UPSC IAS DAILY CAPSULE at 7PM- April 5[PIB,Hindu notes & MCQ]

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THE HINDU NOTES,PIB daily notes and Multi choice quiz on current affairs together.Dear IASTODAY readers, Here comes the DAILY CAPSULE for APRIL 5 2017.This is the first day of this initiative.. Shoot your feedbacks at Care@iastoday.in

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General Studies -01

Vikramshila University Monuments and Museum [PIB]

  • Vikramashila university was established by the pal ruler of the Bengal region.

  • Vikramshila University which is being established on the site of this ancient centre of higher learning.

  • This reflect an era where a rich culture of learning flourished in the region. It is heartening to find that after meticulous excavations carried out over the last few decades, it has been decided to revive this seat of learning. He also complimented the Archaeological Survey of India in this regard.

  • India in ancient time have many great center of the learning Universities such as Vikramshila, Nalanda and Taxila etc. attracted students, teachers and researchers from all over the world.

General Studies -02

PM Ujjwala Yojana {PIB}

  • prime minister start special scheme for the poor women and provide free gas connection to the BPL women.

  • this initiative will decrease suffering of the poor and rural women specially this initiative also save forest as now women not depend on forest for the fire wood.

  • gas connection also decrease the level of the internal air pollution level in the house and also decrease cases of inhalation problem in women.

PMGSY {PIB}

  • Pradhan mantri gram sadak yojna is the benchmark program of the central government in the direction of the rural infrastructure enhancement and development.

  • This scheme has provision of the providing all weather road connection to the every village with population of 1000 in plain area and 500 in mountain and tribal are which are now bring to half by recent provision.

Dalai lama visit to north east and its connection to the indo china relation

  • Dalai lama is the religious post of Buddhist head not persona name person who take this post called dalai lama.

  • Dalai lama is now in refugee status of the india after china forcefully acquired Tibet and dalai lama come to india.

  • Dharmshala is official resident of dalai lama which are now going to become second capital of state himachal Pradesh.

  • When dalai lama visit border area of the china it specially arunachal area that also affect one china policy of the china under communist government.

Liquor ban on the highway.

  • Supreme court prohibited liquor on the highway up to distant of the 500 meter for the social welfare and stop accident from drunken situation.

  • This order show the judicial overreach or on the other hand lack of intent from legislative or executive for crisis of accident.

  • While liquor seller argued on the base of article 19 stated about freedom of trade and profession while supreme court on the base of directive principle given this order.

  • In the case of the Minerva mills and many other case supreme court argued that directive principle and fundamental right are the two wheel of democratic chariot.

  • Fundamental right is the limit on the state power while they are positive and negative in the sense of limit on state power and some right also avail against action of individual like untouchability.

  • Directive principle in non justifiable in nature but act as guiding principle to the government.

Democracy and right to recall

  • Democracy have to type of system namely direct democracy exist in Scandinavian country in which every decision of government bring into vote of general public called referendum.

  • Recall means person have right to vote to suspend their representative in democracy because if person have right to vote to elect and why not recall.

  • Fix tenure with lack of responsibility make democracy more worsened than good governance.

  • Right to recall should be made part of the indian democracy.


    There can be no doubt, that if power is granted to a body of men, called Representatives, they like any other men will use their power not for the advantage of the community but for their own advantage, if they can. —James Mill

General Studies -03

GST and problem in implementation

  • GST will be implemented as one tax one nation theory as indirect tax from july 2017.

  • This GST totally work on the basis of the network and digital platform from which petroleum and alcohol being outside of it.

  • GST digital platform prepared by the digital firm named good and service tax network [GSTN] one of the private firm owned by HDFC and ICICI.

  • Now question come about using of audit data of the GST which denied by the GSTN because GSTN is the private company so CAG have no right to demand data on it.

  • While on the other hand under new company act state that strategic ownership can come under definition of state under article 12.

  • Strategic partnership include ownership of government 26 % of the share so conclusion will be that CAG should be given data of tax because creation GST in place of service tax, excise duty, VAT and custom is to bring openness in tax administration.

Olive ridley turtle

  • Olive ridley turtle one of the marine ridley turtle species found in indo pacific region and come to indian east coast for laying egg and mass hatching.

  • Why they are not coming to west coast because west coast have no proper sand with river bed because that sand have lower salt content and can not affect shell of the egg and other reason could be western coast is slight narrow than eastern coast.

  • This turtle mostly lay their egg on northern coast and southern of gahirmatha area that is geographically called uttar sarkar coast of india.

  • Mass hatching done on the coast of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh and recently rain caused slight delay in hatching due to decrease in sand temperature.

  • Rain at the peak time of the hatching will cause block in oxygen supply and lead to premature death of the young turtle.

  • Forest department also try to lay down mosquito net to avoid landward movement of young turtle because they attract toward light from coastal area.

New species of the crab found in Kerala

  • Scientist found new species of the tree dwelling crab from western ghats area of the kerala.

  • The new species named Kani maranjandu, after the Kani tribe in Kerala, are substantially different from other congeners.

  • It is first sighted by the kani tribe from the kerala and this crab have unique characteristics of the hard upper shell.

  • Western ghats is among the major biodiversity hotspot of the world.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MCQ

Q.1 consider the following statement about ujjwala yojna is/are correct

1. it is only available for the BPL category women

2. under this scheme women being provided free gas connection

3. this scheme will reduce cases of the air pollution disease

A. 1 & 2 only

B. 2 & 3 only

C. 1 & 3 only

D. 1 , 2 and 3 only

ANSWER : OPTION – D

Q.2 what do you understand by the term dalai lama

A. it is name of the Buddhist religious saint

B. it is name of Buddhist religious post

C. it is Buddhist religious term fort he bhikshu

D. none of the above

ANSWER : OPTION – B

Q.3 consider the following statement about goods and service tax network

1. it is digital network infrastructure for the GST implementation

2. this firm strategically owned by the government

3. this firm majority shares are with private firm

A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. all of the above

D. 1 and 3 only

ANSWER : OPTION – C

Q.4 consider the following statement about olive ridley turtle is/are correct

1. it is listed in red data book of the IUCN

2. it is famous for its mass hatching in sundarban area

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

ANSWER : OPTION -A

Q.5 consider the following statement about fundamental right and directive principle enshrined in Indian constitution

1. Fundamental right can be suspended for the implementation of directive principle

2. Fundamental right is limit on state power while DPSP is way to use the power

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

ANSWER : OPTION -C

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