Important international institutions,agencies and fora-their structure and mandate is part of upsc mains syllabus GS2 called international relations.So this is to give an overview of this topic area.This will be useful in preliminary examination too.

Important international institutions,agencies

United Nations Organization (UN)

  • Headquarters – New York, US
  • Secretary general– Antonio Guterres
  • Founded on – 1945

United Nations Education Scientific & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) 

  • Headquarters – Paris, France
  • Head – Irina Bokova
  • Founded on – 16 November, 1945

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) 

  • Headquarters – New York, US
  • Head – Anthony Lake
  • Founded on – December, 1946

United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD)

  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – MukhisaKituyi
  • Founded on – 1964

World Trade Organization (WTO)

  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Roberto Azevedo
  • Founded on – 1 January, 1995

World Health Organization (WHO) 

  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Dr Margaret Chan
  • Founded on – 7 April, 1948

World Economic Forum (WEF) 

  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Klaus Schwab
  • Founded on – 1971

International Labour Organisation (ILO)

  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Guy Ryder
  • Founded on – 1919

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • Headquarters – Washington DC, US
  • Head – Christine Lagarde
  • Founded on – 27 December, 1945

The World Bank (WB)

  • Headquarters – Washington DC, US
  • Founded on – July, 1944
  • President- Jim Young Kim

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) 

  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Michel Jarraud
  • Founded on – 1950

Organisation for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD)

  • Headquarters – Paris, France
  • Head – Jose Angel Gurria
  • Founded on – 30 September, 1961

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 

  • Headquarters – Brussels, Belgium
  • Head – Philip M. Breedlove
  • Founded on – 4 April, 1949

International Maritime Organisation (IMO)

  • Headquarters – London, UK
  • Head – Ki Tack Lim
  • Founded on – 1959

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

  • Headquarters – Vienna, Austria
  • Head – Yukiya Amano
  • Founded on – July 29, 1957

Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAO)

  • Headquarters – Rome, Italy
  • Head – Jose Graziano da Silva
  • Founded on -16 October, 1945

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

  • Headquarters – Vienna, Austria
  • Head – Diezani Alison-Madueke
  • Founded on – 1961-62

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

  • Headquarters – Lausanne, Switzerland 
  • Head – Thomas Bach
  • Founded on – 23 June, 1894

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