UPSC IAS DAILY CAPSULE @ 7PM- April 10 [PIB,Hindu notes & MCQ]

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General Studies-01

100 years of Champaran Satyagraha[PIB]

  • Champaran satyagraha is the major historical event of indian national movement and first satyagraha by the gandhiji.

  • In 1917 during the first world war Britain government lose some territory which have potential to grow neel or die

  • This dye can be grown in area with humidity and tropical climate like gangetic plain with river sediment that make it more fertile

  • Rajedraprasad of the bihar request gandhi to visit bihar because of grave condition of the farmer due to teenkathiya system

  • According to this system farmer have to grow indigo in 1/3 part of the farm and lower price of the final product

  • This satyagraha never fought but gandhiji ordered volunteer to gather information about condition of the farmer and than give to district administration that means gandhiji believe in rule of law of the Britain colonialism.

General Studies-02

Inter-State Council {PIB}

  • Inter state council is the constitutional body under article 263 that provide for the better cooperation among state and cooperative federalism

  • All the state and union territory given representation as member and centralpreside as chairman of this council

  • This council decide over mutual solution of the interstate problem

Security Features of The ECI-EVMs {PIB}

  • In the recent past, there have been some queries in the minds of common people about the security features of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) of Election Commission of India (ECI). The Election Commission has, time and again, stated that ECI-EVMs and its systems are robust, secure and tamper-proof. 

  • Tampering means alteration in the software program written either on existing microchips of Control Unit (CU) or introducing malicious software program by inserting new microchips in CU and also making keys – pressed in Ballot Unit (BU) not record faithfully in the Control Unit.

When by election become problem

  • When any seat in state and central legislative body become vacant than by election held by the election commission

  • When any seat become vacant then according to provision of the representation of the people act there should be by election within six month of the time

  • When money or muscle power use to allure voter than election commission itself can declare election of that area as null and void an cancelled

  • In india there are no lower limit of vote casting means any percentage of the voter turnout is valid like if there is only less than 10% vote it is also valid

A case of Aadhaar

  • Aadhaar is the name given to the unique identification program of the by government of india

  • This Aadhaar have person biometric information that can be used for the direct benefit transfer to the targeted person

  • But without legislation government can not use person information because it will be breach of the fundamental right of the person under right to privacy guaranteed under indian constitution

  • Government presented this bill as money bill to give them constitutional status but there are also breach of the constitutional provision because of definition of money bill not given under article 110 and decision of the speaker become final in the case of the money bill or not

  • This decision can not be questioned in judiciary that bill is money bill or not and rajyasabha have limited power in the matter of the money bill

General Studies-03

Mass hatching and olive ridley turtle

  • Olive ridley turtle is the one of the marine turtle species which is now listed as endangered species of IUCN

  • This turtle every year come at east cost or uttar sarkar coast fo mass hatchin near rushikulya or gahirmatha coast

  • River bed sand dunes on the coast provide best situation for the development of the egg because of the less salinity in it

  • This year also lakhs of turtle come to give egg but this turtle in endangered list because of the lower percentage of the turtle could survive

CURRENT AFFAIRS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

 

Q.1 consider the following statement about Champaran satyagraha is/are correct

1. it was first satyagraha by mahatma gandhi

2. it was against teenkathiya system

3. gandhiji was on fast unto death

A. 1 2 only

B. 1 3 only

C. 2 3 only

D. all of the above

Correct answer : Option A

Q.2 what do you understand by the term teenkathiya system

1. farmer have to grow any commercial crop in 1/3 land

2. gandhi opposed it in the form of satyagraha

3. Champaran Satyagraha which was fought against it was not any fight in reality

A. 1 2 only

B. 2 3 only

C. 1 2 3 only

D. none of the above

Correct answer : Option C

Q.3 consider the following statement about interstate council is/are correct

1. it is constitutional body

2. only state have representation in it

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct answer : Option A

Q.4 consider the following statement about olive ridley turtle is/are correct

1. it is listed as endangered species under IUCN

2. mass hatching site can be found in all over indian coast

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct answer : Option A

Q.5 consider the following statement about money bill in indian constitution

1. it is define under article 110

2. speaker decision about money bill is final and can not be review in court

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

Correct answer : Option C

 

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