HINDU NOTES-December 14 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-December 14 2017 [UPSC IAS Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam, UPSC toppers

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE

Kumbh Mela declared as India’s cultural heritage

kumbh mela india

News

  • India’s Kumbh Mela has been recognised by UNESCO as an “intangible cultural heritage of humanity.

Kumbh Mela

  • The Kumbh Mela, held in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik, represents a syncretic set of rituals related to worship and cleansing in holy rivers.

Beyond News

  • The Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage under the UN body inscribed Kumbh Mela on the “Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” at its 12th session in Jeju, South Korea. The meeting, which opened on December 4, ended on December 9.
  • Kumbh Mela, considered the world’s largest congregation of religious pilgrims, joins new elements from Botswana, Colombia, Venezuela, Mongolia, Morocco, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates on the list.
  • The inscription of Kumbh Mela was recommended by the expert body which examines in detail nominations submitted by Member States.

The Committee also took note of the fact that knowledge and skills related to Kumbh Mela are transmitted through the Guru-Shishya parampara (teacher-student relationship) by way of saints and sadhus teaching their disciples about traditional rituals and chants.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Prepare plan mapping air pollution sources: SC

News

  • The Supreme Court on Wednesday directed the Centre to notify a comprehensive action plan mapping the sources of air pollution in Delhi and the National Capital Region within two weeks.

Why this News Important?

  • This is the first ever comprehensive action plan that has been adopted officially to mandate a time-bound short-, medium- and long-term measures to clean up the air of Delhi and NCR with a compliance strategy. This also helps create a template of action for all other cities of India.

Beyond News

  • The Bench of Justices gave the Ministry of Environment two weeks to finalise the timeline for each action point in the plan with the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA).
  • If implemented with urgency and stringency and in a time-bound manner, this can help this region make sustained improvement in air quality.
  • Delhi-NCR may require to reduce particulate pollution by at least 74% to meet clean air standards.

Doklam was resolved to the satisfaction of all: India

Dokhlam india china hand shakeNews

  • Both the Indian and the Chinese Foreign Ministers expressed satisfaction at the resolution of the Doklam crisis during the just- concluded meeting of the RIC grouping of Russia, India and China.

 Beyond News

  • During the meeting between External Affairs Minister and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in New Delhi, the issue of Doklam was raised.
  • Doklam had put “severe pressure” on bilateral ties.
  • External Affairs Minister and Chinese Foreign Minister both noted the challenge it had posed to the relationship and both expressed satisfaction that it was resolved with the disengagement of troops at the face-off site through concerted diplomatic communications.

Coastal literacy project to be rolled out in 3 more districts

coastal literacy keralaNews

  • Buoyed by its success in the first phase, the Kerala State Literacy Mission Authority (KSLMA) is all set to kick-start the second phase of Akshara Sagaram, an ambitious literacy programme for coastal areas, by rolling it out in three more districts, including Ernakulam.

Beyond News

  • The primary objective of the project is to streamline the fourth, seventh and tenth standard equivalent programmes of KSLMA in coastal areas.
  • Illiterate people, newly literate, school dropouts, physically and mentally-challenged people, and all fisherfolks who have not cleared fourth standard have been identified as potential beneficiaries.

Immediate benefits of the project

  1. Improving the living standards of coastal people and coastal area protection measures,
  2. women empowerment,
  3. elimination of drug abuse,
  4. creating awareness about environment,
  5. sanitation, cleanliness,
  6. Health, and various welfare programmes and services provided by the State government have been identified as the other immediate benefits of the project.

WTO: India resolute on food security

News

  • In the final stages of the ongoing summit-level negotiations of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), India upped the ante to protect its food security right, even as the U.S. refused to agree to the demands of developing nations on the issue.

Beyond News

  • Initially, India was bargaining hard for improving an already available mechanism that safeguards government purchase of staple foodgrain from low-income and resource-poor farmers at subsidised prices for stockpiling, and then distributing them to the country’s economically weak.

Peace Clause

  • The mechanism, called the ‘Peace Clause’, shields developing countries like India from being dragged by other countries to the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism for breaching the ceiling on product-specific domestic support (10% of the concerned crop’s value of production).
  • The ‘Peace Clause’ is available to developing nations, including India, till a ‘permanent solution’ is found by the WTO members to the issue of public stockholding for food security purposes.
  • Peace Clause’s onerous conditions (on notification etc.) make it tough for developing countries to use. Therefore, at Buenos Aires, India, along with other developing nations, wanted the ‘Peace Clause’ provisions to be improved upon and converted into a permanent solution a demand the U.S. showed little interest in accepting.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Cheetahs must be listed as endangered , say scientists

leopard endangeredNews

  • Cheetah population in southern Africa found to be 11 per cent smaller than recent estimates, an international team of scientists has called for uplisting the cats’ conservation status from “vulnerable” to “endangered” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.

Beyond News

  • Populations of cheetahs in southern Africa have declined as farming and other human activities push deeper into the free-roaming cats’ range, said the study.
  • Fewer than 3,600 adult cheetahs remain in the region, the researchers found.
  • This new assessment is 11 per cent lower than the IUCN’s most recent population estimate in 2015, adding urgency to calls from scientists to uplist the cheetahs’ conservation status.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-December 4 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-December 4 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

First phase of Chabahar port opened

News

  • Indian, Afghan and Iranian officials held a trilateral meeting to discuss implementing the trade and transit agreement announced in May 2016.

Beyond News

  • Chabahar port is seen as a feeder port to the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) to Russia as well as land route to Central Asia.
  • It is also seen as a rival to the Chinese-built Gwadar port off Pakistan, about 80 km away, which is a critical link in China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.
  • It also provide alternative access to landlocked Afghanistan to regional and global markets.
  • India has committed $500 million to building two berths at Chabahar to process trade and develop an economic zone around them, as well as $1.6 billion for a 650-km rail link from Chabahar to Zahedan and into Afghanistan.

‘Law needed for those wrongfully imprisoned’

News

  • The Delhi High Court has asked the Law Commission of India to see if a new legislation can be brought in to provide relief and rehabilitation to victims of wrongful prosecution and incarceration.

Beyond News

  • There is no statutory or legal scheme at present to compensate those who spend years in jail only to be acquitted later.
  • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) says of 4,19,623 inmates lodged in various jails across the country in 2015, 67% are undertrials.

Prison records show that 3,599 undertrials were detained in jails for five years or more in the country.

  • The Supreme Court in various judgments over the years has held that compensation can be awarded by constitutional courts for violation of fundamental rights under Article 21 of the Constitution.
  • Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

What’s behind the bitcoin boom?

Bit coin details analysis

News

  • As the price of the bitcoin leapt past $10,000 this week, marking a tenfold gain in 2017, many investors seemed to nurse a ‘missed-out’ feeling.

Some bit coin facts 

  • In the financial markets, asset bubbles are spotted by comparing the traded price of an asset to its fair value.
  • For stocks, the valuation metric may be the price-to-earnings or book value multiple. For oil or gold, there’s the cost of producing each barrel or ounce. The rupee is assessed on real effective exchange rate.
  • But it’s hard to say if there’s a bubble brewing in bitcoins because it has no such valuation measure. Its price is therefore decided mainly by demand-supply dynamics.

Beyond News:

  • The rupee-equivalent price of a bitcoin has zoomed from under Rs. 600 in November 2012 to more than Rs. 6.8 lakh by November 2017, a cool 300% annualised return.
  • In the same period, the BSE Sensex has produced a staid 11.5% despite a bull market.

Indian scenario:

  • In India, the RBI is still undecided on the issue of how and if at all it will regulate virtual currencies.
  • Meanwhile, it has issued disclaimers that it hasn’t authorised bitcoins as a medium of exchange, warning investors of potential ‘financial, operational, legal, customer protection and security-related risks’ if they dabble in them.

This software can identify people from their DNA in minutes

News

  • Researchers have developed a software system to accurately identify people and cell lines from their DNA in a matter of minutes.

Beyond News

  • The technology has a wide range of applications, but its most immediate use could be to flag mislabelled or contaminated cell lines in cancer experiments, according to the study published in the journal eLife.
  • The software is designed to run on the MinION, an instrument the size of a credit card that pulls in strands of DNA through its microscopic pores and reads out sequences of nucleotides, or the DNA letters A, T, C, G.
  • The device has made it possible for researchers to study bacteria and viruses in the field, but its high error-rate and large sequencing gaps have, until now, limited its use on human cells with their billions of nucleotides.

New tool to stop hacking

News

  • Scientists have developed a new anti-hacker tool, called High-fidelity Adaptive Deception & Emulation System (HADES), which rather than blocking an intruder, deploys an alternative reality feeding hacker with false data.

Beyond News

  • HADES has been developed by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories in the U.S.
  • Rather than being summarily removed from a data source, a discovered hacker is led unobtrusively into HADES, where cloned virtual hard drives, memory and data sets create a simulation very much like the reality.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-December 2 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-December 2 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam, UPSC toppers

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE 

Egg fossils crack open secrets of ancient flying reptiles

Dinosaurs eggs

News

  • Palaeontologists have uncovered more than 200 fossilised eggs belonging to the flying reptiles that soared during the age of dinosaurs.

Why it’s important?

  • The discovery, published in the journal Science, is the largest collection of pterosaur eggs found so far.
  • The find could help advance our understanding about the early lives of the extinct winged creatures, including their relationships with their parents.

Pterosaurs

  • Pterosaurs were the first creatures — after insects — to evolve powered flight, meaning they flapped their wings to stay aloft instead of simply jumping and gliding.
  • Pterosaurs terrorised the skies for more than 160 million years until they went extinct alongside dinosaurs some 66 million years ago. They are the largest animals to have ever flown, with some like the colossal Quetzalcoatlushaving wingspans as large as fighter jets.
  • The species that laid the recently discovered eggs is known as Hamipterus tianshanensis. It lived during the early Cretaceous period and its wings stretched about 11 feet. It also sported a thick forehead crest and had a mouth full of pointy teeth for snatching fish.
  • Pterosaurs laid soft eggs like snakes or lizards, not brittle ones like birds. The fossilised eggs found at the nesting ground look more like deflated balloons than eggs cracked for an omelette.

Beyond News

  • Using CT scanning, the team peered into the shells. Of the 215 eggs they found, 16 had embryonic remains, including one with partial wings and a toothless lower jaw.
  • The team also discovered evidence that hatchlings had leg bones that were more developed than their forelimbs, suggesting the babies most likely crawled and were unable to fly. The team added that young pterosaurs were probably very reliant on their parents.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Navy alive to China threat, says Lanba

INS SUMITRA

News

  • Referring to the Chinese deployment of submarines for anti-piracy patrols in the Gulf of Aden, the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba said,it was an “odd task” for a submarine to perform.

Beyond News

  • China has actively deployed ships and submarines in the Indian Ocean in the name of anti-piracy measures and the frequency has steadily gone up.
  • Several U.S. military officers too have expressed similar views in the past.
  • In a related development, India and Singapore are in the process of discussing the modalities of the overarching naval cooperation agreement signed in presence of the two Defence Ministers earlier this week.

This gives India access to the Changi naval base near the Strait of Malacca as a basing area.

  • After much deliberation, the Indian Navy has decided to go ahead with a conventionally powered reactor instead of a nuclear-powered one for its second Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC-II).

FM seeks to allay depositors’ fears, hints at review of Bill
Bail In clause meaningNews

  • Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister Arun Jaitley said that, bank depositors’ fears about the safety of their savings once the Centre enacts the proposed new law for resolving financial entities’ bankruptcy  may be premature as the legislation is still at the drafting stage and could see several ‘corrections’ before its passage.

Beyond News

  • Expected to be tabled in Parliament’s winter session that starts on December 15, the Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance (FRDI) Bill of 2017 proposes scrapping the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) that guarantees repayment of all bank deposits up to Rs. 1,00,000 in case a stressed bank is liquidated.
  • There is ambiguity on how depositor’s savings will be protected in stressed banks and other financial entities under the new law, which also includes a ‘bail-in’ option to resolve financial entities’ stress.
  • A bail-in option entails a bank issuing securities in lieu of the money deposited in its coffers.

The Corporation will be given a year’s time to resolve problems facing firms in trouble.

India silent on Maldives, China FTA

News

  • India maintained cautious silence on the free trade agreement that the Maldives signed with China.

Beyond News

  • Senior officials at the Ministry of External Affairs said the government needs to look into the details of the FTA between the Indian Ocean country and Beijing even as the Opposition of Maldives said the deal was ‘detrimental’ to the Maldivian economy.
  • The FTA, second in the region, after a similar agreement between China and Pakistan, reportedly caused surprise in the official circles here as the President Abdullah Yameen government pushed the agreement with no opposition in a brief session of the Maldivian parliament.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Underground power station plans in Western Ghats raise concern
Underground power station plans in Western Ghats

News

  • An underground pipeline connecting two major reservoirs, and power stations situated underneath a pristine reserve forest are part of an ambitious ₹5,000-crore project that environmentalists say will leave an indelible mark on the flora and fauna of the Western Ghats.

Problems

  • This installation will take place through a “cut and cover” method, which will entail cutting out the trees, excavating soil and then filling it back once the power station is completed in an estimated five years time.
  • Wildlife activist from the region said that, this stretch is dense evergreen forest. Even if it is underground, construction will see cutting of thousands of trees, setting up of township and new roads. It is an ecological disaster that will destroy a vital habitat of the endangered lion-tailed macaque.

The proposed area of construction comes within the eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) limits as shown by the December 2015 draft around Sharavati Wildlife Sanctuary, particularly in the N. Talakalale village. Once ESZ norms are applied, the area would see a near prohibition on new hydro-electric projects.

Beyond News

  • The Sharavati Pumped Storage project, envisioned to generate 2,000 MW of electricity, is situated just 3.5 km from the Sharavati Wildlife Sanctuary and is expected to consume nearly 150 hectares or 371 acres of Jog Reserve Forest.
  • The forests come between the sanctuary, Aghanashini Lion-tailed Macaque Conservation Reserve, and is part of the key, contiguous forest corridor of the Western Ghats.

The report notes that the pipelines, power house and transformers will be placed underground — even up to a depth of 312 m.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

HINDU NOTES-November 30 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-November 30 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, PIB notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam, UPSC toppers

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE 

Indus civilisation flourished without a flowing river: study

Indus valley civilization new findingsNews

  • Contrary to current belief, it was the departure of a large river — not its arrival — that triggered the growth of Indus urban centres that developed in what is now northwest India and Pakistan some 5,300 years ago, says a new study.

Beyond News

  • The researchers said the time gap between the river shifting course and the Indus civilisation settlements appearing rules out the existence of a Himalayan-fed river that nourished Indus civilisation urban settlements along the river channel.
  • They used a method called optically stimulated luminescence dating to determine when the river last flowed.

Historical notes:

  • The Indus civilisation developed at about the same time as urban civilisations developed in Mesopotamia and Egypt.
  • Archaeological evidence shows that many of the settlements in the Indus civilisation developed along the banks of a river called the Ghaggar-Hakra.

Important findings:

  • But the new study, has now provided evidence that a major Himalayan river did not flow at the same time as the development of Indus civilisation urban settlements.
  • The study, published in the journalNature Communications , showed that today’s Sutlej River used to flow along the trace of the Ghaggar-Hakra river but rapidly changed course upstream 8,000 years ago.

This meant that 3,000 years later, when the Indus people settled the area, there was only an abandoned large river valley occupied by seasonal monsoon river flow instead of a large Himalayan river.

Cyclone Ockhi claims four lives in Kanniyakumari

News

  • Named Ockhi, the cyclone is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm causing heavy rainfall in the southern parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Beyond News

  • The deep depression over the Comorin area has intensified into a cyclone and is likely to move towards Lakshadweep Islands, according to the Met Department.
  • Cyclone ‘Ockhi’ has claimed four lives as gusty winds, coupled with heavy downpour, uprooted 550 trees and 950 electric poles.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Singapore offers India logistical base

News

  • India and Singapore agreed on greater cooperation and activity in the Strait of Malacca and the Andaman Sea even as the two countries concluded a wide ranging naval agreement for maritime cooperation including logistical support.

Beyond News

  • Singapore had accepted India’s proposal to institutionalise naval engagements in the shared maritime space, including setting up maritime exercises with like-minded countries and other ASEAN partners.
  • The two countries also agreed to explore joints projects in research and development.

The two countries concluded a bilateral agreement for naval cooperation, which includes maritime security, joint exercises and temporary deployments from the naval facilities of each other and mutual logistical support.

India unlikely to cut malaria burden by half in 2020: WHO

WHO malaria report

Beyond News

  • India accounted for 6% of global malaria cases and 7% of deaths caused by it in 2016, according to a report released by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Beyond News

  • WHO figures also suggest that India is unlikely to reduce its case burden beyond 40% by 2020.
  • There were an estimated 4,45,000 deaths from malaria globally in 2016, compared with 4,46,000 estimated deaths in 2015. About 80% of the deaths were accounted for by 15 countries, namely India and 14 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • 51% of Plasmodium vivaxcases — the milder cousin of the  falciparum— were traced in India.

Bhutan, Nepal, Thailand, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Indonesia, are among the countries poised to reduce malaria incidence by over 40% by 2020.

In 2016, an estimated Rs. 13,000 crore was invested in malaria control and elimination efforts globally by governments of malaria endemic countries and their international partners.

U.S. now within range of N. Korea’s nuclear weapons

News

  • North Korea said it successfully tested a new intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in a “breakthrough” that puts the U.S. mainland within the range of its nuclear weapons whose warheads could withstand re-entry to the Earth’s atmosphere.

Beyond News

  • The missile test came a week after U.S. President Donald Trump put North Korea back on a U.S. list of countries it says support terrorism, allowing it to impose more sanctions.
  • North Korea, which also conducted its largest nuclear test in September, has tested dozens of ballistic missiles under its leader, Kim Jong Un, in defiance of international sanctions.
  • The latest was the highest and longest any North Korean missile had flown, landing in the sea near Japan.

North Korea said that,the new missile reached an altitude of about 4,475 km — more than 10 times the height of the International Space Station — and flew 950 km during its 53-minute flight.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Shutter breach at KRP dam triggers flood alert

dam breaking imageNews

  • A shutter at KRP dam breached triggering a flood alert in five districts along Thenpennai river.

KRP dam

  • The Krishnagiri Dam is a dam that spans the Thenpennai River by the village of Dhuduganahalli, located in Krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • The Krishnagiri Dam is also known as Krishnagiri Reservoir Project Dam.

Beyond News

  • The water level in the reservoir prior to the breach was 51 feet as against the capacity of 52 feet.
  • A low flood alert was already in place ever since the water level crossed 50 feet in August.
  • The Krishnagiri Reservoir was filling up to its capacity after eight years and has seen a consistent water level of 51 feet for the last three months.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 24

[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 24

Bank test, Editorial analysis, Editorials, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, Read Hindu, UPSC exam

Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing for November 24. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2018 daily writing series for mains 2018.

Datewise editorial compilations are available here>>

CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD November 24 EDITORIALS

DATE WISE MASTER 2018 QUESTIONS are available here

[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 21

[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 21

Bank test, Current affairs, Editorial analysis, Editorials, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, IAS toppers, Master 2018, MASTER CRUX

Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing for November 21. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2018 daily writing series for mains 2018.

Datewise editorial compilations are available here>>

CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD November 21 EDITORIALS

DATE WISE MASTER 2018 QUESTIONS are available here

HINDU NOTES-November 13 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-November 13 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, MAINS 2018, PIB notes, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam, UPSC toppers

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE 

Delhi’s pollution levels rise again

News:

  • Pollution levels in the national capital rose again on Sunday after a slight dip on Saturday, with visibility falling to below 100 meters at several places in the morning.

Beyond News:

  • Figures released by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) show the average of 15 monitoring stations over the past 24 hours had a score of 460 on the Air Quality Index (AQI), which falls in the ‘severe’ category.
  • The same figure yesterday was 403. The CPCB’s AQI scores for Noida, Ghaziabad and Gurgaon were at 492, 498 and 460 respectively, which is also in the ‘severe’ zone.

Add On Notes:

The PM2.5 and PM10 reading of SAFAR (System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research) was also in the severe category.

The Meteorological Department has forecast winds from the north and north-west, which are expected to blow away the fog and rain forecast for November 14 and November 15, and provide temporary relief from the smog.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Navigation rights figure in first Quadrilateral talks

News:

  • Beginning a new diplomatic initiative, India on Sunday participated in the first formal official-level discussions conducted here under the recently mooted regional coalition known as the ‘Quad’, the quadrilateral formation that includes Japan, India, the United States and Australia.

Beyond News:

  • The quadrilateral talks were held even as our Prime Minister interacted with Prime Minister of Japan and U.S. President, who participated in the 31st ASEAN and the 12th East Asia summits.
  • Indicating the simmering regional tension with China and Beijing’s assertiveness over the South China Sea issue, a statement from the Australian Foreign Ministry informed that freedom of navigation figured at the ‘Quad.’
  • Official sources emphasised that the quadrilateral was not aimed at any other country, and said India was also involved in other similar groupings in the region to deal with security and political issues.

SC issues notice to Centre, 3 States on plea to curb pollution in Delhi-NCR

News:

  • The Supreme Court on Monday sought response from the Union government and the governments of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab on a plea seeking to curb rising pollution in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR).

Beyond News:

  • The plea has claimed that rise in dust particles on roads and stubble burning in Haryana and Punjab have led to an alarming rise in pollution levels in the NCR and adjoining areas.
  • The plea sought directions to the Centre and these States to take steps to curb road dust and stubble burning. It also sought effective implementation of the odd-even car rationing scheme.

South China Sea, Rohingya on ASEAN map

News:

  • The maritime dispute over the South China Sea, exodus of the Rohingya citizens of Myanmar into Bangladesh and India, North Korean nuclear posturing and Islamic State-linked terrorism are likely to be the key talking points at the 31st ASEAN summit .

Beyond News:

    • The South China Sea has been at the centre of discussions on multilateral problems at the ASEAN-China level, which has been further complicated by China’s land reclamation projects aimed at building air surveillance and domination projects in the region.
    • ASEAN has been battling with the task of framing a Code of Conduct (CoC) for the common maritime future, which officials of the Philippines say is likely to get the green light during the ASEAN summit.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

GST: changes in the returns filing process

News:

  • The Goods and Services Tax Council took a slew of decisions during its 23rd meeting in Guwahati on Friday to benefit consumers and businesses alike.

Process till now:

Up to November 15, when the decisions take effect, the GST system requires businesses to submit at least three forms to file their returns. The GSTR-1 dealt with the invoice-wise details of supply, GSTR-2 dealt with the receipts of goods, and GSTR-3 was an overall summary derived from the two previous forms.

What is the change?

  • In order to ease the compliance burden on businesses, companies would be allowed to only file the GSTR-1 form, up to March 31, 2018.
  • The Council has set up a committee to look into how to make the GSTR-2 form easier, following which it will be brought back into the system.

The Council also decided to extend the usage of the summary GSTR-3B form, meant to make life easier for those unfamiliar with the filing process, till March 31 from the earlier December 31 deadline.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

Press Information bureau Monthly-OCTOBER 2017 Magazine download

Press Information bureau Monthly-OCTOBER 2017 Magazine download

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, IAS EXAM, MAINS 2018, PIB notes, Prelims UPSC, Press Information Bureau(PIB)

PIB important articles monthly compilation

Press information Bureau (PIB) is official release & hence authenticity is high. This area is for PIB Monthly magazines. we also provides PIB daily notes,PIB weekly notes and much more. PIB daily releases are important for upsc examination now.So if you hadn’t yet familiar try free version of PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU (PIB) monthly releases here & can buy pro versions.

Most Popular modules from Us; In Delhi you can see our modules being sold in every shop you visit.However;Its free here.

DOWNLOAD OCTOBER 2017 PDF

CLICK HERE | for previous months PIB magazines free

CLICK HERE | for more free dedicated services

Not satisfied with free service ? We have dedicated series with individual care-CLICK HERE

HINDU NOTES-OCT 27 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE 

Rajasthan passes Bill to hike OBC quota

News:

The Rajasthan Assembly passed a Bill which has increased reservation for Other Backward Classes in government jobs and educational institutions from 21% to 26%.

Why it’s important?

With the Bill’s passage, reservation in Rajasthan now stands at 54%, exceeding the 50% ceiling mandated by the Supreme Court.

Beyond News:

  • The Bill created a new “most backward” category within the OBCs for providing the quota benefit to Gujjars and four other nomadic communities.

India, Sri Lanka ink housing project deal in Hambantota

News:

Sri Lanka signed an agreement with India to build 1,200 houses in a public ceremony held in the southern port city

Why its important?

The coastal city of Hambantota gained strategic significance after President Rajapaksa built a massive port and an airport with huge Chinese loans.

Beyond News:

The signing of the MoU in Hambantota assumes significance not only in its timing, but also in taking India’s housing project to the Sinhala-majority Southern Province.

‘Don’t deny food items for lack of Aadhaar’

News: The Centre has instructed the States not to deny PDS benefits to any person who does not have Aadhaar or has not linked the ration card.

Beyond News:

  • This comes a week of after an 11-year-old Jharkhand girl allegedly died of starvation recently after she was denied PDS ration.
  • It also asked the States not to delete eligible households from the list of beneficiaries for non-possession of Aadhaar.

Ex-Kerala Minister moves SC against Aadhaar linking

News:

  • Former Kerala Minister Binoy Viswam on Thursday moved the Supreme Court challenging a provision in the Income Tax law that mandates the linking of Aadhaar with PAN as a violation of the fundamental right to privacy.

Beyond News:

June 9, 2017: A Division Bench of the Supreme Court upheld Section 139AA of the Income Tax Act of 1961, which mandates the linking of PAN with Aadhaar number, to the extent that it was not discriminatory under Article 14 and not a violation of the fundamental right to trade and profession under Article 19(1)(g) of the Constitution.

  • Later Justice A.K. Sikri had left the question whether Section 139AA was violation of the right to privacy open.

Aug 24: The issue was finally decided by a nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court; unanimously held that privacy was indeed a part of the fundamental right to life under Article 21

  • Petitioner claims that Section 139AA,was introduced into the Income Tax statute by the government this year via the Finance Act & asks to suspend the same.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Russian team in Vizag to inspect damaged submarine

News:

A Russian technical team is in Vizag for a joint investigation into the mysterious damage suffered by INS Chakra.

Beyond News:

  • INS Chakra,is a nuclear submarine leased to India by Russia in 2011.
  • The damage to the submarine was not very serious, and did not impact the nuclear reactor, because it was all contained to the outer hull.
  • The Russian team arrived in India after it refused to be satisfied with the findings of a three-member Indian team’s official inquiry.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS

Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily quiz, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, UPSC exam

Press Information Bureau(PIB) is an important part in competitive exams. We are already providing PIB notes monthly Magazines free of cost .Now onwards you can track daily PIB notes from here instead of surfing through 30+ daily PIB updates which may not be relevant for preparation. We provides CRUX OF PIB DAILY.

PIB important articles monthly compilation

>>CLICK HERE for date wise compilations free<<

1.Prime Minister launches Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 

  • Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease: Prime Minister
  • Improving the health status of children of our country is amongst the top priorities of the Government: Sh J P Nadda

Aim: To reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme.

Focus: Improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.

  • The achievement of full immunisation under Mission Indradhanush to at least 90% coverage was to be achieved by 2020 earlier. With the launch of IMI, achievement of the target has now been advanced.
  • Earlier the increase in full immunization coverage was 1% per year which has increased to 6.7% per year through the first two phases of ‘Mission Indradhanush’.

Features of Intensified Mission Indradhanush :

  • Will cover low performing areas in the selected districts and urban areas.
  • Special attention will be given to unserved/low coverage pockets in sub-centre and urban slums with migratory population.
  • The focus is also on the urban settlements and cities identified under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
  • Will have inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination, action-based review mechanism and intensified monitoring and accountability framework for effective implementation of targeted rapid interventions to improve the routine immunization coverage.

2.World post day:

  • In India it will be a part of the National Postal Week till 15th October 2014.
  • On all the days school children will be involved to educate them on functioning of the Postal Department

Background:-

  • World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9thOctober, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Berne.
  • The Minister for Communications  launched e-IPO (Indian Postal Order) in the denominations of Rs. 10/-, Rs. 20/-, Rs. 50/- &Rs. 100/-, as a pilot project in Bihar, Delhi and Karnataka.
  • e-IPO will be used for all purposes like fee payment for RTI/ educational institutions/ Court/ online registration for Cable Operators etc.

3.The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi layed Foundation Stone for Bhadbhut Barrage over the River Narmada.

The Prime Minister also flagged off the Antyodaya Express between Udhna (Surat, Gujarat) and Jaynagar (Bihar).

Proposed advantages:

  • Connects people and particularly helps those who are from Uttar Pradesh or Bihar, and work far from their home.
  • Train will make it easier for people from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar to go home for Chhath Puja.

4.Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala is all set to conduct the fourth edition of the prestigious annual Dilli seminar on 12th and 13th of October 2017. 

Theme:‘India and Southeast Asia – Maritime Trade, Expedition and Civilisation Linkages’.

Background :-

INA conducts the annual Dilli seminar on elements and issues of maritime history and heritage of the nation to help the young officers and cadets keep an eye on future developments in the maritime domain with a strong foundation of the past.

5.Trails pass.

  • Traill’s Pass (5400m) is a high altitude pass in Nandadevi National Park (Kumaon Region) which joins the Milam and Pindari Glaciers.

6.Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  •  PMGDISHA is aimed at imparting digital literacy to citizens in rural areas. It will provide access to information, knowledge, education, and healthcare.
  • It will create avenues for livelihood generation, and financial inclusion through digital payments.

7.ImTeCHO

  • ImTeCHO is an innovative mobile phone application to improve performance of ASHAs through better supervision, support and motivation for increasing coverage of proven maternal, newborn and child health interventions among resource-poor settings in India.
  • ImTeCHO stands for “Innovative mobile-phone Technology for Community Health Operations”.
  • “TeCHO” in Gujarati means “support”; therefore, “ImTeCHO” means “I am support.
  • The Prime Minister will distribute e-tablets to health workers to mark the launch of ImTeCHO.