Hindu Notes-SEPT 2 2017 [UPSC DAILY CAPSULE]

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Daily current affairs for IAS upsc

To clear the path ahead {Social issue}

News:

For the first time in Indian history talaq-e-bid’awas specifically debated and set aside by the Supreme Court.

Beyond News:

  • In the 2002Shamim Aracase a two-judge bench of the Apex Court had delegitimised this medieval practice only when it was not properly pronounced and preceded by attempts at reconciliation.
  • But the latest ruling completely and unconditionally invalidates talaq-e-bid’aand renders it bad in law .
  • The Koranic procedure of talaq is the only way by which a Muslim husband will be able to divorce his wife from now on.

 

Implications of verdict:

  • The biggest goal attainment for Muslim women is the realisation that talaq-e-bid’a in any of his manifestations will not dissolve the marriage.
  • There is also scope now to amend the 1937 Act, even without designating it as statutory law, to exclude talaq-e-bid’a from the definition of the word “talaq” mentioned in Section 2, and make the Koranic procedure of talaq gender-neutral.
  • Indeed all provisions of the Shariah mentioned in the 1937 Act can be similarly redefined to bring them in conformity with the humanitarian teachings of the Koran and the Prophet.
  • This judgment will also encourage legally and theologically informed Muslim intellectuals to establish mediation centres across India under the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism to help Muslim couples amicably resolve their marital disputes.
  • To echo the feelings of many, this is not the end but the beginning of the process of reforms in the Muslim personal law.
  • The biggest challenge, however, would be to inform the Muslim masses that the abolition of talaq-e-bid’a is not against the Shariah but has, on the contrary, brought it closer to the original principles of Islam.

Govt to take steps to promote use of NavIC{Public Policy}

  • Defence Research and Development labs including the premier missile and avionics facility — Research Centre Imarat (RCI) — are being able to develop several critical technologies and components for the defence and aerospace sector.
  • but they need the industry support to get into the volumes production considering the needs of the armed forces.
  • With the future wars to be based on how networked the weapons systems are, the need for various kinds of sensors, navigational systems, avionics, radars, telemetry, telemetry and so on was immense as the armed forces requirement runs into scores of weapons systems.

India to sign 4 pacts during BRICS summit {International Relations}

BRICS LOGO

  • A week after the end of Doklam standoff, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Xiamen, China, to address the BRICS summit, where he is likely to take up regional and global issues.
  • The External Affairs Ministry has said India will sign four BRICS-level agreements during the summit which will be followed by Mr. Modi’s three-day visit to Myanmar.
  • “Discussions during the restricted session of BRICS will focus on global economic issues, national security, and development-related issues which will be followed by a plenary session when leaders will discuss practical cooperation and cultural exchanges,”

Calibrating a new standard {International Relations}

In recent years a person questioning the British government’s stance on international students was given one of two typical responses.

  1. One track focused on reminding her that the drop in numbers in some groups (including Indian students) was largely the result of the crackdown on fake colleges that admitted students under the pretense of study merely to enable them to come to Britain.
  2. The second argument focussed on highlighting the supposedly sizeable number of overstaying students.
  • During a heated debate, a senior British official recently suggested that India had little reason to be aggrieved over Britain’s visa regime for students (nor any right to expect change) given the large numbers of Indians who overstayed their visas.
  • Theresa may was justifying why students needed to be included in Britain’s immigration statistics and therefore one of the groups whose numbers Britain would be aiming to bring down as part of government targets to reduce net migration from the hundreds of thousands to the tens of thousands.

Unending slowdown{Indian Economy}

News:

  • India’s economy continues to decelerate with the government’s estimate for first-quarter gross domestic product pegging growth at a 13-quarter low of 5.7% in April-June.

Beyond News:

  • The reasons for the protracted slowdown — a slide of five straight quarters from 9.1% in March 2016 — are many and varied.
  • But there is little doubt that the demonetization exercise combined with the uncertainty around the July 1 adoption of the new indirect tax regime served to significantly dampen economic activity.
  • A look at the sector-specific trends shows that manufacturing expansion in gross value added (GVA) terms has slackened to a near stall at 1.2%.
  • This, from 5.3% in Q4 of the last fiscal and 10.7% a year earlier, is a far from heartening sign.
  • With capacity utilization expected to weaken this quarter, according to the RBI, and with surveys suggesting that consumer sentiment has deteriorated steadily in August, the auguries for a demand rebound are far from promising.

‘India’s growth will rebound to 7%-7.5%’{Economic Development}

News:

  • The new Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog Rajiv Kumar on Friday said he was confident that India’s growth would rebound to 7%-7.5% in the current quarter after declining for five consecutive quarters.

Beyond News:

  • He also categorically dismissed any link between the slowdown in growth and demonetisation.
  • As per official data released on Thursday, India’s GDP grew at 5.7% between April to June this year, the slowest pace in 13 quarters.
  • Citing the surge in private firms lining up for IPOs to raise funds and the buoyancy in the capital markets, Dr. Kumar said that private investment was picking up.
  • Terming the revival of private investment his major priority after job creation, he said that India was a country of entrepreneurs and private investors who accounted for 70% to 80% of total investments.
  • “We have to make sure that the domestic investor sees this country [as] where his role and contribution is appreciated so that private investment can pick up again.”

Switzerland for early India-EFTA pact{International Relations}

  • The early conclusion of the proposed Free Trade Agreement(FTA) between India and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) as well as an investment protection framework would boost economic ties between the two sides.
  • EFTA members include Switzerland, Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein.
  • On the issue of intellectual property rights (IPR), she said India’s IPR regime was in compliance with the global rules and “we shall ensure that the patent, copyrights and trademark rights of any individual or company is respected.”
  • India was ready to address any questions on IPR or concerns on data security.
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