Daily Prelims Quiz with explanations -March 19 2017
DAILY PRELIMS QUIZ WITH EXPLANATIONS.
MARCH 19 2017
1.Which among the following are correct about BRICS nation co-operation?
Assertion (A):Recently India signed its first ever Social Security Agreement(SSA) with Brazil.
Reason (R): As per the agreed text, detached workers of the two countries are exempted from making social security contributions in either countries so long as they were making such contributions in their respective countries.
(a) Both A and R are true & R is correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A
(c) A is true But R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
Option B Explanation: Both are correct but Not correct reason for assertion. India and Brazil have finalised text of the Social Security Agreement(SSA). It will be effective from 2018. This is the first SSA agreement between the BRICS Countries. Till date, India has signed Social Security Agreements (SSAs) with 18 countries – Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and South Korea.
2. Which country’s Railway Research Institute has signed an agreement with Indian Railways for supporting future infrastructure and technology development in India?
Option C Explanation :Monash University Institute of Railway Technology (IRT), Australia has entered into an agreement with the Indian Railways to support future research and technology development related to critical infrastructure in India. The agreement was signed in New Delhi between the representatives from Monash University Institute of Railway Technology (IRT) and Indian Ministry of Railways Corporation DFCCIL (Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited). The project will provide guidance to the Indian Railways for adoption of international models to the Indian railway environment.
3.Consider the following statements regarding 2017 G20 finance ministers summit:
- G20 finance ministers and central bank governors 2017 meet held at Germany.
- The meeting will focus on strengthening economic resilience in finance, digitalization and promote investment in Africa.
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Option C Explanation :The two day G20 finance ministers and central bank governors meet began in Baden-Baden, Germany. Focus: the meeting will focus on strengthening economic resilience in finance, digitalization and promote investment in Africa. The meetings between finance ministers and central bank governors will provide a preliminary discussion platform ahead the G20 Summit of heads of state and government, which will be held in Hamburg on July 7-8, 2017
4. The Whanganui River, which recently got the legal status and rights of a human being, is a major ancestral river of which country?
Option C Explanation : New Zealand’s Whanganui River became the first river in the World to get the legal rights as possessed by a human being. The third largest river of the country has gained its own identity with all the corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a legal person after a 170-year battle. The Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River Claims Settlement) Bill was passed in the Parliament to establish a new legal framework for the river.
5.For which of the given disorders in children, scientists have for the first time developed a new blood test to determine the existence of the symptoms through blood samples?
A.Autism Spectrum Disorder
B.Reactive Attachment Disorder
Option A Explanation :Scientists at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) in United States have for the first time in the world, discovered a way to accurately predict whether a child has Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) by analyzing a blood sample. The blood test can help to determine whether a child is on the autism spectrum before they turn two, which was till now diagnosed after the age of two. The Biomedical Engineering Department of RPI scientist investigated the patterns of over 24 metabolites from a blood sample and found significant differences between metabolites of children with ASD and those that are neurotypical.
6.Jwala Gutta who has been recently appointed as a members of the Sports Authority of India (SAI) is related to which sports?
Option B Explanation :Indian badminton player Jwala Gutta and retired IAS officer BV Papa Rao have been appointed as members of the Sports Authority of India (SAI). Rao is currently working as a sports administrator and advisor to Telangana Government, has the experience of being an officer on special duty of SAI from 1985 to 90. Gutta has won the bronze medal at the 2011 World Championship and she is a 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games champion and a silver medallist at the 2014 Glasgow Games in women’s doubles.She was honoured with Arjuna award by the Indian Government.
7.Radar-5, a new spy satellite has been launched by which space agency ?
A.Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
B.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
C.National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
D.China National Space Administration (CNSA)
Option B Explanation :Japan space agency JAXA launched a new spy satellite Radar 5 from a launch site in the country’s southwest . The information-gathering satellite Radar 5 is lifted off with H-2A rocket. This will replace an existing satellite that is approaching the end of its mission. It will also used to monitor damage in the wake of natural disasters.
8.The two day SRCC Global Millennium Summit 2017 has started in which city?
C. New Delhi
Option A Explanation: The SRCC Global Millennium Summit 2017 has started in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) from March 18 and will continue till March 19. It is a first-of-its-kind initiative, which is organized by the students of Shri Ram College of Commerce (SRCC), University of Delhi in association with the students of IIM Ahmedabad and IIT Kharagpur. The purpose of the summit is to provide the youth across the world with a platform to discuss, act and interact. The summit will bring together students from the world’s leading universities and notable leaders from the fields of governance, business, technology and academia. The theme of the summit is ‘Future of this Millennium’ and it will consist of panel discussions, workshops, competitions and keynote speaker sessions centered on the theme. From India, Vijay Goel (who is the Minister of State (I/C) for Youth Affairs and Sports) is the chief guest in the summit.
9. The RBI has got the approval of the government to conduct field trial of the Rs. 10 denomination plastic notes. Which country was the first to introduce the plastic note to safeguard against counterfeiting?
Option C Explanation :The Reserve Bank of India has got the approval from the Central Government to conduct the field trial of plastic banknotes of Rs. 10 denomination prior to introducing it as legal tender. RBI got the approval to go ahead with the procurement of the requisite plastic substrate material for printing of Rs. 10 denomination notes. Substrate refers to the underlying substance or layer on which currency is printed. Such notes were first introduced in Australia to safeguard against counterfeiting.
10.Anang Tadar, a class XI student who recently developed a first of its kind, sensors based Goggle for Blind (G4B) belongs to which state?
Option C Explanation :Anang Tadar, a Class XI student of New Galaxy Academy, Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh has invented a unique pair of goggles that uses ultrasound and infrared sensors to help the visually impaired detect obstacles on their path. Tadar was awarded the Dinanath Pandey Smart Idea Innovation Award for inventing the gadget named Goggle for Blind (G4B). There are two ultrasound sensors on the left and right of the goggles to detect obstacles while there is an infrared sensor in the middle of the gadget to detect obstacles in case both the ultrasound sensors fail. The goggles could be used by visually impaired to detect any obstacles on all sides within a distance of two metres without using a stick.