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General Studies -01

  • Mitigating severe summer prediction

  • The MD forecast of the above normal temperature back memories of last year are withering weeks. Global weather in recent times has come under pressure from the El Nino warming that began in 2015 and exerted its influence into the first quarter of 2016. What is significant is that the Australian international weather bureau says there is a 50% prospect of a similar phenomenon this year as well, making it a significant alert on hotter temperatures, and possibly a debilitated monsoon and weaker agricultural prospects.

  • The early IMD forecast should help the official machinery to adequately prepare for public distress. A carefully planned school examination schedule could spare students the worst of the torrid season, and this should be among the top priorities

  • As the temperature edged past 40oC last year, schools in some States decided to extend their summer vacations by a week or two, something that may become necessary again. Urban water distress poses another challenge, because big cities in several States have not received adequate rainfall to replenish their reservoirs and are using up groundwater at unsustainable rates.

  • For farmers, another harsh period would add to their difficulties, requiring a sensitive approach to their needs. Administrative decisions for summer management will need to be reined on the basis of coming IMD updates, although the overall trend appears to be clear.

  • The effect of El Nino on the global temperature average is only a small part of the overall rise, indicating that the trend could be correlated with the rise in greenhouse gases. India, a major emitter of GHGs, has classified 2016 as the century’s warmest year, with an increase of 0.91oC over the long-term average; NASA’s corresponding global figure is 0.99oC. These are clear signs that the world must shift away from further high-emission pathways in the economy and adopt leapfrogging technologies.

  • It is also a call for policy initiatives to build resilience by improving water harvesting and expanding tree cover, including in cities. For rural India, building surface irrigation facilities such as ponds through the employment guarantee scheme and climate funds would seem a natural choice, while urban water supply augmentation needs
    more reservoirs to be built. If this year’s forecast comes true, though, there is no escape route. The only hope would be an early date with the monsoon.

General Studies-02 daily current affairs

  • Politics over food security

  • Kerela was major hub for the paddy cultivation and agricultural prosperity of the state was among the top position in the nation

  • But what happens that led to kerala now have highest food inflation in country and seeking help from central government

  • What happens to this state start with higher education rate > young want better opportunity > go to gulf country when gulf nation was on rise

  • No labour led to lower production > high demand > food inflation

  • Another incident here note worthy is gulf decline because of IS and shale gas boom in US > lower labour requirement > no new opportunity > youth becoming unemployed

  • This all the youth attracting toward IS or other radical activity that is why more youth are attracting toward IS

  • This is the lesson for the government of other state and nation as whole how to transform demographic dividend and also insure food security

General Studies-03 daily current affairs

  • Ganga unlikely to clean by 2018

  • Central government planned Namami gange project to clean and purify ganga river system

  • But this ambitious plan cannot be achieved because no hard rock step has been taken

  • Sewage treatment is major problem for the river that are not stopping yet despite the order from NGT

  • So government have to take step in cooperative way by integrated plan of central and state government

  • India successfully tested interceptor missile

  • DRDO has developed this missile with 15 to 20 KM of range

  • Interceptor missile means missile which capable to destroy coming enemy missile and provide protection form enemy country

  • First tested on abdul kalam island successfully with endo atmosphere version means capable to destroy up to 15 to 20 KM

  • Last week DRDO has successfully tested outer atmosphere interceptor which have range up to 85 KM

  • CSO forecast on economy getting momentum

  • CSO declared data that last month economic growth getting momentum with upward movement up to 7.1 percent

  • This is good news after fear of the sinking economy under demonetization and cash scarcity

  • this expansion occurred in the October-December quarter, when about 86% of the currency in circulation in the form of ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes was abruptly sucked out of the system, potentially resulting in what the Economic Survey termed an “aggregate demand shock” and the Reserve Bank of India referred to as “demand compression associated with adverse wealth effects”. Undergirding this better-than-expected performance were the agriculture, mining and manufacturing sectors and, interestingly, government expenditure. While the overall gross value added (GVA) in the third quarter is estimated to have increased by 6.6%, agricultural GVA in the period is projected to have surged 6%, a sharp quickening from the second quarter’s 3.8% pace and in stark contrast with the 2.2% contraction in the earlier year, as the near-normal monsoon in 2016 helped lift kharif crop output substantially.

  • Google street view and urban environment

  • Scientists have used over 100,000 images extracted from Google Street View to map and quantify how street trees regulate urban ecosystems in megacities like Delhi and Shanghai.

  • While it was generally accepted that trees and plants helped in regulating urban ecosystems, until now researchers had very little data to quantify its extent.

  • Most of the research has been conducted in the temperate zones of Europe and North America, but little is known about how trees contribute to urban ecosystems in tropical regions.

  • In addition to cooling urban micro climates, these trees, which are integrated within dense urban street networks, also reduce the risk of flash flooding and helps in cleaning the air.

  • Researchers said that increasing the cover of the street tree canopy could reduce ground surface and air temperatures on Singapore’s streets. “Providing trees to help cool the environment is important in tropical cities like Singapore, which suffers heavily from the urban heat island effect.