DAILY CAPSULE- July 28 [Make perfect daily Hindu notes]
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Privacy built into Aadhaar Act, says UIDAI
- “Privacy is non-negotiable, confidentiality is non-negotiable under the Aadhaar Act,” the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), the nodal agency implementing the Aadhaar scheme, has said in the Supreme Court.
- Additional Solicitor-General Tushar Mehta, appearing for the UIDAI, made this emphatic claim on Thursday when apprehensions were raised by a nine-judge Bench that personal data collected during Aadhaar enrolment might make its way into the hands of private players, for whom such details would transform into “vital commercial information”.
What next? Issues & advantages of aadhar. Focus on biometric data
Doval holds talks with Chinese counterpart
- National Security Adviser Ajit Doval held talks with Chinese State Councillor Yang Jichei, covering “bilateral issues and major problems,” signalling that the stand-off in Doklam between Chinese and Indian troops in the Sikkim sector was likely on the agenda.
- Referring to the three NSAs of the BRICS countries, who are in the Chinese capital, the official Xinhua news agency said: “[Mr.] Yang also separately exchanged views with the three senior representatives on bilateral relations, international and regional issues and multilateral affairs, and set forth China’s position on bilateral issues and major problems.”
What next? Note down the claims of china; Border lines. Highlight Mcmohan line.
‘Ready to nuke China if ordered’
- The U.S. Pacific Fleet commander said that he would launch a nuclear strike against China next week if President Donald Trump ordered it, and warned against the military ever shifting its allegiance from its commander in chief.
- Adm. Scott Swift was responding to a hypothetical question at an Australian National University security conference following a major joint U.S.-Australian military exercise off the Australian coast. The drills were monitored by a Chinese intelligence-gathering ship off northeast Australia.
- Asked by an academic in the audience whether he would make a nuclear attack on China next week if Mr. Trump ordered it, Adm. Swift replied: “The answer would be —Yes.”
What next? US- australian military exercise. Make a detailed note on Malabar 2017 (India US Japan towards china)
Public health, private players?
- The NITI Aayog has recently unveiled a grand plan to effectively privatise district hospitals in Tier-I and Tier-II towns.
- It has developed what it calls a “model concessionaire agreement” for provision of healthcare services for cardiac and pulmonary (lung) diseases and cancers.
- It is proposed that public facilities in district hospitals would be outsourced to private providers. They would be free to charge full treatment costs from patients not covered by government schemes (such as the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana) and the providers would be reimbursed by the government for treating patients referred by the government.
What next? Issues with public health system. How can private players change the current scenario (+ve & negative)
Regulation of DNA profiling
- As the debate on whether or not privacy is a fundamental right rages, the Law Commission has drafted a Bill on the use and regulation of human DNA profiling.
- The 271st report of the Commission has prepared the draft Bill named ‘The DNA Based Technology (Use and Regulation) Bill, 2017’ after examining various judicial pronouncements and constitutional provisions.
- It was initiated by the Commission after the Department of Biotechnology forwarded its draft of ‘The Use and Regulation of DNA based Technology in Civil and Criminal Proceedings, Identification of Missing Persons and Human Remains Bill, 2016’ in September last year.
- The Commission records that DNA profiling is used for disaster victim identification, investigation of crimes, identification of missing persons and human remains and for medical research purposes.
- It notes that privacy concerns and the ethics involved in this scientific collection of data are very serious.
- Sharing of DNA profiles with foreign governments or other government agencies, organisations or institutions would only be for the purpose of this Act or any of its agencies, including identification of missing persons, disaster victims, suspects.
- Any violation would lead to imprisonment, which may extend up to three years, and a fine which may extend up to Rs. 2 lakh.
What next? Detailed note on provisions & features of the use and regulation of human DNA profiling Bill .