of miners to allow them to transport the extracted coal at various places.
  • The bench issued notice to the Meghalaya Government, the Centre and others seeking their response on various issues connected with coal mining in the state.
  • The court said that this incident shows that illegal mining continues unabated despite the ban and the state may not be supporting it but has failed to contain illegal mining.
  • The NGT had constituted the committee in August 2018 to supervise and look into the issue of environmental restoration plan and other connected matters in Meghalaya.
  • The committee was constituted during the hearing of the petition which had sought a ban on coal mining in Meghalaya. It had also taken into account some reports of the state pollution control board.

India to unveil Air Cargo Policy

News

  • India’s first Air Cargo Policy will be unveiled at the two-day Global Aviation Summit starting here on Tuesday.

Beyond News

  • Despite registering a double-digit growth for nearly four years in a row, India has remained without a specific policy for air cargo.
  • Emphasising that security, safety, convenience and affordability were the key aspects, the aviation vision for 2040 would address all the issues so that India will have sustainable growth in the sector at all times.
  • Solutions to critical issues relating to agriculture and manufacturing output and their supplies had been sufficiently explored in the policy which was integrated with logistics.

Uzbekistan President to be Chief Guest at Vibrant Gujarat Summit

News

  • President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev will attend the Vibrant Gujarat international investment summit as a key guest in a first Central Asian country to participate as a country partner in the flagship investment summit of Gujarat.
  • The high-level delegation from Uzbekistan includes heads of Investment Committee, Trade Committee, Chamber of Commerce, Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as more than 60 business owners, CEOs of the biggest national and private companies of Uzbekistan.

Beyond News

  • During the two day summit, the President will also hold a bilateral meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who will inaugurate the 9th edition of the summit on January 19th.
  • This is the second visit of President Mirziyoyev to India during the last four months. State visit of Uzbekistan’s President in October 2018 opened a new chapter in Uzbek-India relations, including wider trade and investment cooperation.
  • During the two day summit, the first meeting of newly formed Uzbekistan Indian Business Council will also be held to pitch the central Asian country as an investment destination for Indian businesses.
  • In Uzbekistan, Indian companies are exploring investment opportunities in the sectors like pharmaceutical, textile, education, Information Technology and tourism.
  • To attract investments in the pharmaceutical sector, an Uzbek Indian Free Pharmaceutical Zone is being developed in the Andijan region and this project was among 17 agreements that were inked during the Uzbek president’s State visit to India last year.
  • In Uzbekistan, 18 free economic zones (FEZ) have been established with a 30-year operational life and the possibility of a subsequent extension. Seven of them have a pharmaceutical focus.
  • A country seminar on Uzbekistan will be held with a special focus on Uzbek Indian Free Pharmaceutical Zone in Andijan.
  • After the last year’s visit of Uzbekistan President, Vibrant Gujarat Summit is the first platform where both India and Uzbekistan leaders seek to strengthen business and trade ties between the two countries.
  • Uzbekistan provides most favored nation (MFN) status to 45 countries, including India. Friendly investment environment is based on a reliable legal frame and a wide range of guarantees and benefits for investors, including tax incentives, providing land and buildings on attractive terms.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Giant pattern discovered in clouds of Venus

News

  • Japanese scientists have identified a giant streak structure among the clouds covering the planet Venus.
  • The researchers also revealed the origins of this structure using large-scale climate simulations.

Findings

  • According to the study, about 60 kilometres (km) above Venus’ surface a speedy east wind circles the planet in about four Earth days (at 360 km/hour), a phenomenon known as atmospheric superrotation.
  • The sky of Venus is fully covered by thick clouds of sulphuric acid that are located at a height of 45-70 km, making it hard to observe the planet’s surface from Earth-based telescopes and orbiters circling Venus.
  • Surface temperatures reach a scorching 460 degrees Celsius, a harsh environment for any observations by entry probes. Due to these conditions, there are still many unknowns regarding Venus’ atmospheric phenomena.
  • To solve the puzzle of Venus’ atmosphere, the Japanese spacecraft Akatsuki began its orbit of Venus in December 2015.
  • Optical and ultraviolet rays are blocked by the upper cloud layers, but thanks to infrared technology, dynamic structures of the lower clouds are gradually being revealed.
  • Before the Akatsuki mission began, the research team developed a programme called AFES-Venus for calculating simulations of Venus’ atmosphere.
  • On Earth, atmospheric phenomena on every scale are researched and predicted using numerical simulations, from the daily weather forecast and typhoon reports to anticipated climate change arising from global warming.
  • For Venus, the difficulty of observation makes numerical simulations even more important, but this same issue also makes it hard to confirm the accuracy of the simulations.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 16 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 16 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

Answer review, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, General Studies, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, Secure Synopsis, UPSC answer writing, Writing contest

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

JANUARY 16 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE>>

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & live mint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Population & associated issues; Poverty & developmental issues.

Q1: Throw some light to the relation between population, GDP and poverty. Also examine the need for urgent revisit to population policy in India.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Business standard.


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors & issues arising out of their design & implementation.

Q2: 100% village electrification is a huge achievement but not sufficient to end India’s energy poverty. Examine the roadblocks in achieving the 100% electrification in India & suggest creative solutions.


(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Financial Express.


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Agriculture; Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment;Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

*Q3: Analyse how odisha’s new scheme KALIA supports farm community with payments.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Indian Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 16 [PAGE 9]


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Ethical issues in international relation & funding.

Q4: “The best defense is a good offence”. Comment in the light of ongoing WTO arguments and counter arguments.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source : The Financial Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 16[PAGE 13]


So Don’t wast any more time;START DRAFTING ANSWERS IN RECOMMENDED WORDS LIMIT & UPLOAD IT IN YOUR DASHBOARD and wait for the Magic.

Happy Learning;Keep visiting MASTERS 2019 & Stay in Track for UPSC 2019.

LOGIN NOW & UPLOAD ANSWER FOR REVIEW

<<Comments closed>>

Nb: This is an addon for current affairs to our dedicated all india test series live in user dashboard & Not a stand alone series;LOGIN NOW.

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 14 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 14 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

Answer review, Daily challenge, Editorial analysis, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, TARGET 2020, UPSC answer writing, Writing contest

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

JANUARY 14 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE>>

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & live mint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Role of women & women organization; Social empowerment.

Q1: Do you think that the new surrogacy(Regulation) bill 2016 goes against women empowerment? Comment.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Tribune.


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Bilateral, regional & global groupings and agreements involving india & /or affecting India’s interest.

Q2: Critically examine whether SAARC is still relevant.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Indian Express.


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment;Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Q3: Do you think that recently released Agricultural export policy is a welcome step in the direction of doubling farmers income by 2022? Discuss the challenges in achieving this target and highlight benefits of boosting exports.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Financial Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 14 [PAGE 5]


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: RTI, Information sharing and transparency in government.

Q4: Discuss the ethical issues surrounding 10% reservation over and above 50% limit.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source : The Hindu, The Financial Express, The Indian Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 12 and 13[PAGE 3,4,6]


So Don’t wast any more time;START DRAFTING ANSWERS IN RECOMMENDED WORDS LIMIT & UPLOAD IT IN YOUR DASHBOARD and wait for the Magic.

Happy Learning;Keep visiting MASTERS 2019 & Stay in Track for UPSC 2019.

LOGIN NOW & UPLOAD ANSWER FOR REVIEW

<<Comments closed>>

Nb: This is an addon for current affairs to our dedicated all india test series live in user dashboard & Not a stand alone series;LOGIN NOW.

[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- JANUARY 14 2019

Current affairs, Daily challenge, Editorials, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing

Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing –JANUARY 14. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2019 daily writing series for mains 2019.

Date wise editorial compilations are available here>>

>>> CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD JANUARY 14 COMPILATIONS<<<

DATE WISE MASTER 2019 QUESTIONS are available here

HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 12 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 12 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorials, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, PIB notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Oceans are heating up at a quickening pace, say scientists

News:

  • The world’s oceans are heating up at an accelerating pace as global warming threatens a diverse range of marine life and a major food supply for the planet.

Findings:

  • The findings of Sciences, previous reports that suggested a so-called pause in global warming in recent years.
  • The latest technology shows no such hiatus ever existed, raising new concerns about the pace of climate change and its effect on the planet’s main buffer the oceans.
  • About 93% of excess heat trapped around the Earth by greenhouse gases that come from the burning of fossil fuels accumulates in the world’s oceans.
  • The latest report relied on four studies, that gave more precise estimates of past trends in ocean heat, allowing scientists to update past research and hone predictions for the future.
  • A key factor in the more accurate numbers is an ocean monitoring fleet called Argo, which includes nearly 4,000 floating robots that “drift throughout the world’s oceans, every few days diving to a depth of 2,000 m and measuring the ocean’s temperature, pH, salinity and other bits of information as they rise back up.
  • The new analysis shows warming in the oceans is on pace with measurements of rising air temperature.
  • And if nothing is done to reduce greenhouse gases, models predict that the temperature of the top 2,000 metres of the world’s oceans will rise 0.78 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.
  • The thermal expansion water swelling as it warms would raise sea level 30 cm, above any sea level rise from melting glaciers and ice sheets.
  • While 2018 will be the fourth warmest year on record on the surface, it will most certainly be the warmest year on record in the oceans, as was 2017 and 2016 before that.
  • The global warming signal is a lot easier to detect if it is changing in the oceans than on the surface.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Bill to terminate Pakistan designation as major non-NATO ally introduced in Congress

News

  • An influential U.S. lawmaker has introduced a legislation in Congress to terminate the designation of Pakistan as a major non-NATO ally.

Beyond News

  • Introduced by Republican Congressman Andy Briggs, the resolution 73, introduced in the House of Representatives, seeks termination of Pakistan as a major non-NATO ally and also sets conditions for its re-designation if any.
  • It states, for future redesignation, the U.S. President need to certify to the Congress that Pakistan continues to conduct military operations that are contributing to significantly disrupting the safe haven and freedom of movement of the Haqqani Network in that country.
  • It also seeks certification from the Congress that Pakistan has taken steps to demonstrate its commitment to prevent the Haqqani Network from using any Pakistani territory as a safe haven and that the Government of Pakistan actively coordinates with the Government of Afghanistan to restrict the movement of militants, such as the Haqqani Network, along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.
  • The resolution asks the President to certify that Pakistan has shown progress in arresting and prosecuting Haqqani Network senior leaders and mid-level operatives.

India has lost highest number of personnel in UN peacekeeping mission

News

  • India has suffered the highest number of fatalities (164 out of 6,593 personnel) among countries that have sent forces to the United Nations peacekeeping mission since 1948.

Beyond News

  • Ethiopia and Rwanda have contributed the highest number of personnel, followed by three Asian countries Bangladesh, India and Nepal. These five nations together account for a third of the total peacekeeping force.
  • Close to 3,800 personnel have been killed during missions since 1948. Of them, 164 were Indians. Most of the deaths occurred during missions to Congo in the 1960s and former Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
  • India lost most of its personnel to “malicious acts” (deaths due to factors like revolution, riots, sabotage, terrorism and murder). Accidents and illness were other causes.
  • Nearly 80% of the Indian peacekeepers are deployed in Central African Republic and South Sudan in various sections.

Pakistan still cosy with terrorists: India

News

  • India urged Pakistan to demonstrate its sincerity for maintaining peaceful ties with India.
  • In a scathing remark, the Ministry of External Affairs cautioned Islamabad, saying that the government of Prime Minister Imran Khan is trying to integrate terrorists into Pakistani society.

Beyond News

  • India’s demand for punishing those responsible for the Mumbai attacks of 26/11 2008 and the Pathankot terror attacks of 2016 have not been addressed so far by Pakistan.
  • This is the first time since the arrival of the Imran Khan government in 2018 that New Delhi has reminded Islamabad that it has failed to show commitment to control terror.
  • Sources said that Pakistan was playing a game where it projected a sincere face through Mr. Khan while in fact it was encouraging terrorism. In this regard the MEA said that some of the anti-terror measures taken during the Nawaz Sharif era were discontinued.
  • The MEA’s comments came on the heels of statements by other governments calling for talks between India and Pakistan to break the impasse.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Demonetisation impact: delay in currency exchange irks Nepal

News

  • Upset over continued delays from New Delhi in exchanging demonetised currencyNepal says it will not accept high-value Indian notes until the government gives specific assurances against future shocks.

Beyond News

  • Oli government’s recent move to ban all Indian currency notes above ₹100, India was yet to respond to Nepal’s two-year old demand for the return of more than ₹7 crore held officially by the Nepali Rastra Bank (NRB).
  • When ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes were demonetised on November 8, 2016, neighbouring countries where Indian currency is used, like Bhutan, Nepal and Myanmar, were left holding large sums of the demonetised currency.
  • While India has subsequently settled the issue with Bhutan, it is yet to respond to Nepal’s requests.
  • Nepal was particularly affected by demonetisation, as the Indian currency is used in daily transactions and many Nepalis working in India take remittances and savings in cash across the border.
  • Recent reports that India has stopped printing the ₹2,000 denomination notes has spurred speculation that they might also be demonetised, worrying people in Nepal.

Smooth-coated otter population on the rise

News

  • A family of Indian smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), including four pups, was sighted in the Krishna estuary, indicating a significant rise in the population.
  • In 2016, the Wildlife Management Division (Eluru) documented the presence of otter in and around the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary and the estuary.

Beyond News

  • The conservation status is ‘vulnerable, ’ according to the International Union of Conservation for Nature (IUCN). Independent researcher and wetland expert A. Venkata Appa Rao documented the pups.
  • The healthy growth of otter population can be attributed to the abundant availability of prey mostly fish in its habitat.
  • Winter is the breeding season of the otters. However, they could be sighted in the estuary in all the seasons.

ISRO cranks up Gaganyaan project

News

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said work on ‘Gaganyaan’, the project to send a manned mission to space by 2022, would start soon at the newly created Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC).

Beyond News

  • The facility would be staffed by a dedicated team, with ISRO planning to deploy 800 to 900 people over time on the project.
  • ISRO’s announcement of the new centre and the naming of its head comes about five months after the government first unveiled plans to send a manned mission to space.
  • While ISRO has projected a manpower requirement of 861 personnel for the project, including 761 to be appointed in addition to the routine annual hiring. It expects to recruit the team in stages.
  • The heavy lift launch vehicle GSLV Mark III, which got operational in November after its second successive flight in a row, must be suitably certified or human-rated. It will have two non-crew flights in December 2020 and July 2021.

Elephant dung shows plastic threat is wild

News

  • A group of wildlife experts in West Bengal spend too much time looking closely at elephant dung that have stumbled upon an alarming discovery: elephants of north Bengal have been consuming plastic and loads of it.

Findings

  • Until recently, the 168-km rail line between Alipurduar and the New Jalpaiguri railway station, where over 60 elephants were mowed down by trains between 2004 and 2015, was known for being a huge threat to elephants.
  • While studying the Rethi-Moraghat elephant corridor in the region, experts from the Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) and the north Bengal-based Society for Protecting Ophiofauna and Animal Rights (SPOAR) discovered another threat: plastic.
  • Experts were following elephant dung over an eight sq km area to understand the movement of elephants. What caught their eye was the presence of plastic in dung piles.
  • Elephants eat garbage and that is how plastics enter their system.
  • Wildlife enthusiasts and conservationists have pointed out that a number of rivers in north Bengal are filled up with plastic, and in the winter months, as these rivers turn dry, heaps of plastic remain on the river bed.
  • In mid-2018, a scientist from Kolkata was alarmed to see plastics in the Torsa river in the Buxa Tiger Reserve. The Buxa Tiger Reserve sustains a large elephant population and the Torsa, which flows from Bhutan to India, is the main water source in the reserve.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 10 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 10 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, PIB notes, Prelims Quiz, Prelims UPSC, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

‘Visually impaired not able to use banknotes’

News

  • The Delhi High Court sought responses from the Centre and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on a plea seeking to lay down standards for design of banknotes and coins and make all forms of physical currency and digital means of transactions accessible to the visually impaired.

Beyond News

  • A Bench sought response of the Centre and the central bank on the plea filed by an organisation working for empowerment of visually impaired persons.
  • The plea also sought a direction to the government to stop circulation and withdraw, in a phased manner, the inaccessible physical currency.
  • The members of the NGO, Blind Graduates Forum of India, talked about the difficulty being faced by the visually impaired in identifying the currency, which was introduced post-demonitisation, and difficulty in distinguishing coins.
  • The NGO had sent a detailed representation in 2017 to the RBI Governor highlighting the major challenges being faced by the visually impaired and gave suggestions factoring in inputs from several blind and low vision individuals.
  • Despite the assurances given to the petitioner, the RBI introduced the new ₹100 note, dimensions of which were once again not visually-impaired friendly.
  • The NGO said that it received a mail from the RBI stating that the bank was sensitive to the challenges faced by the visually impaired, but believed that technological advancement had opened up new avenues for identification of currency by the visually impaired and accordingly, they are working on the same.
  • The petition said the plea was filed on behalf of over 52 lakh visually impaired persons in India who are facing immense hardship owing to inaccessibility of physical Indian currency along with inaccessible means of digital transactions and it has a direct negative impact on the independence and livelihood of such people.
  • The plea sought direction to the authorities to lay down standards as per the provisions of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act for banking services, portals, apps, payment gateways, hardware devices like ATM, point of sale devices, self-service passbook printers and cash collection devices to make them accessible to the visually impaired within six months.

UN award for Sikkim

News

  • Sikkim beat 51 other nominations from across the globe to receive an UN award, for becoming the world’s first 100% organic state.

Beyond News

  • Sikkim Chief Minister Chamling received the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation’s (FAO) Future Policy Gold Award for paving the way for the rest of the world.
  • Sikkim was recognised for its farming policies which have helped over 66,000 farmers and boosted tourism.
  • It got rid of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and began using natural alternatives instead.

In a first, Delhi govt releases policy on animal welfare

News

  • Birth control programme for monkeys, a revised regime for sterilisation of stray dogs, and electronic chips to identify owners of deserted pets and cattle are some of the measures the Delhi government’s first policy on animal welfare recommends.

Beyond News

  • The Animal Health and Welfare Policy, 2018, also proposes a cowshed at Ghumanhera, ‘where cows will be kept along with the elderly in a unique coexistence’, was discussed at a meeting.
  • The policy suggests tagging pets and cattle with electronic chips so that their owners can be identified. It also provides for undertaking a monkey birth control programme under animal birth control (ABC) initiatives and observes that sterilisation of stray dogs under the ABC programme in Delhi through NGOs is not as per expectations.
  • Strengthening infrastructure through a network of veterinary hospitals, polyclinics, aviaries, helpline for distressed animal and birds, and ambulance services are other measures the policy recommends.
  • As per the policy, animal health and veterinary services will be strengthened through 24×7 operational polyclinics in all districts. The needs of birds will also be taken care at district-level aviaries. A veterinary hospital that will be operational round-the-clock will be inaugurated at Tis Hazari on January 16.
  • Setting up 12 check posts and quarantine facilities at Delhi’s borders is part of the policy.

U.K. to test immigration proposals in India

News

  • British officials are set to test India’s reaction to proposals for a new post-Brexit immigration system
  • Home Office officials are set to meet with counterparts in India next week, as well as others, for discussions on the ‘Immigration White Paper’ unveiled by Home Secretary last year.

Beyond News

  • The immigration plans aim to create a level-playing field for EU and non-EU workers, basing immigration opportunities on skills levels rather than which part of the world workers have come from.
  • Among the changes proposed are the removal of the current annual cap on the number of Tier 2 visas for skilled workers, as well as the requirement that employers demonstrate that they attempted to fill the role domestically before bringing in a person from abroad (the resident labour market test).
  • The government will also allow international students six months after they graduate to find permanent skilled work and work temporarily during that period, while PhD graduates will have a whole year to do so. There will be no post-study visa, however, as many student and university bodies have been lobbying for.
  • The government has also said it is to consult on the salary threshold for the skilled visas which has been the subject of much debate in the U.K.
  • While the Migration Advisory Committee has recommended setting it at £30,000 a year, business groups and others have warned this would leave businesses unable to access key skills at a time particularly crucial for the country.
  • The meetings in India are also an acknowledgment of the crucial role the migration debate plays in the bilateral relationship between the U.K. and India and the need to strengthen it ahead of Brexit.
  • Last year, the FCO warned in a submission to a parliamentary inquiry, that India accounts for the largest number of individuals staying in the U.K. illegally, and the number of those subjected to forced returns to India has fallen by 50% in three years.
  • Britain also faced criticism for failing to include India in a relaxation of student documentation requirements that were extended to other countries, including China.
  • The discussions next week will focus on the issues in the white paper, rather than some of these outstanding concerns, which will be the subject of further bilateral discussions in the future.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

A ‘bio-safe’ way to fight mosquitoes

News

  • Scientists said they had taken a major step toward developing a “mosquito birth control” drug to curb the spread of malaria and other killer diseases blamed for hundreds of thousands of deaths a year.

Findings

  • Researchers said they had discovered a protein unique to female mosquitoes which is critical for their young to hatch.
  • When the scientists blocked the protein, the females laid eggs with defective shells causing the embryos inside to die.
  • The team said developing drugs which targeted the protein could provide a way to reduce mosquito populations without harming beneficial insects such as bees.
  • Mosquitoes are one of the world’s deadliest insects, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) which has warned that global progress against malaria is stalling.
  • The disease infected around 216 million people in 2016, killing 445,000 of them, predominantly babies and young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Other diseases spread by mosquitoes include Zika, chikungunya, yellow fever, West Nile virus and dengue, which has risen 30-fold in recent decades, according to the WHO.

Caught on camera: Sikkim’s Royal Bengal Tiger

News

  • Two clear images of a Royal Bengal Tiger going up and down a path beside a camera trap laid at 9,538 ft have provided the first visual evidence of a tiger in the Himalayan State of Sikkim.

Beyond News

  • The area where the tiger was photographed shares a boundary with the Tibet Autonomous Region under the control of China and Bhutan.
  • While there were sightings and oral records of tiger presence in Sikkim till the 1980s, there was no photographic evidence to confirm the presence.
  • In 2017 there were reports of a cattle kill at a place called Theng and pug marks of tigers were found in the area. After the first camera trap images confirming tiger presence in Sikkim, the State Forest Department is planning to install more camera traps at higher altitudes with the aim of obtaining more evidence.
  • The development also assumes significance as it comes only a few weeks after a tiger was spotted in the snow-clad Dibang Valley of Arunachal Pradesh, at a height of 3,630 m.

Hubble’s most advanced camera shut down: NASA

News

  • The operations of the Hubble Space Telescope’s most technologically advanced camera have been suspended after it encountered a hardware problem.
  • Hubble is the first major optical telescope to be placed in space, providing an unobstructed view into the universe. Launched in 1990, the world’s first space telescope helped confirm the theory that the universe is expanding, lending credence to the Big Bang theory.

Beyond News

  • However, the telescope will continue to perform science observations with its other three active instruments, while the Wide Field Camera 3 anomaly is investigated.
  • The Hubble Wide Field Camera 3 was installed by space-walking astronauts during Servicing Mission 4 in 2009.
  • NASA said that the camera is equipped with back-up electronics that can be called to action should they be needed to recover the instrument.
  • Hubble has made more than 1.3 million observations since its mission began in 1990, taking pictures of stars and galaxies of as it whirls around the Earth.
  • Astronomers using Hubble data have published more than 15,000 scientific papers, making it one of the most productive scientific instruments ever built.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 11 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 11 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

Answer review, Daily challenge, Editorial analysis, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, PIB notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), UPSC answer writing, UPSC toppers, Writing contest

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

JANUARY 11 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE>>

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & live mint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Population & associated issues.

Q1: The entire Northeast has been protesting against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016. Analyse the rationale behind such protests.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Business standard.


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Government policies and intervention for development in various sectors and issues arising out of its design & implementation.

Q2: Scrapping the minimum educational qualification criteria for candidates contesting local body elections is a welcome decision. Critically Examine.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Hindu.


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Q3: Throw some light to the idea of Universal Basic income (UBI) that the economic survey found conceptually appealing. Critically examine the consideration of Sikkim as ideal testing ground for UBI in India.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Indian Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 11 [PAGE 7,8]


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: RTI, Information sharing and transparency in government.

Q4: Examine the role of RTI in ensuring good governance & Road blocks prevalent even after 13 years of its inception.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source : The Indian Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 11 [PAGE 11]


So Don’t wast any more time;START DRAFTING ANSWERS IN RECOMMENDED WORDS LIMIT & UPLOAD IT IN YOUR DASHBOARD and wait for the Magic.

Happy Learning;Keep visiting MASTERS 2019 & Stay in Track for UPSC 2019.

LOGIN NOW & UPLOAD ANSWER FOR REVIEW

<<Comments closed>>

Nb: This is an addon for current affairs to our dedicated all india test series live in user dashboard & Not a stand alone series;LOGIN NOW.

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 10 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 10 2019 QUESTIONS [IASTODAY MASTER 2019]

Answer review, Current affairs, Daily challenge, Editorial analysis, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, Press Information Bureau(PIB), Secure Synopsis, UPSC answer writing, UPSC exam, upsc notifications, UPSC toppers, Writing contest

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

JANUARY 10 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE>>

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & live mint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

Q1: Discuss what the Harappan towns excavated in India reveal about the life of people of Indus Valley Civilization.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Indian Express | General awareness.


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Government policies and intervention for development in various sectors and issues arising out of its design & implementation.

Q2: Throw some light on the major provisions of recent 10% reservation policy for economically backward in general category. Also examine whether the policy is in contravention to the Indra Sawhney judgement.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Hindu, Indian Express, The tribune.

Reference2:Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 9[PAGE 4,5]


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life; Awareness in the fields of robotics;Challenges to internal security.

Q3: Do you think that Drone regulations are infringing rights of individuals? Discuss the effectiveness of drone laws in India for addressing security risks and challenges possessed by drones.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Indian Express.


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance

Q4: By reinstating CBI director, SC strengthened institutions firewall as well as set the bar for CBI & for the government. Comment.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source : The Business standard, The Indian Express, The tribune.

Reference1:Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 10[PAGE 11]

Reference2:Free editorial COMPILATIONS JAN 9[PAGE 6,7]

 

So Don’t wast any more time;START DRAFTING ANSWERS IN RECOMMENDED WORDS LIMIT & UPLOAD IT IN YOUR DASHBOARD and wait for the Magic.

Happy Learning;Keep visiting MASTERS 2019 & Stay in Track for UPSC 2019.

LOGIN NOW & UPLOAD ANSWER FOR REVIEW

<<Comments closed>>

Nb: This is an addon for current affairs to our dedicated all india test series live in user dashboard & Not a stand alone series;LOGIN NOW.

[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- JANUARY 10 2019

[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- JANUARY 10 2019

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing –JANUARY 10. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2019 daily writing series for mains 2019.

Date wise editorial compilations are available here>>

>>> CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD JANUARY 10 COMPILATIONS<<<

DATE WISE MASTER 2019 QUESTIONS are available here

HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 9 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-JANUARY 9 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Greenland s melting ice sheet releasing tons of methane

News

  • The Greenland ice sheet emits tons of methane according to a new study, showing that subglacial biological activity impacts the atmosphere far more than previously thought, say researchers.

Findings

  • The study reported that ice sheet beds, which hold large reserves of carbon, liquid water, microorganisms and very little oxygen the ideal conditions for creating methane gas are also atmospheric methane sources.
  • Using novel sensors to measure methane in meltwater runoff in real time, they observed that methane was continuously exported from beneath the ice.
  • They calculated that at least six tons of methane was transported to their measuring site from this portion of the Ice Sheet alone, roughly the equivalent of the methane released by up to 100 cows.
  • This is the first time that meltwaters produced in spring and summer in large ice sheet catchments have been reported to continuously flush out methane from the ice sheet bed to the atmosphere.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

10% reservation for the poor gets LS approval

News

  • The Lok Sabha passed a Bill allowing 10% quota in employment and education for the general category candidates who belong to the economically weaker sections.

Beyond News

  • The Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill, 2019, introduced by Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, was cleared with a majority of the members (319) voting for it, and four against.
  • The 10% reservation will be over and above the 50% stipulated by the Supreme Court and is expected to benefit a huge section of upper castes, including Brahmins, Rajputs (Thakurs), Jats, Marathas and Bhumihars and trading castes such as Kapus and Kammas.
  • The economically deprived among the poor in the other religions will also benefit.

Lok Sabha passes DNA technology Bill

News

  • The Lok Sabha passed a Bill that allows regulated use of DNA technology to establish the identity of certain defined categories of persons, including offenders, suspects, and undertrials.

Beyond News

  • The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill allows the use of the technology to establish the identity of persons in matters of crime, parentage dispute, emigration or immigration and transplantation of human organs.
  • The Bill provides for establishment of national and regional DNA data banks and each data will maintain the indices, including crime scene index, suspects’ or undertrials’ index and offenders’ index.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

NASA’s probe discovers a new planet

News

  • NASA’s latest planet-hunting probe has discovered a new world outside our solar system, orbiting a dwarf star 53 light years away.

Beyond News

  • This is the third new planet confirmed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) since its launch.
  • The planet, named HD 21749b, orbits a bright, nearby dwarf star about 53 light years away, in the constellation Reticulum, and appears to have the longest orbital period of the three planets so far identified by TESS.
  • HD 21749b journeys around its star in a relatively leisurely 36 days, compared to the two other planets Pi Mensae b, a “super-Earth” with a 6.3-day orbit, and LHS 3844b, a rocky world that speeds around its star in just 11 hours.
  • All three planets were discovered in the first three months of TESS observations.
  • The planet is about three times the size of the earth, which puts it in the category of a “sub-Neptune.”
  • However, it is unlikely that the planet is rocky and therefore habitable; it’s more likely made of gas, of a kind that is much more dense than the atmospheres of either Neptune or Uranus.

Customers cannot be charged for availing tokenisation service: RBI

News

  • The Reserve of India (RBI) has allowed all card payment networks to offer tokenisation service.
  • However, the central bank has made it clear that no charges should be recovered from the customer for availing this service.

Beyond News

  • Tokenisation involves a process in which a unique token masks sensitive card details. The token is then used to perform card transactions in contact-less mode at Point Of Sale (POS) terminals, Quick Response (QR) code payments, etc.
  • The RBI has allowed card payment networks to offer card tokenisation services to any token requestor, that is, a third party app provider. A card holder can avail of these services by registering the card on the token requestor’s app and after giving ‘explicit consent’.
  • All extant instructions of Reserve Bank on safety and security of card transactions, including the mandate for additional factor of authentication (AFA) / PIN entry shall be applicable for tokenised card transactions also.
  • For additional factor of authentication, PIN entry shall be applicable for tokenised card transactions also.
  • Adequate safeguards shall be put in place to ensure that PAN cannot be found out from the token and vice versa by anyone except the card network.
  • Moreover, actual card data, token and other relevant details shall be stored in a secure mode and the token requestors are not allowed to store PAN or any other card detail.
  • The ultimate responsibility for the card tokenisation services rendered rests with the authorised card networks.

IBM gets 9,100 patents in 2018, India second highest contributor

News

  • Tech giant IBM said it had received 9,100 patents in 2018 across areas such as artificial intelligence (AI), cloud computing and cybersecurity, with India being the second highest contributor to the global record tally.

Beyond News

  • In 2018, IBM employee inventors received a record number of 9,100 patents, marking the company’s 26th consecutive year of the U.S. patent leadership. IBM also led the industry in the number of AI, cloud computing, security and quantum computing-related patent grants, with more than 4,000 patents.
  • It is committed to leading the way on technologies that change the way the world works and solving problems which many people have not even thought of yet.
  • Overall, the patents were granted to a diverse group of more than 8,500 IBM inventors in over 40 countries.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS