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General Studies-02


Doklam plateau

  • It is geo political hot spot of tri junction on Bhutan, china, india border also called chumbi valley
  • This chumbi valley have strategic importance for india because it is narrow gateway to north east india from mainland of india
  • According to friendship treaty between india and Bhutan india have military responsibility for Bhutan peace

Regulatory misconduct

  • Recently policy paralysis and corruption making good governance difficult thing
  • Government initiated regulatory framework to regulate every activity of government
  • But regulatory misconduct is real problem for the government
  • Regulatory misconduct means people from root or at head start cycle of misconduct of cycle of corruption

Aadhaar and right to privacy

  • Aadhaar is years long dream project of government to collect big data and also make use of it for policy making and decision implementing
  • To make Aadhaar mandatory government also passed delivery of benefit bill as money bill
  • But petition has been filled against mandatory Aadhaar in which supreme court ordered that Aadhaar can not be mandatory
  • Aadhaar create big data means government can use but private partner can also use it
  • This big data can be used for many cyber crime
  • Now 9 judge batch will decide on weather Aadhaar is breach of basic right
  • Batch will decide on weather right to privacy include fundamental right or not ?

General Studies-03

Environmentalist under threat

  • Below stated report show that there is increasing cases of attack on environmentalist

  • e-NAM [pib]
  • e- NAM means electronic national agricultural market that connect pan india agricultural market
  • this market work on digital platform and also give farmer freedom to sell their product to anyone
  • farmer can join this online platform and sell their product through all india digital bidding
  • this will create competitive open market to fulfill government promise of doubling farmer income


  • farmer welfare


 (i)         Soil Health Card Scheme:

  • Launched in 2015, the scheme has been introduced to assist State Governments to issue Soil Health Cards to all farmers in the country.
  • The Soil Health Cards provide information to farmers on nutrient status of their soil along with recommendation on appropriate dosage of nutrients to be applied for improving soil health and its fertility.


(ii)        Neem Coated Urea (NCU):

  • Scheme being promoted to regulate use of urea, enhance availability of nitrogen to the crop and reduce cost of fertilizer application.
  • NCU slows down the release of fertilizer and makes it available to the crop in an effective manner.
  • The entire quantity of domestically manufactured and imported urea is now neem coated.
  • The reports from field are positive. The expected saving is 10% of urea consumption, thereby resulting in reduced cost of cultivation and improved soil health management.


(iii)       Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana  (PKVY):

  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is being implemented with a view to promote organic farming in the country.
  • This will improve soil health and organic matter content and increase net income of the farmer so as to realise premium prices.



(iv)       Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) :


  • Launched with the motto of ‘Har Khet Ko Paani’, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is being implemented to expand cultivated area with assured irrigation, reduce wastage of water and improve water use efficiency.
  • PMKSY not only focuses on creating sources for assured irrigation, but also creating protective irrigation by harnessing rain water at micro level through ‘Jal Sanchay’ and ‘Jal Sinchan’.
  • Micro irrigation is also incentivized through subsidy to ensure ‘Per drop-More crop’.


(v)       National Agriculture Market (e-NAM):

  • The National Agriculture Market scheme (e-NAM) envisages initiation of e-marketing platform at national level and to support creation of infrastructure to enable e-marketing in 585 regulated markets across the country by March 2018.
  • This innovative market process is revolutionizing agri markets by ensuring better price discovery, bringing in transparency and competition to enable farmers to get improved remuneration for their produce moving towards ‘One Nation One Market’.


(vi)       Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY]

  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) & Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (RWBCIS) were launched from Kharif 2016 to provide comprehensive crop insurance coverage from pre-sowing to post harvest losses against non-preventable natural risks.
  • These schemes are only risk mitigation tools available to farmers at extremely low premium rates payable
  • The balance of actuarial premium is shared by the Central and State Governments on 50 : 50 basis.
  • The schemes are voluntary for States and available in areas and crops that are notified by the State Governments.
  • Further, the schemes are compulsory for loanee farmers and voluntary for non-loanee farmers.