Daily Prelims Quiz with explanations(static & current affairs) -March 23 2017

DAILY PRELIMS QUIZ WITH EXPLANATIONS.
MARCH 23 2017

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1.Consider the following statements about election commission (EC) in the light of recent samajvadi party and AIDMK symbol conflict:

  1. For peaceful and fair election constitution made election commission under article 324 as constitutional body and give sovereign power.
  2. EC can award status to party like national party.

which among are correct ?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. neither 1 nor 2

Option C Explanations: Election symbol topic becoming important as two dispute come in short span of the time such as samajvadi party and AIDMK.For peaceful and fair election constitution made election commission under article 324 as constitutional body and give sovereign power. Election commission have following power or duty as awarding status to party like national party, giving them symbol, preparing electoral roll, conducting election of assembly or parliament

2.Recently Hathi Mera Sathi is in news. What is its all about?

A. Government scheme to protect elephant.

B. Government project to Promote girl education

C. Protection of forest

D. Project to save domestic animals

Option A Explanations: To save elephant government have started special project called project elephant and scheme like Hathi Mera Sathi.Elephant mostly found in north east, south and central indian ranges while population of the central indian elephant decreasing due to man and animal conflict and mining activity.Now forest department using direct or conventional method for the census but there should be use of the modern technique

3. Consider the following about Law on dam safety ?

Assertion (A) :After sendai framework on disaster management, prediction and mitigation now government bringing law on dam safety

Reason (R) :Old regulation on dam safety not properly implemented by the state government so new regulation more focus on institutional framework on state and central level.

A. Both A and B are true & B is correct explanation of A

B. Both A and B are true but B is not correct explanation

C.A is true but B is false

D.A is false but B is true

Option A Explanations :After sendai framework on disaster management, prediction and mitigation now government bringing law on dam safety. This will bring regulation about maintenance and building standard of the dams. Old regulation on dam safety not properly implemented by the state government so new regulation more focus on institutional framework on state and central level.

4.Which among the following about Recent HDI report on the human development are correct?

  1. Shows the gap between ambition and reality of indian scenario.
  2. In this report education and life expectancy play middle role in indian case because of the low spending by the government and lack of quality.
  3. Inclusive growth or equality of the income also play major role in better performance in report

A. 1 only

B. 1 and 2 only

C. 1,2 and 3 only

D. None of the above.

Option C Explanations: Recent HDI report on the human development shows the gap between ambition and reality of indian scenario.In this report education and life expectancy play middle role in indian case because of the low spending by the government and lack of quality.Government also should work toward access and success of every policy of government on health or education.Inclusive growth or equality of the income also play major role in better performance in report

5.As per the recent notification from government which is the best way to reduce tax evasion?

A. Aadhar cards

B. Aadhar card & pan cards

C.Aadar card & passport

D. Passport & PAN card

Answer B explanations : Recently government proposed plan for the linking of the Aadhaar and PAN card that will help to avoid tax evasion.But mandatory Aadhaar will be harmful because of persons right to privacy and guidance of the supreme court

6.Which organization prepares topographical maps of India ?

A. Survey of India

B. Ministry of Home Affairs

C. Geological Survey of India

D. Archaeological Survey of India

option A Explanations: Survey of India, The National Survey and Mapping Organization of the country under the Department of Science & Technology, is the OLDEST SCIENTIFIC DEPARTMENT OF THE GOVT. OF INDIA. It was set up in 1767 and has evolved rich traditions over the years. In its assigned role as the nation’s Principal Mapping Agency, Survey of India bears a special responsibility to ensure that the country’s domain is explored and mapped suitably, provide base maps for expeditious and integrated development and ensure that all resources contribute with their full measure to the progress, prosperity and security of our country now and for generations to come.

7.Which of the following pairs is incorrect ?

A. Lal, Bal, Pal—Extremist Group

B. Annie Besant—Home Rule movement

C.  Mahatma Gandhi—Dandi March

D.  None of these

Option D Explanation : all are correct

8.What is the correct order of the following :

1.First Battle of Panipat

2. Second Battle of Tarain

3. Establishment of East India Company

A. 2 1 3

B. 1 2 3

C. 2 3 1

D.  3 1 2

Option A explanation: The Second Battle of Tarain 1192 A.D. destroyed the imperial power of the Chauhan Dynasty.The First Battle of Panipat, on 21 April 1526, was fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodi Empire. It took place in north India and marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire. This was one of the earliest battles involving gunpowder firearms and field artillery in India.East India Company, British, 1600–1874, company chartered by Queen Elizabeth I for trade with Asia. The original object of the group of merchants involved was to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade with the East Indies.

9.Taj Mahal is reported to be in danger turning brown because of

(a) Water pollution in Jamuna

(b) Stealing of marble bricks

(c) Decay of marble due to its age factor

(d) Air pollution due to nearby industries

Option D Explanations:World Wonder Taj Mahal is Turning Brown Due to Air Pollution. Researchers from the United States and India reported that dust and carbon particles that are airborne are causing discoloration on the marble dome and minarets of the Taj Mahal, turning the white color of the Indian landmark to brown.

10.Panchayati Raj system was adopted to

(a) Make people aware of politics

(b) Decentralize the power of democracy

(c) Educate the peasants

(d) To introduce a form of local self-government at the village, block and district levels

Option D Explanations: Mahatma Gandhi advocated Panchayati Raj as the foundation of India’s political system, as a decentralized form of government in which each village would be responsible for its own affairs. The term for such a vision was Gram Swaraj (“village self-governance”). Instead, India developed a highly centralized form of government.However, this has been moderated by the delegation of several administrative functions to the local level, empowering elected gram panchayats. There are significant differences between the traditional Panchayati Raj system, that envisioned by Gandhi, and the system formalized in India in 1992

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