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G.S.-02 current affairs notes

  • Ajmer blast case

  • Ajmer is the place of sufi religious place also called arhai deen ka jhopra

  • The explosion in the 13th century dargah of Sufi mystic Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti on October 11, 2007, during Ramzan, had left three persons dead and 17 injured

  • This blast suspected to hindu right wing activity in the reply of muslim radical terrorism and this kind of reply have bad effect on society as well as national security because always communal riot start with religious link or selfishness of one person

  • Government should take step to prevent terror activity because this activity largely confined to special religious status that also threat for the whole community in the world as we can seen today from worlds great power America that banned visa for several Islamic country only on the base of the terror connection

  • Supreme court guide high court not to delay in review petition

  • Review petition is filed when party not happy with judgment of high court or lower court

  • Such pending cases of the petition make judiciary with more and more burden

  • Burden make judiciary paralyze that finally led to delay in justice = injustice

  • Supreme court also declared guidelines for the case of review petition the make judiciary more effective


  • CSIR tech firm to shut down

  • CSIR Pvt. Tech Ltd (CSIRTech), a company affiliated to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and primarily formed to commercialise technology developed by the 75-year-old organisation’s 37 labs, has been shut down.

  • This firm work toward better publicity of the research work of the government but now will shut down due to lack of legal support of financial aid

  • It was science based approach in which tech firm work to technology transfer and support technology start up but now can not manage due to lack of the fund from CSIR

  • CSIR is the government autonomous body largely work in the field of defense and space technology with largest patent holding in india

  • Less migratory bird in ropar wetland

  • Ropar is the wetland in Punjab place of migratory species of bird but this year less number of bird sighted because of the human interference

  • More land under agriculture due to population pressure, pesticide and fertilizer that pollute water and led to utrophication and more water use under irrigation drying wetland are among major reason

  • Asian Waterbird Census 2017, conducted by Wetlands International, South Asia, and Punjab’s Wildlife Preservation Department on January 16 this year, revealed that the number of water birds this season stood at 2,302 as against 3,114 last year.

  • The birds that came up this year included oriental darter and river papwing, both put on the red-list by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Ropar has been declared a wetland by the Ramsar Convention of Wetlands.

  • Asian Water bird Census is part of the International Water bird Census of Wetlands International, South Asia, which conducts the exercise every January across Asia and Australia.

  • The census revealed that while the number of Eurasian coot, bar headed geese, ruddy shel duck, oriental darter and river lapwing dwindled this year, that of graylag goose and red-crested pochard increased. Among India’s resident water birds, spot-billed duck rose in number to 130 against 56 last year.

  • Due to local disturbance such as threat and unavailability of food, the number of certain species decreases on many wetlands. At Ropar, boating, fishing and human disturbances along the riverbanks seem to drive away the water birds.

  • Ropar is a riverine wetland with hardly any vegetation; but there are farmlands along the riverbanks where geese and ducks go for feeding. However, farmers try to keep them away from their land. This explains the dip in the number of bar-headed geese and ruddy shelduck which could have moved to other areas.

  • Police reform

  • While the National Police Commission (1977-79), set up by the Janata government that displaced the Congress government led by Indira Gandhi, kick-started reforms, the credit for keeping the debate alive and taking it to the highest judicial forum goes to a colleague of mine, Prakash Singh, former Director General of Police (DGP) of Uttar Pradesh and a former Border Security Force chief, who filed a PIL in 1996 and sought major changes to the police structure. His accent was on autonomy and more space for police professionalism by giving a fixed tenure for police officers in crucial positions beginning with the DGPs in the States.

  • While it is easy to blame the court for such an inordinate delay, one must remember that ‘police’ being a State subject under the Constitution, the process of consultation was tortuous and time-consuming.

  • The SC’s directions to the States included a fixed tenure of two years for top police officers in crucial positions, setting up of a State Security Commission (in which the leader of the Opposition party also had a role, and would give policy directions to the police), the clear separation of law and order and crime functions of the police and creation of a Police Establishment Board to regulate police placements. It also mandated a new Police Act on the basis of a model Act prepared by the Union government and circulated to the States.

  • Policemen across the country were excited over this development and believed that an end to gross political interference in police routine was in sight.

  • The objectives of the Police Establishment Board, conceived only to depoliticize appointments and transfers, have been set at naught by the DGPs getting informal prior political approval from the Chief Minister/Home Minister with a view to placing politically amenable officers in vital places in the police hierarchy.

  • Better forest conservation

  • Killing for Conservation’, a recent documentary film on the Kaziranga National Park in Assam by the BBC, has seen the government serving a show cause notice to the BBC and suspending their filming in tiger reserves for five years.

  • In the documentary, the BBC asserts Kaziranga holds a “dark secret”, that forest guards and staff are “given extraordinary powers”, they learn “ruthless patrolling strategies” and “ambush” — in short, that people are being killed for the conservation of the highly poached flagship species, the Indian one-horned rhino.

  • The first thing to be clarified is that unlike what the documentary claims, there is no ‘shoot at sight’ policy in any Indian tiger reserve. The park has a policy of giving limited immunity to guards — the idea is that they should be able to defend themselves in Kaziranga while carrying out their duties.

  • That is the limit of the “extraordinary powers”. Armed poaching is a constant in Kaziranga, and despite systematic effort and patrolling, poachers still manage to kill rhinos and shoot at forest guards.

  • The difficulties and disempowerment forest guards experience need to be factored into the analysis of an extraordinary situation like Kaziranga, which sees rhinos shot nearly every month (18 were poached last year). Forest guards douse forest fires, often without protection, respond to human-wildlife conflict, and walk beats which are bigger than that of a policeman, check illegal mining, combat flooding, plant trees, and deal with poachers who use arms rather than snares.

  • India and sri lanka maritime relation

  • India and sri lanka both facing population pressure that led to conflict between fisherman because india ocean already have less or lower quality fishing ground

  • Recently youth shot dead by sri Lankan navy fueled protest of people and this kind of practices have both kind of loss to both party like relation status worsen with neighbor and non sustainable use of maritime resources

  • Summer and problem of CFC

  • India has launched the second phase of the pro- gramme to eliminate the use of hydro chloro fluoro- carbons (HCFC) as part of its commitment under the Montreal Protocol, which requires the complete removal of chemicals that result in ozone depletion and aid global warming.

  • These are used mainly in the air conditioning, refrigeration, polyurethane foam manufacturing and cold chain sectors, and must be replaced with better alternatives.

  • All these sectors are in high growth mode as emerging economies witness greater urbanization and higher agricultural productivity.

  • The Environment Ministry’s proposal to prescribe energy-efficient temperature limits for air-conditioning
    units in public facilities is promising. A lot of energy is wasted because of poor infrastructure and lack of understanding of efficiency metrics.

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