[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 24

[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 24

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Daily free editorials compilations

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing for November 24. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2018 daily writing series for mains 2018.

Datewise editorial compilations are available here>>

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HINDU NOTES-November 15 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-November 15 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

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Indians add more years to their lives

News

  • A first-of-its kind report on the ‘India State-Level Disease Burden,’ released , has revealed severe inequalities in the disease burden in different States, suggesting the need for more specific health planning.

Beyond News:

  • The report was prepared under the Disease Burden Initiative, a joint project between the Indian Council of Medical Research, Public Health Foundation of India, and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Important Findings:

  • Life expectancy at birth improved significantly during 1990 to 2016 — from 59.7 years and 58.3 years for females and males respectively in 1990 to 3 years for females and 66.9 years for males in 2016.
  • But in a measure of the continuing inequalities in public health, life expectancy for females in Uttar Pradesh was 66.8 years — below the national average and 12 years less than in Kerala, where it was 78.7 years.
  • The study found that the per person burden from many of the leading infectious and non-communicable diseases varies 5-10 times between different States and malnutrition continues to be the single largest risk for health loss in India, which is higher among females and is particularly severe in the empowered action group States and Assam.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Creamy layer case referred to Statute Bench

News:

  • Reopening the debate on the application of “creamy layer” for reservations for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in government jobs, the Supreme Court referred the question to a Constitution Bench.
  • A Bench said clarity is required on the “application of creamy layer in situations of completing claims within the same races, communities, groups or parts thereof of SC/ST communities notified by the President under Articles 341 and 342”.

Beyond News

  • This question on the application of creamy layer principle in SC/ST quotas comes 11 years after a five-judge Constitution Bench in the  Nagaraj judgment of 2006 had decided that creamy layer should be excluded from the reservations for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in government jobs.
  • The two-judge Bench’s order is based on a batch of petitions for clarity on Article 16 (4), which deals with the State’s powers for providing for appointments or posts for “any backward class of citizens”; on Article 16 (4A), which arms the State with power to make provisions for quota in promotion with consequential seniority to SC/ST communities; and finally Article 16 (4B) on unfilled reservation vacancies.

India, Russia chopper deal on right track

News

  • India and Russia are in the final stages of concluding the deal to build Kamov-226T utility helicopters in India.

Beyond News

  • A Russian team is in India for technical discussions on the JV with Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL).
  • India and Russia have concluded an Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) for 200 helicopters estimated to cost over $1 billion.
  • As per the deal, 60 helicopters will be imported from Russia and at least another 140 built in India by the HAL with technology transfer.
  • After the RFQ is issued to the JV, the final commercial deal should be concluded very quickly as there are fixed timelines on the process, the source added.

The Kamov-226T helicopters are meant to replace the ageing and obsolete Cheetah and Chetak fleets of the Indian armed forces. The number is expected to go beyond 200 given the large requirement from the services.

Post-Doklam, India asserts itself in China’s backyard

News:
Displaying convergence of interests with the new quadrilateral grouping with U.S., Japan and Australia, India  reached out to China’s backyard, addressing an array of issues ranging from the tension in the Korean peninsula to freedom of navigation and sought a crackdown on chemical weapons during the ASEAN and the East Asia summits.

Beyond News:

A high-level Indian official told  that New Delhi has emerged as a more dependable partner for South-East Asia following the Doklam faceoff with China, and indicated that the South-East Asian countries expect New Delhi to be assertive with Beijing.

Ties with India going strong: U.S.

News

  • A senior White House official has said that India-U.S. relationship is going to get stronger and better under the Trump administration in a wide range of areas, including regional security issues, trade and economy, and terrorism.

Beyond News

  • India is a natural ally of the United States, because of the shared commitment to democracy and to counter-terrorism, and because the region is so vital to the U.S. security.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Wholesale inflation accelerates to 3.59%

News

  • Inflation at the wholesale level accelerated to 3.59% in October, a six-month high, on the back of quickening food price inflation and firming oil prices, according to official data released by the Ministry of Commerce.

Beyond News

  • The Wholesale Price Index had, in comparison, registered a growth of 2.6% in September.

This is due to adverse weather conditions and the situation should ease out in the coming months.

  • Within the Index, the primary articles segment saw inflation quickening to 3.33% in October from 0.15% in September.
  • This was mostly driven by food and fuel prices. The food articles segment saw inflation at 4.3% in October, climbing from 2.04% in the previous month. The fuel segment saw a much slower contraction in prices in October, of 2.1%, compared with a contraction of 11.55% in September.
  • The food index — which is a composite of the food segment within primary articles, and the manufactured food category — saw inflation accelerating to 3.23% in October from 2.99% in September.

The minerals segment also saw inflation quickening sharply to 14.8% compared with a contraction of 7.08% in September.

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HINDU NOTES-November 13 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-November 13 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

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Hindu Notes from General Studies-01

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Delhi’s pollution levels rise again

News:

  • Pollution levels in the national capital rose again on Sunday after a slight dip on Saturday, with visibility falling to below 100 meters at several places in the morning.

Beyond News:

  • Figures released by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) show the average of 15 monitoring stations over the past 24 hours had a score of 460 on the Air Quality Index (AQI), which falls in the ‘severe’ category.
  • The same figure yesterday was 403. The CPCB’s AQI scores for Noida, Ghaziabad and Gurgaon were at 492, 498 and 460 respectively, which is also in the ‘severe’ zone.

Add On Notes:

The PM2.5 and PM10 reading of SAFAR (System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research) was also in the severe category.

The Meteorological Department has forecast winds from the north and north-west, which are expected to blow away the fog and rain forecast for November 14 and November 15, and provide temporary relief from the smog.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Navigation rights figure in first Quadrilateral talks

News:

  • Beginning a new diplomatic initiative, India on Sunday participated in the first formal official-level discussions conducted here under the recently mooted regional coalition known as the ‘Quad’, the quadrilateral formation that includes Japan, India, the United States and Australia.

Beyond News:

  • The quadrilateral talks were held even as our Prime Minister interacted with Prime Minister of Japan and U.S. President, who participated in the 31st ASEAN and the 12th East Asia summits.
  • Indicating the simmering regional tension with China and Beijing’s assertiveness over the South China Sea issue, a statement from the Australian Foreign Ministry informed that freedom of navigation figured at the ‘Quad.’
  • Official sources emphasised that the quadrilateral was not aimed at any other country, and said India was also involved in other similar groupings in the region to deal with security and political issues.

SC issues notice to Centre, 3 States on plea to curb pollution in Delhi-NCR

News:

  • The Supreme Court on Monday sought response from the Union government and the governments of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab on a plea seeking to curb rising pollution in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR).

Beyond News:

  • The plea has claimed that rise in dust particles on roads and stubble burning in Haryana and Punjab have led to an alarming rise in pollution levels in the NCR and adjoining areas.
  • The plea sought directions to the Centre and these States to take steps to curb road dust and stubble burning. It also sought effective implementation of the odd-even car rationing scheme.

South China Sea, Rohingya on ASEAN map

News:

  • The maritime dispute over the South China Sea, exodus of the Rohingya citizens of Myanmar into Bangladesh and India, North Korean nuclear posturing and Islamic State-linked terrorism are likely to be the key talking points at the 31st ASEAN summit .

Beyond News:

    • The South China Sea has been at the centre of discussions on multilateral problems at the ASEAN-China level, which has been further complicated by China’s land reclamation projects aimed at building air surveillance and domination projects in the region.
    • ASEAN has been battling with the task of framing a Code of Conduct (CoC) for the common maritime future, which officials of the Philippines say is likely to get the green light during the ASEAN summit.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

GST: changes in the returns filing process

News:

  • The Goods and Services Tax Council took a slew of decisions during its 23rd meeting in Guwahati on Friday to benefit consumers and businesses alike.

Process till now:

Up to November 15, when the decisions take effect, the GST system requires businesses to submit at least three forms to file their returns. The GSTR-1 dealt with the invoice-wise details of supply, GSTR-2 dealt with the receipts of goods, and GSTR-3 was an overall summary derived from the two previous forms.

What is the change?

  • In order to ease the compliance burden on businesses, companies would be allowed to only file the GSTR-1 form, up to March 31, 2018.
  • The Council has set up a committee to look into how to make the GSTR-2 form easier, following which it will be brought back into the system.

The Council also decided to extend the usage of the summary GSTR-3B form, meant to make life easier for those unfamiliar with the filing process, till March 31 from the earlier December 31 deadline.

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[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 13

[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 13

Editorial analysis, Editorials, IAS EXAM, Master 2017, Read Hindu, UPSC answer writing, UPSC exam, Writing contest

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing for November 13. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2018 daily writing series for mains 2018.

Datewise editorial compilations are available here>>

CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD November 13 EDITORIALS

TODAYS QUESTIONS FOR WRITING UPDATED |CLICK HERE 

HINDU NOTES-November 9 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

HINDU NOTES-November 9 2017 [UPSC Current affairs]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE 

India urged to join Belt and Road Initiative

News

  • China counseled India to shed its objections to the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and take advantage of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which had already drawn wide international support.

Beyond News

  • Hua was responding to a question on remarks by the Russian ambassador to India backing a dialogue between New Delhi and Beijing on the BRI.
  • India was among a handful of countries that had skipped attendance in Beijing of the Belt and Road Forum in May, objecting to the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passed through Kashmir.
  • Referring specifically to CPEC, Ms. Hua, in a veiled reference to India, said the project did not target “third countries” or prejudice China’s position on territorial disputes.

India sends fuel shipment to Sri Lanka

 News

  • Following Sri Lanka’s request for emergency shipment of fuel, Prime Minister Narendra Modi assured President Maithripala Sirisena of “all possible assistance.”

Beyond News

  • The two leaders spoke over telephone and a 21,000 kilolitre-shipment left Paradip Refinery in Odisha on Wednesday, according to a press statement issued by the Indian High Commission in Colombo.
  • Lanka IOC, the Indian Oil Corporation subsidiary in Sri Lanka, has made 3,500 kilolitres from its stock available to the state-owned Ceylon Petroleum Corporation (CPC), with which it controls retail distribution of fuel in Sri Lanka.
  • On Friday, a sudden fuel shortage gripped the country after CPC rejected a recent 35,000 metric tonne-shipment procured by LIOC, on grounds of contamination. Reports of the shortage sparked panic-buying across the island, intensifying the problem over the last few days.

Pak. to help Indian pilgrims

 News

  • Pakistan will provide “all possible” support to pilgrims from India during the coming celebration of the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak which falls in 2019.

Beyond News

  • During a meeting with a delegation said Pakistan was committed to ensuring smooth pilgrimage for citizens from India.
  • The High Commissioner told the delegation that the Government of Pakistan was fully cognisant of the importance of Baba Guru Nanak’s 550th birth anniversary in 2019 and would extend all possible facilitation on that auspicious occasion.
  • The Pakistani declaration came days after Islamabad allowed 2,600 Indian pilgrims to visit Nankana Sahib to celebrate the annual festivities around the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak in Talwandi Sahib, Pakistan, during November 2-11, 2017.

British Royals arrive in India

 News

  • Britain’s Prince Charles arrived on a two-day visit, during which he will hold talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and invite him for the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) to be held next year in the U.K.

Beyond News

  • The visit is a part of their 10-day tour of four nations — Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei and India.
  • Ahead of the visit, the External Affairs Ministry had said it was aimed at strengthening bilateral relations between India and U.K.
  • Climate change, sustainable development goals, economic cooperation and the upcoming CHOGM, which will take place in April 2018 in the U.K. are among the issues to be discussed during the meeting between the Prince and Mr. Modi.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

The ‘white’ brothers of Nilgiris


News

The rare, pale-skinned ‘white’ tiger was spotted for the first time in the Nilgiris earlier this year by a wildlife photographer.

Beyond News

  • Neither of these animals are 100% white. They are pale, with coats much lighter than the usual orangey yellow.
  • It now turns out that this animal is not the only one of its kind. It has a family, and its brother is also ‘white’, though its mother and sister have normal yellow coats.
  • It is believed by wildlife experts that the tigers’ coats are pale due to reduced levels of the pigment melanin in a phenomenon called ‘leucism’.

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[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 10

[Free] ALL IMPORTANT EDITORIAL COMPILATIONS- November 10

Editorial analysis, Editorials, IAS EXAM, Master 2017, Read Hindu, UPSC answer writing, UPSC exam

Daily 8 editorials compilation free for answer writing for November 10. This is important as all editorials may not be equally important everyday.We provides important editorials only. So keep serious eye on syllabus while analyzing editorials. We will be providing it separately as many users notified issues with accessing compilation associated with MASTER 2018 daily writing series for mains 2018.

Datewise editorial compilations are available here>>

CLICK HERE to DOWNLOAD November 10 EDITORIALS

TODAYS QUESTIONS FOR WRITING UPDATED |CLICK HERE 

HINDU NOTES-November 2 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-November 2 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE 

Speed up trial of politicians, says SC

News:

  • The Supreme Court asked the government to frame a central scheme for setting up special courts across the country to exclusively try criminal cases involving ‘political persons.’

Beyond News:

  • In a determined effort to cleanse politics of criminality and corruption, the apex court said it takes years, probably decades, to complete the trial against a politician.
  • A Bench of Justices ordered the government to place the scheme before it on December 13, the next date of hearing. It said the scheme should provide details of the funds required to set up such courts.
  • Giving no quarter, the apex court directed the Centre to submit a report card by December 13 on the status of the 1,581 criminal cases pending against Members of Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies at the time of the 2014 elections.
Nirmala flags Indian Ocean issues

News:

  • Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman expressed concern at the increased militarization in the Indian Ocean and the extra-regional nations setting up a “near permanent presence” in the region, in an apparent reference to the expanding Chinese presence in the region.

Beyond News:

  • There is an “incremental yet steady” increase in numbers of warships operating in the region, this militarisation “increases the complexities for the countries of this region.”
  • The GMC(Goa Maritime Conclave ) is intended to be held every year and aims to “bring together like-minded countries to evolve collective responses to challenges in the maritime domain.”

The Chinese Navy has maintained a steady presence of warships and submarines in the Indian Ocean under the garb of anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden.

Counter measures:

  • the Indian Navy has now put in place a new concept of ‘mission based deployment’ to maintain round the clock surveillance on India’s vital areas of interest across the length and breadth of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
Ajay Bisaria new envoy to Pakistan

News:

  • Seasoned diplomat Ajay Bisaria, currently the Indian ambassador to Poland, has been appointed the country’s top envoy to Pakistan.

Beyond News:

The 1987-batch IFS officer will succeed Gautam Bambawale, who was last month posted to China.

Russia-India partnership second to none: Envoy

News:

  • Russia’s partnership with India is “second to none” and cannot be compared with its relationship with Pakistan, Russian Ambassador .

Beyond News:

  • He highlighted that there is no comparison between ties with India and Pakistan and that the purpose of the drills was counter-terror cooperation.
  • Asked about China’s indication that it may once again block the U.S, France and U.K.’s bid to list Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed chief and Pathankot terror attack mastermind Masood Azhar as a global terrorist
India, Bhutan security indivisible: President

News:

The security of India and Bhutan is “indivisible and mutual”, President  said  on Wednesday.

Beyond News:

  • The first such statement on the subject since the Doklam standoff with China ended in August indicates a closer engagement between India and Bhutan after the months-long episode.
  • President , thanked the King for his “personal involvement” in addressing the Doklam crisis, the first time a reference has been made to the King’s role during the tensions between Indian and Chinese troops.

In two statements issued on June 29 and August 29, the Bhutanese Foreign Ministry had said China was in violation of its agreements, but gave no statement on the Indian Army’s role there.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

India mulls national e-commerce policy

News:

  • India is considering drafting a comprehensive national e-commerce policy to develop an ecosystem that would support exports and protect consumer interests.

Beyond News:

  • The country is of the view that starting negotiations on World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules in e-commerce would be premature at this stage as it was still unclear how they would benefit developing nations, including their companies and consumers.
  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) was working on a paper on e-commerce, which will soon be put in public domain for debates and comments. Inputs from the feedback could form the basis for a national e-commerce policy.
  • The size of the Indian e-commerce market was just $30 billion.
  • The varied arms of the Centre were trying to address the issues pertaining to their domain to help in formulating an overarching national policy for e-commerce.
HINDU NOTES-OCT 30 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 30 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Editorials are covered separately. HINDU NOTES are available free date wise| CLICK HERE 

India ships wheat to Afghanistan via Chabahar


News:

India on Sunday began shipment of wheat to Afghanistan through the Iranian port of Chabahar.

Why its important?

  • The move is significant as it indicates India remains firm in delivering on its regional commitment through partnership with Iran, despite Tehran’s ongoing tension with the United States.

Beyond News:

  • The statement noted that Sunday’s transfer was part of India’s commitment to send 1.1 million tonnes of wheat to Afghanistan on grant basis.
  • It pledged that Kabul will receive the entire amount in six different installments over the coming months.

Multilateral subjects set to top talks with Italy

News:

A range of multilateral and bilateral subjects are likely to be in focus during the visit of Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni that begins on Monday.

Beyond News:

  • Diplomats indicated that India’s global push for the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) membership and bilateral trade are likely to be on top of the agenda.
  • Italy’s support for India’s candidature at the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in 2016 was an important marker in multilateral collaboration and indicated Rome’s long-term commitment to supporting India’s role in the export control regimes.

Apart from the NSG, India is also seeking Italian support at the FATF (Financial Action Task Force) meeting that begins on Monday in Buenos Aires, where India has been pushing for stringent measures against Pakistan on terror funding issues.

India, Russia conclude war games

News:

India and Russia concluded their joint tri-service exercise, Indra, in Vladivostok on Sunday.

Beyond News:

  • Indra was an 11-day joint training in counter-terrorism operations.
  • This is India’s first tri-service exercise with any country.
  • The exercise also provided an opportunity to both the armies for greater cultural understanding, sharing experiences and strengthening mutual trust and cooperation.
  • The exercise began on October 19 and saw the participation of over 800 Indian personnel.

Indian forces largely used Russian equipment with which they are very familiar.

Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Army finalises plan to modernise weapons

News:

  • A fresh RFI (request for information) to procure the LMGs will be issued in the next few days, months after the Defence Ministry scrapped the tender for the 7.62 calibre guns as there was only one vendor left after a series of field trials.

Beyond News:

  • The plan is to initially procure around 10,000 LMGs.
  • The Army has also finalised the specifications for a new 7.62 mm assault rifle.

The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), the Ministry’s highest decision-making body on procurement, is expected to give the go-ahead for it.

Background:

  • In June, the Army had rejected an assault rifle built by the state-run Rifle Factory, Ishapore, after the guns miserably failed the firing tests.
  • The procurement of assault rifles has witnessed significant delays due to a variety of reasons, including the Army’s failure to finalise the specifications for it.
  • The Army needs around 7 lakh 7.62 x 51 mm assault guns to replace its INSAS rifles.

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HINDU NOTES-OCT 16 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 16 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, Read Hindu, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Pakistan withdraws terror charges against Hafiz Saeed

News:

  • Pakistani authorities have withdrawn terrorism charges against Hafiz Saeed and Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), paving the way for the possible release of the man designated a terrorist by the UN, the U.S. and India for his involvement in the 2008 Mumbai attacks.

Beyond News:

  • Saeed and the JuD are already banned by the UN, while the U.S. has announced a $10 million bounty for his arrest.
  • Saeed had challenged his detention in the Lahore High Court, alleging that it was due to U.S. pressure and he had never been charged for any crime.

 Doklam derails train plan?

News:
Officials cite ‘lack of response’ from China company to high-speed train project

Beyond News:

  • An ambitious high-speed train project to connect Chennai and Mysore, via Bengaluru, has been delayed as a Chinese company has maintained silence after completing a feasibility study a year ago.
  • They suggest that the “lack of response” may be due to the Doklam standoff.
  • An internal brief of the Mobility Directorate on the status of nine high-speed projects of the Railways shows that the 492-km Chennai-Bengaluru-Mysuru corridor lies in limbo because the Chinese company has failed to respond to the Ministry’s communiques.

{Op-Ed} The case for a public health cadre.

Key aspect: Opinion deals with keeping a designated officer for health cadre who is specially trained in that area.

Current scenario:
  •  The 12th Five Year Plan and the National Health Policy, 2017 have also strongly advocated establishing a public health management cadre to improve the quality of health services by having dedicated, trained and exclusive personnel to run public health facilities.
  • Recently, Odisha, with the support of the Public Health Foundation of India, has notified the establishment of a public health cadre in the hope of ensuring vast improvement in the delivery of health care.
Need for such a cadre? 
  • The idea is on the lines of the civil service — of having dedicated, professionally trained personnel to address the specific and complex needs of the Indian health-care
  • Doctors with clinical qualifications and even with vast experience are unable to address all these challenges, thereby hampering the quality of our public health-care system.
  • In the absence of a public health cadre in most States, even an anaesthetist or an ophthalmologist with hardly any public health knowledge and its principles is required to implement reproductive and child health or a malaria control programme.
Benefits
  • This will definitely improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Indian health system.
  • The poor will also stand to benefit as this will reduce their out-of-pocket expenditure and dependence on prohibitively expensive private health care.
  • Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Make pollution-free crackers

News:

  • Scientists have been asked to develop zero-pollution firecrackers that do not cause health hazards to children

Beyond News:

  • This was urged by Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan Flagging off the ‘Run for Clean Air’ campaign here as a part of the ‘Clean Air Campaign’.
  • The ‘Clean Air Campaign’ was launched to create awareness on air pollution.

Indian economy on very solid track in the medium term

News:

  • IMF chief Christine Lagarde said the Indian economy was on a “very solid track” in the medium term, days after the International Monetary Fund lowered its growth forecast for the current and the next year.

Beyond News:

  • The IMF last week lowered India’s growth projection to 6.7% in 2017, 0.5 percentage points less than its previous two forecasts in April and July, attributing it to demonetisation and introduction of the GST.
  • It also lowered the country’s growth for 2018 to 7.4%, 0.3 percentage points less than its previous two projections in July and April.
  • India’s growth rate in 2016 was 7.1%, which saw an upward revision of 0.3 percentage points from its April report.

GDP may grow at 7% in FY18: NITI Aayog

  • NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Rajiv Kumar has said the economic slowdown that began in 2013-14 has bottomed out and the GDP is likely to grow at 6.9-7 % this fiscal and 7.5% in 2018-19.
  • On a quarterly basis also, the growth in the first quarter of the current fiscal had slipped to 5.7%.

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HINDU NOTES-OCT 6 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 6 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, Read Hindu, The Hindu Notes

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS 

Daily Hindu notes for UPSC IAS preparation

General Studies-01

Kathak, qawwali and opera on the same stage

News:

Kathak and tap dancers, the sarod and the organ came together in a gala in central London on Wednesday night, as the Southbank centre hosted over 150 artists from across Britain and India for an event pegged as the highlight of the 2017 India-U.K. Year of Culture.

Beyond news:

  • The push for a year-long celebration of Indian and British culture was agreed upon during Prime Minister Narenda Modi’s visit to Britain in 2015.
  • Since its launch earlier this year, events have been taking place across the country, with many museums and institutions using the opportunity to create India-related events — from Kew Gardens’ annual orchid festival focused around the Indian orchid to the Science Museum’s exhibition examining the place of India in the development of science and technology over the past 5,000 years.

General Studies-02

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons awarded 2017 Nobel Prize in Peace

Nobel prize 2017

News:

  • The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), a coalition of non-governmental organisations from over 100 countries around the globe.

Beyond News:

  • The committee emphasised that “the next steps towards attaining a world free of nuclear weapons must involve the nuclear-armed states”.
  • The 2017 Peace Prize called upon nuclear-armed states to initiate negotiations to gradual elimination of the world’s 15,000 nuclear weapons .

What is ICAN?

  • ICAN stands for International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.
  • ICAN has been the leading civil society actor in the effort to achieve a prohibition of nuclear weapons under international law.
  • ICAN had in the past year given the efforts to achieve a world without nuclear weapons a new direction and new vigour, it added.
  • ICAN describes itself as a coalition of grass roots non-government groups in more than 100 nations. It began in Australia and was officially launched in Vienna in 2007.

7 killed as IAF chopper crashes in Arunachal

News:

  • Seven military personnel were killed when a Mi-17 helicopter of the Air Force crashed in Arunachal Pradesh on Friday.

Beyond News:

  • The Russian manufactured Mi-17 V5 chopper was on an air maintenance mission and was also scheduled to drop off kerosene jerry cans at an Army camp in Yangste.
  • The Mi-17 V5 (domestic designation Mi-8 MTV5) is a military transport variant in the Mi-8/17 family of helicopters.
  • It is produced by Kazan Helicopters, a subsidiary of Russian Helicopters. The aircraft has a maximum takeoff weight of 13,000 kg.
  • It can transport either 36 armed soldiers internally or 4,500 kg of load on a sling.

Now, SC Collegium to make judges’ appointments transparent

News:

  • In a historic move to ensure transparency in judicial appointments, the Supreme Court Collegium, led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, has resolved to post on the court’s website its recommendations on judicial appointments, transfers and elevations for public consumption.

Beyond News:

  • The information posted online will also “indicate” reasons for the recommendation or rejection of a name for judicial appointment, transfer and elevation to High Courts and the Supreme Court.
  • As a start, the Supreme Court has posted online detailed reasons for its October 3, 2017 recommendations for judicial appointments to the Madras High Court and the Kerala High Court.
  • Details are now available online under the tag “Collegium Resolutions”
  • The Supreme Court has also posted on its website the minutes of the Collegium meeting, which led to its decision to go ahead with transparency.

{Op-Ed}States in Indian diplomacy: when Sharjah ruler visited Kerala

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General Studies-03

Snow leopard photographed in Arunachal

News:

  • Scientists have obtained the first evidence of the elusive snow leopard in Arunachal Pradesh.

Why its important?

Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 22 priority landscapes of the Global Snow Leopard Ecosystem Protection Program and while locals and researchers knew that there were snow leopards in the area, scientists had not been able to get photographs thus far.

Beyond News:

  • The presence of the species outside a protected areas highlights the importance of community support for conservation as well as landscape-scale planning.
  • The camera-trapping, part of a State-wide survey initiated in March 2017 by WWF-India in collaboration with the Arunachal Pradesh Environment and Forest Department, focused on unexplored snow leopard habitats.
  • A small fraction of snow leopard habitats falling in the two protected areas (the Dibang Biosphere Reserve and Namdapha National Park) in the State, scientists tapped into the knowledge of locals — including herders and former hunters — to understand the current distribution of snow leopards and other mammals.
  • Over 80% of the respondents confirmed the presence of snow leopards in their area.

Aadhaar mandatory for PPF, NSC, Kisan Vikas Patra

News:

  • The Union government has made linking Aadhaar mandatory for the Public Provident Fund (PPF), the National Savings Certificates (NSC) and the Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP).

Beyond News:

  • The government had made it mandatory to link Aadhaar to PAN by December 31 and to SIM connections by February 2018.
  • Existing subscribers have time till December 31, 2017 to link their Aadhaar.
  • Every depositor under this scheme who has not given his Aadhaar number at the time of application for such deposit shall submit his Aadhaar number to the Post Office Savings Bank or Accounts Office concerned, on or before the 31st day of December, 2017.
  • About 135 schemes, including the free cooking gas (LPG) to poor women, kerosene and fertilizer subsidy, targeted public distribution system (PDS) and MGNREGA are also reportedly to be linked to the biometric identification.

Pesticides cause farmer deaths, illnesses in Yavatmal

News:

  • A farmer from the Bellora village in the Yavatmal district of Maharashtra, is tied with ropes to a bed in Ward Number 12 of the Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College (VNGMC).

Beyond News:

  • This was one of the 27 farmers currently undergoing treatment at Yavatmal’s VNGMC for infections caused by spraying pesticides on their cotton produce.
  • Over 472 farmers have been admitted to the hospital for the same infection in the last three months.
  •  “improper pesticide use”is considered as reason for this infections.

The rhythm of life: on the Nobel Prize in Medicine

Key aspect: 

  • the Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to a trio of physicists for their work in the detection of gravitational waves emanating from the recesses of the space-time continuum, the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was won by a triumvirate of chronobiologists for their work in discovering the mechanisms controlling the internal clocks that keep time in all living organisms, including humans.

Men behind the findings:

  • Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young, three Americans born in the 1940s.

Key finding:

  • Working with the humble fruit fly, the three scientists isolated a gene named period that studies had shown disrupted the fly’s circadian clock.
  • It Made pioneering contributions in helping unravel the genetic coding and protein pathways that regulate the circadian rhythm.
  • Dr. Hall and Dr. Rosbash then went on to discover that the protein PER, which acts as a functional communicator for this gene, accumulated at night and then diminished during the day.
  • Then spotted the third gene, doubletime, which through an encoded protein served as the regulator of the frequency of the oscillations.
  • Nobel-winning researchers’ contributions have also led to an improved understanding of the link between peak physical performance in sport and the time of the day.

What is circadian rhythm is all about?

  • Its a rhythm which tells us when it is time to eat and sleep, or wake up even when we have no bedside alarm.
  • It is crucial in human health angle that has spawned a mushrooming body of science centred on understanding the linkages between sleep and normal metabolic activity, and the potentially deleterious effect of sleep deprivation.
  • From “jet lag”, when people travel across different time zones challenging the internal biological clock, to the difficulties people engaged in shift-based jobs have in resetting their sleep-wake cycles, contemporary medical science acknowledges the hazards that lack of adequate sleep can pose.
  • The prospect that the circadian rhythm may well hold the key to future breakthroughs in the modulation and treatment of various diseases is truly tantalising.

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