IASTODAY DAILY CAPSULE @ 7PM- April 25 [PIB, Hindu notes & MCQ]

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DAILY HINDU NOTES,PIB daily notes and Multi choice quiz on current affairs together called DAILY CAPSULE for APRIL 25 2017...We also offers PDF version of daily capsule..This is a new initiative and your feedbacks will be appreciated. Shoot your feedbacks at Care@iastoday.in

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General Studies-01

Landslide activity in Himalaya

  • Land slide is geophysical activity on which climate have major role with topography

  • When repeated freezing and melting activity taking place than soil or rock bond weaken that is major reason for the landslide high frequency in Himalayan area

  • While east Himalayan region have high humid and rainfall condition that also trigger the activity

General Studies-02

NGT – national green tribunal

  • It has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.

  • It has been established for disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests .

  • NGT also protect forest right of the people associated with it

  • The Tribunal is not bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, and is guided by principles of natural justice.

  • It is compulsory for NGT to solve appeal within 6 month limit of the case filed .

  • NGT jurisdiction and power come from following act

  1. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

  2. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1973

  3. Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

  4. The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991

  5. Forest Conservation Act

  6. Biological Diversity Act

General Studies-03

Paris climate deal.

  • After regime changing in world with ideology and extreme climate event to be continue no one care about what is going on now

  • Paris agreement initiated process of intended nationally determined contribution

  • Agriculture becoming vulnerable as whole world food security depend on it and major activity also depend on prevailing climatic situation

  • Cases of draught, flood, heat wave and cyclone increasing that is the major sign of changing climate but no sign can be seen from view of institutional framework

Laffer Curve

  • The Laffer curve shows how tax revenues change when the tax rate is either increased or decreased.

  • Typically, it has an inverted-U shape. the argument that high or increasing tax rates will not yield additional tax revenue because members of the workforce will opt to work less in such circumstances, substituting earned income with leisure.

  • The curve supports the notion in supply side economics that tax and regulatory burdens can impede growth.

Extremist attack in sukma

  • Nearly 1/3 district come under attack of the naxalism one of the left wing extremist movement to fight against exploitation of the tribal people

  • Government started operation green hunt to control naxal activity in india

  • Problem start with development deficit in that area and now they fighting to stop development because infra. Development will lead to tribal exploitation for the resources

Indian changing energy scenario

  • Now india want to reduce its oil import because now sufficient alternative available to india

  • LPG making big role in cooking and industrial area while CNG in transport taking place

  • LNG emerging as major played in the field of transport and have potential but major problem is distribution an storing technology

  • Ethanol also can be get from straw, sugarcane and bamboo

LNG

  • LNG (liquefied natural gas) is obtained by cooling natural gas at atmospheric pressure to approximately -162 °C, resulting in a fuel that is colorless, odorless and non-toxic.

  • LNG is an environmentally friendly fuel with less number of Nox, Sox and particulate matters, as compared to any other automotive fuel. Co2 emission is also lesser than Diesel.

  • LNG engines run quieter than diesel engines.

  • Unlike crude oil and crude-derived liquid fuels, LNG spills do not require any remediation of soil groundwater or surface waters because it evaporates immediately and dissipates quickly into the atmosphere.

  • LNG is one of the least expensive transportable fuels.

CURRENT AFFAIRS PRELIMS QUIZ

Q.1 why Himalayan region is most vulnerable to landslide activity

1. its folding nature of mountain

2. its climate have major role with topography

3. anthropogenic effect

A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 1 and 3 only

D. all of the above

CORRECT ANSWER : Option D

Q.2 consider the following statement about NGT is/are correct

1. it is statutory body

2. case filed should be cleared in 6 month

3. order can not be appeal in any court

A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 1 and 3 only

D. all of the above

CORRECT ANSWER : Option A

 

Q.3 which of the following law jurisdiction come under NGT

  1. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

  2. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1973

  3. Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

 

A. 1 2 only

B. 3 only

C. 1 2 3

D. 2 3 only

CORRECT ANSWER : Option C

 

Q.4 consider the following statement about paris climate pact is/are correct

1. it is legally binding on all nation

2. majority of the world country adopted it

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

CORRECT ANSWER : Option D

 

Q.5 consider the following statement about LNG is/are correct

1.it is obtained by cooling natural gas at atmospheric pressure to approximately -162 °C

2. it is colorless and odorless.

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. both

D. none

CORRECT ANSWER : Option C

 

 

1D
2A
3C
4D
5C

 

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