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G.S.-01 current affairs notes.

  • Arsenic contamination in lower ganga ranges

  • Arsenic found in lower Ganga traces which pollute ground water and mixed with it and when people drink it that cause bone disease in the people

  • This arsenic contamination also caused due to high level of ground water extraction specially in Ganga doab region of lower Ganga basin

  • West Bengal have highest frequency of arsenic in the water

  • According to WHO guideline for the drinking water there .01 mg permissible level of the arsenic while in india this standard is .05 to .01 mg per liter

  • Meteorologist sikka passes away

  • Meteorologist sikka who first link indian monsoon with el nino passes away so el nino automatically become important for us

  • El nino is the ocean current on the coast of south america near peru coast

  • This warm current affect pressure cell in south pacific and also affect indian monsoon cell and weakening of the monsoon while desert of chile got high rain

  • The El Nino Southern Oscillation phenomenon, a see-sawing of temperatures in the equatorial Pacific, is now among the most significant factors that meteorologists scan to forecast the performance of the Indian monsoon. Six out of 10 El Nino-years have been associated with below-normal rainfall over India.

  • Old algae fossil found in india

  • On March 14, news agencies across the world reported the discovery of a group of fossils of a 1.6-billion-yearold red algae, a precursor to plant and animal life, from Chitrakoot in Uttar Pradesh. The findings were reported by a group led by Stefan Bengtson, Emeritus Professor, Swedish Museum of Natural History, in the peer reviewed journal PLoS Biology.

  • The material structurally resembles red algae, embedded in fossil mats of cyanobacteria inside a 1.6-billion-year-old phosphorite, a kind of rock, found in the Chitrakoot region in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

G.S.-02 current affairs notes.

  • Indus water treaty

  • the two nations have had no fresh conflict over the sharing of river waters for more than five decades, differences cropped up after Pakistan opposed the construction of the Kishenganga (330 MW) and Ratle (850 MW) power plants by India on the Jhelum and Chenab in Jammu and Kashmir, over which Pakistan has unrestricted rights under the treaty.

  • Even before Partition, the Indus had created problems among the states of British India. The problems became international after the creation of two nations as the political boundary was drawn right across the Indus basin. The World Bank (then IBRD), under the presidency of Eugene Black, helped in 1952 to settle the dispute between the two nations on the sharing of the Indus river basin waters.

  • According to the IWT, India has control over three eastern rivers of the Indus basin — the Beas, the Ravi and the Sutlej — and Pakistan has control over the three western rivers — the Indus, the Chenab and the Jhelum. All six rivers flow from India to Pakistan.

G.S.-03 current affairs notes.

  • Drug menace and problem of youth unrest in Punjab

  • Drug problem in Punjab start with green revolution in 1967 with high yielding varieties

  • This revolution led to increasing farm income to farmer > youth don’t want to work but go to drug addiction

  • Neighbor country golden triangle also under this area providing drug to this area

  • This drug issue plus over exploitation of soil led to lower production with higher debt situation

  • Youth don’t want to work and debt crisis increasing so youth turned to radical activity for the instant earning.

  • Now green revolution turning into black revolution in society so new government formed special task force to make this work efficient.

  • How to eliminate TB by 2025

  • At the end of 50 years of tuberculosis control activities, the disease remains a major health challenge in India. As per new estimates, the number of new cases every year has risen to 2.8 million and mortality is put at 4,80,000 each year. These figures may go up when the national TB prevalence survey is undertaken in 2017-18.

  • Though the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) has treated 10 million patients, the rate of decline has been slow. Providing universal access to early diagnosis and treatment and improving case detection were the main goals of the national strategic plan 2012-17. But RNTCP failed on both counts, as the Joint Monitoring Mission report of 2015 pointed out. Going by the current rate of decline, India is far from reaching the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals — reducing the number of deaths by 90% and TB incidence by 80% compared with 2015.

  • Radical approaches are needed to come anywhere close to reaching these ambitious targets. Most importantly, the TB control programme plans to do away with the strategy of waiting for patients to walk in to get tested and instead engage in detecting more cases, both drug sensitive and drug-resistant.

  • The other priority is to provide antiTB treatment — irrespective of where patients seek care from, public or private — and ensure that they complete the treatment. For the first time, the TB control programme talks of having in place patient-friendly systems to provide treatment and social support.