[PIB notes, Hindu notes & Prelims quiz] IASTODAY DAILY CAPSULE @ 7PM-JUNE 20 2017

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General Studies-02

President election

  • Election of president managed by three member body called election commission established by constitution for fair and free election practices.
  • For person to be eligible for president election ; he must be an indian citizen, 35 year of age and eligible to be member of lok sabha.
  • Election of president being held with system of single transferable voting system in which person have to get more than 50 % share of vote till that counting of preference being done.
  • Voting value and electoral college is as follow

mind map President election

Legislation and legality

  • Recently some cases before supreme are real test of supreme court as guardian of constitution.
  • PAN and Aadhaar case presents a complex scenario of legality of money bill as Aadhaar system and person right to privacy.
  • In another incident PAN has been mandatory for income tax filing under section of income tax act.
  • These two cases present dilemma before court; so it is called hard cases as there is no way solution clearly.
  • Making Aadhaar compulsory is unconstitutional at income tax filing because Aadhaar law also stated that enrollment for Aadhaar is voluntary for person.

Crisis in Gorkhaland

  • Gorkhaland present a district of state with 2 % area and population of state but gives 15 % contribution in state revenue.
  • This mismatch is revenue distribution in developmental work worsen the formula of public fund management and inclusive/equal development.
  • This crisis start from time of colonialism after commercial plantation activity made regional economical empowerment
  • Government formulated Gorkhaland territorial administration like body which have more regional power and autonomy than any other local body.

Lesson to investigate and prevent terror attack

  • Army personal only have role to prevent potential dangerous person to country border but internal security rest with state police at local level.
  • With the time of digital revolution idea which had no political or geographical border & every state government should make its police system technology savvy and skilled.

 

General Studies-03

Khanderi submarine

  • This scorpene class submarine start its operation without AIP system that was developed by DRDO.
  • Khanderi submarine named after off shore island fort of Maratha king Shivaji the great.
  • Air independent propulsion is technique developed by DRDO but this submarine didn’t used it
  • By that it can stay in water for longer period of time.

Disaster preparedness

  • In the time of disaster management some words and work have vital place like preparedness, prevention, awareness, rehabilitation etc.
  • Preparedness to disaster is creative step because it can prevent harmful effect to human as well as established infrastructure
  • There is also need to specify definition of disaster with changing time and nature of disaster
  • It is state responsibility and citizens duty to be ready for disaster and prevent it as much as possible
  • Community led mock drill is innovative idea to create environment of disaster and give people sense on how to react on that particular event.
  • In india , all these work should begin with zoning of disaster and making people aware about that disaster mechanism in that particular job.
  • Local body, state and center should also coordinate with each other.

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