jallikattu-Everything you need to know?

jallikattu-Everything you need to know?

Current affairs, General Studies, Prelims UPSC, Read Hindu

What is jallikattu?-Detailed analysis

Prelims : Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
Mains : GS 1 Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
GS 2 Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

What is jallikattu?

jallikattu-Everything you need to knowJallikattu also known as Eruthazhuvuthal or Manju virattu, is an event held in Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations on Mattu Pongal day. Bulls are bred specifically by people of the village for the event and attended mainly by many villages’ temple bulls (koil kaalai). A temple bull is like the head of all cattle in a village; special rituals will be performed for this temple bull during important days. During the event, prizes are announced to encourage the youth to participate. After the event, tamed weak bulls are used for domestic activities and agriculture, meanwhile the untameable strong bulls are used for breeding the cows. It is said to be ingenious where both sport and preservation of Ecosystem works well together. Jallikattu has been known to be practised during the Tamil classical period. It was common among the ancient people aayars who lived in the ‘Mullai’ geographical division of the ancient Tamil country

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What explains the protests in Tamil Nadu?

    On January 14 last year, the Supreme Court passed an interim order banning Jallikattu — a traditional bull-taming sport practised by agrarian communities in the central and south Tamil Nadu districts of Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Theni, Pudukkottai and Dindigul — citing cruelty to the animals. Since the festival is usually held in the second week of January to coincide with the harvest festival of Pongal, Jallikattu supporters approached the apex court again, seeking an urgent hearing, but the Supreme Court refused to entertain them. That set off stray protests in the state’s ‘Jallikattu belt’. The immediate trigger for the state-wide protests was the arrest of 200 youngsters who were protesting against the Jallikattu ban at Alanganallur in Madurai district on January 16. The arrests sparked off a social media campaign, leading to protests across the state, with around 6,000 people turning up at Chennai’s Marina Beach alone by Tuesday evening.

The deeper issue with jallikettu

While the ban on Jallikattu was what held them together, many of the protesters at Marina Beach said their anger was the result of pent-up frustration against what they saw as a threat to “Tamil identity”. They point to the Centre’s recent demonetisation move and the Supreme Court’s order on the national anthem as decisions “imposed” on them.

What is the background to the court’s ban on Jallikattu?

    Legal battles over Jallikattu have pit animal activists against bull owners since the early 1990s.  Several cases have been fought over the issue. In May 2014, on a petition by PETA and the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), the Supreme Court upheld the 2011 notification and said, “Bulls cannot be allowed as performing animals, either for Jallikattu events or bullock-cart races in the state of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra or elsewhere in the country.” In January 2016, ahead of Tamil Nadu Assembly elections, the Centre, seeking to overturn the SC ban, modified its 2011 notification and issued a new one which said Jallikattu can be held in 2016. After AWBI and PETA challenged the Centre’s move in SC, the court gave an interim stay, preventing Jallikattu.

What are the arguments against Jallikattu?

    The two parties who have opposed Jallikattu in court, AWBI and PETA, had submitted various reports, affidavits and photographs to prove “cruelty” involved in the event. The AWBI argued that Jallikattu bulls are “physically and mentally tortured” for “human pleasure”. By no stretch of imagination, AWBI said, can it be said that Jallikattu or bullock-cart races have any historical, cultural or religious significance, either in Tamil Nadu or in Maharashtra, and argued that the Prevention of Cruelty Against Animals Act should supersede any such practices.

What do supporters have to say?

we need jallikattuJallikattu organisers, and now the protesters, argue that the ‘sport’ is a way of life in these parts and that it is a tradition that goes back over 2,000 years. They counter the cruelty argument by saying that Jallikattu bulls are specifically identified, trained and nourished for these events and that owners spend considerable amount money for their upkeep. More often than not, they say, the bulls are part of the farmer’s family and they wouldn’t subject the animals to any cruelty. Besides, they say, banning Jallikattu will destroy the native breed since the sport is probably the only reason farmers keep these animals. For some years now, with modernisation and farm mechanisation, the native breeds of Tamil Nadu such as Kangayam and Pulikulam have been under threat. The ban on Jallikattu, say activists, will complete the rout.

What’s next?

    Supporters of Jallikattu are banking on an early hearing and a favourable verdict from the Supreme Court or the Centre issuing an Ordinance to bring back Jallikattu. With the Centre on Thursday turning down Chief Minister O Panneerselvam’s request for an Ordinance, the protests have intensified. The state has already sought legal opinion on passing a law with immediate effect. “This is to facilitate Jallikattu within a few days. If there are no larger consequences to such a law, we will go ahead,” said a source. Top AIADMK leaders say that if the government cannot facilitate the event, the party will do it. “Let the government then appoint a Village Administrative Officer to probe the violation, let the police register a case in the local magistrate court and let the law take its course. Even if the Centre and SC are indifferent, we cannot ignore this problem or suppress it using force,” says a leader.

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The way forward

    Whatever the views of the youth taking part in the demonstration, jallikattu in its present form is of relatively recent origin, intended to make bulls run amok for the sake of spectacle. Instead of the traditional form of one man against one animal, latter-day jallikattu is a mass-participant ritual of hundreds of men chasing a bull and trying to hold on to its hump or stop it by pulling at or twisting its tail. Few other feudal traditions have survived in modern, progressive India in the name of masculine valour and cultural pride. When the Supreme Court banned this spectacle that took a heavy toll on both the animals and the human participants, it did so after attempts at its regulation and the orderly conduct of this “sport” were deemed a failure. In 2013, under the watch of the Animal Welfare Board of India, the onus was on the State of Tamil Nadu to ensure that jallikattu did not violate the provisions of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. But, the opportunity to ensure a jallikattu that was free of cruelty to the animals and injuries to the participating youth was frittered away. Efforts that are now on to nullify the effect of the Supreme Court judgment through the ordinance route thus carry a serious risk of judicial reproach. The proper course for the Centre and the State government is to persuade the Supreme Court that a jallikattu that does not involve, or at least almost eliminates, cruelty to animals and that guarantees the safety of spectators and participants alike is indeed possible. It is all right if popular sentiment can influence legislation, but it cannot undermine the rule of law.

Prelims Perspective

There may be a question on Jallikattu, the features of the sport etc.

Mains Perspective

It is all right if popular sentiment can influence legislation, but it cannot undermine the rule of law. Examine the validity of the statement in the context of protests associated with Jallikkattu

Ordinance to clear path for holding Jallikattu

The Centre cleared the Tamil Nadu government’s proposal to promulgate an ordinance to hold Jallikattu, a bull taming traditional sport in TN.

The union home ministry had earlier sent the draft submitted by the State to the Environment and Law Ministries for their response.

The state government can now promulgate it by either introducing it as a bill in the state assembly or it can be approved by the state cabinet. It will no longer need a presidential assent.

Rationale behind the ordinance:

* Since the subject falls in the Concurrent list of the Constitution, it was mandatory to get approval from the Centre.
* On receiving a reply from the concerned ministries, the home ministry gave its clearance.
* The ban on Jallikattu was challenged as it was considered against the fundamental, religious and cultural rights of the people of Tamil Nadu, especially when farmers treat bulls and cows as a part of their families.

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Various aspects associated with the issue:

* The Union home minister earlier attacked the former government for including bulls in the list of animals that are prohibited from being exhibited or trained as performing animals.
* Animal activists have raised concerns as they consider Jallikattu as an act of cruelty against animals
* Earlier the supreme court has agreed on deferring its judgement on the validity of governments notification on the issue. This was in response to a plea by the center which sought a status quo on the issue.
* The issue has led to agitations in the state and a status quo will prevent the situation from becoming worse.
* The Court had banned the event in 2014 and declared it as an act that is inherently cruel against bulls. A review petition filed by the Tamil Nadu government against the judgment was also dismissed by the apex court.

The Centre had argued against absolute prohibition in the case. In a plea before the court, the government has sought certain degree of flexibility on the contentious issue. The government had contended that the sport was intrinsically linked to rural life in Tamil Nadu and the government cannot shed their centuries old tradition.

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Cryogenic stage-Achievements of Indians in science & technology

Cryogenic stage-Achievements of Indians in science & technology

General Studies, Prelims UPSC

What is Cryogenic stage for India?

Prelims : General Science.
Mains : GS 2 Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Highlights of Cryogenic stage

Cryogenic stage-Achievements of Indians in science & technologyThe cryogenic stage and the entire launch vehicle’s readiness is closer to fruition after the engine, technically called CE20, passed the ‘high altitude flight acceptance test’ lasting about 25 seconds at Mahendragiri in mid-December. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans to fly its new launch vehicle powered by this new engine around March, and send the 3,200 kg GSAT-19 communication satellite to space on it. MkIII, when it completes trials and commences functioning in the coming years, will double ISRO’s lifting power for communications satellites to 4,000 kilos. The cryogenic stage is vital for a GSLV rocket as it gets its final and biggest push in space from this stage; it can take a big communications satellite to higher reaches of 36,000 km above ground.

The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (Launch Vehicle Mark 3, LVM3 or GSLV-III)

    LVM 3 is a heavy launch capability launcher being developed by ISRO. It is intended to launch satellites into geostationary orbit and as a launcher for an Indian crew vehicle. It will allow India to achieve complete self reliance in launching satellites as it will be capable of placing 4 tonne class Geosynchronous satellites into orbit. The LVM3 will have an Indian built cryogenic stage with higher capacity than GSLV.

Cryogenics rocket Engine

A cryogenic rocket engine is a rocket engine that uses a cryogenic fuel or oxidizer, that is, its fuel or oxidizer (or both) are gases liquefied and stored at very low temperatures.

Prelims perspective

Similar Questions [UPSC Prelims 2016]

With reference to `Astrosat’, the astronomical observatory launched by India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

    Other than USA and Russia, India is the only country to have launched a similar observatory into space.
Astrosat is a 2000 kg satellite placed in an orbit at 1650 km above the surface of the Earth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: D

Mains perspective.

    Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its Socio-economic development? [UPSC Mains 2016]

Sources: The Hindu ISRO Wikipedia Wikipedia

eMigrate project-Impact on Indians

eMigrate project-Impact on Indians

Current affairs, General Studies, Prelims UPSC

what is eMigrate project?

Prelims : Current events of national and international importance.
Mains : GS 2 Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

eMigrate project-Impact on IndiansIt is aimed at protecting the rights of Indian workers in the Gulf eMigrate project is a transformational initiative of the Overseas Employment Division of MEA, Government of India, to automate the current emigration processes and eco-system. This e-governance program aims to transform emigration into a simple, transparent, orderly and humane process. The eMigrate system fully automates the operations of various offices and all key stakeholders in the emigration lifecycle Through the e-migrate system instant action against recruiting agents whenever they break rules.

The key highlights of eMIGRATE system

    Public website for the general public to access the services offered by Overseas Employment Division of MEA. Apart from this Prospective Recruiting Agents (RA) can apply for registration, Prospective Employers and Project Exporters (PE) can     apply for accreditation through this website. Emigrant can also apply for direct Emigrant registration through this public website. In addition Emigrant grievance and Information about an Emigrant eventuality can be submitted on this website. Restricted Website for all the Internal Users (PoE offices PGoE office, Indian Missions, Consulates, OWRC) and Partners (Registered Recruiting Agents, Project Exporters and Foreign Employers). Integration with Passport System for validation of Emigrant’s passport details Online payment of application processing fee, if applicable Integration with Insurance Companies Systems for validation of Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojna (PBBY) policy details Use of Digital Signatures for ensuring source authentication, data integrity and ensuring non-repudiation of     digitally signed documents Electronic Emigration Clearance Integration with Bureau of Immigation (BoI) system for validation of Emigrant’s Emigration Clearance status at International Airport Helpline to provide support to various users

Why eMigrate system was introduced?

    Videos on social media showing hardships of workers, reports regarding domestic abuse of Indian and other south Asian workers and of violation of workers’ rights and salary denial in some of the major countries in the Gulf region prompted government to introduce a system to take care of the needs of Indian diaspora. e-migrate system was being geared up to prevent workers from landing in financial difficulties.

Prelims perspective

Model questions

With reference to ‘e-migrate project ‘, sometimes seen in the news, which of the statements given below is/are correct?

    The project aims to automate the current emigration processes and eco-system.
It is aimed at protecting the rights of Indian workers in the Gulf
It will help in taking instant action against recruiting agents whenever they break rules.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) All the above

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1 and 3 only

Mains Perspective

Model questions

Write a short analytical note on Indian Diaspora. How is the “New Diaspora” different from the “Old Diaspora”? [UPSC Mains 2012]

Sources: The Hindu eMigrate

How to fight pollution in Delhi

Current affairs, General Studies, Secure Synopsis

Pollution in Delhi is a growing emergency and could reach real dangerous levels if treated with the usual sluggish, ad hoc measures. Discuss alternative measures to such as odd-even scheme to fight pollution in Delhi ?

Reference:-The Indian Express

Topic: Urbanization – problems and remedies

Delhi pollution_remedies-UPSCMajor Indian cities are facing an urgent need to check pollution levels to provide a healthy environment to it’s citizens. Various laws like Environment Protection Act 1986 , Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981…etc are already in place to check this menace but little success has been achieved so far. Heart of the nation has been struggling for fresh air in the closed gas chamber,But recently the dangerous level of PM particles raises an alarm to either continuing this state of emergency(closed schools,offices etc) by sticking to the sluggish measures or to approach for more effective long term solution.Alternative methods that could help are:

In case of vehicular pollution in Delhi

Adoption of Car Pool Lane (CPL)/ High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) as in US, Canada which encourages people to car pool instead of commuting solo.

A congestion charge may be levied on vehicles entering congested areas as in Stockholm, to discourage them from using vehicles during peak hours.

Government subsidy on sustainable , non-polluting transportation choices like cycles, electric cars which have zero emissions.

Encouraging people to opt for public transport. Making it free of charge for a few days can make it an attractive choice.

Awareness among people must be increased by organizing cycling marathon etc.

Impose Fine on Single travellers in Cars: Mostly, cars with one travellers are visible on roads results pollution and traffic jams.Hence, imposing tax on lack of fundamental duty towards environment should be created.

Companies providing work-from-home option to their employees could be given tax exemptions to encourage more companies to follow the suit.

Adopting BH-6 can also be a good leap towards.

Restricting old poor conditioned vehicles…etc

In case of Industrial pollution in delhi

Heavy tax on industries: which are discharging their waste directly in freshwater sources such as in Yamuna River.

Polluting industries should be relocated outside City and those industries should be convinced to reduce their pollution to as low as possible and Complying the industries to have pollution control equipments.

Stringent measures to check plastic burning and discharge of industrial effluents in the water bodies.

Tax exemptions needs to be provided for industries which will take measures to reduce its waste release.

Stringent policies of NGT and penalties against the wrongdoers like cancellation of license,fines etc., Compulsory CSR for environmental protection.

-Burning of crops in vicinity areas which add to Delhi’s pollution woes.

Sensitising farmers about damage caused to land fertility and pollution due to burning.

Modifying crop harvesting machines so they don’t leave much residue.

Adopting new croping pattern in punjab and haryana, as economic survey 2013-14 said horticulture
mexico model of geo engineering where metro pillars designed to increase green cover

Using crop residues in power plants & providing proper management of crop residue.

Provide subscidies or technical support for farmers to have alternate ways beyond buring straws.

OTHER: loss of vegetation cover,trees,throwing of litters openly on roads, road dust, etc.

proper waste management; nudging people towards trees plantation;proper disposal of wastes.

routine vaccum cleaning of roads ;proper implementation of SWACHH BHARAT MISSION,NIRMAL BHARAT MISSION etc.

Adopting best practices from the world. Super Tree technology of Peru can be adopted, by using a air filtration system to remove CO2 from the air, Road space rationing as implemented in Mexico and Beijing.

Government should imply on private companies to encourage work from home benefits for decrease in pollution and cost for private companies.

Restriction can be put in advance of festival times announcement through radio ; social media to maintain overall level of pollution on lump basis under control.

According to article 51A(g) of constitution , every citizen has a duty to protect and improve the environment. Hence a behavioural change of the citizen is required to curb pollution. Implement the swachh bharat,PAHAL in letter and spirit. NGO,civil society ,media awareness etc. can play an important role.

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MASTER CRUX compilation-2017 january

Current affairs, General Studies, Secure Synopsis

General Studies – 1;

Topic: Urbanization – problems and remedies

1) Pollution in Delhi is a growing emergency and could reach real dangerous levels if treated with the usual sluggish, ad hoc measures. Discuss alternative measures to such as odd-even scheme to fight pollution in Delhi. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

Major Indian cities are facing an urgent need to check pollution levels to provide a healthy environment to it’s citizens. Various laws like Environment Protection Act 1986 , Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981…etc are already in place to check this menace but little success has been achieved so far. Heart of the nation has been struggling for fresh air in the closed gas chamber,But recently the dangerous level of PM particles raises an alarm to either continuing this state of emergency(closed schools,offices etc) by sticking to the sluggish measures or to approach for more effective long term solution.Alternative methods that could help are:

In case of vehicular pollution

Adoption of Car Pool Lane (CPL)/ High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) as in US, Canada which encourages people to car pool instead of commuting solo.

A congestion charge may be levied on vehicles entering congested areas as in Stockholm, to discourage them from using vehicles during peak hours.

Government subsidy on sustainable , non-polluting transportation choices like cycles, electric cars which have zero emissions.

Encouraging people to opt for public transport. Making it free of charge for a few days can make it an attractive choice.

Awareness among people must be increased by organizing cycling marathon etc.

Impose Fine on Single travellers in Cars: Mostly, cars with one travellers are visible on roads results pollution and traffic jams.Hence, imposing tax on lack of fundamental duty towards environment should be created.

Companies providing work-from-home option to their employees could be given tax exemptions to encourage more companies to follow the suit.

Adopting BH-6 can also be a good leap towards.

Restricting old poor conditioned vehicles…etc

In case of Industrial pollution

Heavy tax on industries: which are discharging their waste directly in freshwater sources such as in Yamuna River.

Polluting industries should be relocated outside City and those industries should be convinced to reduce their pollution to as low as possible and Complying the industries to have pollution control equipments.

Stringent measures to check plastic burning and discharge of industrial effluents in the water bodies.

Tax exemptions needs to be provided for industries which will take measures to reduce its waste release.

Stringent policies of NGT and penalties against the wrongdoers like cancellation of license,fines etc., Compulsory CSR for environmental protection.

-Burning of crops in vicinity areas which add to Delhi’s pollution woes.

Sensitising farmers about damage caused to land fertility and pollution due to burning.

Modifying crop harvesting machines so they don’t leave much residue.

Adopting new croping pattern in punjab and haryana, as economic survey 2013-14 said horticulture
mexico model of geo engineering where metro pillars designed to increase green cover

Using crop residues in power plants & providing proper management of crop residue.

Provide subscidies or technical support for farmers to have alternate ways beyond buring straws.

OTHER: loss of vegetation cover,trees,throwing of litters openly on roads, road dust, etc.

proper waste management; nudging people towards trees plantation;proper disposal of wastes.

routine vaccum cleaning of roads ;proper implementation of SWACHH BHARAT MISSION,NIRMAL BHARAT MISSION etc.

Adopting best practices from the world. Super Tree technology of Peru can be adopted, by using a air filtration system to remove CO2 from the air, Road space rationing as implemented in Mexico and Beijing.

Government should imply on private companies to encourage work from home benefits for decrease in pollution and cost for private companies.

Restriction can be put in advance of festival times announcement through radio ; social media to maintain overall level of pollution on lump basis under control.

Acc to article 51A(g) of constitution , every citizen has a duty to protect and improve the environment. Hence a behavioural change of the citizen is required to curb pollution. Implement the swachh bharat,PAHAL in letter and spirit. NGO,civil society ,media awareness etc. can play an important role.


Topic:  Urbanization – problems and remedies

2) Discuss the significance and feasibility of New Delhi’s decision to make iconic Connaught Place a pedestrian zone and keep out cars and other vehicles from its middle and inner circle roads.

The Hindu

The govt. recently decided to make Connaught Place a pedestrian zone and keep out cars and other vehicles from its middle and inner circle roads during a three months trial programme.The decision to ‘pedestrianise’ the circular roads of the Connaught Place is a welcome step towards decongestion and pollution level reduction.

Significance of the move:

(a) It will provide safe, comfortable and accessible experience for walkers. Adding fountains as humidifiers, public plazas, light and sound shows are inexpensive provisions which will supplement the aesthetics of the area.It will decrease the congestion due to the vehicles.Pollutions due to vehicles will be reduces.
(b) The pilot project will decide the feasibility of such move and will act as a precedence for other municipal bodies to implement the same in their cities.
(c) Increased use of bicycles and walking will induce a behavioral change among the citizens which will have health benefits.

SOCIAL: It will provide a safe, comfortable and accessible experience for walkers

-less pedestrian injuries
-Unclogged landmarks
-Improved aesthetic experience
-ECONOMIC: Better walking + public infrastructure attract more people -> improve local economy
-ENVIRONMENTAL: Curb on vehicles -> less emissions -> clean air

Success of this step will help in planning decongestion of other cities of India

Feasibility of the move:
The popular conservative opinion states that such unclogging measures are pernicious to economy and efficiency. But the experience from Times Square, New York; Central Avenue, Madrid shows that better walking and availability of food plazas and shops attract more people improving the local economy.

Government has taken a laudable step that can deliver dividends and wider social benefits :
-Cooperation is required across all the quarters (public, shopkeepers).
-Expand pedestrian pavements and facilitate the use of bicycles on priority basis.
-Take cue from global cities like New York that has pedestrianised Times Square (iconic landmark).
-Spread awareness about the pros of this decision -> remove doubts that it is not detrimental to economy.

Way forward:

-The idea is novel and tested as seen from the global experience.
-It will supplement “Rahgiri’ type of citizenry claim on public places.
-Related issues can be resolved as was done in several countries.

Every person has “right to breathe fresh air” and this move has to be complemented with other technological and innovative policy solutions to return this right to citizens.Stiff concession charge can be levied on personal vehicles entering the designated areas and it should the mandated by law that proceeds from them goes to providing better facilities to pedestrians. More people centric ideas like fountains can be set up. Use of bicycles can be promoted. Besides, other state governments should also make similar efforts in order to unclog the highly congested areas in their cities.


General Studies – 2;Secure synopsis 2017

Topic : Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) Discuss various socio-economic and political challenges faced by Indian diaspora living in West Asia, the US, Canada and the UK.   (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

The Indian Diaspora is a generic term to describe the people who migrated from territories that are currently within the borders of the Republic of India.It also refers to their descendants.Although the diaspora covers practically every part of the world, it faces several challenges:

West Asia:
1. Indian have been attracted due to Oil boom during 1970s however the price of oil is falling (Shale Gas boom) and their economy is in distress today leading to job cuts.
2. Rising instability due Shia – Sunni conflicts and radical Islamism is a direct threat to security of Indias.
3. Indians have performed menial jobs in Middle East and today Nepalis and Bangladeshis are more competitive by accepting lower wages .
4. Regressive and ego crushing policies like employer seizing the travel documents upon arrival.
5. Scope of intellectual development limited due to monarchies and less non-oil based economy.
United States:
1.Racism-though eradicated by law not eradicated by hearts of people causing troubles.
2.Rightward shift of US and rising protectionism poses a threat our diaspora.
3.Diaspora have good political involvement there even Indian origin people are placed in Trump’s selection of cabinet,gives us some cautious satisfaction.

Canada:
1.Climate poses a challenge because transformation from tropical to temperate country becomes difficult.
2.Politically active diaspora with more sikhs in their ministry and recent apology by the Canadian Prime minister about Gomakatamaru incident shows that we are warmly welcomed there and comparatively less challenge for us here.
3.Colonial attitude towards Indians is an issue but the situation is changing.

United Kingdom:
1.Brexit-a threat to globalisation and multiculturalism.
2.As Britain is our so called colonial master an inferior attitude towards us.
3.Economic instability and slow recovery from subprime crisis also poses us some economic challenges.

Indian Diaspora spread the Indian Culture and traditions abroad benefitting India in general and send back remittances back home helping the foreign exchange reserves in particular. But they face several problems abroad which can be classified as:

Socio-economic problems:
(a) The slow down on oil prices coupled with cheap labor from Bngladesh, Nepal etc have jeopardized the earnings of skilled and un-skilled workers living in West Asia.
(b) The inhumane behavior of employers against workers in West Asia and the much debated kafala system jeopardizes the life of workers and honor of India as a nation.
(c) They find it hard to integrate in the culture of the nations abroad attracting disapproval from the locals.

Political problems:

(a) “Arabisation” of jobs in the west Asian countries, bill for stricter H1B visa norms in the US parliament, president-elect Donald Trump’s call to channel more jobs to Americans and revision of visa norms in UK post brexit might hit the Indian Diaspora hard, specially the IT professionals.

(b)The Indian Diapora is an asset to countries abroad and the ferrying of plantation workers in colonial era and recent brain drain has definitely benefitted the world as seen through Persons of Indian Origin heading governments in Mauritius, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana etc and the volume of Indians at leading positions in Silicon Valley.
21st century will be a challenging year for our diaspora due to a rightward shift that the developed world is witnessing,hence raising number of diplomats,strengthening our foreign policy etc are needed to meet our challenges.It is time that the Indian government rises for their cause abroad to make world respect the wider presence of India and also harness their intellectual capacities for benefit of the nation.


Secure synopsis january 2017

Topic:  e-Governance; Poverty

4) Will Aadhaar help the poor become cashless? Critically analyse.

Livemint

 

The Aadhar is first of its kind initiative in the world, to provide a unique identity to each citizen of the country. Due to the recent event of demonetisation, the importance of digital economy has increased manifold and Aadhar can help it in becoming a reality, through the following ways:

Advantages

1.Aadhaar offers a digitally verifiable identity, which made it possible for those enrolled to change cash at an enabled banking facility.Key component of person identification due to ease of access and ease of use.

2.Since Aadhar will be linked to every scheme in future so beneficiaries once under it will move towards cashless transaction since directly they will be paid with transparency and no leakages.

3.Since a new ordinance says to send employee salary directly into their account in informal sector Aadhar card e-KYC and band accounts when linked with it will help for financial inclusion.
4. Single number for all government benefit schemes, DBT, subsidies to prevent leakage

5. Bringing informal economy into banking through cashless transaction.
6. Does not require any pre-requisites for usage, like a password or username, so it can be used easily by the majority population.

7. MORE CONVENIENCE:- People can link their Aadhaar with their bank accounts and use Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS) for funds transfer, balance enquiry, cash deposits or withdrawals and inter-banking transactions.
8. MAKE PAYMENT FOR PURCHASE:- As almost 90% population have Aadhaar card, an AEPS will help poor people to make payments for day to day need easy.
8.EASE OF MAKING PAYMENT:- People can now pay using aadhar card. There would be no need to have plastic money or e wallets.
9. No need for queues outside ATMs,no cashout during long holidays, no waiting for a deposited cheque to be credited, no risk of carrying currency notes in the wallet.

But some drawbacks are coinside:

1.Technology failures & Security: India’s cyber security does not stand up to the best in the world, as has been seen in the recent bank accounts hacking incident. Technology constraints-space for digital transaction, secure firewall,how to overcome with cyber theft is another constraint.

2.Illiteracy– Opening a bank account requires paperwork that many vulnerable citizens do not know how to get since illiterate.
3. Infrastructure- dependent on access to the Internet penetration which is minimal (rank 138 ICT development Index), further electricity issue,only 17% of the Indian population has smartphones,reliable digital infrastructure etc are concerns to look for.

4.Biometric identification: It has been seen that some aged people don’t have fingerprints, which makes them unable to avail the facility

5. Low penetration of existing options: Only 17% in India own smart-phone, which implies all wallet businesses like Paytm have got very limited opportunities in rural economy.

6.Limited access to digital space:India does not have 100% internet coverage, which can limit the usability of Aadhar as a tool for cashless economy Aadhar has still not been issued to all citizens. Low Internet penetration in rural India.

7.Lack of awareness among rural people.If people don’t have pre-requisite knowledge of cashless transactions, they are liable to be duped by others.

8.Aadhar card is only issued to 90 cr Indians, leaving aside around 35 cr outside it.

9.Aadhar have limitation is updating details of dead persons sue to which it can be misused.

Aadhar is a good move by GOI with more penetration, better digital infrastructure, implementation of project LOON and better BC model and collaboration with CERT can help in more sustainable and more inclusive growth.GOI has recently asked mobile manufacturers if they could introduce features like iris retina scanner to make aadhar enabled cashless transactions more secure.So, there is a need to issue Aadhar card to all and also educate people regarding operation of digital accounts, which can make them use the Aadhar card efficiently.

Therefore in order to promote Aadhar GOI should 1) Extend Aadhar to all citizens 2) Linking banking with Aadhar 3) Tackling other operational challenges like data updation 4) Working with CERT, NATGRID teams for data security and better access. Aadharr will be revolution is successfully implemented.


Secure synopsis 2017 january

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations

5) China has been active in increasing its bilateral cooperation with Nepalese army in recent years. Should India be worried? How should India deal with Nepalese army? Critically comment.

The Indian Express

Nepal is a buffer state between India and China. It is extremely important both for our internal and external security as India shares open border with Nepal. The present nature geo-politics is such that any gain made by China vis-à-vis Nepal will come at the cost of India. This will hurt our economic and political interests.

India should be little worried because:

  1. China has great influence over almost all neighbors due to muscle and money power and Nepal will not hesitate to use China card against India.
  2. Nepal is a part of India’s strategic space, as there is an open border regime and a buffer state.China’s growing military relations with Nepal when seen with increasing presence in TIbet and CPEC are definitely a concern.
  3. It is also a boost to aggressive policy of china in SAARC.Greater pressure for entry in the SAARC given that India is only country oppose china’s entry.

4. Our economic interests are undermined as China planning huge infra projects in nepal that dilutes our leverage as supplier and also use of Nepal as a market for products

4. Nepal’s maoists insurgency is a big threat for India’s security concerns and China’s engagement will only aggravate this threat

  1. China’s intentions in form of string of pearl are already looked with suspicions and Nepal ‘s position as a buffer state is likely to be exploited by china to make India more vulnerable.
  2. want to get good reach in Nepal’s market. it may hamper india’s economic interests because currently India is in dominant Position.

Beyond this,

Nepal is proposing to amend the 1950 Peace and Friendship treaty with India which makes it mandatory for Nepal to inform or receive consent from India for military hardware purchase. An amendment will lead to independent decision making on security issues which again may be a concern to India’s security.

Increasing bilateral cooperation of China with Nepal also has to been seen in larger context of China’s influence among SAARC nation and south Asia and Indian Ocean via its “One Belt One Road” initiative. Hence there are good reasons for India to little worried.

However, it should not be a concern because:

1 Military exercises between two nations are to enhance the capavity and collaboration between two armies. An aggressive outlook to china nepal axis will further alienate Nepal and make it closer to China

2 India is always the shortest and quickest route for Nepal in terms of access to port and gangetic plain as a market.

3 India should fast track its long pensing projects in nepal like on Aruna river and BBIN corridor.

Nepal has made transition from monarchy to democracy. There is historical inclination for India in Nepalese government. Geography also favors relation of Nepal with India rather than with China. So India must not be too worried about China-Nepal bilateral cooperation. But India herself must not chase Nepal away to China. India must respect sovereignty and “Right to self-determination” of Nepal. Economic blockade must not be used as a diplomatic tool which creates widespread resentment.

India must engage more with Nepalese army in terms of military exercises, capacity building, intelligence sharing and border management. Also providing arms to the Nepal might destabilize the state which is yet to implement the constitution. India mustn’t stop supply of arms and equipment to Nepalese armies at crucial juncture like she did in 2005. There must be continuity in policy.

Indian and Nepalese army share a strong and excellent relationship with Nepalese cadre in Indian military and recognition of chiefs as General in the other country. India is still the largest military supplier to Nepal and increasing Chinese presence is more of a political mandate resulting from Nepal’s increasing cooperation with China.

How to deal with nepalese army: A large no of nepalese(Gorkhas) serve in indian army and we have a strong people to people contacts along with national treatment to nepalese on its soil.Such intimacy cannot be undermined by increased ties with other nations. India should show some maturity in dealing with small neighbors like Nepal by observing gujrals’ doctrine.

1.UTILIZE SAADMEX to improve disaster-readiness of Nepalese army, AND PERFORM MULTIPLE MILITARY EXERCISES on lines of Surya Kiran

2.MAINTAIN CONTINUITY IN SUPPLY OF ARMS, helicopters (HAV Dhruv, Cheetah) and if possible supply jets (Tejas or others) and also help in constructing of multiple military bases

3.PROVIDE GPS-TECH AND SATELLITE COVERAGE to facilitate moving and tracking of Army in the unfriendly terrain

The current situation demands the need for India to shed its alleged Big-brother attitude and further socio-eco measures/investments (Like Nepal-Indo-Bhutan corridor, hydro plants, Nepal-Bangladesh Transit etc) to improve the overall social indicators (HDI – 145th rank) of Nepal. Need of the hour is not to look towards Nepal with suspicion or animosity but foster efforts to improve dialogue between two natural allies.

Way forward:

Nepal’s strategic importance and relations iwth India can not be under stated. We should increase our ties via our neighborhood policy and leverage the common threads like historical and cultural links to make our ties stronger.

India cannot become a super power or a regional power without gaining the confidence of her neighbours. Hence care must be taken in strengthening strong ties with Nepal.

India needs to amend ties with Nepal- estranged post the Madhesi crisis and maintain the cooperation in its democratization process. A stronger commitment to “neighbourhood first” policy will see a continuation of traditionally stronger ties despite Nepal’s other foreign collaborations.


General Studies –3;Secure synopsis

Topic:  Resource mobilization; Conservation

6) Green bonds, which finance environmentally friendly businesses and assets, have emerged as one of the key financing mechanisms driving the global economy’s transition to a greener future. Analyse growth and potential of green bond market in India.

The Hindu.

Green bonds are financial instruments which are used to finance environment friendly projects. Their market share has been growing rapidly with extensive participation from corporates and financial institutions like sovereign and municipal bodies.

India has seen rapid growth in green bonds amounting to almost $2.5 billion by 2016, making India the 7th largest green bond market globally.

Why are green bonds important for india?
>india has big goals in terms of renewable energy installations,but a big hurdle has been financing and the cost of financing.
>green bonds may be able to fill this gap.
>green bonds typically carry a lower interest rate than the loans offered by the commercial banks,hence,when compared to other forms of debt,green bonds offer better returns for an independent power producers.
>green bonds can provide a long term source of debt capital for renewable infrastructure projects.

This recent growth is because of following reasons-:

1) With the ratification of COP21 Paris agreement, India would be a hotspot for investment in green bonds which can act an effective vehicle to tap into the climate fund of $100 billion every year from 2020.
2) Increase in solar projects due to reduction in tariffs, better ROI and better involvement of DISCOMs due to which green financing has increased
3) Recent listing of green masala bonds by Yes Bank in LSE with International Finance Corporation
4) Demand for Cap & Trade from developed nations to meet Carbon Credit
5) Clear
guidelines and regulations by SEBI and RBI also provide the much needed clarity to strengthen and expand the growing green bond market.

However this bond market faces following issues-:
1) Lack of liquid market to trade
2) Lack of Credit rating or rating guidelines for green projects and bonds
3) Lack of historical trends on the bond performance
4) Industry is still in nascent stage and under developed

To make use of full potential. -:

1) CRISIL, ICRA to install credit rating models for green bond financing so that market becomes liquid
2) Ratings to make bonds more cheaper
3) BRICS Bank to rate for masala green bonds
4) GOI to set up Exchanges in GIFT (Gujarat) specifically to promote green bonds
5) Merchant Bankers to introduce new products like securitiesed green bonds for making it available to large number of customers
6) Green Bond to be included in Companies Act as part of CSR investment, Regulatory requirement to boost the market

Green bond is a recent concept however considering our commitments to COP21 Paris Accord we should promote such innovative techniques to promote renewable financing in India.India in its endeavour to become a global power shall leverage this innovative mechanism to achieve its sustainable goals in the coming years.


Secure synopsis

Topic:  Developments in S&T

7) Recently scientists have found a way to tweak photosynthesis to increase crop productivity by accelerating recovery from photo-protection in plants. Examine the science and benefits involved in this process.

The Hindu

Photosynthesis in plants is the process of harnessing sunlight energy into chemical energy in green plants(in presence of chlorophyll) .This energy later stored and used in fueling the plant building process.Recently scientist have found a way to hasten this process and to reduce waste cycles which could in turn increase productivity of plants.


Science-:
But like in the humans,excessive sunlight causes sun burn, similarly plants in order to avoid the damage ,adjust the energy level by releasing excessive. This “relax” and “resume” process is defined in scientific term as”NON PHOTO CHEMICAL QUENCHING(NPQ)”. Insertion of genes ZEP(For speeding up the rate of NPQ),VDE(to balance ZEP activity) and PSBS(to adjust NPQ rate) into plants could provide the optimum energy level and speed up the process.


Benefits-:

1.VPZ plants have faster relaxation of NPQ and they were seen to recover and engage in photosynthesis sooner thus increasing crop yield.
2.Perform better in low light.
3. Have higher leaf area which is better for photosynthesis.
4. it will fasten the efficiency of photosynthesis process (between 8 to 30 %)and hence the productivity of plants.
5..Reduce the sun damage to plants and maintain the optimum level.
6.Though it is genetically modified process but it is plant based and not foreign to the plant kingdom so may not be opposed by activists.
The rapid growing population is creating pressure on the agriculture sector, this technology could cope with the problem of supporting population and reducing agri burden.

Applications-:
1) Increase in efficiency of sunlight utilization and prevent wastage
2) Increase in productivity of crops and address food security challenge of world
3) Efficiency enhancement of agriculture on same tract of land
4) Increased photosynthesis would increase Carbon concentration in atmosphere

Issues-:
1) Ethical issue of altering the order of nature.

2.Study results obtained in tobacco plant. Rice, wheat, millets, maize etc have much more complex genes posing a technological challenge.

3.Due to completely new technology, costs of research as well as of modified seeds will be high.
4.Whether the food produced due to artificial photosynthesis would be of the same level as required
5. Feasibility and awareness of the technology at the grass root level

India faces a food crisis therefore such technological development is welcome. However further deliberation and research should be carried out before commercializing the process..

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Todays Important News paper articles For UPSC- January 7

Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hi IAStoday Readers and IAS aspirants,Due to overwhelming requests we are providing you Important articles from Daily newspapers The Hindu and Indian express. You can access daily here if you don’t know How to read Newspaper on exam point of view.We are also proving links to official newspaper so that you can save time & Read relevant articles and news only.

 

THE INDIAN EXPRESS (Important News today)

FRONT PAGE 

Model code of conduct: EC asks Govt to respond to Opposition’s Budget delay demand {GS PAPER 2}

In 80% farmer-suicides due to debt, loans from banks, not moneylenders {GS PAPER 2}

SC bars Aircel from trading its 2G, says can’t use assets of nation and not face its law {GS PAPER 3}

EXPRESS NETWORK

SC warns HCs against granting bail when probe is not stayed {GS PAPER 2}

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

A vision for reconciliation {GS PAPER 2}

Om Puri, The Phenomenal {GS PAPER 1}

A man for all seasons {GS PAPER 1}

Reclaiming CP {GS PAPER 3}

Heed the President {GS PAPER 2}

THE IDEA PAGE  

No proof required: Financing basic income for the bottom 50 per cent {GS PAPER 3}

Leaping from a strong foundation {GS PAPER 3}

Religion and regression {GS PAPER 2}

ECONOMY

Road ministry wants India Inc to spend CSR funds on safety front {GS PAPER 3}

TRAI to review tariff rules, numbering plan with telcos {GS PAPER 3}

 

The HINDU (Important Headlines )

FRONT PAGE

GDP growth expected to be slower at 7.1% this year {GS PAPER 3}

SC stays transfer and sale of 2G spectrum by Maxis {GS PAPER 2}

Aadhaar must for EPF pension scheme {GS PAPER 3}

NATIONAL

Women allowed to carry knives in Metros {GS PAPER 3}

Award for people who help accident victims {GS PAPER 4}

SC stays order allowing seizure of roosters {GS PAPER 2}

Bengaluru is set to host Pravasi Bharatiya Divas {GS PAPER 2}

INTERNATIONAL

Stop India from fuelling terror, Pak urges U.N. {GS PAPER 2}

Russia begins military drawdown in Syria {GS PAPER 2}

OPINION

When banks are awash with cash {GS PAPER 3}

Clamping down on ordinance raj {GS PAPER 2}

A remarkable captain {GS PAPER 3}

The sisterhood of wrestlers {GS PAPER 3}

BUSINESS

Railways may get 6% increase in Budget {GS PAPER 3}

Centre plans to amend Plantation Labour Act {GS PAPER 3}

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Future of Digital payment and Black money

Current affairs, General Studies

Future of Digital payment and Black moneyThe Most burning issue now a days is Demonitisation drive for curbing black money and transformation to digital economy.The Deadline to submit invalid notes was till December 31 2016 and as per the statistics from RBI 90% of notes which became invalid tender by November 8 2016 had found its way back.We are not going detail into way of Genuine & fraudulent exchanges or way back or time to get back to re-monitisation as they remains as topic of controversy,We could go into exam point of view– point by point.

How to go about chasing black money?

Context: The flow of tax evasion every year is what should be the focus of any drive targeting black money, rather than the caches accumulated from past tax evasion.

1.  Those stocks certainly existed, but the really large holders of these assets had long ago moved on from physical forms (like cash or gold or real estate) to financial assets.

2.  Cash came in particularly handy to pay the wages of construction workers.

You may like: Indias Important Government schemes with details

Underdeveloped Bond Market in India:

1.  We did not develop bond markets in the country as we should have, to the point where large construction projects could easily access formal financing.

2.  Infrastructure construction worldwide has been bond-financed, including the rail network in colonial India.

3.  Because the bond market today remains so poorly developed that there was such buoyant demand for loans in cash, and therefore for accumulation of black wealth in liquid loanable form.

4.  Lending rates on these channels are astronomically high.

5.  The borrowers would have much preferred a regulated bond market where rates would have been far lower, but that market was quite simply missing.

Must see: India's Rank in various Global Indexes

Need for RE-monetisation with special focus on credible rating agencies:

1.  Bond markets today call for a whole ecosystem, with credible rating agencies to give lenders the confidence to move into that dis-intermediated financial space.

2.  The thing to do is to remonetize the economy fully, and to reduce cash dependence in a planned sector-specific manner.

3.  Unless remonetization is complete, growth cannot be restored, employment cannot be generated, and the political popularity of demonetization will get eroded.

4.  Moving everyday transactions to a digital platform cannot be done overnight.

Dont miss: Daily GK and current affairs notes and Quiz

The future of the cost of service in digital payment space:

1.  Mobile wallets are in business in pursuit of profit, so if they provide a service they have to be paid for it.

2.  What the digital move has done, therefore, is to introduce friction into the payment system.

3.  When you digitally pay just the value of your purchase to your vegetable seller, the cost of the service is being loaded on to the seller.

4.  He accepts it willingly now, because he does not want his business to be restricted to those with cash.

5.  Over time, the cost of the conversion will be loaded on to the final consumer (and it already is, by milk suppliers in Delhi, for instance).

6.  Even though the user base of mobile wallets is expanding by the hour, they are reporting losses.

7.  While the volume of transactions has exploded, their total value is reported to have remained flat, because the average value of each transaction has come down.

8.  The losses are worrying because mobile wallets are essentially deposit-taking non-bank financial institutions.

9.  Another reason for retailers retreating from wallets is that their employees still demand payment in cash.

10.  Retail employees just cannot afford to receive their salaries any other way since their biggest monthly payment, which is rent for the rooms where they live, can only be paid in cash.

11.  House rentals will be among the last bastions to fall when it comes to moving away from cash payments.

12.  Doctors, tutors for their children, all demand payment in cash.

13.  These are the small channels for tax evasion which will prove stubbornly resistant to change.

MUST SEE: Free Download are for all UPSC materials & optionals

Black money and effective measures around the world:

1.  There are many millions who earn incomes well above the taxable threshold, who are below the tax radar and prefer to stay there.

2.  Israel in its early years needed tax revenue, and it had to do it in a way which would not alienate taxpayers since the country needed to stand united in the face of external hostility.

3.  For a big purchase like a yacht or a luxury car by an immigrant, there would be a presumptive taxable income estimated at some multiple of the value of the transaction.

4.  Restaurant owners would be taxed on a presumption of taxability based on capacity.

5.  Those that did not meet the presumptive income had to pay the tax anyway, and eventually closed down.

6.  The presumptive tax worked as an efficiency incentive.

7.  These methods are on survey-base and formulaic, and thus prevent the caprice and intrusive character of tax terrorism.

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GK and current affairs Notes-January 4

Current affairs, General Studies, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

 THE HINDU – CURRENT NOTE 04 January

FEEL FREE to access Notes date wise here<<

🔘 5.7 magnitude quake jolts Northeast; 1 dead (G.S-01)

  • Low seismic earthquake has hit north east area of India.
  • This zone come under faulting zone of the Himalayan region.
  • Major area under high seismic are:
  1. Kutch region
  2. North Bihar
  3. Himalayan region
  4. Andaman island

India issues for civil service exam

  • One thing government should bear in the mind that earthquake cant be avoided but by the preparedness we can minimize loss by the earthquake.
  • Disaster management need connectivity to the place that lack in north east area so government first should be increase in linkage with this area.
  • Use of drone make disaster evaluation more easier.
  • In the high seismicity area there should be clear norms on building and infrastructure as we can experienced in Nepal earthquake.

🔘 Two takes on democracy (G.S-02)

Democracy at stake

  • What constitute definition of democracy can’t be adjust with award of the court or regulation of executive
  • To sustain democracy there should be some bond that hold together that will be bond of culture and commerce
  • Secularism means complete exclusion of state from state not nation that should be taken into mind
  • Noble and inspiring democracy state that citizen should practice their belief and ritual in his/her private life but when they come to public life they should be rationale person to think only about public good.

This is the time to develop universal citizenship that have not only favor voter of winner to be developed and welfare of them to be done but this is constituency as a whole.

🔘 Return of the Cold War? (G.S-02)

return of cold was analysis

  • Cold war is phenomena of the grouping after world war on the creation of new block
  • After the partition of the Russia tension being increasing and few below stated event also increase tension between two countries
  1. When Georgia offered NATO membership Russia protested on it.
  2. Asylum to Edward Snowden who was the national security agency take asylum of the Russia the case famously known as Wikileaks.
  3. Ukraine conflict led to world in fear.
  4. Russia military intervention in Syria.
  5. Russia having ties and communication channel with Taliban.
  6. Hacking in election allegation.

 

 

🔘 A nudge to borrowers (G.S-03)

  • After demonetization two extremist affect on banking system on the one hand deposit of bank doubled in last quarter but withdrawal rate decrease to neutral.
  • After that state bank that is biggest commercial bank of India decrease marginal cost of fund based lending rate means decrease cost of the withdrawal.
  • Aim of these move is to stop more non-productive asset because by the demonetization demand has slow down > production of inventory left > inflation slow down > no new order and production > unemployment + balance sheet of unit in deficit > nonpayment of bank loan > loss to bank > again tin balance sheet problem arises.
  • If lending cost decrease then demand in automobile and real estate will show positive trend.

🔘 Death of a naturalist (G.S-03)

Pete Jackson dead

  • Pete Jackson gives his whole life in the conservation of cat family animal like tiger and lion and works specially in Gujarat.
  • He has also worked in Sultanpur Lake of the Haryana which stated only 25 mile from Delhi and having prosperous natural beauty.
  • Sultanpur Lake or wetland is home for lakh of migrated bird most famous is black necked crane.
  • World wild life Switzerland based wild life conservation union that motivates India to start plan for tiger conservation as project tiger in 1973.

 

 

🔘 Ensure 40% of currency reaches rural areas’ (G.S-03)

rural area demonitization

  • After demonetization rural area hit because of lack of banking inclusion and access to bank.
  • So government should encourage bank to start ATM in rural area and give incentive on them.
  • Special account opening and training seminar to be held in rural area.
  • When cash reach to rural area then economy automatically start functioning as 60% population from village.
  • Enough cash also works as agricultural grease as this led to investment and next crop planning.

>>FEEL FREE to access Notes date wise here<<

Today’s News Juice features the following articles:

1. Trinamool Lok Sabha leader held in Rose Valley chit scam (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS Mains Paper III)

2. What is Rose Valley Group Scam? (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper II and III)

3. Shraddha, Ghyansham Kumar Devansh chosen for 2016 Bharatiya Jananpith Navlekhan award (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS Mains Paper III)

4. David R Syiemlieh appointed new UPSC chairman (Relevant for GS Prelims )

5. Government meets PMUY target of 1.5 crore LPG connections (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS Mains Paper III)

6. Cold war resurgence between US and Russia (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS mains paper II)

 News of the Day

Trinamool Lok Sabha leader held in Rose Valley chit scam (Relevant for GS Prelims and GS Mains Paper III)
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)  arrested Trinamool Congress MP and party’s leader in the Lok Sabha Sudip Bandyopadhyay in connection with the ongoing investigation in the chit fund scam case.

Earlier  the CBI arrested party MP and film actor Tapas Paul, alleging that he had benefited from the Rose Valley Group Scam.

About Rose Valley Group Scam
According to reports, Rose Valley chit fund scam amounts to almost Rs 60,000 crore. The scam is believed to be the biggest ponzi fraud in India and the scam itself is at least three times bigger than Saradha scam.

Making of a scam
–  Rose Valley, as per the ED estimates reportedly collected money from depositors across India, especially West Bengal, Assam and Bihar

– In March 2015, the ED arrested group’s chairman Gautam Kundu.

– Huge amounts were allegedly siphoned off and transferred to other accounts

– ED is certain a major portion of the money was used to bribe politicians for smooth running of the ponzi chain.

– Rose Valley hotels & entertainment reportedly owns nearly 23 properties across India

– In addition, all the 2,600 bank accounts of the company, which together hold cash balances of Rs 800-1,000 crore, have been frozen by the government

– There are as many as 30 companies under the Rose Valley banner on paper, which includes companies such as Rose Valley Airlines, Rose Valley Microfinance, Rose Valley Fashion, Rose Valley Consultancy, Rose Valley Beverages, Rose Valley Infotech and Rose Valley Housing Finance, says a news report

What is Ponzi Scheme?
A Ponzi scheme also a Ponzi game is a fraudulent investment operation where the operator, an individual or organization, pays returns to its investors from new capital paid to the operators by new investors, rather than from profit earned through legitimate sources. Operators of Ponzi schemes usually entice new investors by offering higher returns than other investments, in the form of short-term returns that are either abnormally high or unusually consistent.

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GK current affairs Notes – 03 January 2017

GK current affairs Notes – 03 January 2017

Current affairs, General Studies, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

📰 THE HINDU – CURRENT NOTE 03 January

GENERAL STUDIES-01

🔘 Pravasi Divas this year to highlight social innovations

 

  • Pravasi Bhartiya divas being held in the remembrance of Mahatma Gandhi return from South Africa to India in 1915.
  • This year Pravasi Bhartiya Divasto be held in Bangalore with theme of social innovation.
  • Social innovation means unique solution of social problem and contest will be there. And winner will get Pravasi Bharatiya Samman (Overseas Indian Honour/Award).

🔘 When Women eat last

Survey_When Women eat last

 

  • In India malnutrition led to less capability to learn, less immune strength, and less expected life this all start with lack of nutrition in mother because mother given meal in the last because many reason and got lower quality food.
  • Last meal scenario > less weight in pregnancy > less weight of child > less breast feeding > less weight baby > malnutrition.

GENERAL STUDIES-02

🔘 SC bowls out top BCCI bosses

SC bowls out top BCCI bosses

 

  • Due to irregularities in the administration in cricket and IPL scam led to appointment of the justice Lodha committee.
  • Lodha committee report gives major recommendation like one state one vote, officer and politician not to be head etc.
  • Panel given recommendation not accepted by BCCI  so SC has ruled over it with the help of contempt of court.

🔘 Seeking votes on religious basis a corrupt act: SC

 

In the historical judgment supreme court said that to seek vote on the name of the religion its illegal practices under article 123 of peoples representation act.

  • Religious diversity with illiteracy and various definition of the religion led to religion based election campaign.
  • This also led to extremist activity and terror attack due to exploitation of some sentiment

How to avoid this practices is problem of the day:

  • implementation of RPA
  • ban none secular party
  • state or party have to avoid religious festival bias
  • secular education to be given
  • code of conduct should be implemented in letter and spirit

🔘 SC extends judicial review powers

SC extends judicial review powers

 

  • Ordinance having exception now becoming rule as more and more power being used under this provision.
  • Under article 123 laid down power of president and governor to promulgate ordinance that have same effect of legislature.
  • Ordinance can only be present when either house is not in session and have to passed in 6 week of reassembly.
  • Recently increasing trend of the ordinance power supreme court guide that council of minister has responsibility toward legislature so supreme court given judicial review on what is intention of this move

 

How to avoid this Ordinance raj?

  • repeal provision of ordinance.
  • if council can not passed ordinance as in legislation when it resemble then council should resign.

🔘 What is special about Special Courts?

  • Proposed special court means district session powered court for stopping log-jam in judicial process.
  • This log-jam is due to staff and infrastructure deficit  led to overburden of the cases.
  • Special Court Act also proposed some time ago with different name like Gram nyalaya and Lok adalat.

But the problem areas under:

  • infrastructure of special court
  • legislative backing needed
  • formulation of organization
  • information management

GENERAL STUDIES-03

🔘 Hotel service charge optional, says govt.

Consumer affairs department given direction to that if hotel not providing good services then consumer can deny for service charge which  is as high as 15 % of total amount.

Consumer Protection Act 1986 stated for national, state and district consumer protection council.

🔘 M.P. lost 33 tigers in 2016

M.P. lost 33 tigers in 2016

 

  • Madhya Pradesh once home for tiger now converting into evil tit because 33 tiger killed in 2016 in M.P. alone.
  • Major reason for death is inter fighting and electrification in addition to railway
  • Panna Tiger Reserve  also have threat from river interlinking of Ken-Betwa rivers.

🔘 Striped hyenas bred at Visakhapatnam Zoo

 Striped hyenas bred at Visakhapatnam Zoo

 

  • Striped hyena cub survived after lots of trial at Visakhapatnam.
  • Stripped hyena important as it is listed as near threatened species under IUCN.
  • This exercise done with captive breeding means breeding in artificial controlled situation with the help of animal doctor.

🔘 Agni-IV test a ‘grand success’

 

  • Agni-IV launched successfully by DRDO. It is long range ballistic missile.
  • It is surface to surface missile launched from Abdul Kalam Island [ former wheeler island] in Odisha.
  • It is managed with solid propellant fuel.

🔘 All’s not well in the Army

 

  • Appointment of the new chief in army led to obstacle in army management and issue in national security.
  • This appointment also break the tradition of hierarchical appointment and also in army all officer have equal position for spirit.
  • Politicization of the army or appointment with political intention led to biggest concern as army chief had to work with neutrality and strategist decision making.

🔘 The rediscovery of Urban India

The rediscovery of Urban India

 

  • Urban land becoming engine of the growth but without inclusive and accessible sustainable means no strategy will become reality.
  • Urban development start with planning because without it we can not work in our full capability like during last 10 year 43 % work only completed under JnNURM.
  • Approach should be area based development then project based development like health, security, education etc.

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GK and current affairs Notes – 01 January

Current affairs, General Studies, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

📰 THE HINDUCURRENT AFFAIRS NOTE -01 January

GENERAL STUDIES -02

🔘 Modi thanks people for enduring note ban pain

THE HINDU – CURRENT AFFAIRS NOTE -01 January

  • The government move on the demonetization has greatly cooperated by people.
  • On the eve of the new year modi has announced something that has no interest of general public interest.
  • For this kind of big act peoples cooperation is needed and this proved country’s success in development with democracy.

 

 

🔘 Anil Baijal takes charge as Delhi’s new Lieutenant-Governor

THE HINDU – CURRENT AFFAIRS NOTE -01 January

  • LG is special status post in regard of Delhi-NCR.
  • LG nominated by the president and have special and more power than governor of the state.
  • This power given under article 239 AA that give more discretion power.
  • This more discretionary power led to continuous conflict  between CM and LG.

 

GENERAL STUDIES -03

🔘 Desperate Maaravalli sinks with its borewells

  • Maravalli in south Karnataka is region of the rain shadow area having area nut as main crop
  • Two consecutive drought led to water scarcity in region > crop failure > no income + nonpayment of formal loan + fear from informal loaner > suicide belt creation.
  • More borwell have economic as well as environment problem

 

🔘 Agni-IV to be test-fired tomorrow

  • Developed by the DRDO.
  • To be launched from Abdul kalam island [earlier wheeler island in oddisa ]
  • Has capacity of 4000 KM.
  • Two stage surface to surface missile.

 

🔘 IT challenges in India

Challenges_India_IT_sector

  • India having biggest service provider in IT though lack in use of IT in its own governance system
  • Major challenges are as follow:
  1. majority are private player.
  2. lack of digital literacy.
  3. people negative attitude toward governance.
  4. IT mainly developed in private sector.
  5. Lack of cyber expert and threat of cyber attack.
  6. Affordable IT services needed.

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