[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 19 2019 QUESTIONS

[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 19 2019 QUESTIONS

Answer review, Daily challenge, Editorial analysis, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

MARCH 19 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE>>

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & livemint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Role of women & women organization.

Q1:Parity in political representation for women will help bring bigger,deeper changes. Elucidate.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source:The Hindu.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 18 [PAGE 4]


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability; Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies .

Q2: Selection of first lokpal after unjustified delay of 5 years is a milestone in the cause of fighting corruption in high places. Analyse the road ahead for operationalization & possible issues involved in functioning of lokpal.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Indian Express

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 19 [PAGE 2]


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Q3: How will new FDI norms for e-commerce entities running online marketplaces will affect consumers and e-commerce companies? Examine.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Financial Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 19 [PAGE 5]


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions.

Q4: Differentiate healthy competition from competitions with examples. Can competition Commission of india ensure healthy competition? Comment.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Business standard.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 19 [PAGE 9]


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[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- MARCH 19 2019

[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- MARCH 19 2019

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing

Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing –MARCH 19. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2019 daily writing series for mains 2019.

Date wise editorial compilations are available here>>

>>> CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD MARCH 19 COMPILATIONS<<<

DATE WISE MASTER 2019 QUESTIONS are available here

[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 18 2019 QUESTIONS

[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 18 2019 QUESTIONS

Answer review, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing, Writing contest

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

MARCH 18 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE>>

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & livemint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Modern indian history- Significant events, personalities & issues from middle of 18th century until present.

Q1: It is argued that india missed two opportunities for UNSC permanent membership in past ie, one from US & Later from USSR. Discuss.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source:The Hindu.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 18 [PAGE 1]

Additional Reference: LINK OUT to the WIRE article

General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Issues relating to poverty & hunger.

*Q2: ‘Despite implementation of various programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing.’Elucidate with examples.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Business standard.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 16 & 17 [PAGE 2]


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Conservation.

Q3: India must recognize the human cost of poorly enforced environmental laws. Comment.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Hindu

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 16 & 17 [PAGE 5]


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Case studies.

Q4: A man convicted for rape and murder of a minor girl has been awarded death sentence by the court. His sentence is due in 3 days. You are the in charge of the jail and have been assigned to supervise his death sentence. The convict becomes seriously ill two days before he is about to be hanged. Preliminary medical tests reveal that he has blood cancer. Your colleagues advise you that as he is about to be executed, the matter should be kept as secret and the convict should be kept in his cell. Even jail doctors advise you the same. They also tell you that this convict deserved such a death for his crime.

 
What will you do in this situation? Explain why.
 

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: General


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[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- MARCH 18 2019

[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- MARCH 18 2019

Current affairs, Editorials, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing

Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing –MARCH 18. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2019 daily writing series for mains 2019.

Date wise editorial compilations are available here>>

>>> CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD MARCH 18 COMPILATIONS<<<

DATE WISE MASTER 2019 QUESTIONS are available here

HINDU NOTES-MARCH 16 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-MARCH 16 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, PIB notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Drought forcing animals out of interior forests

News

  • The Pampa river is facing acute water scarcity in the foothills of Sabarimala despite the Kerala State Electricity Board periodically releasing water from its Kullar dam in the upstream forest reaches.

Beyond News

  • The KSEB is not in a position to release huge quantities of water from its dams into the Pampa during the summer months.
  • Pilgrims find it difficult to have their customary holy dip in the river prior to trekking to Sabarimala owing to the low water level, which is ankle-deep on many stretches.
  • The drought in the forest interiors is forcing wild animals to stray into human habitations in the forest fringes of Sabarimala, Ranni, and Konni.
  • A tiger was spotted in the forests behind the Ayyappa Seva Sanghom camp on the banks of the Pampa. There were also reports of leopards and elephants straying out of the forests at Pampa, Plappally, and Sabarimala in search of food and water.
  • Forest officials attribute this to the acute water scarcity and shortage of food inside the forests during the summer months.
  • The changes in the forest ecosystem owing to climate change and excessive human intervention have been identified as the major factors forcing wild animals to stray into human habitations, where they can pick cattle and dogs as easy prey.
  • The pressure on the forest fringes due to cultivation and an increase in wildlife population is another factor.
  • The mushrooming of granite quarries along the forest borders has also contributed to the situation. Unscrupulous quarrying has reportedly led to depletion of the groundwater table in the region.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

U.N. meet dilutes Indian plan to phase out single-use plastic

plastic waste on deers

News

  • An ambitious resolution piloted by India to phase out single-use plastics by 2025, was watered down at the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) that concluded in Nairobi.

Beyond News

  • At the World Environment Day summit, Union Environment Minister, in the presence of Indian Prime Minister, had pledged to eliminate single-use plastics from India by 2022. This was lauded by then UN Environment Chief.
  • This pushed several States notably Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh to enforce previous commitments to ban plastic bags and similar disposables.
  • Ahead of the UNEA, the UN secretariat had invited inputs from member states to forge a common declaration regarding addressing a host of environmental challenges.
  • However, the final declaration removed the firm timelines and edited out the “decisively” and only committed to a “reduction by 2030.”
  • The UNEA, however, lauded India for playing a key role in advocating a time-bound ban on single use plastic.
  • Along with plastic, India also piloted a resolution on curbing nitrogen pollution.
  • A Central Pollution Control Board estimate in 2015 says that Indian cities generate 15,000 tonnes of plastic waste daily and about 70% of the plastic produced in the country ends up as waste.
  • Seventeen States have plastic bans, on paper. Experts have rued the inadequacy of collection and recycling systems to address the burgeoning plastic waste problem.

Election Commission sets pre-poll deadline for manifestos

News

  • The Election Commission fixed the outer limit for the release of party manifestos, under the Model Code of Conduct, putting a prohibition of 48 hours before polling.

Beyond News

  • The EC had, through letters dated January 22 and February 9, circulated a proposal among the recognised national and State parties for fixing a timeline on the release of manifestos.
  • During multi-phase polls, as will be the case in the Lok Sabha elections, the 48-hour restriction will apply before each polling date.
  • In a multi-phased poll, the silence period of last 48 hours may be on in certain constituencies while campaign is ongoing in other constituencies.
  • The Commission also said during the silence period, star campaigners and other political leaders should refrain from addressing the media by way of press conferences and giving interviews on election matters.

Promoting voting among tribes people

News

  • The Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) programme has evoked good response among the tribespeople of Wayanad district in Kerala.
  • The programme is being organised by the SVEEP district-level committee to ensure maximum voter turnout among the vulnerable sections of society.

Beyond News

  • Close to 500 tribespeople took part in the programme at the Anappady tribal hamlet at Muthanga in the district.
  • Similar programmes were organised at Thiruvannur, Chuppadi, Nayketty, and Ponkuzhy tribal hamlets on the fringes of the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • The tribespeople were sensitised to the importance of their participation in the election.
  • The functioning of EVM was described to them on the occasion.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Myanmar, India raze 12 camps of insurgents

News

  • The Myanmar Army, in a two-week-long coordinated operation with the Indian Army, has destroyed 10 to 12 camps of insurgent group, Arakan Army, in the Rakhine area.

Beyond News

  • The operation was carried out as the camps posed a threat to the Kaladan multi-mode transport project being built by India.
  • The operation was carried out by Myanmar Army in which 10-12 insurgent camps were destroyed. The aim was to unsettle them, Indian troops did not cross the border.
  • Before the operation, meetings were held between both armies.

India-U.S. looking to develop unmanned aerial vehicles: Pentagon

News

  • India and the U.S. have identified small air launch unmanned aerial vehicles(UAV) and a lightweight small arms technology project along with aircraft maintenance for defence collaboration.

Beyond News

  • The U.S. statement came as defence officials from the two countries held their latest round of Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) talks.
  • The India-U.S. DTTI meeting focused on encouraging the U.S. and Indian industry to work together and develop next-generation technologies.
  • On the drones, the discussions are mainly between the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation. In April, the two sides will write the technical planning document.
  • The two sides also talked about virtual, augmented mixed reality for aircraft maintenance, which she stressed can deliver very significant potential to the two countries.
  • The key is the combined weapons and ammunition offer a 40% weight reduction and improved accuracy. The ammunition uses full polymer casings that significantly reduced weight and give less heat transfer and recoil.
  • Under the DTTI, the two countries have a number of joint working groups to identify areas for co-development and co-production. These are a joint working group in aircraft carrier technology, land systems, naval systems, air systems, and other systems.
  • The DTTI’s aim is to transform the bilateral defence relationship into one that is limited only by independent strategic decisions, rather than bureaucratic obstacles or inefficient procedures; and strengthen India’s defence industrial base by moving away from the traditional “buyer-seller” dynamic toward a more collaborative approach.
  • It also aims at exploring new areas of technological collaboration from science and technology cooperation through co-development and co-production and expands U.S.-Indian business ties.
  • The DTTI meeting included updates on ongoing projects and collaborative opportunities in land, naval, air, and aircraft carrier technologies; a meeting with the U.S. and Indian industry representatives; a visit to Norfolk Naval Station to tour the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln and destroyer USS Bainbridge; and a visit to a U.S. defence company.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-MARCH 15 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-MARCH 15 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, PIB notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Dolphin numbers drop in Gandak

News

  • A count of the Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in two Bihar rivers, Gandak and Ghaghara (both originate from Nepal and eventually join the Ganga), has revealed the presence of 280 dolphins.

Findings

  • The number of dolphins recorded in a 324-km stretch of Gandak river was 155, a drop from the last estimation.
  • The last survey carried out in 2009-10 had recorded the presence of 257 dolphins in the same stretch. However, in a 99-km stretch of Ghaghara river in Bihar where no study was conducted before researchers were enthused to find the presence of 125 dolphins.
  • The estimation was done following the direct count method recommended by the Cetacean Specialist Group of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
  • A team of seven completed the survey in a period of about 12 days in late 2018.
  • Both the rivers are home to large number of aquatic species including the critically-endangered gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). The estimation also revealed the presence of 32 bird species in Gandak and 17 in Ghaghara.
  • The river system of Bihar, which includes Ganga and its other tributaries, are estimated to contain half of the population of Ganges river dolphin in the country.

       Threats affecting Dolphin habitat

  • Experts have pointed out that upcoming activities, such as the construction of National Waterway 37, are likely to pose a major threat to the population of Ganges river dolphin and can change the geo-morphology of the Gandak in the coming years.
  • Other threats affecting Dolphin habitat in the river at this juncture include regulated discharge from Gandak Barrage, electrofishing (discharging electric current to kill fish) and mosquito-net fishing.
  • In the Ghaghara river, threats posed on the national aquatic animal are from sand mining and the use of chemicals in intensive bank cultivation.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

France sanctions JeM founder Masood Azhar, freezes his assets

News

  • Days after pledging to designate Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar as a global terrorist at the United Nations, France has sanctioned him and frozen his assets on its soil.

Beyond News

  • A statement from the Government of France cited the terror attack at Pulwama that killed more than 40 CRPF personnel, saying the JeM had claimed responsibility for the attack.
  • Apart from creating hurdles for financial transactions, the sanction from France will also help in stopping travel by Azhar and his known followers.
  • The statement reiterated French support to India’s fight against terrorism. France had extended support to India’s international campaign to ban Azhar as a terrorist, who threatens global peace and safety.
  • France’s action is expected to put more pressure on Pakistan to act against the terror groups based in its territory. India has been demanding tough verifiable action against the terror groups and individuals like Azhar.

Krishna river board allocates 29 tmc ft water to Telangana

News

  • The three-member committee meeting of the Krishna River Management Board (KRMB), allocated 29 tmc ft of water to Telangana and 17.5 tmcft for Andhra Pradesh to meet their immediate irrigation and drinking water needs.
  • This allocation of 46.5 tmc ft water to the two States is from the storage in Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar reservoirs

Beyond News

  • The board has assessed the availability of water at 18 tmc ft in Srisailam and 33.713 tmc ft in Nagarjunasagar.
  • The meeting also discussed the complaints of the two States against each other on use of water in excess of allocation made by the board.
  • The board suggested the two States to utilise water judiciously and to avail water from Nagarjunasagar preferably with power generation. The evaporation losses and transmission losses between Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar would be deducted from the water storage in the two reservoirs.
  • As per the water release order issued by the board, Telangana would get 3.5 tmc ft water for Mission Bhagiratha from Kalwakurthy lift irrigation scheme based on Srisailam till August-end, 5 tmc for Mission Bhagiratha from Nagarjunasagar also till August-end, 8.5 tmc ft for drinking water needs of Hyderabad (HMWSSB) till August-end, 3 tmc ft for feeding tanks under Alimineti Madhava Reddy Project and 9 tmc ft for saving Rabi crop under Nagarjunasagar left canal.
  • Similarly, AP would get 3 tmc ft for Handri-Neeva and Muchumarri lifts from Srisailam and 8 tmc ft for Nagarjunasagar right canal, 3 tmc ft for Nagarjunasagar left canal and 3.5 tmc ft for Krishna Delta System (KDS) from Nagarjunasagar reservoir. The board has also asked the two States to maintain 510 ft level for maximum period possible.

Election Commission introduces mobile app for observers

News

  • The Election Commission has for the first time started using a mobile application that will help poll observers to submit reports.

Beyond News

  • The electoral body held a meeting with more than 1,800 IAS, IPS and IRS officials, besides some others from the Central services, who are to be deployed as observers in the coming Lok Sabha and State Assembly polls.
  • As the observers will be closely involved in real-time disposal of Model Code of Conduct and expenditure violation cases received through another mobile application “cVIGIL”, those details will also be available on the “Observer App.” The observers can make a written observation after the flying squads have investigated the matter.
  • The Commission also could keep a close eye on Model Code violations through the mechanism and alert officials on the ground.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Despite objections, Bannerghatta National Park’s Eco-Sensitive Zone curtailed

News

  • Bannerghatta National Park’s Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ), which provides a regulated buffer zone around protected areas, will remain at 168.84 sq.km. despite thousands of citizens formally objecting to the reduction of nearly 100 sq. km. as compared to the original proposal.

Beyond News

  • In the 33rd ESZ Expert Committee meeting of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), members recommended finalisation after ‘detailed deliberations’ of the November 5 draft notification which declared an ESZ area of 168.84 sq.km. around BNP.
  • The new ESZ will range from 100 metres (towards Bengaluru) to 1 kilometre (in Ramanagaram district) from the periphery of the protected area. The ESZ Committee estimates that between 150 and 200 elephants were observed at BNP.
  • During the meeting, members of the expert committee discussed extending the area of the proposed ESZ towards Bengaluru city.
  • MoEF accepted the State government’s position, which is derived from a cabinet sub-committee formed to look into delineation of ESZs in 31 protected areas of the State. In 2015, the State government approved the sub-committee report that reduced ESZ in multiple areas as it ‘may hinder developmental activity’ and was ‘opposed by locals’.
  • When the revised Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) notification for Bannerghatta National Park was issued, citizens were given 60 days to submit their objections. Environmental and civic action groups swung into action and encouraged people to submit their objections to the Ministry of Environment and Forests against the 100 sq.km. reduction of ESZ.
  • Over 65,000 people signed various online petitions against the move, apart from researchers and activists who sent specific objections. The fear of many was that this reduction would lead to more quarrying in the area.
  • While thousands of objections were sent to the MoEF, they were dismissed by the ESZ Committee as a ‘safe zone’ of 1km around protected areas is already in place across the country.

A climate vulnerability index for India

News

  • The Department of Science and Technology (DST) will be commissioning a study to assess the climate risks faced by States in India.

    Beyond News

  • This follows an assessment of the global warming risks faced by 12 Himalayan States and discussed at last year’s U.N. climate changeconference in Poland that found States such as Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand vulnerable to climate change.
  • Last year the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) at Mandi and Guwahati, and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, coordinated with State authorities in Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, the hill districts of West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir, to evolve a common methodology, and determine how districts there are equipped to deal with the vagaries of climate change.

Findings

  • The researchers prepared a ‘vulnerability index’ of each of these States based on district-level data. Vulnerability would be a measure of the inherent risks a district faces, primarily by virtue of its geography and socio-economic situation.
  • The scientists conducted workshops with the States and culled eight key parameters on the basis of which a vulnerability score could be generated.
  • They included: percentage of area in districts under forests, yield variability of food grain, population density, female literacy rate, infant mortality rate, percentage of population below poverty line (BPL), average man-days under MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act), and the area under slope > 30%.
  • On a scale ranging 0-1, 1 indicating the highest possible level of vulnerability, at the top of the scale were Assam with a score of 0.72 and Mizoram at 0.71, whereas Sikkim, with an index score of 0.42 was relatively less vulnerable.
  • Different factors contributed to a State’s vulnerability. In Arunachal Pradesh, the key factors are low female literacy and high percentage of population above BPL whereas in Nagaland the key issues are loss of forest cover, steep slope and high yield variability.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-MARCH 13 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-MARCH 13 2019 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, PIB notes, Prelims UPSC, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Climate change forces Arctic animals to shift feeding habits

News

  • Seals and whales in the Arctic are shifting their feeding patterns as climate change alters their habitats, and the way they do so may determine whether they survive, a new study has found.

Findings

  • Researchers harnessed datasets spanning two decades to examine how two species of Arctic wildlife beluga whales, also known as white whales, and ringed seals are adapting to their changing habitat.
  • The research focused on the area around Svalbard northwest of Norway which is experiencing rapid impacts from climate change and particularly a large collapse in sea-ice conditions in 2006 that has continued to the present day.
  • Both white whales and ringed seals were tagged in Svalbard before this collapse occurred to study their basic ecology. Repeat sampling after the sea-ice collapse occurred thus offered the opportunity for a natural experiment.
  • Both species traditionally hunt for food in areas with sea ice and particularly at so-called tidal glacier fronts, where glaciers meet the ocean. But with climate change melting sea ice and prompting glaciers to retreat, researchers in Norway decided to look at whether and how animals in the affected areas were adapting.
  • With the rapid pace of change rendering genetic adaptation unfeasible, they reasoned that behavioural and dietary changes will likely be the first observable responses within ecosystems.
  • They compared datasets produced by trackers attached to seals and whales over two sets of time periods.
  • For the seals, they compared tracker data from 28 individuals between 1996-2003 and then 2010-2016, and for the whales they looked at data from 18 animals between 1995-2001 and 16 animals from 2013-2016.
  • The data showed that two decades ago, both species spent around half their time foraging at glacier fronts and eating a diet dominated by polar cod.
  • But ringed seals now spend “significantly higher proportions of time near tidal glacier fronts” while the white whales had the opposite response and had moved elsewhere to look for food.
  • The researchers speculated that whales have shifted their diet, taking advantage of the fact that climate change is allowing new fish species to move further north as waters warm.
  • Seals in contrast stuck with their old diet, but appeared to spend more time searching for the food at the glacier fronts.
  • The study points out that beluga whales tend to be dietary generalists compared to ringed seals, and said the “flexible” response of whales would improve their chances of adapting to warming climes.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

In charts: U.S. withdrawal of trade concessions to India

News

  • The S. government has decided to withdraw trade concessions granted to India under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP).

Beyond News

  • The programme, which allows duty-free entry for certain products into the U.S. market, has benefited both countries, as shown by the growing volume of trade over the years.
  • India exported goods worth $6.2 bn in 2018 under the GSP, the highest since 1997. However, the GSP’s share in India’s total exports to the U.S. has come down recently after peaking in the mid-2000s.
  • No other country’s export value under the GSP exceeded India’s in the last two decades cumulatively.
  • Though India has played down the GSP benefits, some sectors such as ‘gem and jewellery’ and ‘apparel’ are bound to take a hit.

At UN, China unlikely to support bid to list JeM chief Masood Azhar as global terrorist

News

  • China signalled that it was not yet prepared to step aside and allow the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to list terror outfit Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) founder-leader Masood Azhar as an international terrorism.

Beyond News

  • Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson said Beijing wanted a closure of the issue, based on consensus achieved through dialogue.
  • China’s stand contradicts the position adopted by New Delhi, which is open for talks, following visible and verifiable action against Pakistan-based terror groups that target India.
  • China has, on three occasions, placed a “technical hold” on Azhar’s designation as a global terrorist in the 1267 committee. Yet another attempt on the JeM chief’s designation, led by the United States, France and Britain, has begun following the Pulwama car bomb attack that killed more than 40 CRPF personnel.
  • Analysts say that China has committed itself to high profile “mediation” between India and Pakistan, which comprehensively addresses all the vectors that lock India and Pakistan in an adverse relationship, without being fixated on the issue of listing Azhar alone.
  • Chinese foreign ministry reiterated that Beijing was involved in “mediation” to ease tensions between India and Pakistan. It also took credit for dialing down tensions between the two nuclear-armed states in the subcontinent, based on “extensive and in-depth communication with both parties.”
  • China’s state councilor and foreign minister, for the first time, affirmed that Beijing was engaged in “mediation efforts” to ease tensions between India and Pakistan, following the Pulwama attack.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

India successfully test-fires guided rocket system ‘Pinaka’

News

  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation successfully tested-fired the indigenously developed guided rocket system ‘Pinaka’ at Pokhran in Rajasthan.
  • This was the third test conducted by the DRDO since three days. All the three trials were able to meet the mission objectives.

Environment damage behind a quarter of premature deaths, diseases: UN report

News

  • A quarter of all premature deaths and diseases worldwide are due to manmade pollution and environmental damage, the United Nations said.

Findings

  • Deadly emissions, chemicals polluting drinking water, and the accelerating destruction of ecosystems crucial to the livelihoods of billions of people are driving a worldwide epidemic that hampers the global economy.
  • The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) a report six years in the making compiled by 250 scientists from 70 nations depicts a growing chasm between rich and poor countries as rampant overconsumption, pollution and food waste in the developed world leads to hunger, poverty and disease elsewhere.
  • As greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise amid a preponderance of droughts, floods and superstorms made worse by climbing sea levels, there is a growing political consensus that climate change poses a future risk to billions.
  • But the health impacts of pollution, deforestation and the mechanised food-chain are less well understood.
  • Nor is there any international agreement for the environment close to covering what the 2015 Paris accord does for climate.
  • It said that poor environmental conditions “cause approximately 25% of global disease and mortality” around 9 million deaths in 2015 alone.
  • Lacking access to clean drinking supplies, 1.4 million people die each year from preventable diseases such as diarrhoea and parasites linked to pathogen-riddled water and poor sanitation.
  • Chemicals pumped into the seas cause “potentially multi-generational” adverse health effects, and land degradation through mega-farming and deforestation occurs in areas of Earth home to 3.2 billion people.
  • The report says air pollution causes 6-7 million early deaths annually.
  • The report called for a root-and-branch detoxifying of human behaviour while insisting that the situation is not unassailable.
  • Food waste for instance, which accounts for 9% of global greenhouse gas emissions, could be slashed. The world currently throws away a third of all food produced. In richer nations, 56% goes to waste.
  • It also called for a rapid drawdown in greenhouse gas emissions and pesticide use to improve air and water quality.

RBI to inject liquidity via forex swaps

News

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to inject rupee liquidity into the system through long-term foreign exchange buy/sell swap a first-of-its-kind instrument used for liquidity management.

Beyond News

  • The RBI would conduct dollar-rupee buy/sell swap auction of $5 billion for a three-year tenor on March 26.
  • In order to meet the durable liquidity needs of the system, the Reserve Bank has decided to augment its liquidity management toolkit and inject rupee liquidity for longer duration through long-term foreign exchange buy/sell swap.
  • According to bankers, the move is seen to lower the dependence on open market operations which have been a significant amount of the overall borrowing. The move would boost RBI’s foreign exchange reserves which were at $401.7 billion for the week ended March 1.
  • Market participants would be required to place their bids in terms of the premium that they were willing to pay to the RBI for the tenor of the swap.
  • RBI said the auction cut-off would be based on the premium and the auction would be a multiple-price based auction.
  • RBI also has raised the trade credit limit under the automatic route to $150 million for oil/gas refining and marketing, airline and shipping firms. For others, the limit is set at $50 million or equivalent per import transaction.
  • At the same time, the revised framework has reduced the all-inclusive cost (all-in-cost) for overseas loans to benchmark rate plus 250 basis points from the earlier 350 bps.

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[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 15 2019 QUESTIONS

[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 15 2019 QUESTIONS

Answer review, Daily challenge, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing, Writing contest

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

MARCH 15 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

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Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & livemint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area:Poverty & developmental issues.

Q1: Discuss the reasons for rising hunger and suggest appropriate policy measures towards achieving Goals 1 and 2 of United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: General (static topic)


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: India & neighborhood relations; Important international institutions,agencies and fora-their structure ,mandate.

Q2: What are the major objectives of The Financial Action Task Force (FATF)?. Analyse the possible impact of pakistan’s recent complaint against india in FATF & ways in which FATF helps india to deal with terrorism.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Indian Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 15 [PAGE 4]


General Studies -03

Syllabus area:Indian Economy and issues related to planning.

Q3: Discuss the major issues faced by Reserve bank of india (RBI) and need for urgent reforms in RBI.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Business standard.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 15 [PAGE 7]


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Case studies.

Q4: Suppose you are posted as as District Collector to a very backward district. Out of nostalgia you visits a roadside tea shop to have a cup of tea.
A 10 year old boy, who was cleaning dishes until your arrival, brings a glasses of tea on his master’s order. You were attending an urgent call, unaware of boy standing behind you, accidentally touches the plate carrying tea glasses. Hot tea spills all over your shirt and glasses are broken into pieces on the ground. The owner of the shop, seeing this, beats the boy to a pulp.
What would be your reaction as a human being and as an IAS officer?
 

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: General


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[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 14 2019 QUESTIONS

[IASTODAY MASTER 2019]UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-MARCH 14 2019 QUESTIONS

Answer review, Daily challenge, Editorial analysis, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing

UPSC-ANSWER-WRITING-CHALLENGE-2019

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2019

MARCH 14 2019– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE>>

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 
It includes : The Hindu, The Indian express, The Business standard,The Financial express,The Tribune,The Business line,The Hindustan Times. Further Down to earth & livemint are covered weekly.

 General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Role of women & women organization.

Q1: Women in Indian police are carrying out all types of duties But they constitutes only 7% of total force. Discuss the creative policy measures to ensure equal opportunities to women all aspects of policing.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Hindu


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Pressure groups & formal/informal associations and their rile in polity.

Q2: Examine whether meghalaya farmer parliament will help plugging policy loopholes.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: Down to Earth/

Reference: Direct link to down to earth release


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Agriculture;Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation; 

Q3: The looming threat of water crisis is intensified due to its inefficient usage in energy sector. Analyse the ways of sustainable water management for agricultural growth & therby doubling farmers income.

(Answer in 250 Words)

Source: The Hindu, The Financial Express.

Reference: Free editorial COMPILATIONS MARCH 14 [PAGE 8]

Additional Reference: Direct link to older Hindu release.


General Studies -04

Syllabus area:Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Q4: Ethics and morality seem similar on first sight, but if one analyzes deeply, there is a remarkable difference. Comment with an examples.

(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: General

Reference: Link out to Relevant article


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[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- MARCH 14 2019

[Free] IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- MARCH 14 2019

Daily challenge, Editorials, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2019, MASTER 2019, UPSC answer writing

Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing –MARCH 14. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2019 daily writing series for mains 2019.

Date wise editorial compilations are available here>>

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DATE WISE MASTER 2019 QUESTIONS are available here