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General Studies-01

Mahavir and jain tradition

  • Bhagwan Mahavira’s philosophy of ahimsa, truth, compassion and non-violence are of increasing relevance in today’s world. his teaching of right faith, right knowledge and right conduct. Let us unite and build a society free from violence, terrorism and exploitation.”

  • Jain have tirthakara tradition from which mahavir was 24th jina who preached world about non violence

  • Jain sect have two part i.e. swetambar and digambar sect

Welfare of the tribal people

  • Constitution have lot of provision related to tribal people from security of the special culture and tradition to the reservation in the government post to give them space main stream

  • On the eve of the independent then prime minister jawaharlal Nehru told to the nation that if government will force tribal people to transform them to mainstream will create exploitation of them and exclude them from process of development means lack of inclusive and sustainable society

  • Government given status of particularly vulnerable group [PVTG] to some tribal group that have major threat from process of development or they are vulnerable to social exploitation

  • Major PVTG living in Orissa and all the tribal group from the Andaman island are in PVTG category

  • Some PVTG group are the great Andamanese, onge, lanjiasoara, toda of nilgiri, birhor, and the saharia tribe are largest community under PVTG found in MP and Rajasthan

Draught situation and food security

  • Draught becoming like daily problem for the indian sub continent as global climate changing

  • Draught will be many type like meteorological draught situation means lower rainfall than what is climate standard for that particular area while hydrological draught means scarcity of water in river basin while lack of humidity and high temperature also make above rainfall year as draught hit year

  • Lack of water > no food crops > or farmer going to cash crops > food security affected > food inflation > worsened malnutrition problem > lower economic capability of person > lower HDI > higher subsidy of government > no capital investment

Lower rate of women in labour participation

  • Recent study by the world bank reveled that despite of the economic growth of the indian economy women participation and economic process remain stagnant

  • Lowe rate is due to lack of education as more girls drop out ratio > less skill > less pay and there are also lack of security on work place major incident of the women molestation at work place.

  • Patriarchic society also not accepting women as economic earner of the family.

Teesta river water sharing problem

  • This river flowing from Sikkim, west Bengal and merge into Brahmaputra in Assam and then flowing in Bangladesh.

  • Global warming and climate change led to major water crisis between country and intra country.

General Studies-02

India Bangladesh relation

  • India and Bangladesh relation taking new step under leadership of the hasina that start during liberalization of the Bangladesh

  • After partition india and Pakistan divided in which Pakistan have two geographical entity ie east Pakistan and west Pakistan

  • But east Pakistan always become territory of the exclusion from the government policy

  • And this policy of the exclusion led to people migrate to the india and that led to the internal security threat to the india

  • So india government help in liberation of the Bangladesh that led to indo pak war

  • Recently Bangladesh government pay honor to indian army battalion which helped in liberation

  • Major problem of indo Bangladesh relation is the river water sharing issue major problem is teesta river

General Studies-03

Elephant census

  • India government recently announced to conduct census of the elephant after 5 year that will check the quality of the ecosystem for key species like elephant.

  • Key species are the species that are most important for the sustainable ecosystem and without them whole forest food chain will be impacted so their existence is clear sign of the good health status of the ecosystem.

  • Government also stated special project for the elephant.

Global warming and heat wave problem in india

  • 2016 become the warmest year of record for this century and that led to major problem for the indian subcontinent with lack of humidity in air that also make worse scenario for the agriculture of the india

  • This heat wave like condition also make peoples life more harder with interstate water sharing problem

  • Heat waves are a sharply defined concept, as per Indian meteorology. Depending on whether a place’s historical temperature is 40C or less, a 4.5C (or greater) rise in temperature counts as a ‘heat wave’ and 6.5C and more, a ‘severe heat wave.’

  • El nino effect is the major cause of the indian heat wave like situation because of the changing wind pattern and humidity deficit in country

  • Negative indian ocean dipole also effect of the heat wave because in this situation when severe heat wave attack > land surface become hotter than ocean > but land surface cool down rapidly while ocean temperature become slow change > ocean now become hotter than land and this will weaken indian monsoon > indian ocean is rapidly becoming hot island

  • Heat wave have major problem on human health as this led to water deficit in the human body and many other symptoms

General Studies-04

Scene of deteriorated humanity

  • Syrian chemical attack victim who now doesn’t know what is this world think and define what is humanity according to you


Q.1 mahavir given principle of the

1. right conduct

2. right faith

3. right view

4. right knowledge

A. 1 2 3 only

B. 2 3 4onyl

C. 1 2 4only

D. all of the above

Correct Answer : Option C

Q.2 teesta river flowing form which of the following state of india

1. Assam

2. Sikkim

3. west Bengal

A. 1 2 only

B. 1 3 only

C. 2 3 only

D. all of the above

Correct Answer : Option D


Q.3 for which animal government of india have started special project for their conservation

1. elephant

2. tiger

3. lion

4. hangul

5. gangetic dolphin


A. 1 2 3 5 only

B. 1 2 4 only

C. 1 2 3 4 only

D. all of the above


Correct Answer : Option B

Q.4 consider the following statement about definition of the heat wave is/are correct

1. this is defined by indian meteorological department

2. rise of more than 5 C called as heat wave condition

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none


Correct Answer : Option A

Q.5 literally el nino means

A. god

B. devil

C. ocean current

D. child

Correct Answer : Option D

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