IASTODAY DAILY CAPSULE @ 7PM-MAY 10 [PIB, Hindu notes & MCQ]

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General Studies-01

Buddhism the way of life

  • Buddhism is a religion indigenous to the Indian subcontinent
  • Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights.
  • Help sentient beings end suffering through eliminating ignorance by way of understanding and seeing dependent origination and eliminating craving and thus attain the highest happiness.
  • Buddhism reached its peak under the Mauryan Empire (322-185 AD).
  • Ashoka gave royal patronage to Buddhism and made it a pan-Asian religion. He sponsored Buddhist missions.
  • Siddhartha Gautama was born in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal, around the year 563 BCE, and raised in Kapilavastu.
  • Mahayana The followers of Mahayana believe that Buddha taught universal salvation. This form of Buddhism is followed in Ladakh, Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh.
  • Theravada The Theravada Buddhism is better known as the earliest form of Buddhism. The ‘Thera’ means old and ‘Vada’ means school. It has a widespread following in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia

General Studies-02

Zonal council

  • Five Zonal Councils viz. Central, Western, Northern, Southern and Eastern have been established under the State Reorganization Act, 1956.
  • These Zonal Councils are advisory bodies and may discuss any matter in which some or all of the States represented in a Council, or the Union and one or more of the States represented in a Council
  • The Zonal Councils aim to discuss and resolve many substantive issues of development concerning regional interest and national programmes through its consultative mechanism.
  • Zonal council is statutory body and presided by the home minister as chairman and chief minister being member of council

General Studies-03

Amur falcon

  • A Migratory bird from Russia.
  • Every year, in October, they arrive in northeast India from Siberia en route to their final destination— Africa.
  • During their flight, they stop the jungles of Nagaland for a while, for food and rest.
  • Recently satellite tagging of bird provide data that this bird now stopping in south india instead of north east india though reason behind this not known

Bishnoi community

  • This community of Rajasthan give us idea how man and animal can live together
  • Amrita devi was wild life conservator and government give award to person who try to save wild life without fear of life
  • The Bishnoi community of Rajasthan is known for its beliefs associated with nature worship and wildlife conservation.

 

 

SPARK initiative

  • Sustainable progress through application of research and knowledge [SPARK] is the synergize programme of government to use more and more technology for better human lives
  • The Department of Science and Technology and Department of Biotechnology are purely funding and outreach organizations.
  • The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) has a special and tricky mandate which involves interaction with industry.
  • The Department of Atomic Energy, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Department of Space and others are into mission-mode projects. There is hardly a government department or ministry that science does not touch.
  • India science fall in the prey of the multi institutionalism with policy paralyses though institute like ISRO and DRDO played well with high mark of success

Out of pocket expenditure

  • In india government spending on health sector is very low that make poor people to spend more in health sector.

 

Masala bond

  • ‘Masala Bonds’ are Indian rupee denominated bonds issued in offshore capital markets which issued to offshore investors settled in dollars and, therefore, the currency risk resides with investors.
  • It is used to refer to rupee-denominated borrowings by Indian entities in overseas markets.

CURRENT AFFAIRS PRELIMS QUIZ

Q.1  consider the following statement about Buddhism is/are right

  1. Buddhism was response of the increasing Brahmin influence and vedic system
  2. Buddhism used language of general public that is pali
  3. Buddhism never experienced division

 

A. 1 2 only

B. 1 3 only

C. 2 3 only

D. all of the above

Q.2  consider the flowing statement about Buddhism

  1. Mahayana majorly followed in the area of himachal and ladakh
  2. thervad popular in south east Asia
  3. dalai lama is the name of post not person name.

 

A. 1 2 only

B. 2 3 only

C. 1 3 only

D. all of the above

 

Q.3 consider the flowing statement about zonal council

  1. it is constitutional body established under constitution
  2. north east state have no zonal council
  3. chairman of this council appointed form respected state chief minister

 

A. 1 2 only

B. 2 3 only

C. none

D. all of the above

 

Q.4  consider the following statement about amur falcon

  1. it is migratory bird
  2. this bird origin in Nagaland migrate to south india during winter
  3. this bird listed under red data book of IUCN

 

A. 1 2 only

B. 1 3 only

C. 2 3 only

D. all of the above

 

Q.5 consider the following statement about masala bond

  1. it is commonly known as rupee dominated bond
  2. it is issued to get money from overseas
  3. any statutory body of government can issue this bond

 

A. 1 2 only

B. 2 3 only

C. 1 3 only

D. all of the above

 

answers

1A
2D
3C
4B
5D

 

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