HINDU NOTES-FEBRUARY 17 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-FEBRUARY 17 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Prelims UPSC, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Proposal to recognise Marathi as classical language being pursued, says Maharashtra CM

News:

Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has assured that his government is pursuing the demand that Marathi be granted the status of `classical language’ with the Union government.

Beyond News:

The proposal was placed before a committee of linguistic experts, which approved it, and now it is under the consideration of the Union Ministry of Culture, the Maharashtra CM informed.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Nearly 100 new planets discovered beyond our solar system.

News:

Scientists have confirmed nearly 100 new planets outside our solar system, bringing the total number of exoplanets found using NASA’s K2 mission to almost 300.

Beyond News:

  • One of the planets detected was orbiting a very bright star.
  • The Kepler spacecraft was launched in 2009 to hunt for exoplanets in a single patch of sky, but in 2013, a mechanical failure crippled it. However, astronomers and engineers devised a way to save the telescope by changing its field of view periodically.
  • This solution paved the way for the follow-up K2 mission, which is still ongoing as the spacecraft searches for exoplanet transits. These transits can be found by registering dips in light caused by the shadow of an exoplanet as it crosses in front of its host star.
  • The dips are indications of exoplanets, which must then be examined more closely to confirm their nature.

The first planet orbiting a star similar to our own sun was detected in 1995. Today, some 3,600 exoplanets have been found, ranging from rocky Earth-sized planets to large gas giants like Jupiter.

Delhi, Haryana told to resolve polluted water supply issue

Delhi pollution NGT

News:

  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed the governments of Delhi and Haryana to convene a meeting and resolve the matter pertaining to polluted water, which is allegedly being provided by the Haryana government to the Capital.

Beyond News:

  • A Bench directed the chief secretaries of the two governments to meet on February 20 and settle the issue after the Delhi Jal Board (DJB) had moved an application in the tribunal.
  • The DJB had alleged that the water that was being supplied by the Haryana government had high ammonia content to the extent that the water could not be treated and supplied as drinking water to the people in the national capital.

The green panel passed the directions after both the authorities agreed to an amicable settlement.

  • The DJB had claimed that while at the source point in Haryana, the ammonia content in the water was negligible, the source point in Delhi saw high levels of ammonia.

Cause:

The petition had alleged that the primary cause of pollution appeared to be the addition of untreated domestic and industrial waste in some areas, including Panipat and Sonipat.

Milky Way ties with Andromeda in galactic arms race

Milky way -Galaxy

News

The Andromeda galaxy, our nearest large neighbour, is roughly the same size as the Milky Way, astronomers have found, putting the “gravitational arms race to rest”.

Beyond News

It had been thought that Andromeda was two to three times the size of the Milky Way, and that our own galaxy would ultimately be engulfed by our supposedly bigger neighbour.

  • However, the latest research evens the score between the two galaxies. The study found the weight of the Andromeda is 800 billion times heavier than the Sun, on par with the Milky Way.
  • The study used a new technique to measure the speed required to escape a galaxy.
  • The research suggests scientists previously overestimated the amount of dark matter in the Andromeda galaxy.

The Milky Way and Andromeda are two giant spiral galaxies in our local universe, and light takes a cosmologically tiny two million years to get between them.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

[Download]HINDU NOTES MONTHLY MAGAZINE free- JANUARY 2018

Current affairs, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, The Hindu Notes

HINDU NOTES DATE WISE COMPILATION is hallmark of IASTODAY. The Hindu notes daily pdf monthly compilation for upsc ias aspirants. HINDU is the bible for IAS and Hindu notes are precious for revision & easier understanding. This will replace tedious newspaper reading & it already helped thousands of aspirants.Hindu notes pdf is available with us on daily basis here. You can refer UPSC syllabus wise sorted hindu daily notes is provided here free.

JANUARY 2018 FREE DOWNLOAD

>CLICK HERE<

TO DOWNLOAD PREVIOUS MONTHS MAGAZINES FREE | CLICK HERE

HINDU NOTES-February 16 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 16 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2018, Prelims UPSC, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Supreme Court revises Tamil Nadu Cauvery water quota to 177.25 tmc

RIVER-CAUVERY-SC -Verdict

News

  • The Supreme Court in a verdict on the Cauvery river water dispute, reduced the allocation of  water from Karnataka to Tamil Nadu.

Beyond News

  • Karnataka will now supply 177.25 tmc instead of 192 tmc – a reduction of 14.75 tmc, from its Billigundlu site to Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu 
  • A Special Bench declared the Cauvery a “national asset” and largely upheld the water-sharing arrangements finalised by the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal (CWDT) in its award on February 5, 2007, said Karnataka was entitled to a “marginal” relief.
  • The court rejected an argument by the Centre that Section 6A of the Inter-State Water Disputes Act of 1956 bestowed upon it discretion in framing a Cauvery water sharing scheme.
  • The court said that subject to the formulation of a scheme, the water allocation arrangement should stand unchanged for the next 15 years.
  • It said the argument did not stand to reason and a scheme had to be framed under Section 6A as per the Tribunal award.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

More villages join protest against Kondapochamma reservoir

News

  • Protests continue to strengthen in Bahilampur village in Telangana against the Kondapochamma reservoir in Mulugu mandal, with residents of Mamidyala village joining the agitation and stalling the ongoing work.

Beyond News

  • Some 200 locals squatted in a tent erected in Bahilampur and had a heated argument with some TRS leaders about promises made by Chief Minister, not being fulfilled.
  • Residents said that the promises must be fulfilled before forcing them to vacate the village.
  • Villagers said that,heavy dust clouds had encompassed the village, a result of the construction activity, making it difficult to even breathe.
  • In addition, the villagers of Singaram under Mallannasagar limits have also commenced a protest demanding constructing of double bedroom houses before they are asked to leave the village.

Orangutan population under threat at Borneo Island

SCIENCE-ORANGUTANS

News

  • Hunting by people and habitation destruction by oil palm, paper, logging and mining industries helped drive a startling drop of about 50 percent in the orangutan population on the island of Borneo from 1999 to 2015.

Beyond News

  • The researchers calculated a population decrease of about 148,500 during that 16-year period and projected another drop of 45,000 by 2050, painting a bleak picture for the future of these shaggy reddish tree dwellers that are among the world’s most imperiled great apes.
  • Orangutans inhabit lowland forests on Borneo, an island shared by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, and Indonesia’s island of Sumatra, eating wild fruits, insects, bark, flowers and leaves.

Hunting and habitat loss

  • Deforestation was only part of the danger. Around 70 percent of the loss in Borneo’s populations may have resulted from orangutan killings by people in forested areas.
  • The researchers tallied arboreal nests for these apes and used satellite images to appraise forest loss, determining there were between 200,000 and 300,000 Borneo orangutans in 1999 and between 70,000 and 100,000 in 2015.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

 

HINDU NOTES-February 15 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 15 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

China slams Modi’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh

News:

China has slammed Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh, saying it was not helpful in creating “enabling conditions” for boundary talks and improvement of Beijing-New Delhi ties.

Beyond News

Xinhua news agency quoted foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang as saying that China was “firmly opposed” to Mr. Modi’s visit to the “disputed area.”

The Chinese government has never recognised the so-called Arunachal Pradesh and is firmly opposed to the Indian leader’s visit to the disputed area.

Mr. Geng said that China and India had reached “important consensus” on properly managing disputes, and the two sides were working to resolve the territorial disputes through negotiation and consultation.

He urged India to cherish “the hard-won momentum of improvements in bilateral relations and create enabling conditions for the boundary talks and the development of bilateral relations.”

Kerala has pressed for ban on Popular Front of India

Muslim popular front ban

News

Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju has said that,Kerala has sought a ban on the Popular Front of India (PFI), a Muslim organisation that is mainly operating out of the State.

Beyond News

The issue was discussed at the annual DGP meet held in Madhya Pradesh’s Tekanpur in January, where Kerala police chief Lokanath Behera gave a detailed presentation on the PFI’s growth and activities in the State.

The session was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Home Minister Rajnath Singh and other senior officials in the security establishment.

Mr. Behera listed four cases where members of the PFI were involved in criminal activities.

Last year, the National Investigation Agency sent a detailed report to the Home Ministry and mentioned four cases where cadres of the PFI had either been charge-sheeted or convicted.

In 2010, some armed members of the PFI attacked Professor T. J. Joseph in Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam district, and chopped off his right palm.
Mr. Joseph was targeted over a question paper he set for a college examination that had some references to the Prophet Mohammad, which the attackers said insulted the Prophet.
In May 2015, a court convicted 13 PFI activists in the case.

The NIA said it examined nine cases where men and women converted to Islam and in at least four of them, the involvement of members of the PFI was established.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Electrons behind colourful auroras observed for the first time

electron rain discoveryNews

Scientists have, for the first time, directly observed the shower of electrons bouncing across Earth’s magnetic field, which causes the spectacular, colourful phenomenon commonly known as the Northern Lights.

Beyond News

While the cause of these colourful auroras has long been hypothesized, researchers had never directly observed the underlying mechanism until now. The spectacle of these subatomic showers is legendary.
Green, red, and purple waltz across the night sky, blending into one another for a fantastic show widely considered one of the great wonders of the world.

Among a variety of auroras, pulsating auroral patches appearing at dawn are common but the physical mechanisms driving this auroral pulsation had so far not been verified through observation.

With the advent of a new satellite with advanced measuring tools, researchers have now identified that this wonder is caused by the hard-to-detect interaction between electrons and plasma waves.
This interaction takes place in the Earth’s magnetosphere, the region surrounding the Earth in which the behaviours of the electric particles is usually governed by the planet’s magnetic field.

The global reconfiguration often drives a specific type of plasma waves called chorus waves, to rain electrons into the upper atmosphere. This stabilizes the system, and gives off a colourful light as the electrons fall.

Straw management now mandatory in Punjab

air pollutionsNews

In an attempt to check the dangerous trend of stubble burning, the Punjab government has decided to make use of Super Straw Management System while using the combine harvester machines mandatory for harvesting the paddy (rice) crop.

Beyond News

These instructions are aimed at saving the environment from air pollution caused by stubble burning.

The owners of combine harvesters desirous of undertaking the harvesting of paddy in the State would now have to attach super straw management system with the harvester combine.

Punjab Pollution Control Board have also instructed that no harvester combine shall be allowed to harvest paddy in Punjab without functional super straw management system.
Instructions have been issued under section 31 A of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-February 14 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 14 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Pakistan backed terrorists will continue attacks in India, says U.S. intel chief

News:

  • Terror groups supported by Pakistan will continue to carry out attacks inside India, the United States intelligence chief has warned.

Beyond News:

  • Director of National Intelligence Daniel Coats’ remarks came days after a group of Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad terrorists attacked the Army’s Sunjuwan camp in Jammu on February 10, killing seven people, including six soldiers.
  • On February 12, a gunfight broke out between security forces and militants, who took shelter in a building in Karan Nagar area of Srinagar after their attack on the CRPF camp in Karan Nagar area of Srinagar was foiled.
  • Mr. Coats said in his testimony before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence that,Pakistan, in fact, will continue to threaten the U.S. interests by deploying new nuclear weapons capabilities, maintaining its ties to militants, restricting counter- terrorism cooperation, and drawing closer to China.
  • Without specifically referring to any terrorist incident by Pakistan-based groups, Mr. Coats told the lawmakers that he expected increased tension between the two Asian neighbours.

Use technology for welfare of children: Supreme Court

News:

Supreme Court has said that,India’s status as a technological powerhouse in the world would remain on paper if the state does not take advantage of its resources to benefit the children or track the missing ones.

Beyond News:

The apex court, while stressing the need for use of technology in Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs) and Child Welfare Committees (CWCs), said it was “disheartened” that there was an acute shortage of computers and peripherals in these bodies.

A Bench said that, the use of technology would help in dealing with crucial issues like tracing and tracking of missing children, rescuing those working in hazardous industries and victims of child sexual abuse.

The apex court also said that the Centre and States need to look into this aspect and provide necessary software and hardware to JJBs and CWCs for their functioning.

It directed the MWCD to continue to make creative use of information and communication technology not only for the purpose of collecting data but also for other issues connected with the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act.

The court said this in a judgment in which it passed a slew of directions for implementation of provisions of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act.

The verdict came on a PIL seeking implementation of the Juvenile Justice Act and its rules. The petition has raised the issue of alleged apathy by the governments in implementing the welfare measure.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

U.S. telescope to help solve mystery of dark energy

News:

  • A 45-year-old telescope in the U.S. will create the largest three-dimensional map of the universe, which could help scientists solve the mystery of dark energy that is believed to drive the accelerating expansion of the universe.

Beyond News:

  • The 4-metre Nicholas U. Mayall Telescope, put inside a 14-storey, 500-ton dome atop a mile-high peak, closed to set the stage for installing the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI).
  • According to Xinhua, the new instrument would begin a five-year observing run at Kitt Peak National Observatory after its installation next year. Besides finding evidences about the universe’s expansion, DESI would help set limits on theories related to gravity and the formative stages of the universe.
  • Instead of one at a time they can measure the velocities of 5,000 galaxies at a time, they will measure more than 30 million of them in our five-year survey.

It could even provide new mass measurements for a variety of elusive yet abundant neutrinos, a kind of subatomic particles.

  • The expansion of the telescope’s field-of-view will allow DESI to map out about one-third of the sky.
  • Installation of DESI’s components is expected to begin soon and to wrap up in April 2019, with first science observations planned in September 2019.

Drones beat humans at the #EpicDuck Challenge

News:

A study has found that,drones can be used to monitor wildlife more accurately than traditional counting approaches.

Beyond News:

The researchers made fake bird colonies out of the rubber ducks on a beach in Australia. Experienced wildlife spotters challenged those who counted birds from drone imagery to see which group could get closest to the actual number of fake birds.

The ground spotters counted the fake birds using binoculars or telescopes. Meanwhile, a drone was flown over the beach, taking pictures of the birds from the sky at different heights.

Researchers made a computer algorithm to count the ducks automatically, which yielded results just as good as humans reviewing the imagery.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-February 13 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 13 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Russia seeks ₹125 crore to carry out repairs on INS Chakra

INS chakra

News

  • Russian authorities have demanded over $20 million for rectifying the damage suffered by nuclear submarine INS Chakra, which was dry-docked last week, even as the government is seeking to fix responsibility for the accident.

Beyond News

  • According to defence sources, Russia has quoted $20 million (approximately ₹125 crore) for fixing the nuclear submarine’s front portion, which was damaged while the submarine was entering the harbour in Visakhapatnam.
  • The developments around INS Chakracome even as the indigenously built nuclear ballistic missile submarine INS Arihant, which had suffered extensive damage because of human error over a year ago, is yet to be back to active sailing. 
  • On INS Chakra, Russian officials have conveyed to India that they would be making all the replacement panels in their own facility and would not be using any Indian facilities. 
  • The almost 5×5 ft. panels of the sonar dome would be brought to Visakhapatnam and fitted on to the leased submarine.
  • Meanwhile, government sources indicate that they want responsibility fixed for the damage suffered by INS Chakra

India, Oman agree to isolate sponsors of terror

India-Oman relation terrorism

News

  • External Affairs Ministry said that,India and Oman have agreed to isolate the sponsors of international terrorism.

Beyond News

  • The declaration on battling terrorism came at the end of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the country during which both sides acknowledged that there was an “inter-linkage” between the stability of the Gulf region and the Indian subcontinent.
  • The two sides also emphasised the need to isolate the sponsors and supporters of terrorism and agreed that the international community should take urgent action against all such entities, which support terrorism and use it as an instrument of policy.
  • The delegations declared that both sides recognise “the close inter-linkage of the stability and security of the Gulf region with the Indian subcontinent.
  • Modi appreciated Oman’s help in dealing with “specific” security challenges, the joint statement mentioned.
  • A total of eight MoUs were signed on health, legal cooperation, tourism and military cooperation. Oman said it wanted its scientists to be trained in Indian space research facilities.

HC for drastic action to retrieve temple lands

News

  • In a bid to retrieve huge tracts of temple lands that had been either grabbed or under encroachment and to prevent further alienation of such immovable properties, the Madras High Court issued a slew of directions to the State Government as well as the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments (HR &CE) department.

Beyond News

  • Justice ordered that public notices be issued forthwith informing land grabbers across the State to surrender the properties voluntarily to avoid penal action under Section 79B of the HR&CE Act of 1959.
  • The Secretary, in turn, was ordered to take steps to alter the patta granted in favour of beneficiaries of illegal transfer of land.
  • The HR&CE department was also ordered to collate information about temple lands and upload it on its website in four weeks.
  • A detailed report on such encroachments should be filed in the court within six weeks.
  • Justice directed the HR&CE Commissioner to initiate departmental action against officials and temple trustees responsible for illegal transfer of temple properties.
  • Stating that a recent statistics revealed that the extent of temple properties had reduced from 5.25 lakh acres to 4.78 acres in the last five years with nearly 50,000 acres lying with encroachers and land grabbers.

Judge ordered that public notices must be issued directing them to pay the arrears within four weeks or face prosecution under Section 34B of the HR&CE Act.

Alcoholism, poor health care access hit tribal hamlets

Tribal welfare

News

  • A study conducted in the tribal belt of Kuttampuzha in Kerala by the Health Department and the district unit of the National Health Mission (NHM) has identified alcoholism, lack of access to health care services, tobacco use, nutritional problems, unsafe drinking water, and poor sanitation as key problem areas.
  • NHM district manager said that,this is for the first time that a detailed study on people’s lives in the tribal belt of the district has been scientifically done.

Findings in the Study

  • There is no hunger in the hamlets, the food intake lacks nutrition as the diet includes only rice which is available through the Public Distribution System.
  • There is little consumption of vegetables, fruits, meat, fish, egg, or milk.
  • Other commodities like lentil, spices, and salt are available at the SupplyCo store, which is far away. And, people use the facility less frequently.
  • It was also found that 86.3% of the population were anaemic. Among women, 95.9% had anaemia.
  • The incomes of most families are from unskilled labour and forest resources like honey, herbs, bamboo, and rubber plantation.
  • A major expense is for health care services, for which they shell out nearly ₹500 for a trip to the nearest Primary Health Centre (PHC).
  • The government offers reimbursement to tribal population for treatment expenses, it is not properly executed.
  • Water scarcity is severe.
  • The study also found that alcoholism was not prevalent among the older generation. Moreover, they are worried about youngsters taking to alcohol. Here too there is perhaps an opening for intervention, he added.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

India posts marginal increase in forest cover, says report

News

  • India posted a marginal 0.21% rise in the area under forest between 2015 and 2017, according to the biennial India State of Forest Report (SFR) 2017.

Beyond News

  • The document says that India has about 7,08,273 square kilometres of forest, which is 21.53% of the geographic area of the country (32,87,569 sq. km).
  • The forest survey for the first time mapped 633 districts and relied on satellite-mapping.
  • Getting India to have at least 33% of its area under forest has been a long standing goal of the government since 1988.
  • Earlier this year, the government ceased to define bamboo as a tree to promote economic activity among tribals. The survey found that India’s bamboo bearing area rose by 1.73 million hectares (2011) to 15.69 million hectares (2017).

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-February 12 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 12 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, Editorials, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Prelims Quiz, Prelims UPSC, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

China differs with Nepal on Mount Everest’s height: report

Mount Everest

News:

China continues to differ with Nepal over the height of Mount Everest and sticks to its own calculation of the world’s highest peak which is four meters less than the Kathmandu’s measurement.

Beyond News:

  • China’s response came after reports said that Beijing had agreed to accept Nepal’s measurement of the mountain, which is almost four meters taller.
  • China has not changed its measurement of the height of Mount Qomolangma, the Chinese name of the Mt Everest, which stands at 8844.43 meters, state-run Global Times reported.
  • China recognises Mount Qomolangma as the world’s tallest, measuring 8,844.43 meters above sea level, the National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geo-information (NASG) told the state-run Xinhua News Agency.

The peak of Mt Everest played a significant role in the settlement of boundary between Nepal and China, which earlier claimed the whole mountain as part of its territory after it took control of Tibet.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

SC refuses interim stay on Kambala buffalo race in Karnataka

Kambala race supreme court

News:

  • The Supreme Court refused to grant Karnataka’s buffalo race, Kambala, an interim stay.
    A bench however, fixed March 12 for a final hearing on the plea by animal rights body People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) in the matter.

Beyond News:

  • To pave the way for the festival, the State cabinet had on January 28 last year decided to amend the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, (Central Act 59 of 1960), enacted to prevent infliction of unnecessary cruelty and suffering on animals.
  • PETA has opposed the upcoming Kambala festival on grounds of cruelty to animals. Calling for banning the sport, it said the agitators have taken a leaf out of the pro-jallikattu protesters’ book.
  • Earlier, another animal rights’ body, Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organisations (FIAPO), had approached the apex court challenging the bill to legalise traditional buffalo races in Karnataka.

Buffalo race

Bullock cart races are held in parts of north Karnataka and in the coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada.
The Kambala race, held between November and March, involves a pair of buffaloes tied to a plough and anchored by one person.
They are made to run in parallel muddy tracks in a competition in which the fastest team wins.
It is believed to be held to propitiate the Gods for a good harvest, besides being a recreational sport for farmers.

Tribal areas to soon get bike ambulances

News:

Buoyed by the response to the free bike ambulance service in Mumbai, the State government is planning to expand the fleet and run similar services in tribal-dominated regions.

Beyond News:

The bike ambulance service, which was started in Mumbai in August last year to provide swift medical assistance to patients, has so far received around 1,500 calls from different parts of the metropolis.
It is difficult for a four-wheeler ambulance to go to hilly regions or reach the areas with narrow roads.
But bike ambulances can reach such places easily. Therefore, [this service will be operated] in inaccessible places in Jawhar, Mokhada, Nandurbar and Melghat regions.
The emergencyfirst responder service is available through the ‘108’ helpline. Paramedics ride the bikes to provide treatment to patients during the golden hour. The 10-bike fleet is operated by integrated services company BVG India.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

India’s forest, tree cover up by 1% in 2 years: Centre

News:

India’s tree and forest cover has registered an increase of 1% or 8,021 sq. km in two years since 2015, according to the latest assessment by the government.

Beyond News:

  • The India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2017 was released by Environment Minister .
  • According to the report, the total forest cover is 7,08,273 sq. km, which is 21.54% of the total geographical area of the country.
  • Forest and tree cover combined is 8,02,088 sq. km or 24.39% of the total geographical area.
  • The Environment Ministry said in the latest assessment that very dense forest in India has also increased by 1.36% as compared to 2015. ISFR is released every two years.

In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to the total geographical area, Lakshadweep with (90.33%) has the highest forest cover, followed by Mizoram (86.27%) and Andaman and Nicobar Island (81.73%).

  • The top five States where maximum forest cover has increased are Andhra Pradesh (2,141 sq. km), Karnataka (1,101 sq. km), Kerala (1,043 sq. km), Odisha (885 sq. km) and Telangana (565 sq. km).
  • The survey, which has for the first time assessed water bodies, said that these bodies inside forest cover have increased by 2,647 sq. km during last decade.
  • As per the latest Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) report, India is placed 8th in the list of top ten nations reporting the greatest annual net gain in forest area.

Cyberspace shouldn’t help trigger terror: PM

News:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi cautioned the world against the misuse of cyberspace to ensure it did not become a source of radicalisation, asserting that technology should be harnessed as a tool for development, not destruction.

Beyond News:

  • The comments by Mr. Modi at the World Government Summit in his plenary address comes at a time when the world community is engaged in efforts to address the misuse of cyberspace by terrorists and hackers.
  • He emphasised the role technology was playing in India’s development.
  • The Prime Minister told the audience that India is aspiring to assume leadership position in Artificial Intelligence, Nano, cybersecurity and cloud computing.
  • India is the ‘Guest Country’ at the sixth edition of the World Government Summit, which is being attended by more than 4,000 participants from 140 countries.

Three new eel species found in Bay of Bengal

News:

Scientists have discovered three new species of eel along the northern Bay of Bengal coast in the past few months.

Beyond News:

  • Dark brown with white dots on the dorsal side, Gymnothorax pseudotile was discovered at the Digha coast of the Bay of Bengal.
    The other two species, Gymnothorax visakhaensis (uniformly brown) and Enchelycore propinqua (reddish brown body mottled with irregular creamy white spots), were discovered from the Visakhapatnam coast of the Bay of Bengal.
  • While Gymnothorax pseudotile is about 1 feet to 1.5 feet long, Gymnothorax visakhaensis is about a foot long. Enchelycore propinqua is the smallest of them measuring less than a foot.
  • Eels are found mostly at the bottom of rivers and seas. Across the world about 1,000 species of eels have been identified. In India, the number is around 125.
  • For species belonging to the family Muraenidae, referred commonly as Moray eels, there are records of about 200 species of which more than 30 species are found in India.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-February 10 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 10 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, MAINS 2018, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

4,400-year-old tomb discovered outside Cairo

cairo tomp 44000 years old

News:

  • Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered a 4,400-year-old tomb near the country’s famed pyramids at the Giza plateau just outside Cairo.

Beyond News:

  • The Antiquities Ministry said that, the latest discovery that authorities hope will help revive the country’s staggering tourism sector.
  • It likely belonged to a woman known as Hetpet, who archaeologists believe was close to ancient Egyptian royals of the 5th Dynasty.
  • The tomb is made of mud brick and includes wall paintings in good condition depicting Hetpet observing different hunting and fishing scenes.
  • Other scenes also depict a monkey in pharaonic times, monkeys were commonly kept as domestic animals picking fruit.
  • According to the ministry’s statement,similar scenes have been found in other tombs belonging to the later 12th dynasty.
  • Throughout 2017, the Antiquities Ministry made a string of discoveries across Egypt including some in the southern city Luxor known for its spectacular temples and tombs spanning different dynasties of ancient Egyptian history.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Kerala, Punjab, T.N. top NITI Aayog’s health index report.

News:

  • Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu were the top rankers in NITI Aayog’s latest Health Index report which has, for the first time, attempted to establish an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation’s performance in the health sector.

Beyond News

  • The document, developed by NITI Aayog with technical assistance from the World Bank and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, indicates that Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh showed the maximum improvement in indicators such as Neonatal Mortality Rate, Under-five Mortality Rate, full immunisation coverage, institutional deliveries, and People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).
  • The next report will be released in June this year and district hospitals too would be ranked.
  • Manipur registered maximum incremental progress in indicators such as PLHIV on ART, first trimester antenatal care registration, grading quality parameters of Community Health Centres, average occupancy of key state-level officers and good reporting on the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP).
  • Lakshadweep showed the highest improvement in indicators such as institutional deliveries, TB treatment success rate, and transfer of National Health Mission funds from the state treasury to implementation agency.

State nod awaited for child rescue project roll out.

child rescue project

News:

  • Having set up a district task force earlier this week to monitor the implementation of Operation Sarana Balyam, a project aimed at rescuing children from labour and begging, Social Justice Department officials in the district are awaiting a direction from the government for the district-level rollout of the project.

Beyond News

  • The project is now being run in Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Kottayam and Alappuzha districts, with the government proposing to expand it across Kerala state.
  • Minister for Social Justice told the Assembly that 41 children vending various goods and housed in unhygienic conditions had been rescued under the project in the past two years.
  • The district task force chaired by the District Collector and the District Child Protection Officer as convener also has representatives of police, Health, Education, SC/ST Development and Forest departments.
  • Once a tip-off is received on child labour or beggary, the children will be rescued with police protection, if it so warranted, and produced before the Child Welfare Committee (CWC).
  • Social Justice Department sources said that,it was fully set to implement the project in the district upon receiving directions from the government.
  • Apart from checking child labour and beggary, the project aims at identifying the whereabouts of destitute migrant children found in streets and deporting them back to their homes. That again calls for temporary shelters.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Scientists grow human eggs to full maturity in laboratory.

Egg developed fully in lab

News:

  • Scientists have succeeded for the first time in growing human eggs in a laboratory from the earliest stages in ovarian tissue all the way to full maturity — a scientific step that had previously been taken in mice.

Why this news Important?

  • This latest work, by scientists at two research hospitals in Edinburgh and the Center for Human Reproduction in New York, is the first time human eggs have been developed outside the human body from their earliest stage to full maturity.

Beyond News:

  • Scientists from Britain and the United States said that, it could one day help in developing regenerative medicine therapies and new infertility treatments.
  • In previous studies, scientists had developed mouse eggs in a laboratory to the stage where they produced live offspring, and had also matured human eggs from a relatively late stage of development.
  • It could in future help cancer patients wishing to preserve their fertility while undergoing chemotherapy treatment, improve fertility treatments, and deepen scientific understanding of the biology of the earliest stages of human life.

Drones can help structure urban development: KTR

drone for health care

News

  • An all-women team and its solution for women’s security walked away with top honours at the finals of ‘Hackadrone 2018’in Hyderabad(Telangana), the country’s first UAV hackathon.

Beyond News:

  • The solution, developed by Team Drone Force comprising an engineering student from the city and two of her assistant professors Fatima and Swapna Bhandari, comes into play as soon as victim sends an alert from a mobile app.
  • The solution sends real-time alerts to the control station and the victim’s guardians. The control station would then deploy a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) to the location and start beaming images thereby promoting the response.
  • Information Technology Minister said that, drone technology can play a major role in various areas, especially urban development and mining.
  • Some of the areas in which drones can be of immense help were in the project to rejuvenate the Musi river, to monitor mining activities and even assess building violations without being intrusive.

Strongest solar magnetic field measured on Sun.

strongest solar field

News

  • Astronomers in Japan have observed the strongest magnetic field ever directly measured on the surface of the Sun.

Sunspots

  • Sunspots are areas of concentrated magnetic fields. A sunspot usually consists of a circular dark core (the umbra) with a vertical magnetic field and radially-elongated fine threads (the penumbra) with a horizontal field.

Beyond News

  • HINODE’s continuous high-resolution data allowed us to analyse the sunspots in detail to investigate the distribution and time evolution of the strong magnetic field and also the surrounding environment.
  • The researchers using the HINODE spacecraft determined that the field was generated as a result of gas outflow from one sunspot pushing against another sunspot.
  • Magnetism plays a critical role in various solar phenomena such as flares, mass ejections, flux ropes, and coronal heating.
  • The penumbra harbours an outward flow of gas along the horizontal threads.
  • The darkness of the umbrae is generally correlated with the magnetic field strength. Hence, the strongest magnetic field in each sunspot is located in the umbra in most cases.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-February 9 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 9 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

India can play a role in Middle East peace process: Palestine President Abbas

News:palastine president

  • Ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s historic Palestine visit, President Mahmoud Abbas said that, he will discuss with him India’s role in the Middle East peace process and the creation of a multilateral forum of negotiations to strike a final deal with Isarel.

Beyond News:

  • Mr. Modi, the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Palestine, is reaching Ramallah tomorrow amid heightened tensions in the region after US President Donald Trump recognised Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
  • The unilateral U.S. decision to declare Jerusalem as the capital of Israel was challenged at the UN General Assembly where 128 nations, including India, voted to turn down the move as “null and void”.
  • Describing India as a “very respected country in the international arena”, India can have a possible role in creating a multilateral forum of negotiations between the Palestinians and Israelis to reach a final agreement.

A number of MoUs are likely to be signed between the two sides during Mr. Modi’s three-hour visit to Palestine under which India will provide funding for a number of projects in the fields of health, education, culture and women’s empowerment.

A lot of Palestinian diplomats have received training in India and hundreds of Palestinians have availed scholarships to study at Indian institutions as part of New Delhi’s effort towards capacity building in Palestine.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

NASA spacecraft captures farthest images away from Earth.

News:

NASA Farthest image

NASA’s New Horizons probe has captured the farthest images from Earth by a spacecraft, surpassing Voyager 1’s record of clicking a picture when it was 6.06 billion kilometres away from our planet.

Beyond News:

The routine calibration frame of the “Wishing Well” galactic open star cluster, made by the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) on December 5 last year, was taken when New Horizons was 6.12 billion kilometres from Earth, NASA has said.

That picture was part of a composite of 60 images looking back at the solar system, on February 14, 1990, when Voyager was 6.06 billion kilometres from Earth.

Voyager 1’s cameras were turned off shortly after that portrait, leaving its distance record unchallenged for more than 27 years.

New Horizons is the fifth spacecraft to speed beyond the outer planets and so many of its activities have set distance records.

According to NASA,that New Year’s flight past MU69 will be the farthest planetary encounter in history, happening one billion miles beyond the Pluto system – which New Horizons famously explored in July 2015.

INDIA-IP-RANKING

News:

  • India has “increased substantially” its score in the latest international Intellectual Property (IP) index released by the U.S. Chambers of Commerce on Thursday, ranking 44th out of 50 countries.

Intellectual property (IP)

Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.

Beyond News:

India’s overall score has increased substantially from 25% (8.75 out of 35) in the 5th edition of the Index to 30% (12.03 out of 40) in the 6th edition, according to the annual report.

Despite improvement in the score, India continues to remain towards the bottom of the ladder. It now ranks 44 out of 50 countries. Last year, India ranked 43rd out of 45 countries in the index, with an overall score of 8.4 points.

India’s ranking, the report said, reflects a relatively strong performance in the new indicators as well as positive reform efforts on patentability of computer-implemented inventions (CIIs) and registration procedures for well-known marks.

The U.S. tops the list with 37.98 points, followed by the U.K. (37.97) and Sweden (37.03).

Hindu Notes from General Studies-04

Google fined ₹136 crore by Competition Commission for ‘infringing anti-trust conduct’

News:

The Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a fine of ₹136 crore on search engine major Google for unfair business practices in the Indian market for online search.

Beyond News:

  • Passing the order on complaints that were filed back in 2012, the regulator said the penalty is being imposed on Google for “infringing anti-trust conduct”.
  • Globally, this is one of the rare cases where Google has been penalised for unfair business ways.
  • It was alleged that Google is indulging in abuse of dominant position in the market for online search through practices leading to search bias and search manipulation, among others.

The penalty amount of ₹135.86 crore translates to 5% of the company’s average total revenue generated from India operations from its different business segments for the financial years 2013, 2014 and 2015, according to the CCI order.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-February 8 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-February 8 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, MAINS 2018, Press Information Bureau(PIB), Secure Synopsis, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

India ‘disturbed’ by emergency

News

  • India issued another statement of concern over the growing crisis in the Maldives, but didn’t respond to former President Mohamed Nasheed’s appeal for military intervention.

Beyond News

  • Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said in a statement that,they are disturbed by the declaration of a state of emergency following the refusal of the government to abide by the unanimous ruling of the full bench of the Supreme Court on February 1, and also by the suspension of constitutional rights of the people of the Maldives.
  • The government also criticised the arrest of the Supreme Court Chief Justice Abdulla Saeed and former President Abdul Gayoom on Monday night as “reasons for concern”, adding that it “continues to carefully monitor the situation.
  • The MEA refused to respond to questions about Mr. Nasheed’s call for international intervention.
  • Meanwhile defence sources said troops have been put on alert as the situation is still developing in the Maldives.
  • No order has been issued to move any troops or aircraft towards the country, they said.
  • Resources could be mobilised at a short notice, the sources added, but rejected the reports that India was preparing for action.

India, UAE to ink 12 pacts during Modi’s visit

News

  • A top diplomat said that, 12 agreements will be signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the UAE later this week as India and the oil-rich Gulf nation look to intensify economic cooperation.

Beyond News

  • The agreements will include areas like finance and skills development.
  • Modi will start his visit to three West Asian countries Palestine, the UAE and Oman  on Friday with focus on cooperation in key areas of defence, security and counter-terrorism.
  • The Prime Minister will participate in the 6th World Government Summit in Dubai on February 10-11 in which India is a partner country.
  • This will be Mr. Modi’s second visit to the UAE. He first visited the country in August 2015.
  • According to the Ambassador, these visits are important for enhancing and strengthening the bilateral relations.
  • Aaround 2.8 million Indians are living harmoniously in the UAE and repatriating $13.6 billion a year from the Gulf nation to India.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

World’s biggest rocket launched-Falcon Heavy

SPACE X aircraft-Falcon Heavy

 News:
 

SpaceX’s big new rocket blasted off  on its first test flight, carrying a red sports car aiming for an endless road trip past Mars.

Why its important?

  • Falcon Heavy became the most powerful rocket in use today, doubling the liftoff punch of its closest competitor.

Beyond News:

Height: 70 M  | Number of engines: 27 | Weight : Approx 14 lakh Kg.

India successfully test-fires nuclear capable Prithvi-II

Indian Prithvi 3

News

  • India successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range in Odisha.

Beyond News:

  • The trial of the surface-to-surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur near Balasore .
  • Describing the trial as a complete success, they said all mission objectives were met during the test launch.
  • The perfect test launch came after successful trial of Agni-5 on January 18 and Agni-1 missile conducted from Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast on February 6.
  • Prithvi-II is capable of carrying 500-1,000 kilogram of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines.
  • The state-of-the-art missile uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target, they said.
  • Sources said that,inducted into the Armed forces of the country in 2003, the nine-metre-tall, single-stage liquid-fuelled Prithvi-II is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)

Air pollution behind poor lung capacity among kids: study

air pollutions

News

  • Particulate matter pollution monitored over 15 different locations across the Capital for more than three months in a row this winter on a sample size of 343 revealed that 80% of the sample population had unhealthy or below the normal lung functioning.

Findings in the Study

  • The study found that the southern and northern peripheries of the city — children seem to have better health but the air in all parts of the city is not good for our children.
  • While one needs to remember that this may partly be due to the weaker economic background, the children across the city and country deserve good health.
  • The air quality monitoring also highlights the fact that there is a base pollution load across Delhi of about 300 ug/m3 for PM10 and 200 ug/m3 for PM2.5, which is three times higher than the approved limits and the source is located in Delhi.
  • It is important to note that the Graded Response Action Plan formulated hasn’t been put to use fully since its inception.
  • Multiple organisations and bodies across Delhi seem to be advocating for new plans every winter instead of implementing what’s been put in place to mitigate the problem.

Reasons

  • The major reason behind this emergency is industrial emission and vehicle fumes which has been sealed by cool temperature and still winds.
  • At the same time, mass burning of crop waste across the north Indian hinterland has sent dense smoke billowing across one of the world’s most populated regions.
  • The air has heavy metals and other carcinogens at levels more than 30 times World Health Organization limits, conditions likened by medics to smoking at least 50 cigarettes in a day.

After effects

  • In the longer term, consistent poor quality air is altering the demographics of cancer in the city.
  • Earlier 90% of the lung cancer patients were smokers. Most were men in their 50s or 60s.
  • However, in the last two years, half of my lung cancer patients have been non-smokers. There is a peak in people aged in their 40s, even people in their 30s. Our cancers are occurring earlier, more in non-smokers, and more in females.

NGT imposes Rs. 10-lakh fine on U.P. govt.

News

  • The National Green Tribunal on Monday imposed an environment compensation of Rs. 10 lakh on the Uttar Pradesh government for failing to stop illegal operation of e-waste plants on the banks of the Ramganga in Moradabad.

Beyond News

  • Observing that there was complete inaction on the part of the State government, a Bench also imposed an environment compensation of Rs. 50,000 on the Moradabad District Magistrate.
  • Green panel has directed the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to submit an action plan for the entire Ramganga river by February 21.
  • However, counsel appearing for the State Pollution Control Board submitted that there were no e-waste processing facility in the district and the waste was being illegally dumped on the banks of the river.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS