HINDU NOTES MONTHLY MAGAZINE -DECEMBER 2017

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HINDU NOTES-January 19 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 19 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

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Modi to visit Palestine in February

News:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expected to travel to the Palestinian capital of Ramallah on February 10, a diplomatic source has confirmed.

Beyond News:

  • The visit to the Palestinian territory is likely to be part of Prime Minister Modi’s outreach to the Arab world, during which he will hold a meeting with the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
  • This will be the first time that an Indian Prime Minister will visit the Palestinian capital of Ramallah.
  • The visit was confirmed even as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is on the last leg of his trip to India.
  • The official said that the trip indicates that India remains on track with its traditional stance on Palestine. Palestine had praised India’s recent vote in the UN against the U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
  • The issue of Indian support to the two-state solution was also discussed during the meeting between Prime Minister Modi and Mr. Netanyahu.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Agni-5 ballistic missile tested successfully

AGNI 5 launched by india

News:

  • India successfully tested Agni-V, validating the long range surface-to-surface ballistic missile’s reliability.

Beyond News:

  • The Defence Ministry said in a statement that,this was the fifth test of the missile and the third consecutive one from a canister on a road mobile launcher. All the five missions have been successful.
  • The flight performance of the missile was tracked and monitored by radars, range stations and tracking systems all through the mission.

Agni-V:

  • Agni-V, with a range of over 5,000 km, is India’s longest range ballistic missile and can reach most parts of China, making it the mainstay of India’s triad to deliver nuclear weapons.
  • The user associate test-flight of the missile has further boosted indigenous missile capabilities and deterrence strength of the country.
  • Agni-V is the most advanced missile in the Agni series with new technologies incorporated in it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.
  • The missile is so programmed that after reaching the peak of its trajectory, it will turn towards the Earth to continue its journey towards the intended target with an increased speed due to the attraction of the Earth’s gravitational pull, he said.
  • Official added that,its path is precisely directed by the advanced on-board computer and inertial navigation system.

India to set up $350 mn fund for solar projects to meet renewable energy target

Solar project india

News:

  • India will set up a $350 million fund to finance solar projects, as the country steps up efforts to achieve its ambitious target of adding 175 gigawatts (GW) in renewable energy by 2022.

Beyond News:

  • India will need at least $125 billion to fund a plan to increase the share of renewable power supply in the country’s grid by 2022, underlining the immense financing challenge ahead.
  • The country, which receives twice as much sunshine as European nations, wants to make solar central to its renewable expansion.
  • Installed renewable power capacity is currently about 60 GW, and India plans to complete the bidding process by the end of 2019/20 to add a further 115 GW of installed renewable energy capacity by 2022.
  • It expects renewable energy to make up 40% of installed power capacity by 2030, compared with 18.2% at the end of 2017.
  • Power ministry said in a statement that, India’s Yes Bank Ltd. has committed to financing solar projects worth $5 billion, while state-run NTPC Ltd. will contribute $1 million to an ISA fund.

Disaster warning system for Odisha by March

News

  • The Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS), a project that aims at establishing a fool-proof communication system to disseminate disaster warning up to the community level, is expected to be commissioned by this March.

Beyond News

  • The EWDS had missed several deadlines before being fast-tracked recently.
  • The EWDS is a first-of-its-kind automatic public address system in the country.
  • Managing Director of the Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA) said that,it will help the State to warn a vast population residing along its coast from the State headquarters through loud sirens from towers installed at 122 locations in the event of occurrence of natural disasters like a tsunami or cyclone.
  • The EWDS for last mile connectivity is being implemented under a World Bank project.

Static thermal imaging cameras to track elephant movement

News

  • The Forest Department will install permanent thermal imaging cameras at four places along forest boundaries in Coimbatore to track movement of wild elephants and to develop an early warning system.

Beyond News

  • The thermal imaging captured by the cameras will be sent to the control room of the Forest Department. This will help alert staff and residents in the locality about the animal movement.
  • At present, the department is using two hand-held thermal imaging cameras that are used for anti-depredation works at night.

Importance of Thermal imaging camera

  • Thermal imaging camera capture the heat in the body of the animal. The hand-held cameras are very helpful in tracking presence of wild elephants at night, early morning and late evening when visibility is poor.
  • The four places selected for developing the warning system had witnessed frequent movement of elephants.
  • Installation of thermal imaging camera is expected to boost up the alert system at Madukkarai.
  • After the installation of thermal imaging cameras, the Department has plans to create an early warning network where information on the movement of wild elephants animals can be shared to Forest staff and people in the conflict zone.

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HINDU NOTES-January 18 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 18 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

World’s biggest flooded cave found in Mexico, explorers say

Ancient maya civilizationNews:

  • A group of divers has connected two underwater caverns in eastern Mexico to reveal what is believed to be the biggest flooded cave on the planet, a discovery that could help shed new light on the ancient Maya civilization.

Beyond News

  • The Gran Acuifero Maya (GAM), a project dedicated to the study and preservation of the subterranean waters of the Yucatan peninsula, said the 347-km cave was identified after months of exploring a maze of underwater channels.
  • Near the beach resort of Tulum, the group found that the cave system known as Sac Actun, once measured at 263 km, communicated with the 83-km Dos Ojos system. For that reason, Sac Actun now absorbs Dos Ojos.
  • GAM director and underwater archaeologist said that,the “amazing” find would help to understand the development of the rich culture of the region, which was dominated by the Maya civilization before the Spanish conquest.
  • He also said that,it allows them to appreciate much more clearly how the rituals, the pilgrimage sites and ultimately the great pre-Hispanic settlements that we know emerged.
  • The Yucatan peninsula is studded with monumental relics of the Maya people, whose cities drew upon an extensive network of sinkholes linked to subterranean waters known as cenotes.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Geo-tagging to help keep PMAY in order

News

  • Geo-tagging of site location and periodic monitoring with photographs of work progress has reduced the leeway for malpractices in the implementation of the housing schemes under the Pradhan Manthri Awaz Yojana (PMAY).

Beyond News

  • The State-level monitoring team in Kerala has now recommended to the city Corporation to stop the release of funds to nine beneficiaries, after discrepancies were found in their geo-tagged data.
  • The geo-tagging system involves marking the geographical coordinates of the site location as well as photographing of the progress of a given work.
  • It has now been enabled for the PMAY scheme, under which funds are provided to build a house for those who already own land.
  • The local body has completed geo-tagging of close to 800 houses, out of the 3,100 such beneficiaries in the first phase of the scheme in the Corporation.
  • As per this scheme, the construction work should start afresh on the land that they own. Existing structures have to be demolished before the work begins.
  • According to project officials, in geo-tagged photographs, it was noticed that some of them had just demolished a room of their old house and constructed a new one, while in another case, just the roof was redone.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

‘Direct tax collections jump 18.7% this fiscal’

News

  • The tax department said that,direct tax collections during the first nine-and-a-half months of the current fiscal have risen by 18.7% to ₹6.89 lakh crore.

Beyond News

  • The collections till January 15, 2018, represent over 70% of the ₹9.8 lakh crore revenue target from direct taxes, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) said in a statement.
  • Gross collections (before adjusting for refunds) have increased by 13.5% to ₹ 8.11 lakh crore during April 2017 to January 15, 2018.
  • Refunds amounting to ₹1.22 lakh crore have been issued during this period.
  • CBDT said that, the growth rate of total gross collections has improved from 10% in Q1, to 10.3% in Q2, to 12.6% in Q3 and to 13.5% as on January 15, 2018.

West Bengal rivers are not fit even for bathing, says report

Ganga pollution analysisNews

  • A dip in the Ganges is, generally speaking, synonymous with the idea of purification. But that shall no longer be so in Bengal, where the river is so polluted that it is now officially unfit for bathing.

Findings in the Report

  • According to the latest State of Environment Report, published by the West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB), in 17 major rivers of the State, including the Ganges, the levels of coliform bacteria (found mainly in human faeces) are much higher than the permissible limit of MPN (most probable number) per 100 ml.
  • The permissible limit as per the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) guideline is 500.
  • The report states that several stretches of the Ganges, known as Bhagirathi and Hooghly in the region (two tributaries of the Ganges), have a total coliform count (TCC) much higher than the permissible level of 500.
  • According to the WBPCB, compared with 2014, all the four main rivers of north Bengal recorded a significant increase in TCC, while the ones in south Bengal had TCC levels much higher than the permissible limit.

Reason

  • One of the reasons for such high TCC was the disposal of “untreated sewage.

Terrorism erodes economy: Sushma Swaraj

News

  • Hitting out at the sponsors of international terrorism, India urged for greater consensus among countries for devising a global strategy.

Beyond News

  • Speaking at the plenary session of the 3rd Raisina Dialogue, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said that, terrorism is a major disruptor of the global economy and has delivered a jolt to the process of globalisation.
  • The 3rd annual Raisina Dialogue was launched by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu where he described terrorism as a major threat to the democracies in the twenty-first century.
  • Continuing with the theme of ensuring safety for democracies, Ms Swaraj remarked that security and socio-economic developments, have pushed globalisation into a retreat.
  • The Minister said that while international terrorism by Islamic State, which grew out of ungoverned territories, is dangerous, more dangerous.
  • Ms Swaraj also pointed out that another emerging disruptor is the concern over maritime movement.

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HINDU NOTES-January 17 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 17 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), Quiz explanations, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Megalithic era sarcophagus unearthed at Viyur

Harappan discovery in kerala

News

  • A rare sarcophagus (stone coffin), said to be 2,000-year old from the Iron Age–Megalithic era, was discovered from a rock-cut cave at Viyur village of Kollam, near Koyilandy, in Kozhikode district in Kerala.

Beyond News

  • The coffin containing bone fragments was found during an excavation. So far, such a rare finding has been discovered only from two sites in Kerala.
  • The bone fragments could be of either a man or a woman. They will be sent for carbon dating using accelerator mass spectrometry at the Beta Analytical Laboratory in California.
  • Excavation at the site commenced after a hemispherical rock-cut chamber was discovered in a compound while flattening land using an earthmover.
  • Different types of pottery, mostly four-legged jars and iron implements, were found in the cave.
  • Sarcophagi was found in many archaeological sites in South India earlier. Some are adorned with a sculpture or inscription. But two types are usually found with bovine features or with legs.
  • It can be confirmed that a rich Megalithic culture existed in the region following the discoveries of pre-Iron age civilisation earlier.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

SC condemns conduct of caste panchayats

News

  • Supreme Court said that,any collective attack by a khap panchayat on an adult for choosing to marry the person of their choice is absolutely illegal and condemned.

Beyond News

  • Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, heading a three-judge Bench, observed that an adult man and woman are free to marry. No society, no khap panchayat, no parent can impose their will on them.
  • The apex court said it would not tolerate any manner of collective and regressive conduct by khap panchayat or such group of persons.
  • The Centre said it supports the dignity of women and agreed with the court that the judiciary should fill the legislative vacuum left by a lack of law against honour killing.
  • Amicus curiae and senior advocate referred to a recommendation by the Law Commission for a special penal law recognising honour killing as a crime.

460 Indians deported by the U.S in 2017

News

  • Tougher implementation of immigration laws in the U.S in the first year of Donald Trump presidency has resulted in 30 percent increase in arrests, compared to the previous year, but deportations have come down.

Beyond News

  • While the overall number of undocumented people deported from the U.S in 2017 decreased from 2016, the number of Indians increased 460 were deported last year compared to 353 in 2016.
  • In 2015, 311 undocumented Indians were deported from the U.S, according to the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
  • A report released by the administration linked its case for changing the immigration policy to national security and the ability of the immigrants to assimilate.
  • An official speaking on background said that, 402 of the 549 people convicted of international terrorism-related charges in U.S. since September 11, 2001 were foreign-born.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

‘Water scarcity may hit thermal power’

Water scarcity on thermal plants

News

  • India’s thermal power plants, about 90% of which rely on fresh water for cooling, risk facing serious outages because of shortage of water, according to a new report by the World Resources Institute (WRI).

Findings in the Report

  • About 40% of the country’s thermal power plants are facing great stress in terms of water availability, according to the report, defines water stress as the ratio of total water withdrawal over available supply.
  • Between 2013 and 2016, 14 of India’s 20 largest thermal utility companies experienced one or more shutdowns due to water shortages and calculated that this cost the power producers more than ₹91 billion ($1.4 billion) in potential revenue from the sale of power.
  • According to the report, not only does high water stress result in equipment shutting down, it also results in a lower level of efficiency when it is running.
  • When power plants rely on water sourced from scarce regions, they put electricity generation at risk and leave less water for cities, farms and families. Without urgent action, water will become a choke point for India’s power sector.
  • WRI said that,freshwater-cooled thermal power plants that are located in high water-stress areas have a 21% lower average capacity factor, compared to the ones in low and medium water-stress areas.
  • The WRI’s report predicts that this problem is set to worsen as India’s thermal power sector expands and demand for water from other sectors increases.
  • It says that by 2030, 70% of India’s thermal power plants are likely to experience increased competition for water from agriculture, industry and municipalities.

Chinese ‘rainbow dinosaur’ had iridescent feathers like hummingbirds

colorful rhinoceros bird

News

  • Scientists announced the discovery of a crow-sized, bird-like dinosaur with colorful feathers from northeastern China that lived 161 million years ago during the Jurassic Period.

Beyond News

  • They named it Caihong, the Mandarin word for rainbow.
  • Microscopic structures in the exquisitely preserved, nearly complete fossil unearthed in Hebei Province indicated that it boasted iridescent feathers, particularly on its head, neck and chest, with colors that shimmered and shifted in the light, like those of hummingbirds.
  • The discovery “suggests a more colorful Jurassic World than we previously imagined.

Features of Caihong

  • Using powerful microscopes, the scientists detected within the feathers the remnants of organelles called melanosomes responsible for pigmentation. Their shape determines the color.
  • Caihong’s feathers had pancake-shaped melanosomes similar to those of hummingbirds with iridescent feathers.
  • Much of its body had dark feathers, but ribbon-like iridescent feathers covered its head and neck. While it possessed many bird-like characteristics, the researchers doubted it could actually get airborne.
  • Caihong was a two-legged predator with a Velociraptor-like skull and sharp teeth, probably hunting small mammals and lizards. Caihong had fuzzy feathers and pennaceous ones, those that look like writing quills.

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HINDU NOTES-January 15 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 15 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Cyber security, big data are new areas of India-Israel cooperation.

News

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu arrived in New Delhi on a six-day visit during which he will hold extensive talks with his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi, who received him at the airport, setting aside protocol.

Beyond News

Mr. Netanyahu’s visit to India is only the second by an Israeli Prime Minister and comes after a gap of 15 years.
Ahead of his departure from Israel, Mr. Netanyahu said that, they are strengthening ties between Israel and this important global power [India].
Oil and gas sector and cyber security will be new areas of India-Israel cooperation.
‘Big data’ from India was brought up by Israel to influence individual farmer’s efforts, yield, water use.

India, Israel ink nine pacts

  • India and Israel inked nine pacts to boost cooperation in key areas, including cybersecurity and energy.
    The nine pacts were signed in the areas of cybersecurity, petroleum, air transport, research in homoeopathy, film co-production, space science, business investment, metal-air batteries and solar thermal technology.
    During Mr. Netanyahu’s visit, Israel and India are expected to sign agreements on cybersecurity, energy and space cooperation, according to the External Affairs Ministry.

Historians oppose Monuments Bill

News

Historians and archaeologists have expressed concern over amendments proposed to the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (1958).

Beyond News

If the related Bill is passed in the Upper House, it could have disastrous consequences for historical monuments.

The Act, which originally instituted conservation measures and banned construction activities near protected monuments, is now sought to be amended so that public works could be allowed within the 100 m prohibited zone.

The Lok Sabha passed the amendments to the Act on January 3. But the Bill is yet to be cleared by the Rajya Sabha.

Pressures

  • Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) reveals that the pressure to bring in this amendment came when the ASI declined permission for a six-lane highway to come up on the Delhi-Kanpur highway near Akbar’s tomb in Sikandra, Uttar Pradesh.
  • In 2013, after a CAG report raised an alarm that 92 historical monuments had gone “missing” due to development activities around them, the ASI started a ground survey to verify them, and found that 21 had indeed become untraceable.

Citing a Cabinet note, Congress leader and Lok Sabha MP Shashi Tharoor informed Parliament recently that plans were afoot to construct a railway line next to Rani ki Vaw, an ancient step well in Patan, Gujarat, which had been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2014.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Flood sensors planned at 16 spots

News

The Chennai Corporation is set to commission flood sensors in 16 locations across the city, boosting flood preparedness.

Beyond News

The civic body has identified two locations in Tiruvottiyur zone, one in Madhavaram, four in Royapuram, two in Thiru-Vi-Ka Nagar, two in Anna Nagar, one in Teynampet, and four in Kodambakkam zone.

The flood sensors will give real time alerts to civic officials. Using the alerts, efforts will also be made to bale out water to prevent traffic congestion.

Drains at 32 locations

  • The civic body has also identified 306 vulnerable locations that reported water stagnation during the 2015 floods.
  • They have constructed stormwater drains in only 32 locations. Work on linking some flood-prone areas with canals have also been taken up. More initiatives have to be taken to cope with floods.
  • A topographic study will be done by the consultant. The estimated timeline for this study is 36 months. It is likely to be completed by December 2020.

Rajnath Singh launches nuclear technology-based diagnosis

Beyond News

It has set up a molecular imaging with single photon emission computerised tomography (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET-CT) and radio-nuclide therapy unit at a cost of around Rs. 15 crore.

Importance of SPECT

  • SPECT can conduct scans of bones, hepatobiliary, thyroid, parathyroid, MIBG, lung and also renal scans.
  • It can also aid in lymphoscintigraphy, gastric emptying, gastrointestinal bleed diagnosis, gastroesophageal reflux, neurologic scans, blood volume analysis, infection studies, cisternogram, myocardial perfusion scan, testicular scan and others.

IGIB discovers a protein regulating melanoma growth, pigmentation

News

  • Researchers at Delhi’s CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB) have for the first time identified a calcium sensor protein (STIM1) that independently regulates both skin cancer and pigmentation.

Beyond News

  • The STIM1 protein does so by activating two independent signalling pathways.
  • Interestingly, different parts of the STIM1 protein activate the two independent signalling pathways that control melanoma growth and pigmentation.

This opens up the possibility of developing drug molecules that target specific sites in the STIM1 protein to control tumour growth and regulate pigmentation.

While skin cancers account for third highest number of cancer associated deaths worldwide, perturbations in pigmentation pathways result in pigmentation disorders such as solar lentigo, melasma, vitiligo, and pityriasis alba.
Current therapeutic regimes are not efficient in alleviating pigmentation disorders.

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HINDU NOTES-January 12 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 12 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Netanyahu’s visit to give a leg-up to India-Israel ties

News

Israeli Prime Minsiter Benjamin Netanyahu will visit India between 14-19 January, 2018, the Ministry of External Affairs announced.

Beyond News

nethanyahu visit
The visit is a reciprocating gesture from Israel to the first Prime Minister-level visit from India undertaken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in July 2017.

The visit marks the high point of the 25th anniversary of normal diplomatic ties between the two countries.

China breaks India’s internet monopoly in Nepal

News

China became Nepal’s second internet service provider, breaking India’s monopoly in providing internet access to the Himalayan Kingdom.

Beyond News

The Hong Kong and Beijing based China Telecom Global (CTG) a company formed in 2012 has teamed up with Nepal Telecom to provide alternate cyber-connectivity to Nepal.

So far, Nepal had been linked to the global internet network through Indian telecom operators, using optical fiber connections in Biratnagar, Bhairahawa and Birgunj, among others.

But a new terrestrial fiber cable launched in 2016 by CTG will now connect Nepal and China through the Jilong (Rasuwagadhi) border gateway.

Media reports in Nepal say that the new fiber link extends to China’s Hong Kong Data Center one of Asia’s largest global data centers.

 

Coming soon: orange passports sans parents’ names

News

Orange will be the colour of jackets of new general passports, announced the Ministry of External Affairs indicating a facelift for the blue booklet, essential for the Indian travellers.

Beyond News

  • The announcement came even as the ministry responding to a single mother’s application for her child’s passport, conducted extensive consultations and did away with the usual last page of the document, which contained names of parents, and home address of the applicant.
  • However, the passports that are currently in circulation would remain valid till the printed date of expiry in the booklet.
  • The announcement on the new look passport came along with the decision of the MEA to do away with the back page of the passport that has been subjected to criticism from single parents as it required names of both parents.

After consulting the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) regarding compatibility of passport booklets minus the last page, with Machine Readable Travel Documents, the MEA concluded that, the last page of the passport and other travel documents issued under the Passports Act, 1967 and Passport Rules, 1980 would no longer be printed.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

ISRO’s 42nd PSLV successfully puts 31 satellites in orbit

News

The 42nd Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), PSLV-C40, was launched successfully by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from the First Launch Pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota and it placed 31 satellites across two orbits.

Beyond News

The PSLV, launched at 9.29 a.m., had as its primary payload the country’s fourth satellite in the remote sensing Cartosat-2 series, weighing 710 kg. The 30 other co-passenger smaller satellites, together weigh 613 kg. Of them, 28 are from other countries.

The Cartosat-2, whose imagery will be used to develop various land and geographical information system applications, was placed in a circular polar sun synchronous orbit 505 km from the Earth.

It is the two other Indian satellites in the payload that have generated much excitement. Both are called technology demonstrators, indicating significant strides in miniaturisation.

The other one, a nanosatellite, named Indian Nano Satellite (INS) – 1C, is the third in its series; its predecessors were part of the PSLV-C37 launch of February 2017.

Of the 28 foreign satellites, launched as part of deals made by ISRO’s commercial arm Antrix Corporation Limited, three were microsatellites and 25 nanosatellites.

There were 19 satellites from the United States and five from South Korea. The United Kingdom, France, Canada and Finland had a satellite each.

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HINDU NOTES-January 11 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 11 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

U.S. places India at Level 2 in its new travel advisory for citizens

News

The United States on Wednesday issued a new travel advisory for countries including India, which its officials said is “user friendly” as it is based on ready-to-understand level of advice ranging from one to four.

Beyond News

  • India has been ranked Level 2 (exercise increased caution) while Pakistan has been places in Level 3 (reconsider travel).
  • Level 1 advises travellers to exercise normal precaution, while Level 4, which has countries like Afghanistan, recommends “Do Not Travel“.

Impact of Terrorism.

  • Placing India on Level 2, the State Department identified “crime and terrorism” for Americans to exercise increased caution.
  • However, it asks Americans not to travel to Jammu and Kashmir, except for eastern Ladakh and Leh and not to venture within 10 miles of the India-Pakistan border due to the “potential for armed conflict“.
  • Ranking Pakistan on Level 3, the State Department asked Americans to reconsider travel to this country due to terrorism.
  • Americans are also advised not to travel to Pak-Occupied Kashmir due to terrorism and the potential for armed conflict.

Ban on use of national flag made of plastic

News

The Central government urged everyone not to use a national flag made of plastic and asked the states and Union Territories to ensure strict compliance of the Flag Code in view of the Republic Day celebrations ahead.

Beyond News

  • An advisory from the Union Home Ministry said that the “national flag represents the hopes and aspirations of the people of the country and hence should occupy a position of honour”, but since plastic flags are not biodegradable like paper flags, ensuring appropriate disposal of a national flag made of plastic is a practical problem.

Section 2 of The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971

  • As per Section 2 of The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971, whoever in any public place or any other place within public view burns, mutilates, defiles, destroys, tramples upon or otherwise shows disrespect to or brings into contempt (whether by words, either spoken or written, or by acts) the Indian National Flag or any part thereof, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

The advisory said that on important national, cultural and sports events, flags made of paper only are to be used by the public, and after the event such flags are to be disposed of in private, consistent with the dignity of the flag.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Mullaperiyar dam: SC asks Centre, TN, Kerala to set up panels to prepare disaster management plans

MULLAPERIYARNews

Despite assurances from the Union government that the 122-year-old Mullaperiyar dam is “safe,” the Supreme Court directed it to set up a special committee to exclusively prepare disaster management plans.

Beyond News

  • A three-judge Bench also directed Tamil Nadu, which owns the dam, and Kerala, where it is situated, to set up similar committees.
  • It said the three committees would work in harmony.
  • The Bench said the step was taken to allay the fears of thousands of people who live downstream or in the vicinity of the dam.

It clarified in the order that the special committees have nothing to do with the lifespan or safety of the dam.

Their brief is restricted to disaster management plans to prevent a calamity or contain the loss of life and damage to property in case a tragedy hits the dam.

The Bench noted that a committee had been formed to cover the aspects of safety and lifespan of the dam as ordered by a Constitution Bench of the court in May 2014.

Gujarat to count elusive tigers

tiger periyarNews

Gujarat, which houses a rich population of lions, will now see an exercise to find out if tigers also inhabit the State.

Beyond News

  • The last time a tiger was spotted in Gujarat was way back in 1985.
    Now, over three decades later, a census has been planned next month to ascertain the presence of the striped animal in the forest of Dang district.
  • The State forest department earlier sent a proposal to the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) for the census after some media reports suggested the presence of tigers in Dang.

The proposal was approved by the NTCA, a statutory body under the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests.

  • Till the early 1980s, there were tigers in Gujarat, mainly inhabiting the forests of Dang, Narmada and Sabarkantha districts.
  • “The last tiger died in a road accident in Dang in 1985. No tiger was seen in the State after that.
  • The forest department sent a team in July last year to survey the area to ascertain the presence of tigers, but the report was negative.

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[IASTODAY MASTER 2018] UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 11 2018 QUESTIONS

[IASTODAY MASTER 2018] UPSC MAINS DAILY WRITING WITH ANSWER REVIEW-JANUARY 11 2018 QUESTIONS

Answer review, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, MAINS 2018, Master 2018, UPSC answer writing, Writing contest

IASTODAY MASTER 2018-MASTERING UPSC ANSWER WRITING

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC 2018

JANUARY 11 2018– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

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Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.
 

General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Changes in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Q1: Analyse the impacts of national waterway project on aquatic life of Ganga(150 words)

Source: The Hindustan Times

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE-January 11 (Page 2)


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: India and its neighborhood-relations

Q2: Differentiate LoC with PAK and LAC with China.Make a brief note on border disputes associated. (250 words)

Source: The Indian Express.

Reference:EDITORIAL MODULE-January 11 (Page 4)


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Economic developments.

Q3: What do you mean by FDI?Discuss the proposed changes in FDI norms and its significance to indian economy.  (250 Words)

Source:The Business standard.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE- January 11(Page 6)


General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Ethical dilemmas/concerns government & private institutions.

Q4: Its argued that mandatory linking of aadhar with ration card resulted in large scale exclusion from benefits guaranteed under NFSA. Analyse the ethical issues associated.(Answer in 150 Words)

Source: The Indian Express

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE- January 11(Page 9)


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HINDU NOTES-January 10 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 10 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB), UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

2017 was second hottest year on record

hottest years

News

Last year was the second hottest worldwide on record, just behind a sweltering 2016 with signs of climate change ranging from wildfires to a thaw of Arctic ice, a European Union monitoring centre said.

The Copernicus Climate Change Service, the first major international weather agency to report global 2017 temperatures, said they averaged 14.7 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times.

Findings in the Report

  • Last year was slightly “cooler than the warmest year on record, 2016, and warmer than the previous second warmest year, 2015,” the report said.
    Temperature records date back to the late 19th century.
  • The measurements back up a projection by the U.N. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in November that 2017 would be second or third warmest behind 2016, as part of a long-term trend driven by man-made greenhouse gases.

Sweltering temperatures in 2016 were also boosted by a natural El Nino event that happens every few years and releases heat from the Pacific Ocean.

  • Last year was the warmest year on record without the influence of an El Nino, according to Copernicus, run by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

India, U.K. to ink illegal migrants pact

India UK diaspora

News:

India will sign a pact with the United Kingdom for a return of illegal Indian migrants within a month of them being detected by British authorities.

Beyond News:

The U.K has consistently raised the issue of return of illegal migrants said to number in thousands with India.

The memorandum of understanding comes ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s proposed visit in March.

During her maiden visit to India on November 7, 2016, British Prime Minister Theresa May had said the U.K. would consider an improved visa deal “if at the same time we can step up the speed and volume of returns of Indians with no right to remain in the U.K.”

An Indian delegation, led by Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju, is visiting the U.K. this week.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

India to regain top spot with GDP pegged at 7.3% in 2018-19: World Bank

News

The World Bank is estimating India’s economy to grow by 6.7 per cent in the current fiscal year, higher than the 6.5 per cent estimate by the Government of India.

Beyond News

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth is expected to rise to 7.3 per cent in 2018-19, making India again the world’s fastest growing economy, according to the World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects report released .

The report dropped the growth estimate for 2017-18 by 0.1 per cent from its projection June 2017, because of the disruptions to the economy from the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
But it raised the growth forecast for 2018-19 by 0.1 per cent from the June figure.

The bank has forecast a GDP growth of 7.5 per cent in 2019-20 and 2020-21. It saw benefits down the road from the GST.

Food Security Act: Team to probe bungling in Odisha

News

The Odisha Human Rights Commission (OHRC) has decided to send its high-level team to Kandhamal to inquire into allegations of irregularities in implementation of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) in this underdeveloped district.

Beyond News

According to the order passed by the commission on January 8, the high-level committee will go to Daringbadi in Kandhamal to look into the matter and submit its report to the OHRC within 15 days.

The OHRC took this decision in view of serious objections raised by the petitioner convenor of ‘Banabasi Suraksha Parishad’ Narendra Mohanty against the report filed by the Kandhamal collector before the commission.

Mr. Mohanty said that, following an agitation by the tribals and Dalits living in the remote pockets of the district in 2016, the administration had declared issuance of around 1,000 new ration cards to beneficiaries.
But it was alleged that the real beneficiaries did not receive the ration cards and the subsidised food items.

State to unveil ‘Electricmobility policy’ soon

News

With electric power-based locomotion becoming the preferred mode of transport sooner than later, the Andhra Pradesh government will soon come up with an ‘Electric mobility policy’.

Why this news Important

This makes Andhra Pradesh the first State to not only identify and tap the potentially emerging sector, but also make a vision plan in tune with its policy of promoting clean energy.

Beyond News

Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister made the announcement after laying foundation stone for the ultra modern global scale manufacturing facility of the Apollo Tyres at Chinna Pandur in Satyavedu, the tail-end constituency abutting Tamil Nadu.

He called electric-powered mobility as the next generation mode of transportation that must be adopted at the earliest.

He also said that,emphasis would be laid on Research and Development (R&D), creating demand and improving the charging infrastructure.

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HINDU NOTES-January 9 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-January 9 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2018, PIB notes, Prelims UPSC, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

SC modifies order, says playing of national anthem in cinema halls is not mandatory

NewsNational anthem in theatre

The Supreme Court modified its November 30, 2016 interim order and made it optional for cinema halls to play the 52-second national anthem before every show.

Beyond News

A Bench, clarified that it is not mandatory to play the anthem before screenings in cinemas.
It left the choice of whether to play the anthem or not to the discretion of individual cinema hall owners.

However, if the anthem is played, patrons in the hall are bound to show respect by standing up.
The court clarified that the exception granted to disabled persons from standing up during the anthem “shall remain in force on all occasions”.

At PIO Parliamentarian Conference, PM urges leaders of Indian origin to come forward to join hands in changing India

News

As part of its intensified outreach to the Indian diaspora, the Government of India launched a conference of legislators and political leaders of Indian origin from all over the world.

Beyond News

The “First PIO [Person of Indian Origin] Parliamentarian Conference” was inaugurated in New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who reminded the participants that the event is aimed at reconnecting them with their ancestral land and spirit.

The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said 124 parliamentarians and 17 Mayors of Indian origin have come to attend the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas.

Mr. Modi specially mentioned the presence of former Guyanese President Bharat Jagdeo in the celebration and noted that from Mauritius to Guyana there are several Indian origin individuals who have become leaders of their countries.

Prime Minister also said that, India was experiencing aspirational and societal changes. An ‘irreversible change’ was sweeping the country and leaders of Indian origin should come forward to join hands.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Chemical ban has helped closing up of ozone layer hole !

Chemical ban

News

With the declining levels of ozone-destroying chlorine, scientists have for the first time observed less ozone depletion.

Importance of Ozone

Stratospheric ozone protects life on the planet by absorbing potentially harmful ultraviolet radiation that can cause skin cancer and cataracts, suppress immune systems and damage plant life.

Beyond News

The findings showed that an international ban on chlorine-containing manmade chemicals called chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs) has resulted in about 20 per cent less ozone depletion during the Antarctic winter from 2005 to 2016.

Specifically, chlorine levels declined by an average about 0.8 per cent annually.

The change in ozone levels above Antarctica from the beginning to the end of southern winter- early July to mid- September – was computed daily from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) aboard the Aura satellite every year from 2005 to 2016.

The researchers said that,Antarctic ozone hole should continue to recover gradually as CFCs leave the atmosphere, but complete recovery will take decades.

India unveils Pratyush, its fastest supercomputer yet.

Indian fastest computer

News

India’s supercomputing prowess moved up several notches after it unveiledPratyush,an array of computers that can deliver a peak power of 6.8 petaflops.

Beyond News

One petaflop is a million billion floating point operations per second and is a reflection of the computing capacity of a system.

According to a statement by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM),Pratyushis the fourth fastest supercomputer in the world dedicated to weather and climate research, and follows machines in Japan, USA and the United Kingdom.

It will also move an Indian supercomputer from the 300s to the 30s in the Top500 list, a respected international tracker of the world’s fastest supercomputers.

The government had sanctioned Rs. 400 crore last year to put in place a 10-petaflop machine.

Uses

A key function of the machine’s computing power would be monsoon forecasting using a dynamical model.

This requires simulating the weather for a given month say March and letting a custom-built model calculate how the actual weather will play out over June, July, August and September.

With the new system, it would be possible to map regions in India at a resolution of 3 km and the globe at 12 km.

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