General Studies, IAS EXAM, UPSC exam

MEASURES TO CONTROL POPULATION is associated with Population and associated issues in GS1 for upsc ias mains syllabus. Available measures can be broadly classified as social measures & economic measures.


Social Measures.

  • Minimum age of Marriage: As fertility depends on the age of marriage therefore the minimum age of marriage should be raised. In India minimum age for marriage is 21 years for men and 18 years for women fixed by law. This law should be strongly implemented and people should also be made aware of this through promotion.
  • Raising the Status of Women: There is still favouritism to the women. They are restricted to house. They are still confined to rearing and bearing of children. So women should be given opportunities to develop socially and economically. Free education should be given to them.
  • Spread education: The spread of education changes the views of people. The educated men take mature decisions and prefer to delay marriage and adopt small family custom. Educated women are health mindful and avoid frequent pregnancies and thus help in lowering birth rate.

Adoption is also effective way to curb population. Some parents do not have any child, despite expensive medical treatment. It is recommended that they should adopt orphan children. It will be helpful to orphan children and children to couples.

  • Change in Social Outlook: Social outlook of the people should undergo a change. It must be taught that marriage should no longer be considered a social compulsory.

Economic Measures

  • Social Security: It is responsibility of government to include more and more people under-social security schemes. So that they do not depend upon others in the event of old age, sickness, unemployment with these facilities they will have no desire for more children.
  • Government policies: Government must devise policies for more employment opportunities.
  • Employment opportunities: Its need of the day to increase job opportunities in rural as well as urban areas. Generally in rural areas there is disguised joblessness.
  • Development of Agriculture and Industry: If agriculture and industry are correctly developed, huge number of people will get employment. When their income is increased they would enhance their standard of living and accept small family norms. Good standard of living is a deterrent to large family norm. In order to maintain their enhanced standard of living, people prefer to have a small family.
  • Urbanisation process can reduce population increase. It is reported that people in urban areas have low birth rate than those living in rural areas. Urbanisation should be encouraged.

Other Measures: 

  • late Marriage as this will reduce the period of reproduction among the females and bring down the birth rate.
  • Many practitioners advocated that self-control is one of the dominant methods to control the population.
  • The govt. can give different types of incentives to the people to adopt birth control measures. Financial incentives and other facilities like leave and promotion can be extended to the working class which adopts small family norms.
  • Employment to Woman is effective method to check the population. Women should be given incentive to give services in different fields.
HINDU NOTES-OCT 14 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 14 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

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General Studies-02

Public health key concern in banning crackers: SC


The Supreme Court on Friday refused to modify its October 9 order suspending the sale of firecrackers in Delhi NCR till November 1, 2017.

Beyond News:

  • The court said that its concern primarily was the health of the masses.
  • Interestingly, the October 9 order only suspended the sale and did not impose any restriction on the bursting of crackers.
  • The court said it would anyway monitor the post-Deepavali situation after November 1.
  • The suspension was ordered in a bid to test whether a Deepavali without firecrackers this year will have a “positive effect” on the health of citizens and a steadily deteriorating air quality.

SC asks Centre to strike a balance on Rohingya issue

  • The Supreme Court on Friday came close to ordering the government not to deport the Rohingya.
  • It finally settled on merely observing that a balance should be struck between humanitarian concern for the community and the country’s national security and economic interests.
  • The court was hearing a bunch of petitions, one filed by persons belonging to the community, against a proposed move to deport over 40,000 Rohingya refugees.

Law Ministry hails SC verdict on Section 375


The Law Ministry will not challenge the Supreme Court verdict that having sex with a minor wife is rape, said a top Law Ministry official.

Beyond News:

  • The court order will act as a deterrent against child marriage, as the punishment will now be much stricter than the violation of the child marriage law, the official said.
  • Sexual intercourse by a man with his minor wife now attracts a jail term of 10 years under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) or a life term under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.

India to speak up at Bahamas meeting


India will strongly articulate the need to strengthen counter terrorism measures and prevent radicalisation of youth through information and communication technology (ICT) at the Commonwealth Law Ministers Meeting that begins on Monday in the islands of the Bahamas.

Beyond News:

  • Addressing the issue of using ICT and social media platforms to recruit terrorists and radicalise youth is also part of the agenda.
  • Like the September face-off at the United Nations General Assembly, India and Pakistan could once again spar here as well — Pakistan is also a member of the Commonwealth.
  • Cyber crimes, climate change, the practice of child marriage, and the need for effective laws, to deal with these issues are also important items on the agenda.

    General Studies-03

  • {Op-Ed}Six steps to job creation

Key aspects:Unemployment, irregular jobs and low salaries continue to hurt India while it continues to embrace labor reforms.

  • Three demographic groups that are in urgent need of jobs
    • Growing number of better educated youth.
    • Uneducated agricultural workers who wish to leave agricultural distress behind.
    • Young women.

Opinion proposes solution for the 6 issues

  1. Excessive imports have been decimating Indian manufacturing.As a result, domestic manufacturers face high tariffs since the last 12-15 years, leading to higher raw material cost at home, emanating from the unfavourable inverted duty structure.
                     Solutions: Making Trade policy consistent with such an industrial policy. 
  2. The packaging labour intensive sectors have been ignored.
                     Solution: special packages are needed for labour-intensive industries to create jobs. There are a number of labour intensive manufacturing sectors in India such as food processing, leather and footwear, wood manufacturers and furniture, textiles and apparel and garments.
  3. Unorganized sector employment is in MSMEs, which tend to be concentrated in specific geographic locations.
     Solution: there should be cluster development to support job creation in micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs).
  4. The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) has a programme called AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation) aimed at improving infrastructure for small towns. Infrastructure investment by the government always creates many jobs. But the programme does not take into account whether the infrastructure investment under it is taking place in towns which have clusters of unorganised sector economic activities.
    Solution:An engagement between the Urban Development and MSME Ministries is necessary to ensure that this is happening. It will attract more investment to industrial clusters, which is where most non-agricultural jobs are.
  5. The problem with skill development women programs has been low placement after training is complete.
    Solution: The availability of jobs close to where the training is conducted will also enhance the demand for training.
  6. Public investment in the health sector has remained even in the last three years at 1.15% of GDP, despite the creation of the national health policy at the beginning of 2017.
    Solution:Public investments in health, education, police and judiciary can create many government jobs.


Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

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1.Prime Minister launches Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 

  • Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease: Prime Minister
  • Improving the health status of children of our country is amongst the top priorities of the Government: Sh J P Nadda

Aim: To reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme.

Focus: Improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.

  • The achievement of full immunisation under Mission Indradhanush to at least 90% coverage was to be achieved by 2020 earlier. With the launch of IMI, achievement of the target has now been advanced.
  • Earlier the increase in full immunization coverage was 1% per year which has increased to 6.7% per year through the first two phases of ‘Mission Indradhanush’.

Features of Intensified Mission Indradhanush :

  • Will cover low performing areas in the selected districts and urban areas.
  • Special attention will be given to unserved/low coverage pockets in sub-centre and urban slums with migratory population.
  • The focus is also on the urban settlements and cities identified under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
  • Will have inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination, action-based review mechanism and intensified monitoring and accountability framework for effective implementation of targeted rapid interventions to improve the routine immunization coverage.

2.World post day:

  • In India it will be a part of the National Postal Week till 15th October 2014.
  • On all the days school children will be involved to educate them on functioning of the Postal Department


  • World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9thOctober, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Berne.
  • The Minister for Communications  launched e-IPO (Indian Postal Order) in the denominations of Rs. 10/-, Rs. 20/-, Rs. 50/- &Rs. 100/-, as a pilot project in Bihar, Delhi and Karnataka.
  • e-IPO will be used for all purposes like fee payment for RTI/ educational institutions/ Court/ online registration for Cable Operators etc.

3.The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi layed Foundation Stone for Bhadbhut Barrage over the River Narmada.

The Prime Minister also flagged off the Antyodaya Express between Udhna (Surat, Gujarat) and Jaynagar (Bihar).

Proposed advantages:

  • Connects people and particularly helps those who are from Uttar Pradesh or Bihar, and work far from their home.
  • Train will make it easier for people from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar to go home for Chhath Puja.

4.Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala is all set to conduct the fourth edition of the prestigious annual Dilli seminar on 12th and 13th of October 2017. 

Theme:‘India and Southeast Asia – Maritime Trade, Expedition and Civilisation Linkages’.

Background :-

INA conducts the annual Dilli seminar on elements and issues of maritime history and heritage of the nation to help the young officers and cadets keep an eye on future developments in the maritime domain with a strong foundation of the past.

5.Trails pass.

  • Traill’s Pass (5400m) is a high altitude pass in Nandadevi National Park (Kumaon Region) which joins the Milam and Pindari Glaciers.

6.Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  •  PMGDISHA is aimed at imparting digital literacy to citizens in rural areas. It will provide access to information, knowledge, education, and healthcare.
  • It will create avenues for livelihood generation, and financial inclusion through digital payments.


  • ImTeCHO is an innovative mobile phone application to improve performance of ASHAs through better supervision, support and motivation for increasing coverage of proven maternal, newborn and child health interventions among resource-poor settings in India.
  • ImTeCHO stands for “Innovative mobile-phone Technology for Community Health Operations”.
  • “TeCHO” in Gujarati means “support”; therefore, “ImTeCHO” means “I am support.
  • The Prime Minister will distribute e-tablets to health workers to mark the launch of ImTeCHO.

Role of family in inculcating values: Ethics

General Studies, IAS EXAM, UPSC exam

Role of family in inculcating values: Ethics

Role of family in inculcating values is a topic in GS 4 famously known as ethics paper.The role of family in inculcating values is provided in simple points.

There is a close contact between the parents and children, which determine the personality of child. Family is the foundation on which values are built.

  • Blissful and cheerful atmosphere in the family will develop the love, affection, tolerance, and generosity.
  • Joint family system, the presence of elders in the family plays the effective role in social and moral development of the children.
  • It will also help young generation of the family to imbibe human values and eradicate their negative mental tendencies when they are among elders.
  • Moral values like truthfulness, happiness, peace, justice are instilled in children’s thoughts, feelings and actions and they function as ideals and standards that govern their actions in their life.
  • The value system practiced in the family becomes automatic to the young family members if they are taught moral values systematically.
  • The family, shapes the child’s attitude towards people and society, and helps in mental growth in the child and supports his ambitions and values.
  • Children identify themselves with their parents, other family elders and adopt them as their personal models for emulation and imitation.
  • The behavioral problems are set correct only by the involvement of family in the child’s life as they spend most of their time in adolescence with the parents.
  • Family is the first social organization that provides the immediate proximity from which the kid can learn his behavior.
  • Social standards and customs defined by a family provide the emotional and physical basis for a child.
  • Families values helps the child to stand strong on his views despite others efforts to break through with opposing beliefs. A child has a strong sense of what is right and wrong and are less likely to become victims of deviant influences.

[IASTODAY MASTER 2017]UPSC Mains Questions from 8 editorials: 11 October

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OCTOBER 11– Questions for Mains Answer Writing


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General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Salient features of Indian society,Role of women.

Q1: As long as children are equated to assets ,girls will be considered as a bad investment even in rich house holds.Elucidate(200 words)

Source: The Hindustan Times.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 2)

General Studies -02

Syllabus area:Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary 

Q2. Do you think delhi firecrackers ban will have a drastic change in current scenario? Compare the impacts of Delhi’s firecracker ban & Punjab’s stubble-burning ban .(200 words) 

Source: The Hindu &/or Indian Express.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 4,5)

General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Indian economy,Inclusive growth & issues arising  from it.

Q3: Richard Thaler who won Nobel Prize in Economics is best known for his theory of “nudge”.What do you understand by the theory of ‘nudge’.Discuss the good & evil nudge in both both the government and private entities with suitable examples.(200 words)

Source: The Tribune, &/or Business standard.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 7,8)

General Studies -04

Syllabus area:Attitude,Probity in governance.

Q4: Relaxing KYC norms for jewelry purchase about 4 times than that of earlier is questionable. Discuss the ethical issues associated with it, inline with black money drives. (150 words)

Source: The Business standard.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 10)


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Daily PIB Notes-October 3 and 4 2017

Daily PIB Notes-October 3 and 4 2017

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1.Environment Minister Inaugurates Global Wildlife Programme :-

  • Two documents were released on the occasion. –
  1. India’s National Wildlife Action Plan (NWAP) for the period 2017-2031
  2. Secure Himalaya

National Wildlife Action Plan 2017-2031 :-

  • The NWAP has been made landscape-based, rather than sanctuary, or national park-based.
  • The Plan focuses on preservation of genetic diversity and sustainable development.

The NWAP has five components, 17 themes, 103 conservation actions and 250 projects.

The five components are –

  1. strengthening and promoting the integrated management of wildlife and their habitats;
  2. adaptation to climate change and promoting integrated sustainable management of aquatic biodiversity in India;
  3. promoting eco-tourism, nature education and participatory management;
  4. strengthening wildlife research and monitoring of development of human resources in wildlife conservation and
  5. enabling policies and resources for conservation of wildlife in India.

2. President Appoints Commission to Examine Sub Categorization of other Backward Classes under Article 340 of the Constitution .

  • Decision will ensure more Backwards among OBC Communities to Avail benefits of Reservation .
  • Chairperson -Justice (Retd.) G. Rohini.
  • The Commission is required to present their Report to the President within a period of twelve weeks of assumption of charge by the Chairperson of the Commission.

3.President of India reached Djibouti :-

Some facts regarding:-

  • Ram Nath Kovind is the first Indian President to visit Djibouti.
  • Djibouti is situated on the Horn of Africa .
  • During the Yemeni crisis of 2015, Djibouti was supportive of Indian efforts to evacuate Indian citizens, and those of other countries, as part of Operation Rahat, and offered use of an air strip.

4.Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2011-12=100) August, 2017 

  • Highest for refinery products (28%)
  • Lowest for fertilizers (2.63%)

5. Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017 to be Held in Hyderabad, November 28-30 .

This year’s theme :“Women First, Prosperity for All”.

6. Rally for rivers :-

  • This is a policy recommendation to plant trees on either side of our rivers to restore them.
  • It is an economic model which has a significant ecological consequence.
Image credit: PIB

7. The Chairman of National Highways Authority of India launches new website and PMIS Mobile App .

Uses :-

  • This website will be usefull for the general public to rate National Highways.
  • The App will facilitate close, in-house monitoring of NHAI projects on a mobile phone.

8. Vice President of india Inaugurates week long celebration of World Space Week :-

Some facts regarding :-

  • The first sounding rocket launched from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launch Station (TERLS) in 1963.
  • The first Satellite Aryabhata was launched in the year 1975.

9.Cabinet approves renaming of Kandla Port as Deendayal Port.

Some facts regarding :-

  • Kandla is one of the largest port in the country.
  • Since the birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay was to be celebrated on 25 September, 2017.
  • “It was felt that it would be most appropriate if the decision to rename the Kandla Port as Deendayal Port”- official release.

10.Turtle Sanctuary to be set up in Allahabad :-

  • Aim: To protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures.
  • Development of a Turtle sanctuary in Allahabad along with a River Biodiversity Park at Sangam have been approved under Namami Gange programme. 


Daily PIB Notes-October 1 and 2 2017

Daily PIB Notes-October 1 and 2 2017

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Press Information Bureau (PIB) is an important part in competitive exams. We are already providing PIB notes monthly Magazines free of cost .Now onwards you can track daily PIB notes from here instead of surfing through 30+ daily PIB updates which may not be relevant for preparation. We provides CRUX OF PIB DAILY.

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>>CLICK HERE for date wise compilations free<<

1.Rajghat gets Mahatma Statue, for the first time 

  • Rajghat, the Samadhi of the Father of the Nation in the national capital.
  • Unveiled in the occasion of the 148 Birth Anniversary of the champion of country’s independence.
  • The famous message of Gandhi ji “Be the Change You Wish to See” is inscribed on the front side of the pedestal.
  • The new statue would offer another spot for them to pay their respect to the great soul.

2.National waterway 4 -Muktyala to Vijayawada (Krishna River)

As per an MoU signed with Govt. of Andhra Pradesh on 14th April’2016, NW-4 in Andhra Pradesh is proposed to be developed in three phases.

  • Phase-I: -Muktyala to Vijayawada (Krishna River) (82 Km)
  • Phase-II: -Vijayawada to Kakinada (Eluru canal & Kakinada canal) and Rajahmundry to Polavaram stretch of Godavari (233 Km)
  • Phase-III: -Commamur Canal, Buckingham canal and balance stretches of Krishna & Godavari Rivers (573km)

A proposal for Phase-II has been recommended by IWAI board for PIB/Cabinet. Also, a proposal for formation of Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementation of the project is under consideration for the approval of Cabinet. The SPV is expected to be formed by November 2017.

Quick revision:

  1. NW-1 or Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system is located in India and runs from Haldia to Allahabad across the Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river systems. It is 1,620 km long, making it the longest waterway in India.
  2. National Waterway 2 (NW-2) is a section of the Brahmaputra River having a length of 891 km between the Bangladesh border and Sadiya.
  3. The West Coast Canal or National Waterway No 3 is a 168-km stretch of this inland navigational route located in Kerala, India and runs from Kollam to Kottapuram.

3.Significance of  Porbandar .

  • The birth place of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Around 48% of the cargo entering or exiting the ports of the country is from the ports of Gujarat.

Gandhiji date of Birth :- 2 October 1869.

4.Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs Presents swachatta awards:-

  • Fertilizer Cooperative, KRIBHCO gets award for compost marketing.
  • FaceBook Group ‘My Delhi Keep It Clean’ gets Swacchata Award for voluntary citizen action.
  • No Food Waste’ initiative of Coimbattore has been selected in the Innovative Practices category for end-to-end cycle to manage and reduce food waste.
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Awasiya Vidyalaya, Ambikar gets the award in the Schools and Colleges category.

5.International day of Older Persons’ – 2nd October 

Theme : Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions and Participation of Older Persons in Society “.

  • The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is running two important schemes namely “Vriddh Jan Grah Yojana “ and “Day Care Centres” for Older Persons.

6.Wardha Dry Port will be constructed over an area of 350 Acres with an investment of Rs.500 Crore .

  • Shri Nitin Gadkari will perform Bhoomi Poojan for Wardha Dry Port .

The Phase-I would involve development of around 25 Ha of the total area, with an estimated cost of Rs.180 Crores (including private investment of Rs. 79 Crore).

The proposed dry port is estimated to generate traffic of almost 7,000-9,000 TEUs in next 5-7 years.

  • The project is expected to attract a direct employment of at least 1000 persons.
  • The project would have the necessary facilities as one-stop shop for the EXIM based industries such as customs clearance facilities, Container Freight Station, Warehousing Space, Cold Storage, Liquid Storage, truck terminals etc.
  •  The site is strategically located around the Industrial belt of Nagpur & Wardha and is well connected to the other industrial regions in Vidarbha.

7.Military Nursing Service celebrates its 92nd Raising Day :-

  • On October 1, 1926 MNS was formally established as permanent nursing service in the Indian Army.
  • National Florence Nightingale Award :-  It is the highest national level award in field of nursing, awarded by the President of India.


Civil Service -Security in Tenure

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The life of any bureaucrat is comprised of a wide array of activities such as decision making,formulating plans for action, implementing them, monitoring progress, evaluating feedback etc. All of these require time which varies greatly depending upon the type of project. For the past few years there have been several instances of surprise transfers of public servants.Reasons for such transfers are sometimes vague and unacceptable.

Reasons for transfers:

1. Political interference : is a major cause of transfers and suspensions of civil servants. Some politicians who wish to have everything done their own way prefer to have dummy bureaucrats that they can bribe and control.

2. Corporate influence : Political parties that depend on large corporates to fund massive electorial campaigns are obliged to return the favour and when sincere officers attempt to protect interests of the common people, they are hastily relocated.


1.Impact on the Nation

Important social and economic projects begin with a vision and a change in leadership may lead to four major problems

  • Distorted view of the goal that needs to be achieved
  • New appointee will need time to understand and absorb the project to reach his predecessors level of efficiency
  • Lack of experience of the replacement officer regarding the project leads to unwanted delays and related complications.
  • Forceful and unexpected change in leadership creates a negative ripple effect on the efficiency of the assignment

2.Impact on the Officer :

  • Officer morale is affected when he is not given an opportunity to complete the task that he has begun
  • Uncertainity of tenure leads to fear and instability that may adversely impact performance at work
  • Instability of tenure causes inefficiency due to demotivation when honest officers are punished instead of being rewarded

Measures needed:

  • Under Article 312, Define posts in higher bureaucracy which can’t be filled without prior recommendation of UPSC (this will stop political arbitrariness in selection of secretaries).
  • Increase age of retirement in higher bureaucracy from 60 yrs to 65yrs same as for SC judges (this will constrain necessity of bringing controversial appointment out of boxes).
  • Create Civil Services board under Article 309, for appointments and transfer in bureaucracy, with the recommendation of board has final (this will constrain role of political masters in appointments).
  • Set standards of “service records” under purview of Civil Services Board (this will help board to recommend official for higher bureaucracy).

Civil servants are the lifeline of a healthy democratic society. They are the caretakers of the peoples interests who implement ambitious political mandates. So Higher posts like: Cabinet Secretary, Principal Secretary and Secretaries to union Ministries being affected by moods of political masters is not acceptable.

[IASTODAY MASTER 2017]UPSC Mains Questions from 8 editorials: 07 October

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OCTOBER 7– Questions for Mains Answer Writing


What toppers say about
Agam JainAgam JainAIR 133 (2015)
Writing skill is the key to unlock UPSC MAINS from my experience.Getting answers reviewed is equally important & this MASTER initiative with daily answer review is applaudable as it helps a lot of aspirants.Im glad to be a part of it & I appreciate the dedication of team IASTODAY


Nb: For ANSWER REVIEW – upload answer in your user dashboard;If you hadn’t yet joined then enroll from below.


Enroll MASTER PLUS (Answer review in 60 minutes)

CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE<<

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.

General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Salient features of Indian society.

Q1: Indian history has witnessed several social reformers worked for abolition of evil practices from the society.Do you think that evil practices can be removed by implementing laws or does it needs some other broad measures? Justify your opinion in the light of Karnataka law targeting black magic and inhuman practice(200 words) 

Source: The Hindu.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 1)

General Studies -02


Syllabus area:Role of civil service in a democracy.

Q2: In your opinion ,The idea of simultaneous election is a bane or boon? Critically examine.(200 words)

Source: The Indian Express.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page2)

Syllabus area:Functions & responsibilities of union & states;international relations;Agreements involving india and/or india’s interest.

Q3 : LTTE is the only anti national movement completely wiped out from world.Make a brief note on the ups & downs in Indio-Lankan relation including situation resulted in formation of LTTE & Significance of Jaffna. (200 words)

Source: The Hindu.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 3)

General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Awareness in the field of IT,space,computers,robotics,Nano-Technology,Bio technology.

Q4: Even though India and china are in similar phase to become a developing country,Economic reforms & policies are diametrically opposite.Compare & contrast the impact of policies in both economies. (200 words)

Source: The Business standard.

Nb:Even if you dont have idea about this answer,Single reading will give ample data for drafting this as such.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 6)

Syllabus area: Awareness in the field of Nano-Technology,Bio technology.

Q5: It is said that planting of illegal herbicide-tolerant cotton points to governance failure at the environment ministry.Discuss in the light of developments in maharastra.(200 words)

Source: The Financial express.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 10)

General Studies -04

Syllabus area: Attitude;Rules ,regulations & conscience as source of ethical governance.

Q6: The code of ethics issued by the San highlights the asymmetry,even injustice,due to onset of human beings objectifying another.Comment(150 words)

Source: The Indian Express.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 11)


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General Studies-01

Kathak, qawwali and opera on the same stage


Kathak and tap dancers, the sarod and the organ came together in a gala in central London on Wednesday night, as the Southbank centre hosted over 150 artists from across Britain and India for an event pegged as the highlight of the 2017 India-U.K. Year of Culture.

Beyond news:

  • The push for a year-long celebration of Indian and British culture was agreed upon during Prime Minister Narenda Modi’s visit to Britain in 2015.
  • Since its launch earlier this year, events have been taking place across the country, with many museums and institutions using the opportunity to create India-related events — from Kew Gardens’ annual orchid festival focused around the Indian orchid to the Science Museum’s exhibition examining the place of India in the development of science and technology over the past 5,000 years.

General Studies-02

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons awarded 2017 Nobel Prize in Peace

Nobel prize 2017


  • The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), a coalition of non-governmental organisations from over 100 countries around the globe.

Beyond News:

  • The committee emphasised that “the next steps towards attaining a world free of nuclear weapons must involve the nuclear-armed states”.
  • The 2017 Peace Prize called upon nuclear-armed states to initiate negotiations to gradual elimination of the world’s 15,000 nuclear weapons .

What is ICAN?

  • ICAN stands for International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.
  • ICAN has been the leading civil society actor in the effort to achieve a prohibition of nuclear weapons under international law.
  • ICAN had in the past year given the efforts to achieve a world without nuclear weapons a new direction and new vigour, it added.
  • ICAN describes itself as a coalition of grass roots non-government groups in more than 100 nations. It began in Australia and was officially launched in Vienna in 2007.

7 killed as IAF chopper crashes in Arunachal


  • Seven military personnel were killed when a Mi-17 helicopter of the Air Force crashed in Arunachal Pradesh on Friday.

Beyond News:

  • The Russian manufactured Mi-17 V5 chopper was on an air maintenance mission and was also scheduled to drop off kerosene jerry cans at an Army camp in Yangste.
  • The Mi-17 V5 (domestic designation Mi-8 MTV5) is a military transport variant in the Mi-8/17 family of helicopters.
  • It is produced by Kazan Helicopters, a subsidiary of Russian Helicopters. The aircraft has a maximum takeoff weight of 13,000 kg.
  • It can transport either 36 armed soldiers internally or 4,500 kg of load on a sling.

Now, SC Collegium to make judges’ appointments transparent


  • In a historic move to ensure transparency in judicial appointments, the Supreme Court Collegium, led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, has resolved to post on the court’s website its recommendations on judicial appointments, transfers and elevations for public consumption.

Beyond News:

  • The information posted online will also “indicate” reasons for the recommendation or rejection of a name for judicial appointment, transfer and elevation to High Courts and the Supreme Court.
  • As a start, the Supreme Court has posted online detailed reasons for its October 3, 2017 recommendations for judicial appointments to the Madras High Court and the Kerala High Court.
  • Details are now available online under the tag “Collegium Resolutions”
  • The Supreme Court has also posted on its website the minutes of the Collegium meeting, which led to its decision to go ahead with transparency.

{Op-Ed}States in Indian diplomacy: when Sharjah ruler visited Kerala

Click here for detailed analysis of this Opinion

General Studies-03

Snow leopard photographed in Arunachal


  • Scientists have obtained the first evidence of the elusive snow leopard in Arunachal Pradesh.

Why its important?

Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 22 priority landscapes of the Global Snow Leopard Ecosystem Protection Program and while locals and researchers knew that there were snow leopards in the area, scientists had not been able to get photographs thus far.

Beyond News:

  • The presence of the species outside a protected areas highlights the importance of community support for conservation as well as landscape-scale planning.
  • The camera-trapping, part of a State-wide survey initiated in March 2017 by WWF-India in collaboration with the Arunachal Pradesh Environment and Forest Department, focused on unexplored snow leopard habitats.
  • A small fraction of snow leopard habitats falling in the two protected areas (the Dibang Biosphere Reserve and Namdapha National Park) in the State, scientists tapped into the knowledge of locals — including herders and former hunters — to understand the current distribution of snow leopards and other mammals.
  • Over 80% of the respondents confirmed the presence of snow leopards in their area.

Aadhaar mandatory for PPF, NSC, Kisan Vikas Patra


  • The Union government has made linking Aadhaar mandatory for the Public Provident Fund (PPF), the National Savings Certificates (NSC) and the Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP).

Beyond News:

  • The government had made it mandatory to link Aadhaar to PAN by December 31 and to SIM connections by February 2018.
  • Existing subscribers have time till December 31, 2017 to link their Aadhaar.
  • Every depositor under this scheme who has not given his Aadhaar number at the time of application for such deposit shall submit his Aadhaar number to the Post Office Savings Bank or Accounts Office concerned, on or before the 31st day of December, 2017.
  • About 135 schemes, including the free cooking gas (LPG) to poor women, kerosene and fertilizer subsidy, targeted public distribution system (PDS) and MGNREGA are also reportedly to be linked to the biometric identification.

Pesticides cause farmer deaths, illnesses in Yavatmal


  • A farmer from the Bellora village in the Yavatmal district of Maharashtra, is tied with ropes to a bed in Ward Number 12 of the Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College (VNGMC).

Beyond News:

  • This was one of the 27 farmers currently undergoing treatment at Yavatmal’s VNGMC for infections caused by spraying pesticides on their cotton produce.
  • Over 472 farmers have been admitted to the hospital for the same infection in the last three months.
  •  “improper pesticide use”is considered as reason for this infections.

The rhythm of life: on the Nobel Prize in Medicine

Key aspect: 

  • the Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to a trio of physicists for their work in the detection of gravitational waves emanating from the recesses of the space-time continuum, the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was won by a triumvirate of chronobiologists for their work in discovering the mechanisms controlling the internal clocks that keep time in all living organisms, including humans.

Men behind the findings:

  • Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young, three Americans born in the 1940s.

Key finding:

  • Working with the humble fruit fly, the three scientists isolated a gene named period that studies had shown disrupted the fly’s circadian clock.
  • It Made pioneering contributions in helping unravel the genetic coding and protein pathways that regulate the circadian rhythm.
  • Dr. Hall and Dr. Rosbash then went on to discover that the protein PER, which acts as a functional communicator for this gene, accumulated at night and then diminished during the day.
  • Then spotted the third gene, doubletime, which through an encoded protein served as the regulator of the frequency of the oscillations.
  • Nobel-winning researchers’ contributions have also led to an improved understanding of the link between peak physical performance in sport and the time of the day.

What is circadian rhythm is all about?

  • Its a rhythm which tells us when it is time to eat and sleep, or wake up even when we have no bedside alarm.
  • It is crucial in human health angle that has spawned a mushrooming body of science centred on understanding the linkages between sleep and normal metabolic activity, and the potentially deleterious effect of sleep deprivation.
  • From “jet lag”, when people travel across different time zones challenging the internal biological clock, to the difficulties people engaged in shift-based jobs have in resetting their sleep-wake cycles, contemporary medical science acknowledges the hazards that lack of adequate sleep can pose.
  • The prospect that the circadian rhythm may well hold the key to future breakthroughs in the modulation and treatment of various diseases is truly tantalising.