Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

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1.Prime Minister launches Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 

  • Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease: Prime Minister
  • Improving the health status of children of our country is amongst the top priorities of the Government: Sh J P Nadda

Aim: To reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme.

Focus: Improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.

  • The achievement of full immunisation under Mission Indradhanush to at least 90% coverage was to be achieved by 2020 earlier. With the launch of IMI, achievement of the target has now been advanced.
  • Earlier the increase in full immunization coverage was 1% per year which has increased to 6.7% per year through the first two phases of ‘Mission Indradhanush’.

Features of Intensified Mission Indradhanush :

  • Will cover low performing areas in the selected districts and urban areas.
  • Special attention will be given to unserved/low coverage pockets in sub-centre and urban slums with migratory population.
  • The focus is also on the urban settlements and cities identified under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
  • Will have inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination, action-based review mechanism and intensified monitoring and accountability framework for effective implementation of targeted rapid interventions to improve the routine immunization coverage.

2.World post day:

  • In India it will be a part of the National Postal Week till 15th October 2014.
  • On all the days school children will be involved to educate them on functioning of the Postal Department

Background:-

  • World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9thOctober, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Berne.
  • The Minister for Communications  launched e-IPO (Indian Postal Order) in the denominations of Rs. 10/-, Rs. 20/-, Rs. 50/- &Rs. 100/-, as a pilot project in Bihar, Delhi and Karnataka.
  • e-IPO will be used for all purposes like fee payment for RTI/ educational institutions/ Court/ online registration for Cable Operators etc.

3.The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi layed Foundation Stone for Bhadbhut Barrage over the River Narmada.

The Prime Minister also flagged off the Antyodaya Express between Udhna (Surat, Gujarat) and Jaynagar (Bihar).

Proposed advantages:

  • Connects people and particularly helps those who are from Uttar Pradesh or Bihar, and work far from their home.
  • Train will make it easier for people from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar to go home for Chhath Puja.

4.Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala is all set to conduct the fourth edition of the prestigious annual Dilli seminar on 12th and 13th of October 2017. 

Theme:‘India and Southeast Asia – Maritime Trade, Expedition and Civilisation Linkages’.

Background :-

INA conducts the annual Dilli seminar on elements and issues of maritime history and heritage of the nation to help the young officers and cadets keep an eye on future developments in the maritime domain with a strong foundation of the past.

5.Trails pass.

  • Traill’s Pass (5400m) is a high altitude pass in Nandadevi National Park (Kumaon Region) which joins the Milam and Pindari Glaciers.

6.Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  •  PMGDISHA is aimed at imparting digital literacy to citizens in rural areas. It will provide access to information, knowledge, education, and healthcare.
  • It will create avenues for livelihood generation, and financial inclusion through digital payments.

7.ImTeCHO

  • ImTeCHO is an innovative mobile phone application to improve performance of ASHAs through better supervision, support and motivation for increasing coverage of proven maternal, newborn and child health interventions among resource-poor settings in India.
  • ImTeCHO stands for “Innovative mobile-phone Technology for Community Health Operations”.
  • “TeCHO” in Gujarati means “support”; therefore, “ImTeCHO” means “I am support.
  • The Prime Minister will distribute e-tablets to health workers to mark the launch of ImTeCHO.
HINDU NOTES-OCT 11 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 11 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, The Hindu Notes

General Studies-02

Hate messages could have communal angle: Kerala police.

News:

  • A fake audio clip about a hotel owner in Kozhikode bludgeoning to death a migrant worker had recently spawned a visceral sense of insecurity among other-State labourers in North Kerala.

Beyond News:

  • The police pointed out that the bulk of the migrant labour community in Kerala relied exclusively on WhatsApp groups to communicate with each other and their families in Assam, West Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand. Such groups were their sole source of news.
  • They conceded that running to ground the perpetrators of the disinformation campaign might be difficult given the fact that such platforms used encrypted communication. Senior police officers pointed out that a similar set of regional language chauvinists had unleashed a comparable fake news campaign in Mumbai last year to drive out migrant workers.
  • They have also not ruled out the possibility that business rivalry between labour suppliers could have motivated the fake news.
  • The police have launched a social media campaign to counter the attempt to sow division between migrant workers and the indigenous population and to reassure other-State workers.

India, U.K. to firm up defense links

  • Following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to London in 2015, the two countries agreed to hold regular dialogues, as part of the India-U.K. Defence Consultative Group.
  • Since then, a step change in terms of depth had taken place in cooperation and dialogue in the area, Mr. Mitra said.
    Wide-ranging dialogue
    During his trip which focused on meetings of the Defence Consultative Group.
    ‘Make in India’ push
    India has pegged the defence sector as one of the major areas where the bilateral partnership could be expanded around the “Make in India” campaign.
  • During Mr. Modi’s visit in 2015, the two sides agreed to move towards a new Defence and International Security Partnership that would “intensify cooperation on defence and security, including cybersecurity, and maritime security” pushing for joint working in key strategic areas.

London Mayor Sadiq Khan to visit India and Pakistan

News:

London’s Mayor Sadiq Khan and Deputy Mayor Rajesh Agarwal are to visit India and Pakistan later this year.

Beyond News:

  • In the first official trip by a senior British politician to both countries, as city authorities seek to reassure businesses and others across the world of the resilience and strengths of the city post-Brexit.
  • The six-day visit due to take place at a yet-to-be-confirmed date later this year is part of the Labour Mayor’s ‘London is Open’ campaign.

Significance: 

  • European cities and financial centres have launched aggressive bids for international business amid the insecurity thrown up by Brexit.
  • London, while not complacent, remained confident that it would retain its current status.
  • He also highlighted concerns about the impact of U.K. government immigration policy on international students.
  • While the U.K. government couldn’t do trade deals with non-EU countries while still in the EU, it could take steps to ease relations with them.
  • The Mayor will also be accompanied by a delegation of businesses that are part of his International Business Programme, focussed on helping city businesses attract international business and investment.
  • The visit was intended to demonstrate how Britain was equal partners with both countries, with Britain able to offer India and Pakistan as much as the other way around.

{Op-Ed}Foggy thinking — on SC restoring ban on cracker sales in Delhi

Issse: Editorial is all about supreme court ban on Firecrackers during deepavali.

Pollution BAN cartoon
Image Credits: THE HINDU { Cartoon says it all perfectly}
  • For the second time since November 2016, the Supreme Court has temporarily banned the sale of firecrackers in the National Capital Region.
  • The idea is to test whether it cuts the deadly pollution levels seen in Delhi during and after Deepavali.
  • More importantly, despite delivering a big blow to the industry and incurring the displeasure of many, it offers too piecemeal a solution, akin to the even-odd licence number scheme of the Delhi government in 2015.

Core issues:

  • The major sources of pollution in the NCR have been clear enough to drive policy changes.
  • While their relative contributions are still indeterminate, these include construction dust, vehicular pollution, waste burning, generators and crop residue burning in the Indo-Gangetic plains.
  • To tackle each of these will take decisive and persistent policy actions, not panic-driven and ill-considered bans.

Back to History:

  • Take the 2015 ban on crop-residue burning in Punjab and Haryana for example.
  • Two years later, farmers continue to violate it, because the State governments have still not taken the steps required to solve the underlying problem — the high cost of cleaning the paddy stubble instead of burning it to prepare the field to sow wheat.
  • Another option is biomass-energy plants that buy paddy straw from farmers for use in generating power.

Solutions:

  • The only answer is for the Punjab and Haryana governments to move purposefully on the solutions they know will work — just as the only option for the Delhi government is to raise awareness on the impact of firecrackers, while also tackling vehicular pollution, construction dust and other pollution sources.
  • In the absence of these less dramatic, but more feasible solutions, it is unlikely a firecracker sale ban will avert the kind of health emergency that struck Delhi last year.

General Studies-03

IMF lowers forecasts for India

News:

  • India’s economic growth for 2017 and 2018 will be slower than earlier projected, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said in its latest World Economic Outlook released on Tuesday.

Beyond News:

  • The report cited “lingering impact” of demonetization and the Goods and Services Tax for the expected slowdown during the current and the next year.
  • The IMF projected India to grow at 6.7% in 2017 and 7.4% in 2018, which are 0.5 and 0.3 percentage points lower than the projections earlier this year, respectively.
  • India’s slowdown is happening even as the world economy is picking up steam.
  • The IMF has revised upwards “global growth projections to 3.6% for this year and 3.7% for the next.”

The wrong options

  • It has been well over three years since the government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi assumed power at the Centre.
  • Mr. Modi’s election promise of creating a “minimum government” that would liberalise the economy by cutting down the size of the government’s influence over the economy remains a pipe-dream.
  • Instead, each passing day, the goods and services tax (GST) and demonetization are being touted as big-bang reforms that, despite the short-term costs, will bring long-term economic benefits to the nation.

Unnecessary pain, no gain

  • What India needs, in other words, is not increased tax compliance among citizens, but pro-market reforms that will make the country a free and competitive marketplace.
  • A government that allows free competition, without favouring special interest groups, either through pro-business or pro-poor policies, will also be sowing the seeds for improved living standards.
  • As several scholars have pointed out, historically this is pretty much the only way countries have managed to free themselves from the shackles of poverty.

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HINDU NOTES-OCT 10 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 10 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, The Hindu Notes

General Studies-02

SC brings back ban on firecrackers in Delhi-NCR region

News:

  • The Supreme Court on Monday suspended the sale of firecrackers in Delhi and NCR till November 1, 2017 in a bid to test whether a Deepavali without firecrackers this year will have a “positive effect” on the health of citizens and a steadily deteriorating air quality.

Beyond News:

  • A Bench of Justices reverted to its November 2016 decision to suspend sales of firecrackers “to test itself to find out whether there would be a positive effect of this suspension, particularly during Deepavali period.”
  • The judgment came on petitions challenging the September 12 modification of the November 2016 ban on sale of firecrackers.
  • Perusing records, the Bench pointed to the various efforts made by the government, media and civil society to create awareness of the harms of bursting firecrackers, especially on children.

Rationale behind:

  • It said the adverse effects of burning of crackers during Deepavali have been witnessed year after year.
  • The air quality deteriorates abysmally and the city chokes. It leads to closing the schools and the authorities are compelled to take various measures on emergent basis, when faced with a “health emergency”.
  • The judgment said the September 12 verdict modifying the ban on sale of firecrackers was taken without the knowledge of the Central Pollution Control Board’s (CPCB) consistent stand for the past 20 years that sulphur in fireworks should not be permitted.

SC lays stress on safety norms for schools

News: 

The Supreme Court on Monday stressed the need for safety guidelines for children in schools across India which makes authorities accountable and result in adverse consequences upon them in cases of violation.

Beyond News: 

  • It had made three additions to the school safety guidelines on three separate occasions and handed it over to the States for implementation.
  • The court was hearing a petition filed by the father of Pradyuman, who was found brutally murdered on the premises of Gurugram’s Ryan International School.

Petitioners Stand:

  • Mr. Kumar said the Centre has also modified the National Disaster Management guidelines, specifically focusing on the safety of school children, and to prevent the occurrence of such tragic incidents.

Centres stand: 

  • The Centre said it has already prepared an affidavit on the steps taken and would file it in the Supreme Court in the course of the day.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) had recently filed an affidavit stating that the Gurugram incident took place due to the “negligence” of the administration as drivers and conductors were allowed to use washrooms meant for students.

U.S. bid to inject India in Afghanistan won’t work: Pakistan

News:

  • Rejecting any role for India in Afghanistan, Pakistan Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi on Monday warned that the Trump administration’s desire to inject New Delhi in the war-torn country would be “detrimental”.

Beyond News:

  • U.S. President Donald Trump in August unveiled his South Asia policy and vowed to boost strategic partnership with India in Afghanistan.
  • Mr. Trump also sought an enhanced role for India to bring peace and stability in Afghanistan.
  • India has been supporting an Afghan-led, Afghan-owned, broad-based and inclusive process of peace and reconciliation, and advocating the need for a sustained and long-term commitment to Afghanistan by the international community.
  • Mr. Abbasi said Pakistan had major U.S. weapons systems in its military, but it also possessed Chinese and European systems, and more recently it inducted Russian attack helicopters.

{Op-Ed}Towards transparency — on judicial appointments.

Issue: Op-Ed is all about the SC decision to publish reasons for selection & rejection of judges in public platform.

  • The Supreme Court collegium’s decision to disclose the reasons for its recommendations marks a historic and welcome departure from the entrenched culture of secrecy surrounding judicial appointments.
  • The collegium, comprises the Chief Justice of India and four senior judges.

What all will be revealed?

  1. The reasons behind decisions on the initial appointment of candidates to High Court benches
  2. their confirmation as permanent judges
  3. elevation as High Court Chief Justices and to the Supreme Court
  4. transfer of judges and Chief Justices from one High Court to another.
  • It is important to strike the right balance between full disclosure and opaqueness. It is to be hoped that this balancing of transparency and confidentiality will augur well for the judiciary.
  • The introduction of transparency acquires salience in the light of the resignation of Justice Jayant M. Patel of the Karnataka High Court after he was transferred to the Allahabad High Court as a puisne judge, despite his being senior enough to be a High Court Chief Justice.

Current scenario:

  • There are 387 vacancies in the various High Courts as on October 1.
  • The mammoth task of filling these vacancies would be better served if a revised Memorandum of Procedure for appointments is agreed upon soon.
  • A screening system, along with a permanent secretariat for the collegium, would be ideal for the task.
  • The introduction of transparency should be backed by a continuous process of addressing perceived shortcomings.
  • The present disclosure norm is a commendable beginning.

Bay of Bengal diplomacy

News:

  • India will seek to reaffirm its regional leadership in environmental and climate diplomacy as it hosts the first Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic CooperationDisaster Management Exercise (BIMSTEC DMEx 2017) starting October 10.

Beyond News:

  • The BIMSTEC region, comprising 22% of the global population, is exposed to an ever-increasing threat from natural disasters.
  • Whether it is the recurrent floods affecting Assam, West Bengal and downstream in Bangladesh or Himalayan landslides in India and Nepal, regular disasters in the sub-region continue to cause transboundary impacts, damaging lives, livelihoods and assets, often leading to mass displacement and migration across borders.
  • BIMSTEC,  has the opportunity to enable a paradigm policy shift from a traditional relief centric, reactive approach towards a joint, proactive, holistic one that encompasses disaster preparedness, prevention, mitigation and risk reduction among member states.
  • In order to strengthen inter-governmental coordination, among BIMSTEC members, the first step would be to devise a comprehensive Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) regional action plan.
  • The road map should reflect a clear strategy to integrate DRR in all development programmes of member nations, adopt a multi-hazard and multi-sectoral approach to DRR and work towards common outcomes through institutionalising partnerships across all levels of governance.

Building capacity

  • India has volunteered to lead the Environment and Natural Disaster Agenda under BIMSTEC, and must make the best of this opportunity by translating the learnings from the disaster management experiences of SAARC and ASEAN.
  • This is also an opportunity for India to take a measured approach and add value to its own regional agenda.
  • General Studies-03

{Op-Ed}Problem animals — on wildlife protection strategies

Key issue: In June this year, the Bombay High Court quashed an order by the Maharashtra Forest Department to shoot a tigress in the Bramhapuri region after she killed two persons.

Rationale behind:

  • The death warrant was overturned as a result of a Public Interest Litigation petition by an animal rights activist, which argued that the tigress’s behaviour had been forged by illegal human intrusion into her territory.
  • Forest officials were then forced to capture the problem animal and re-release her in the Bor forest reserve, less than 200 km away, putting another set of villagers in harm’s way.
  • The released tigress went on to kill two others in Bor, and the authorities scrambled to capture her again. Such actions go against conservation science.

Core issues behind: 

    • Translocating a large carnivore as a response to conflict does not work.
  • Large predators need a certain prey density and are territorial, and they would tend to find their way back, even over hundreds of kilometres, to their original habitat.

A 2011 study in Maharashtra showed that moving leopards from one region to another to reduce attacks on livestock only increased attacks on humans. To translocate a tiger in response to man-eating behaviour is absurd.

  • A major challenge for India in the coming years will be to engage rural communities in conservation, because our burgeoning population and a revival in tiger numbers will only increase the intensity of conflict.
  • Coercing terrified villagers to co-exist with man-eaters is the best way to ensure we lose our chance of doing that.

Will consult States on bringing petroleum products within scope of GST, says Modi

News:

The Union government would consult the States on bringing petroleum products into the ambit of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Monday.

Beyond News:

  • The Centre now levies an excise duty of ₹19.48 a litre on petrol and the States levy VAT ranging between 6% and 48%.
  • Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan has repeatedly urged the GST Council to bring petrol and diesel under the GST.
  • Besides petrol and diesel, natural gas, and alcohol are also outside the GST.

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Daily PIB Notes-October 5 and 6 compilation

Daily PIB Notes-October 5 and 6 compilation

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, PIB notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), UPSC exam

Press Information Bureau(PIB) is an important part in competitive exams. We are already providing PIB notes monthly Magazines free of cost .Now onwards you can track daily PIB notes from here instead of surfing through 30+ daily PIB updates which may not be relevant for preparation. We provides CRUX OF PIB DAILY.

PIB important articles monthly compilation

>>CLICK HERE for date wise compilations free<<

1.Embryo Transfer Technology, a promising revolution in Bovine breeding :-.

  • Under this techonology, embryos of higher genetic merit indigenous bovines are being transferred in to surrogate cows.

Proposed benefits:-

(i) a farmer can get a 5-6 fold increase in number of offsprings ,

(ii) the calves so born will be of high genetic merit and

(iii) the offsprings born will be free from diseases

2. Nobel Prize for Physics, 2017 – Indian Connection:-

  • The 2017 Nobel Prize for Physics has been conferred to three scientists namely Rainer Weiss, Barry C Barish & Kip S Thorne under the LIGO Project for their discovery of gravitational waves, 100 years after Einstein’s General Relativity predicted it.
  • This is a proud moment for India also, since the discovery paper has 39 Indian authors/scientists from nine institutions.
  • Late Professor CV Vishveshvara of RRI, Bengaluru (DST AI) and Professor SV Dhurandhar of IUCAA, Pune and some other Indian scientists made seminal contributions to this field which contributed towards the principles behind the LIGO Detector.

3.India signs €300 million Finance Contract with European Investment Bank (EIB) for financing Bangalore Metro Rail Project Phase II- Line R6.

The objective of the project: To bring in a quantum improvement in the transportation sector in the city in tandem with the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) and other modes of urban transport.

TARGET:  To ensure modern transport facility for the commuters. The spinoffs of the project would include employment opportunities, benefits to the economy, reduction of number of vehicles on road, less fuel consumption, reduction in air pollution, reduction in passenger travel time and also improvement in the aesthetic value of the city.

Facts in detail: 

  • Bangalore Metro Rail Project Phase II is to be jointly financed by the European Investment Bank (€500 million) and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (€300 million).
  • The first tranche of Euro 300mn was signed today.
  • The project envisages extension of East-West & North-South lines for Bangalore Metro Rail which includes a total length of 72.095 km (13.79 km underground) and 61 stations with 12 underground stations

4.PMGDIHSA scheme:- 

  • Pradhanmantri Grameen Digital Saksharata Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) is an integral component of Digital India Initiative of the Government.
  • The scheme envisage to make 6 crore citizens digitally literate in rural India
  •  It is under the Ministry of Electronics and IT

5.  The Ministry of Women and Child Development will be celebrating the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Week from 09th to 14th October, 2017.

Theme :”Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Week- The Daughters of New India”.

  • The week is being celebrated in view of the International Girl Child Day on 11th October, 2017.
  • The theme for this year’s International Day of the Girl –“Girls Progress=Goals Progress: What Counts for Girls”.

6. The “Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav (RSM)-2017” will be held from 7th to 9th October, 2017  in India’s 1st World Heritage City i.e Ahmadabad, Gujarat.

  • This is organizing with an intent to showcase the rich cultural heritage of the Country in all its rich and varied dimensions, viz Handicrafts, Cuisine, Painting, Sculpture, Photography, Documentation and Performing Arts-Folk, Tribal, Classical and Contemporary- all in one place.

7. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) issues order against Grasim Industries Limited, Aditya Birla Chemicals (India) Ltd. and Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Ltd. for bid rigging Delhi Jal Board tenders for supply of Poly Aluminium Chloride.

  • The cci Imposes penalty for the anti-competitive conduct. 
  • The Poly Aluminium Chloride  (PAC)  is used for purification of water

8.President to Inaugurate India Water Week 2017 on October 10, 2017 in New Delhi .

  • The theme of India Water Week – 2017 is “Water and Energy for Inclusive Growth”.
Daily PIB Notes-October 3 and 4 2017

Daily PIB Notes-October 3 and 4 2017

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, UPSC exam

Press Information Bureau (PIB) is an important part in competitive exams. We are already providing PIB notes monthly Magazines free of cost .Now onwards you can track daily PIB notes from here instead of surfing through 30+ daily PIB updates which may not be relevant for preparation. We provides CRUX OF PIB DAILY.

PIB important articles monthly compilation

1.Environment Minister Inaugurates Global Wildlife Programme :-

  • Two documents were released on the occasion. –
  1. India’s National Wildlife Action Plan (NWAP) for the period 2017-2031
  2. Secure Himalaya

National Wildlife Action Plan 2017-2031 :-

  • The NWAP has been made landscape-based, rather than sanctuary, or national park-based.
  • The Plan focuses on preservation of genetic diversity and sustainable development.

The NWAP has five components, 17 themes, 103 conservation actions and 250 projects.

The five components are –

  1. strengthening and promoting the integrated management of wildlife and their habitats;
  2. adaptation to climate change and promoting integrated sustainable management of aquatic biodiversity in India;
  3. promoting eco-tourism, nature education and participatory management;
  4. strengthening wildlife research and monitoring of development of human resources in wildlife conservation and
  5. enabling policies and resources for conservation of wildlife in India.

2. President Appoints Commission to Examine Sub Categorization of other Backward Classes under Article 340 of the Constitution .

  • Decision will ensure more Backwards among OBC Communities to Avail benefits of Reservation .
  • Chairperson -Justice (Retd.) G. Rohini.
  • The Commission is required to present their Report to the President within a period of twelve weeks of assumption of charge by the Chairperson of the Commission.

3.President of India reached Djibouti :-

Some facts regarding:-

  • Ram Nath Kovind is the first Indian President to visit Djibouti.
  • Djibouti is situated on the Horn of Africa .
  • During the Yemeni crisis of 2015, Djibouti was supportive of Indian efforts to evacuate Indian citizens, and those of other countries, as part of Operation Rahat, and offered use of an air strip.

4.Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2011-12=100) August, 2017 

  • Highest for refinery products (28%)
  • Lowest for fertilizers (2.63%)

5. Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017 to be Held in Hyderabad, November 28-30 .

This year’s theme :“Women First, Prosperity for All”.

6. Rally for rivers :-

  • This is a policy recommendation to plant trees on either side of our rivers to restore them.
  • It is an economic model which has a significant ecological consequence.
Image credit: PIB

7. The Chairman of National Highways Authority of India launches new website and PMIS Mobile App .

Uses :-

  • This website will be usefull for the general public to rate National Highways.
  • The App will facilitate close, in-house monitoring of NHAI projects on a mobile phone.

8. Vice President of india Inaugurates week long celebration of World Space Week :-

Some facts regarding :-

  • The first sounding rocket launched from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launch Station (TERLS) in 1963.
  • The first Satellite Aryabhata was launched in the year 1975.

9.Cabinet approves renaming of Kandla Port as Deendayal Port.

Some facts regarding :-

  • Kandla is one of the largest port in the country.
  • Since the birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay was to be celebrated on 25 September, 2017.
  • “It was felt that it would be most appropriate if the decision to rename the Kandla Port as Deendayal Port”- official release.

10.Turtle Sanctuary to be set up in Allahabad :-

  • Aim: To protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures.
  • Development of a Turtle sanctuary in Allahabad along with a River Biodiversity Park at Sangam have been approved under Namami Gange programme. 

 

Daily PIB Notes-October 1 and 2 2017

Daily PIB Notes-October 1 and 2 2017

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily challenge, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, UPSC exam, UPSC toppers

Press Information Bureau (PIB) is an important part in competitive exams. We are already providing PIB notes monthly Magazines free of cost .Now onwards you can track daily PIB notes from here instead of surfing through 30+ daily PIB updates which may not be relevant for preparation. We provides CRUX OF PIB DAILY.

PIB important articles monthly compilation

>>CLICK HERE for date wise compilations free<<

1.Rajghat gets Mahatma Statue, for the first time 

  • Rajghat, the Samadhi of the Father of the Nation in the national capital.
  • Unveiled in the occasion of the 148 Birth Anniversary of the champion of country’s independence.
  • The famous message of Gandhi ji “Be the Change You Wish to See” is inscribed on the front side of the pedestal.
  • The new statue would offer another spot for them to pay their respect to the great soul.

2.National waterway 4 -Muktyala to Vijayawada (Krishna River)

As per an MoU signed with Govt. of Andhra Pradesh on 14th April’2016, NW-4 in Andhra Pradesh is proposed to be developed in three phases.

  • Phase-I: -Muktyala to Vijayawada (Krishna River) (82 Km)
  • Phase-II: -Vijayawada to Kakinada (Eluru canal & Kakinada canal) and Rajahmundry to Polavaram stretch of Godavari (233 Km)
  • Phase-III: -Commamur Canal, Buckingham canal and balance stretches of Krishna & Godavari Rivers (573km)

A proposal for Phase-II has been recommended by IWAI board for PIB/Cabinet. Also, a proposal for formation of Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementation of the project is under consideration for the approval of Cabinet. The SPV is expected to be formed by November 2017.

Quick revision:

  1. NW-1 or Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system is located in India and runs from Haldia to Allahabad across the Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river systems. It is 1,620 km long, making it the longest waterway in India.
  2. National Waterway 2 (NW-2) is a section of the Brahmaputra River having a length of 891 km between the Bangladesh border and Sadiya.
  3. The West Coast Canal or National Waterway No 3 is a 168-km stretch of this inland navigational route located in Kerala, India and runs from Kollam to Kottapuram.

3.Significance of  Porbandar .

  • The birth place of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Around 48% of the cargo entering or exiting the ports of the country is from the ports of Gujarat.

Gandhiji date of Birth :- 2 October 1869.

4.Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs Presents swachatta awards:-

  • Fertilizer Cooperative, KRIBHCO gets award for compost marketing.
  • FaceBook Group ‘My Delhi Keep It Clean’ gets Swacchata Award for voluntary citizen action.
  • No Food Waste’ initiative of Coimbattore has been selected in the Innovative Practices category for end-to-end cycle to manage and reduce food waste.
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Awasiya Vidyalaya, Ambikar gets the award in the Schools and Colleges category.

5.International day of Older Persons’ – 2nd October 

Theme : Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions and Participation of Older Persons in Society “.

  • The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is running two important schemes namely “Vriddh Jan Grah Yojana “ and “Day Care Centres” for Older Persons.

6.Wardha Dry Port will be constructed over an area of 350 Acres with an investment of Rs.500 Crore .

  • Shri Nitin Gadkari will perform Bhoomi Poojan for Wardha Dry Port .

The Phase-I would involve development of around 25 Ha of the total area, with an estimated cost of Rs.180 Crores (including private investment of Rs. 79 Crore).

The proposed dry port is estimated to generate traffic of almost 7,000-9,000 TEUs in next 5-7 years.

  • The project is expected to attract a direct employment of at least 1000 persons.
  • The project would have the necessary facilities as one-stop shop for the EXIM based industries such as customs clearance facilities, Container Freight Station, Warehousing Space, Cold Storage, Liquid Storage, truck terminals etc.
  •  The site is strategically located around the Industrial belt of Nagpur & Wardha and is well connected to the other industrial regions in Vidarbha.

7.Military Nursing Service celebrates its 92nd Raising Day :-

  • On October 1, 1926 MNS was formally established as permanent nursing service in the Indian Army.
  • National Florence Nightingale Award :-  It is the highest national level award in field of nursing, awarded by the President of India.

 

Daily PIB Notes-October 07 2017

Daily PIB Notes-October 07 2017

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1.Dialogue of Civilizations – IV being Organized from 8th – 15th October, 2017 by the Archaeological Survey of India, Ministry of Culture and National Geographic in New Delhi.

The theme of the Conference : Technology and Civilization.

Hoisted by : The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ministry of Culture, Government of India, in collaboration with National Geographic Society.

Objective: To encourage scholarly and public discourse about the five ancient, literate civilizations of the world, i.e. Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia, China and Mesoamerica and how the study of the past can share our present and future towards the right direction.

  • This conference is fourth in this series of ‘dialogues’.
  • The first conference of this series was inaugurated in Guatemala in 2013 followed by Turkey in 2014 and China in 2015.
  • The present conference is the fourth in this series, with the final dialogue planned in Egypt.

Background :-

In 2013, the National Geographic Society initiated a five-year annual conference called “The Dialogue of Civilizations,” the mission of which is to encourage scholarly and public discourse about the five ancient, literate civilizations of the world (i.e., Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia, China, and Mesoamerica) and how the study of the past can inform our present and future

2.India to conduct the First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’ in New delhi from October 10-13, 2017.

It will be conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) as the lead agency.

This Exercise will be a platform for sharing Best Practices on all aspects of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), strengthening regional response and coordination for Disaster Management among the BIMSTEC member countries.

Quick revision:

BIMSTEC consists of seven countries  – namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

3.  India and South Africa are celebrating twenty years of strategic partnership this year.

‘Gandhi-Mandela Program on Grass Root Innovation’ :-This program is designed for co-development of products through value addition, validation through product deployment and market ready technology transfer with a focus on affordability.

The goal is to meet unmet needs of the society and to reach common man.

 4.PM laid foundation stone for greenfield airport for Rajkot

The Prime Minister also layed foundation stone for a bridge between Okha and Beyt Dwarka.

He also dedicated a fully automatic milk processing and packaging plant to the nation.

The Prime Minister said that the Sursagar Dairy would bring enormous benefit to the people.

 

HINDU NOTES-OCT 7 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 7 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

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General Studies-01

{Op-Ed}Law, faith, unreason: on eradicating superstition from society

Issue: Editorial deals with the need for broad minded social reform additional to laws to eradicate superstition from indian society.

  • The Karnataka Prevention and Eradication of Inhuman Evil Practices and Black Magic Bill, 2017 has been approved by the State Cabinet and is likely to be introduced soon in the Assembly.
  • It is not accurate to characterise this as just an ‘anti-superstition bill’, as what it seeks to prohibit are actions that offend human dignity, result in the exploitation of gullible and vulnerable people or cause harm to them.

Bill outlaws:

superstition-eradication-bill

  • the urulu seve, also known as made snana, in which devotees roll over food leftovers,
  • the practice of walking on fire,
  • branding children,
  • piercing one’s tongue or cheeks.

Bill exempts:

  • Established religious practices and the propagation of spiritual learning and arts, besides astrology and vaastu.
  • Organising macabre rituals, offering magical cures and threatening people, under peril of incurring divine or supernatural displeasure, are covered by this law, even though these can be treated as offences under the Indian Penal Code too.

The proposed law ought to be seen as a reasonable restriction on the right to practise and propagate one’s religion under Article 25 of the Constitution. As long as these restrictions are in the interest of public order, morality and health, the law may withstand the test of constitutionality.

  • Ultimately, it is education and awareness that can truly liberate a society from superstition, blind faith and abominable practices in the name of faith. Until then, the law will have to continue to identify and punish acts that violate the people’s right to life, health and dignity.

General Studies-02

Australia, India to enhance ties

News:

  • India and Australia discussed ways to enhance cooperation in tackling terrorism, radicalization and cyber-crimes, the Home Ministry said in a statement.

Beyond News:

  • During the meeting, the two sides discussed the scope for cooperation in counter-terrorism and checking extremism and radicalisation, besides steps to check illegal financial transactions, counterfeiting and cyber-crimes.
  • Issues related to human trafficking and people smuggling, combating illegal drug trafficking, and sharing information between law enforcement agencies, were also discussed.

Aadhaar now must for PPF, KVP

News:

  • The government has made linking Aadhaar mandatory for the Public Provident Fund, the National Savings Certificate and the Kisan Vikas Patra schemes.

Beyond News:

  • Subscribers have time till December 31 to link their Aadhaar to the schemes.
  • Every depositor who has not given his Aadhaar number at the time of application shall submit it to the Post Office Savings Bank or accounts office concerned on or before December 31.
  • The government has already made it mandatory to link Aadhaar to PAN by December 31 and to SIM connections by February 2018.
  • Some 135 schemes, including free cooking gas, kerosene and fertilizer subsidy, targeted public distribution system and MGNREGA, are reportedly to be linked to the biometric identification.

India’s greenhouse gas emissions up by 4.7% in 2016

According to the latest report by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency- Trends in global CO2 and total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions show that India’s emissions have gone up by 4.7% in 2016.

  • For most major GHG emitters in the world, the emission figures have gone down, barring India and Indonesia.

According to the Dutch strategic agency’s report- Emissions in following countries shows fall in emission:

  1. U.S. saw a fall of 2%,
  2. Russian Federation 2.1%,
  3. Brazil 6.1%,
  4. China 0.3%,
  5. within the European Union, the United Kingdom 6.4%.
  • The report’s data is based on the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) produced by the European Union.

Non-CO2 emissions

  • In 2016, the five largest emitting countries and the European Union accounted for 68% of total global CO2 emissions and about 63% of total global GHG emissions.
  • Most of the emissions consist of CO2, about 72%.
  • Over the past three years, non-CO2 GHG emissions have continued to grow somewhat faster than CO2 emissions: by 1.5% (2014), 1.2% (2015) and 1.0% (2016).
  • CO2 over the same period increased by a respective 0.8%, -0.2% and 0.3%.
  • Globally, the combined share of non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions is about 28% in total GHG emissions, but it varies for the largest countries: 11% for Japan and 31% for India.

General Studies-03

GST Council gives relief to exporters, small businesses

News:

  • GST Council on Friday announced a slew of decisions to reduce their compliance burden.

Beyond News:

  • It includes the eventual setting up of an e-wallet for input tax credits for exporters, and the option for small businesses to file returns and pay taxes only once a quarter.
  • The decision regarding exporters taken by the Council is to impose a nominal 0.1% GST rate for them till March 31, 2018.
  • The e-wallet system is expected to rollout from April 1, 2018.
  • The GST Council also reduced the tax rates on 27 items.

Important items among those 27:

  • Sliced dried mangos,
  • khakhra and plain chappatis,
  • unbranded ayurvedic medicines,
  • plastic, rubber and paper waste,
  • yarn,
  • diesel engine parts, pump parts,
  • e-waste and several services.

‘Mission rice’ to conserve indigenous seeds

News:

  • After empowering rural women folk in the State, the Kudumbasree Mission is gearing up to script another success story by conserving traditional rice seeds of Wayanad.

Beyond News:

  • The project has been executed through joint liability groups (JLGs) of the mission.
  • The pilot project has been executed by the mission through the Kairaly JLG and five acres of fallow land at Kenichira under the Poothadi grama panchayat has been utilised for the purpose this season.
  • The mission is planning to expand the project on 300 acres next year.
  • The Kudumbasree State Mission has allotted Rs. 1 lakh for the project and the Agriculture Department would provide an incentive of Rs. 50,000 for the JLG under the Haritha Keralam Mission.

Aayog forms panel for ‘intelligent’ transport

News:

  • The NITI Aayog has set up a national-level committee constituting officials from various ministries and States to develop a roadmap for the implementation of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) policy.

Key aspects:

  • The National ITS policy will aim to reduce urban traffic congestion, improve parking for vehicles in cities, road safety and the security of passenger and goods traffic.
  • The committee will work towards setting uniform standards to implement the ITS in various parts of the country, Anil Srivastava, IAS, Advisor, (Infrastructure) NITI Aayog, said during an event organised by the International Road Federation.
  • Subjects covered under the panel’s purview would include traffic management, parking management, electronic enforcement of traffic rules and fleet management.
  • The committee’s mandate would also include monitoring and encouraging pilot projects.

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HINDU NOTES-OCT 6 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 6 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

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General Studies-01

Kathak, qawwali and opera on the same stage

News:

Kathak and tap dancers, the sarod and the organ came together in a gala in central London on Wednesday night, as the Southbank centre hosted over 150 artists from across Britain and India for an event pegged as the highlight of the 2017 India-U.K. Year of Culture.

Beyond news:

  • The push for a year-long celebration of Indian and British culture was agreed upon during Prime Minister Narenda Modi’s visit to Britain in 2015.
  • Since its launch earlier this year, events have been taking place across the country, with many museums and institutions using the opportunity to create India-related events — from Kew Gardens’ annual orchid festival focused around the Indian orchid to the Science Museum’s exhibition examining the place of India in the development of science and technology over the past 5,000 years.

General Studies-02

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons awarded 2017 Nobel Prize in Peace

Nobel prize 2017

News:

  • The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), a coalition of non-governmental organisations from over 100 countries around the globe.

Beyond News:

  • The committee emphasised that “the next steps towards attaining a world free of nuclear weapons must involve the nuclear-armed states”.
  • The 2017 Peace Prize called upon nuclear-armed states to initiate negotiations to gradual elimination of the world’s 15,000 nuclear weapons .

What is ICAN?

  • ICAN stands for International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.
  • ICAN has been the leading civil society actor in the effort to achieve a prohibition of nuclear weapons under international law.
  • ICAN had in the past year given the efforts to achieve a world without nuclear weapons a new direction and new vigour, it added.
  • ICAN describes itself as a coalition of grass roots non-government groups in more than 100 nations. It began in Australia and was officially launched in Vienna in 2007.

7 killed as IAF chopper crashes in Arunachal

News:

  • Seven military personnel were killed when a Mi-17 helicopter of the Air Force crashed in Arunachal Pradesh on Friday.

Beyond News:

  • The Russian manufactured Mi-17 V5 chopper was on an air maintenance mission and was also scheduled to drop off kerosene jerry cans at an Army camp in Yangste.
  • The Mi-17 V5 (domestic designation Mi-8 MTV5) is a military transport variant in the Mi-8/17 family of helicopters.
  • It is produced by Kazan Helicopters, a subsidiary of Russian Helicopters. The aircraft has a maximum takeoff weight of 13,000 kg.
  • It can transport either 36 armed soldiers internally or 4,500 kg of load on a sling.

Now, SC Collegium to make judges’ appointments transparent

News:

  • In a historic move to ensure transparency in judicial appointments, the Supreme Court Collegium, led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, has resolved to post on the court’s website its recommendations on judicial appointments, transfers and elevations for public consumption.

Beyond News:

  • The information posted online will also “indicate” reasons for the recommendation or rejection of a name for judicial appointment, transfer and elevation to High Courts and the Supreme Court.
  • As a start, the Supreme Court has posted online detailed reasons for its October 3, 2017 recommendations for judicial appointments to the Madras High Court and the Kerala High Court.
  • Details are now available online under the tag “Collegium Resolutions”
  • The Supreme Court has also posted on its website the minutes of the Collegium meeting, which led to its decision to go ahead with transparency.

{Op-Ed}States in Indian diplomacy: when Sharjah ruler visited Kerala

Click here for detailed analysis of this Opinion

General Studies-03

Snow leopard photographed in Arunachal

News:

  • Scientists have obtained the first evidence of the elusive snow leopard in Arunachal Pradesh.

Why its important?

Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 22 priority landscapes of the Global Snow Leopard Ecosystem Protection Program and while locals and researchers knew that there were snow leopards in the area, scientists had not been able to get photographs thus far.

Beyond News:

  • The presence of the species outside a protected areas highlights the importance of community support for conservation as well as landscape-scale planning.
  • The camera-trapping, part of a State-wide survey initiated in March 2017 by WWF-India in collaboration with the Arunachal Pradesh Environment and Forest Department, focused on unexplored snow leopard habitats.
  • A small fraction of snow leopard habitats falling in the two protected areas (the Dibang Biosphere Reserve and Namdapha National Park) in the State, scientists tapped into the knowledge of locals — including herders and former hunters — to understand the current distribution of snow leopards and other mammals.
  • Over 80% of the respondents confirmed the presence of snow leopards in their area.

Aadhaar mandatory for PPF, NSC, Kisan Vikas Patra

News:

  • The Union government has made linking Aadhaar mandatory for the Public Provident Fund (PPF), the National Savings Certificates (NSC) and the Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP).

Beyond News:

  • The government had made it mandatory to link Aadhaar to PAN by December 31 and to SIM connections by February 2018.
  • Existing subscribers have time till December 31, 2017 to link their Aadhaar.
  • Every depositor under this scheme who has not given his Aadhaar number at the time of application for such deposit shall submit his Aadhaar number to the Post Office Savings Bank or Accounts Office concerned, on or before the 31st day of December, 2017.
  • About 135 schemes, including the free cooking gas (LPG) to poor women, kerosene and fertilizer subsidy, targeted public distribution system (PDS) and MGNREGA are also reportedly to be linked to the biometric identification.

Pesticides cause farmer deaths, illnesses in Yavatmal

News:

  • A farmer from the Bellora village in the Yavatmal district of Maharashtra, is tied with ropes to a bed in Ward Number 12 of the Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College (VNGMC).

Beyond News:

  • This was one of the 27 farmers currently undergoing treatment at Yavatmal’s VNGMC for infections caused by spraying pesticides on their cotton produce.
  • Over 472 farmers have been admitted to the hospital for the same infection in the last three months.
  •  “improper pesticide use”is considered as reason for this infections.

The rhythm of life: on the Nobel Prize in Medicine

Key aspect: 

  • the Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to a trio of physicists for their work in the detection of gravitational waves emanating from the recesses of the space-time continuum, the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was won by a triumvirate of chronobiologists for their work in discovering the mechanisms controlling the internal clocks that keep time in all living organisms, including humans.

Men behind the findings:

  • Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young, three Americans born in the 1940s.

Key finding:

  • Working with the humble fruit fly, the three scientists isolated a gene named period that studies had shown disrupted the fly’s circadian clock.
  • It Made pioneering contributions in helping unravel the genetic coding and protein pathways that regulate the circadian rhythm.
  • Dr. Hall and Dr. Rosbash then went on to discover that the protein PER, which acts as a functional communicator for this gene, accumulated at night and then diminished during the day.
  • Then spotted the third gene, doubletime, which through an encoded protein served as the regulator of the frequency of the oscillations.
  • Nobel-winning researchers’ contributions have also led to an improved understanding of the link between peak physical performance in sport and the time of the day.

What is circadian rhythm is all about?

  • Its a rhythm which tells us when it is time to eat and sleep, or wake up even when we have no bedside alarm.
  • It is crucial in human health angle that has spawned a mushrooming body of science centred on understanding the linkages between sleep and normal metabolic activity, and the potentially deleterious effect of sleep deprivation.
  • From “jet lag”, when people travel across different time zones challenging the internal biological clock, to the difficulties people engaged in shift-based jobs have in resetting their sleep-wake cycles, contemporary medical science acknowledges the hazards that lack of adequate sleep can pose.
  • The prospect that the circadian rhythm may well hold the key to future breakthroughs in the modulation and treatment of various diseases is truly tantalising.

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HINDU EDITORIAL ANALYSIS- October 06 Simplified

HINDU EDITORIAL ANALYSIS- October 06 Simplified

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{Op-Ed}States in Indian diplomacy: when Sharjah ruler visited Kerala

What this op-Ed is all about:

States role in competitive federalism in the light of recent Sharjah rulers visit to kerala & its associated benefits to india & especially kerala.

Kerala-sharjah deals

Key aspects of Kerala visit:

  • Kerala government honored sutan with a D.Litt from the Calicut University.
  • The ruler had agreed to release 149 Indian prisoners from Sharjah jails.
  • Instead of returning them back, sharjah offers job to continue work there itself.
  • Kerala government handed over some ancient documents about kerala & suthan proclaimed that its his duty to preserve these precious documents.
  • This 5 day visit makes kerala as an example for Narendra Modi’s concept of competitive federalism.

According to our PM- “Team India shall not be limited to the Prime Minister-led team in Delhi, but will also include Chief Ministers and other functionaries as equal partners.”

Author says that Centre always respect states initiatives. The example quoted is about andra pradesh.

  • In his earlier stint as Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, Chandrababu Naidu negotiated with foreign governments to make Hyderabad an IT capital, prompting even presidents and prime ministers to visit the city on state visits. Given his personal reputation, the Government of India invited Mr. Naidu to lead an Indian delegation on IT.

Author says that ,Centre had established the basic mechanism for the States to play an important role in not only implementing foreign policy, but also in formulating it.

Back to history:

  • Earlier there was a period when Pandit Nehru wrote letters to the Chief Ministers, explaining certain aspects of foreign policy, but did not solicit their views, though they could ask questions or make suggestions.
  • But those were the days when he could do no wrong as he was considered infallible and unflappable. But as regional parties began to exert influence at the national level, States began to dictate terms even in foreign policy.
  • The States exercised veto on crucial issues, making it difficult for the Prime Minister to have his way in formulating policy.

Remodelling the MEA

Some examples of states interference:

West Bengal: The Chief Minister of West Bengal stopped then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh from signing an agreement on sharing of Teesta waters with Bangladesh after the agreement was negotiated.

Tamil Nadu: Political parties in Tamil Nadu not only insisted that India should support the U.S. resolution against Sri Lanka in the Human Rights Council, but also stopped the Prime Minister from attending a Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) on the ground that Sri Lanka was not safeguarding the interests of the Tamil minority.

Kerala: Insisted that the Italian marines who killed two fishermen should be tried in India and punished here, causing a rift in India’s relations with the European Union.

Authors conclusion:

  • The promise made in the BJP manifesto that States would be involved more in foreign affairs has not been kept as yet as the moves made so far are tentative and half-hearted.
  • A major change in mindset is necessary to accomplish it.
  • The States must also develop expertise on foreign affairs to be able to take responsible decisions in their interaction with foreign lands.

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