DAILY CAPSULE-BEST UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS -AUG 4 2017

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Daily current affairs for IAS upsc

[Op-Ed](hindu) It’s time to enact an anti-lynching law

Author is expressing the concerns on increasing lynching is a civilized society like india.

Background:

  • The data website India Spend has compiled instances of cow-linked violence from 2010 to 2017.

Statistics:

  • It found that during this period, 28 people were killed in 63 such incidents.
  • An overwhelming 97% of these attacks took place after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government came to power in May 2014.
  • About 86% of those killed were Muslims. In 21% of the cases, the police filed cases against the victims/survivors.
  • Cow-related lynchings rose sharply in 2017, with 20 attacks in the first six months. This marks a 75% increase over 2016, which had been the worst year for mob lynchings since 2010.

What next?

  • The groundswell of public disgust at the lynchings crystallised under the banner of the National Campaign Against Mob Lynching (NCAML), which has initiated a campaign for a law against mob lynching.
  • Also known as ‘Masuka’, short for Manav Suraksha Kanoon (law to protect humans), a draft of the proposed legislation is currently up on the Internet, awaiting suggestions from the public.

India Post catches up with wildlife smugglers

  • The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) recently found that smugglers are using the postal service to sell parts of endangered animals. They stumbled upon feathers of the grey jungle fowl being smuggled out by the hundreds.
  • These feathers with eye spots are used as fishing lures and were being sent to certain European countries.

What next?

  • Earlier this year, another case came to light: Pangolin scales were smuggled to Southeast Asian countries, using the services of India Post.
  • In an attempt to formulate a strategy to check such crimes in West Bengal and neighboring states of Jharkhand and Odisha, an inter-agency co-ordination meeting was organised by the WCCB.
  • Representatives of more than a dozen investigating and law enforcement agencies, border security forces and forest departments of the different eastern states participated.

{PIB} Big Mac index

  • This is an index used to compare the price of a good across countries.
  • The law of one price states that the price of a good sold internationally should converge as entrepreneurs try to profit from any price discrepancy.

The purpose of the Big Mac index,

  • To establish the purchasing power parity between currencies by comparison of the price of the Big Mac burger across countries.
  • It has been published by the British magazine The Economist since 1986.

Drawbacks

  • Goods that look physically similar to each other may not necessarily be similar in their economic nature.

Evicting unauthorized VIP occupants

report about increased unauthorized occupants of government residential accommodations

What next?

  • The Supreme Court once said there is no law to “entirely control the act of disobedience” of powerful but unauthorized occupants of government residential accommodations.
  • In S.D. Bandi versus Divisional Traffic Officer (2013), a Supreme Court Bench led by Justice P. Sathasivam observed that unauthorised occupants of public property should realise that “their act of overstaying in the premise directly infringes the right of another”.
  • The Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorized Occupants) Act of 1971, which prescribes eviction of unauthorized occupants from public premises, has proved largely ineffective before VIP tenants of government residences.

‘Make In India’ yet to spur manufacturing, says panel

  • The Parliament’s Standing Committee on Commerce has questioned the country’s low manufacturing growth despite initiatives such as Make In India, Startup India and FDI reforms that are now more than two years old.

What next?

  • The committee, led by BJP MP Bhupender Yadav, had expressed concerns about manufacturing growth averaging just 1.6% in the five years till 2015-16 and a 0.5% contraction in the sector in the first 9 months of FY17, in a report tabled in Parliament this March.
  • In an action taken report tabled in Parliament on Wednesday, the department of industrial policy and promotion (DIPP), under the ministry of commerce and industry, has listed out the several measures taken by the government to promote manufacturing and ease the business environment.

India’s first private missile production facility unveiled

  • India’s first private sector missile sub-systems manufacturing facility, a joint venture between the $2.5 billion Kalyani Group and Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defence Systems Ltd., was inaugurated near Hyderabad on Thursday.
  • To begin with, the Kalyani Rafael Advanced Systems (KRAS) plant will make anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) Spike and the production is expected to begin in a few weeks, Kalyani Group chairman Baba N. Kalyani said.
  • Besides supplying to the Indian Army, the plan is to export to South East Asian countries, he added.

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