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General Studies-01

Kohinoor diamond

  • Kohinoor diamond recently making news because people of india want Britain to return diamond

  • Supreme court refuse to hear petition and ask that this come outside of its power

  • Kohinoor was taken by east india company in 1849 from king dulipsingh of Punjab

  • India have law regarding it and Britain and india is also signatory of the UNESCO convention regarding it

  • This diamond actually mined from mining area nearby Golconda and sold to kutb sahi king that ruled there nearly 15th to 18th century

Champaran satyagraha

  • Champaran Satyagraha was the first Satyagraha started by Gandhiji in india.

  • Gandhiji was persuaded by Raj Kumar Shukla to come to Champaran to see the inhuman conditions of the peasants.

  • In Champaran there was an enormous personal increase in the land rent.

  • The peasants were obliged to grow indigo and this curtailed their freedom of cultivation.

  • The peasants were compelled to devote the best part of their land for growing particular crops as desired by the landlord. They were also required to give their best time and energy to the crops decided by the landlord.

  • Gandhi arrived in Champaran 10 April 1917 with a team of eminent lawyers: Brajkishore Prasad, Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha. He was ordered to leave Champaran by the local magistrate.
  • His refusal led to his arrest. And then government appoint commission to discuss issue and peasant freedom restored

  • This was the first movement in which peasant also participated which was biggest force in that time

  • Then Gandhi undertook Ahmadabad mill strike regarding plague bonus, kheda crop failure and revenue, rollet act satyagraha, non cooperation with khilafat, etc. was the major fight to freedom by Gandhi

Relation between aerosol and monsoonal rain

  • Aerosol is the particulate or solid pollutant matter that go to atmosphere after emitted from combustion activity

  • Recent study show that higher level of the aerosol delay rain because that need higher humidity saturation level and finally when rain come it will be more widespread and heavy

  • Generally cloud droplet will be in the form of the ice and when rain occur due to gravity and humidity saturation that ice droplet melt and release heat that further launched process of evaporation and clod forming

  • By this way cloud size increases and that why more aerosol means more rain.

General Studies-02

G-20 group [pib]

  • The G20 started in 1999 as a meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis.

  • The Group of Twenty (G20) is the premier forum for its members’ international economic cooperation and decision-making. It comprises 19 countries plus the European Union.

  • G20 represents 85% of global GDP, 80% of international trade, 65% of world’s population.

  • In 2008, the first G20 Leaders’ Summit was held, and the group played a key role in responding to the global financial crisis

Achievements of NITI Aayog [PIB]

Achievements of NITI Aayog [PIB]

 Reforms in Agriculture:

a. Model Land Leasing Law

b. Reforms of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act

c. Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index

  • Reforming Medical Education

  •    Digital Payments Movement

  •   Atal Innovation Mission

  • Indices Measuring States’ Performance in Health, Education and Water Management

  • Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes

  • Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan 

  • Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Skill Development

  • Task Force on Elimination of Poverty in India 

  • Task Force on Agriculture Development

  •        Transforming India Lecture Series

General Studies-03

Problem of western ghats

  • Human population increases

  • More and more human settlement and urbanization pressure

  • Resources exploitation plus under developed technology led to pollution

  • Climate change and least chance of revival of ecology

  • Micro climate got affect mostly

Property of vitamin C

  • Antioxidant, anti bacterial

  • Boost immunity as well as helpful in recovery from tuberculosis which becoming major problem of india

  • Also help to balance body temperature in heat wave situation.

Migratory bird

  • We have frequently hearing about migratory bird that cross continent to reach one place to another like Siberian crane, amur falcon etc.

  • They use biological sensor that work as compass for that bird and mechanism of this working called quantum biology


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