THE HINDU DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS GS syllabus wise
G.S.-02 current affairs notes.
Filling vacancy in judiciary
In india population increasing with education level also increasing that create lots of cases before judiciary.
Timely appointment of the justice delayed because of the faulty procedure appointment or lack of coordination between government.
New economic scope and legislation also filled judiciary with burden of the cases.
A few judges with lots of cases can lead to delay in justice and this equal to injustice.
Now government trying to formulate memorandum of procedure [MoP] that will work as guidelines for the justice appointment.
Ganga-Yamuna got legal entity
In a first in the country, the Uttarakhand High Court, on Monday, declared that the rivers Ganga and Yamuna were “living persons.”
On March 15, New Zealand river Whanganui became the first in the world to be granted a legal human status.
The Ganga and [the] Yamuna, all their tributaries, streams… are declared as juristic [or] legal persons [or] living entities having the status of a legal person with all corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person in order to preserve and conserve river Ganga and Yamuna.
Health expenditure by the government
India spends close to 5% of its GDP on health. While this may appear low when compared to 18% of the U.S., data show that Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries spend 8-11%, middle-income countries close to 6%, and India’s peers, the lower-middle-income countries 4.5%. By these measures, India’s health-care spending, while still somewhat low, is not unusually so.
However, on an index measuring country performance on the health related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators, India ranks poorly at 143 out of 188 countries.
Interestingly, two of the most important differences between India and these countries are the extent of pooling of health expenditures and the level of government control of the health system.
First is the pooling of health expenditure: India has among the lowest pooled expenditure for health care; between 2004-2014, approximately 4-7% of households fell below the poverty line as a result of high out-of-pocket expense.
Second is the control exercised by the government on the health system: Successful health systems, the world over, including in entirely free market developed economies such as Germany, Switzerland, South Korea, and Japan, do not necessarily have the government as a provider. Nevertheless, they all have a high degree of direct government control on the services that are offered; the pricing of health services, referral pathways, and treatment protocols that are followed.
It is clear that significant, strategic shifts in the level of control that the government exerts on both the financing and provision of health are urgently required. India can build on learning from core design principles from global experiences, including prioritising resources for health within government budgets, pooling existing resources, and greater government control over the health sector. It can also allow for a customised approach based on its context. Such a path will allow India to deliver on quality health care and equitable health outcomes to all of its people.
G.S.-03 current affairs notes.
Merger of Vodafone and idea
After free internet scheme by the reliance jio every telecom giant facing customer hit so idea and Vodafone combined to manage 35 % of the market which is biggest in indian market.
Merger means two or more corporate entity merge into one another and got one identity.
This create increasing market share because every entity has its own subject of expertise.
Economic resources optimization and cost minimization can be done.
This kind of merger can affect also business competition because here commerce with extreme competition not good for sustainable development.
When there continuous trend of the this merger occur then one situation of oligopoly occur in which one or two giant capture market and narrowed scope for start up.
SEBI is regulator in the case of the merger and corporate unit have to take permission of the SEBI before merger.
Nod for neutrino project suspended
Indian neutrino project proposed on kerela and tamilnadu border region which nod suspended by the national green tribunal.
Tribunal always headed by the retired judges of the SC or HC opposed project because this come near shola forest and protected area that make it category A project.
Shola forest found in western ghats that is temperate grassland type vegetation found on more than 2000 meter of the height where only grass found.
NGT done environment impact assessment before project start that give nod for proposed project.
There are two type of the project in EIA like project A which mandatory need EIA while project category B did not need it.
Any project to be considered as project A if it is proposed in area of state boundary, or 5 KM of the protected area.