HINDU NOTES-OCT 16 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 16 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, Read Hindu, UPSC exam

Hindu Notes from General Studies-02

Pakistan withdraws terror charges against Hafiz Saeed

News:

  • Pakistani authorities have withdrawn terrorism charges against Hafiz Saeed and Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), paving the way for the possible release of the man designated a terrorist by the UN, the U.S. and India for his involvement in the 2008 Mumbai attacks.

Beyond News:

  • Saeed and the JuD are already banned by the UN, while the U.S. has announced a $10 million bounty for his arrest.
  • Saeed had challenged his detention in the Lahore High Court, alleging that it was due to U.S. pressure and he had never been charged for any crime.

 Doklam derails train plan?

News:
Officials cite ‘lack of response’ from China company to high-speed train project

Beyond News:

  • An ambitious high-speed train project to connect Chennai and Mysore, via Bengaluru, has been delayed as a Chinese company has maintained silence after completing a feasibility study a year ago.
  • They suggest that the “lack of response” may be due to the Doklam standoff.
  • An internal brief of the Mobility Directorate on the status of nine high-speed projects of the Railways shows that the 492-km Chennai-Bengaluru-Mysuru corridor lies in limbo because the Chinese company has failed to respond to the Ministry’s communiques.

{Op-Ed} The case for a public health cadre.

Key aspect: Opinion deals with keeping a designated officer for health cadre who is specially trained in that area.

Current scenario:
  •  The 12th Five Year Plan and the National Health Policy, 2017 have also strongly advocated establishing a public health management cadre to improve the quality of health services by having dedicated, trained and exclusive personnel to run public health facilities.
  • Recently, Odisha, with the support of the Public Health Foundation of India, has notified the establishment of a public health cadre in the hope of ensuring vast improvement in the delivery of health care.
Need for such a cadre? 
  • The idea is on the lines of the civil service — of having dedicated, professionally trained personnel to address the specific and complex needs of the Indian health-care
  • Doctors with clinical qualifications and even with vast experience are unable to address all these challenges, thereby hampering the quality of our public health-care system.
  • In the absence of a public health cadre in most States, even an anaesthetist or an ophthalmologist with hardly any public health knowledge and its principles is required to implement reproductive and child health or a malaria control programme.
Benefits
  • This will definitely improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Indian health system.
  • The poor will also stand to benefit as this will reduce their out-of-pocket expenditure and dependence on prohibitively expensive private health care.
  • Hindu Notes from General Studies-03

Make pollution-free crackers

News:

  • Scientists have been asked to develop zero-pollution firecrackers that do not cause health hazards to children

Beyond News:

  • This was urged by Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan Flagging off the ‘Run for Clean Air’ campaign here as a part of the ‘Clean Air Campaign’.
  • The ‘Clean Air Campaign’ was launched to create awareness on air pollution.

Indian economy on very solid track in the medium term

News:

  • IMF chief Christine Lagarde said the Indian economy was on a “very solid track” in the medium term, days after the International Monetary Fund lowered its growth forecast for the current and the next year.

Beyond News:

  • The IMF last week lowered India’s growth projection to 6.7% in 2017, 0.5 percentage points less than its previous two forecasts in April and July, attributing it to demonetisation and introduction of the GST.
  • It also lowered the country’s growth for 2018 to 7.4%, 0.3 percentage points less than its previous two projections in July and April.
  • India’s growth rate in 2016 was 7.1%, which saw an upward revision of 0.3 percentage points from its April report.

GDP may grow at 7% in FY18: NITI Aayog

  • NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Rajiv Kumar has said the economic slowdown that began in 2013-14 has bottomed out and the GDP is likely to grow at 6.9-7 % this fiscal and 7.5% in 2018-19.
  • On a quarterly basis also, the growth in the first quarter of the current fiscal had slipped to 5.7%.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS 

MEASURES TO CONTROL POPULATION

General Studies, IAS EXAM, UPSC exam

MEASURES TO CONTROL POPULATION is associated with Population and associated issues in GS1 for upsc ias mains syllabus. Available measures can be broadly classified as social measures & economic measures.

MEASURES TO CONTROL POPULATION

Social Measures.

  • Minimum age of Marriage: As fertility depends on the age of marriage therefore the minimum age of marriage should be raised. In India minimum age for marriage is 21 years for men and 18 years for women fixed by law. This law should be strongly implemented and people should also be made aware of this through promotion.
  • Raising the Status of Women: There is still favouritism to the women. They are restricted to house. They are still confined to rearing and bearing of children. So women should be given opportunities to develop socially and economically. Free education should be given to them.
  • Spread education: The spread of education changes the views of people. The educated men take mature decisions and prefer to delay marriage and adopt small family custom. Educated women are health mindful and avoid frequent pregnancies and thus help in lowering birth rate.

Adoption is also effective way to curb population. Some parents do not have any child, despite expensive medical treatment. It is recommended that they should adopt orphan children. It will be helpful to orphan children and children to couples.

  • Change in Social Outlook: Social outlook of the people should undergo a change. It must be taught that marriage should no longer be considered a social compulsory.

Economic Measures

  • Social Security: It is responsibility of government to include more and more people under-social security schemes. So that they do not depend upon others in the event of old age, sickness, unemployment with these facilities they will have no desire for more children.
  • Government policies: Government must devise policies for more employment opportunities.
  • Employment opportunities: Its need of the day to increase job opportunities in rural as well as urban areas. Generally in rural areas there is disguised joblessness.
  • Development of Agriculture and Industry: If agriculture and industry are correctly developed, huge number of people will get employment. When their income is increased they would enhance their standard of living and accept small family norms. Good standard of living is a deterrent to large family norm. In order to maintain their enhanced standard of living, people prefer to have a small family.
  • Urbanisation process can reduce population increase. It is reported that people in urban areas have low birth rate than those living in rural areas. Urbanisation should be encouraged.

Other Measures: 

  • late Marriage as this will reduce the period of reproduction among the females and bring down the birth rate.
  • Many practitioners advocated that self-control is one of the dominant methods to control the population.
  • The govt. can give different types of incentives to the people to adopt birth control measures. Financial incentives and other facilities like leave and promotion can be extended to the working class which adopts small family norms.
  • Employment to Woman is effective method to check the population. Women should be given incentive to give services in different fields.
HINDU NOTES-OCT 14 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 14 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, hindu notes, IAS EXAM, The Hindu Notes, UPSC exam

General Studies-02

Public health key concern in banning crackers: SC

News:

The Supreme Court on Friday refused to modify its October 9 order suspending the sale of firecrackers in Delhi NCR till November 1, 2017.

Beyond News:

  • The court said that its concern primarily was the health of the masses.
  • Interestingly, the October 9 order only suspended the sale and did not impose any restriction on the bursting of crackers.
  • The court said it would anyway monitor the post-Deepavali situation after November 1.
  • The suspension was ordered in a bid to test whether a Deepavali without firecrackers this year will have a “positive effect” on the health of citizens and a steadily deteriorating air quality.

SC asks Centre to strike a balance on Rohingya issue

  • The Supreme Court on Friday came close to ordering the government not to deport the Rohingya.
  • It finally settled on merely observing that a balance should be struck between humanitarian concern for the community and the country’s national security and economic interests.
  • The court was hearing a bunch of petitions, one filed by persons belonging to the community, against a proposed move to deport over 40,000 Rohingya refugees.

Law Ministry hails SC verdict on Section 375

News:

The Law Ministry will not challenge the Supreme Court verdict that having sex with a minor wife is rape, said a top Law Ministry official.

Beyond News:

  • The court order will act as a deterrent against child marriage, as the punishment will now be much stricter than the violation of the child marriage law, the official said.
  • Sexual intercourse by a man with his minor wife now attracts a jail term of 10 years under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) or a life term under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.

India to speak up at Bahamas meeting

News:

India will strongly articulate the need to strengthen counter terrorism measures and prevent radicalisation of youth through information and communication technology (ICT) at the Commonwealth Law Ministers Meeting that begins on Monday in the islands of the Bahamas.

Beyond News:

  • Addressing the issue of using ICT and social media platforms to recruit terrorists and radicalise youth is also part of the agenda.
  • Like the September face-off at the United Nations General Assembly, India and Pakistan could once again spar here as well — Pakistan is also a member of the Commonwealth.
  • Cyber crimes, climate change, the practice of child marriage, and the need for effective laws, to deal with these issues are also important items on the agenda.

    General Studies-03

  • {Op-Ed}Six steps to job creation

Key aspects:Unemployment, irregular jobs and low salaries continue to hurt India while it continues to embrace labor reforms.

  • Three demographic groups that are in urgent need of jobs
    • Growing number of better educated youth.
    • Uneducated agricultural workers who wish to leave agricultural distress behind.
    • Young women.

Opinion proposes solution for the 6 issues

  1. Excessive imports have been decimating Indian manufacturing.As a result, domestic manufacturers face high tariffs since the last 12-15 years, leading to higher raw material cost at home, emanating from the unfavourable inverted duty structure.
                     Solutions: Making Trade policy consistent with such an industrial policy. 
  2. The packaging labour intensive sectors have been ignored.
                     Solution: special packages are needed for labour-intensive industries to create jobs. There are a number of labour intensive manufacturing sectors in India such as food processing, leather and footwear, wood manufacturers and furniture, textiles and apparel and garments.
  3. Unorganized sector employment is in MSMEs, which tend to be concentrated in specific geographic locations.
     Solution: there should be cluster development to support job creation in micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs).
  4. The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) has a programme called AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation) aimed at improving infrastructure for small towns. Infrastructure investment by the government always creates many jobs. But the programme does not take into account whether the infrastructure investment under it is taking place in towns which have clusters of unorganised sector economic activities.
    Solution:An engagement between the Urban Development and MSME Ministries is necessary to ensure that this is happening. It will attract more investment to industrial clusters, which is where most non-agricultural jobs are.
  5. The problem with skill development women programs has been low placement after training is complete.
    Solution: The availability of jobs close to where the training is conducted will also enhance the demand for training.
  6. Public investment in the health sector has remained even in the last three years at 1.15% of GDP, despite the creation of the national health policy at the beginning of 2017.
    Solution:Public investments in health, education, police and judiciary can create many government jobs.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS 

Daily PIB Notes-October 10 and 11 compilation

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, PIB notes, Press Information Bureau(PIB), UPSC exam

Press Information Bureau(PIB) is an important part in competitive exams. We are already providing PIB notes monthly Magazines free of cost .Now onwards you can track daily PIB notes from here instead of surfing through 30+ daily PIB updates which may not be relevant for preparation. We provides CRUX OF PIB DAILY.

PIB important articles monthly compilation

>>CLICK HERE for date wise compilations free<<

1.Vice President inaugurates the third International Conference on ‘Yoga for Wellness’ 

  • The theme of this year’s conference is “Yoga for Wellness
  • The vice President expressed his appreciation that the conference will focus on seeking solutions to contemporary health problems caused by modern stressful lifestyle.
  • Yoga is the mother of all exercises and provides physical fitness, mental alertness as well as spiritual succour.
  • Yoga has nothing to do with religion as some people unfortunately attribute religious overtones to this ancient scientific system.
  • The conference is being organized by the Ministry of AYUSH.

2.The President of India, presented the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence in Public Administration, Academics and Management for the year 2017 to Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak at Rashtrapati Bhavan 

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak is the founder of Sulabh International and has developed and implemented, on a pan India scale, a low cost and appropriate toilet technology popularly known as the Sulabh Shauchalaya system.

Further notes:

The Mayor of New York had declared April 14, 2016 as the ‘Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak International Day’ keeping in mind this contribution made by Dr. Pathak.

3.The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has Released two books ‘Minimally Invasive GI Cancer Surgery’ and ‘Bariatric Surgical Practice Guide’

4. Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) has embarked upon several digital friendly steps for extension of the benefits of Atal pension yojana(APY) to the citizens of India.

Any person in the age group of 18 to 40 years with a savings bank account and Aadhaar can register for APY by providing the minimum information in the APY@eNPS portal

5.The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh inaugurated the four-day first BIMSTEC DMEx.

  • Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Disaster Management Exercise (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) .
  • India is organizing the first annual Disaster Management Exercise for the region.
  • The Exercise is being conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) as the lead agency .

6. Indian Railways and German Railways sign Joint Declaration

  • Joint declaration of intent regarding carrying out of feasibility study on existing Chennai-Kazipet corridor of Indian Railways for increasing the speed trains to 200 kmph .

7. The Prime Minister launched the DISHA Portal

  • A smart governance tool developed for MPs and MLAs for monitoring of implementation of various Programmes and Schemes of different Ministries in their constituency through a single portal.

8. The prime minister launched Gram Samvaad

  • A citizen centric mobile app to serve and empower the rural citizens of India, by facilitating single window access for citizens to information at Gram Panchayat level, on various Rural Development programs.

9. New Chairman for Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune.  

  • Anupam Kher, veteran cine star, has been appointed as Chairman of Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune.
  • Shri Kher succeeds Shri Gajendra Chauhan.         

FTII :-

FTII is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting .

10. First Meeting of EAC-PM spells out the road map for acceleration of economic growth.

The EAC-PM is an independent body to give advice on economic and   related issues to the Government of India, specifically to the Prime Minister.

The composition of the EAC-PM is as follows- {NOT IMPORTANT}

  1. Dr. Bibek Debroy, Member, NITI Aayog- Chairman
  2. Dr. Surjit Bhalla- Part-time Member
  3. Dr. Rathin Roy- Part-time Member
  4. Dr. Ashima Goyal- Part-time Member
  5. Shri Ratan Watal, Principal Advisor, NITI Aayog Member-Secretary.

 

HINDU NOTES-OCT 13 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 13 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, The Hindu Notes

General Studies-01

Assam govt decides to rejuvenate Barak river

News: The Assam government plans to rejuvenate the Barak river .

Why its important:It has potential to revitalise trade and commerce with Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Developing the river as a major channel for water transport will help improve trade with the neighbouring countries.

Barak River:

It  is one of the major rivers of South Assam and is a part of the Surma-Meghna River System. It rises in the hill country of Manipur State, where it is the biggest and the most important of the hill country rivers. After Manipur it flows through Mizoram State and into Assam, ending just after it enters Bangladesh where it forks into the Surma and Kushiyara rivers

ADD-ON Info: Namami Barak festival 

Barak, the gift of God has been a source of great blessing to the people of Tahamzam(Senapati) district since time immemorial. Besides irrigating crops and increasing productivity and prosperity, it has provided cleansing drainage over the ages and touched the lands along its majestic flow with charm and scenic beauty and transformed it into an eco-tourism paradise.

Averting disaster

Issue: In recent times, Category 5 hurricanes in the Caribbean and in the American mainland; record floods across Bangladesh, India and Nepal; and drought emergencies in 20 countries in Africa have damaged these regions, killed hundreds, and ruined the lives of millions.

Impact on least developed countries:

  • The impact of disasters can strip away livelihoods; for developed and middle-income countries, the economic losses from infrastructure alone can be massive; for both, these events reiterate the need to act on a changing climate, the effects of which have been revelatory.
  • While 4.2 million people dying prematurely each year from ambient pollution gets relatively little media attention, the effect of heat-trapping greenhouse gases on extreme weather events is coming into sharper focus.
  • It could not be otherwise when the impacts of these weather events are so profound.

Seriousness of issue:

  • During the last two years, over 40 million people, mainly in countries which contribute least to global warming, have been forced from their homes by disasters.

Tackle climate change

  • While the Paris Agreement has set the world on a long-term path towards a low-carbon future, it is a windy path that reflects pragmatism and realities in each individual country.
  • Thus, while carbon emissions are expected to drop as countries meet their targets, the impacts of climate change may be felt for some time, leaving the world with little choice but to invest, simultaneously, in efforts to adapt to climate change and reduce disaster risk.
  • This will require international cooperation. Restoring the ecological balance between emissions and the natural absorptive capacity of the planet is the long-term goal.

General Studies-02

Israel joins U.S to quit UNESCO

News: The United States and Israel announced on Thursday they were quitting the U.N.’s cultural agency UNESCO, after Washington accused it of anti-Israeli bias.

When did this all started?

Washington has already withheld its funding for UNESCO since 2011, when the body admitted Palestine as a full member.

The United States and Israel were among just 14 of 194 members that voted against admitting the Palestinians.

In recent years, Israel has repeatedly complained about what it says is the body taking sides in disputes over cultural heritage sites in Jerusalem and the Palestinian territories.

Impact of this decision:

The withdrawal of the United States, which is meant to provide a fifth of UNESCO’s funding, is a major blow for the Paris-based organization, founded after World War Two to help protect cultural and natural heritage around the world.

The US withdrawal will become effective at the end of December 2018 – until then, the US will remain a full member.

UNESCO: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter.

{Op-Ed}Saving child brides

  • By ruling that marriage cannot be a licence to have sex with a minor girl, the Supreme Court has corrected an anomaly in the country’s criminal law.

Under Indian Penal code:

  • It is an offence to have sex with a girl below 18 years of age, regardless of consent. However, it made an exception if the girl was the man’s wife, provided she was not below 15.
  • In other words, what was statutory rape is treated as permissible within a marriage.
  • By reading down the exception to limit it to girls aged 18 and older, the court has sought to harmonise the various laws in which any person under 18 is a minor.
  • The age of consent under the IPC was raised in 2013 from 16 to 18 to bring it in line with the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012.
  • However, the age above which marriage is an exception to rape was retained at 15, as fixed in 1940

Perspective:

  • As a move to strengthen the fight against child marriage and help stricter enforcement of the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006, the judgment cannot be faulted.
  • But the practical implications of the judgment are worrying.
  • Given the prevalence of child marriage in this country, it is doubtful whether it is possible — or even desirable — to implement the statutory rape law uniformly in the context of marriages.
  • Significantly, if boys under 18 but over 16 are charged with penetrative sexual assault under POCSO or rape under the IPC, which can be termed ‘heinous offences’, they could face the prospect of being tried as adults, according to the juvenile law as it stands now.
  • Treating all below 18 as children may be good for their care and protection, but whether 18 is the right age for consent in this day and age remains a moot question.

Regulatory upgrade

  • Pesticides play an important role in sustaining agricultural production, and in controlling vectors responsible for diseases.
  • On the flip side, they can be toxic.
  • Therefore, what is needed is a top-notch mechanism to regulate the import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and use of insecticides with a view to preventing risk to human beings and animals.

Significant bills & acts :

  • The Insecticides Act, 1968 was enacted to ensure this, until deficiencies in the statute caught the eye of several Parliamentary Committees and stakeholders.
  • The Pesticides Management Bill of 2008, which is pending in Parliament, aims to cover this ground.

The statement of objects and reasons of the draft says that the proposed legislation, among others, intends to provide for an elaborate definition of pesticides to cover any substance of chemical or biological origin intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, mitigating or controlling any pest, including unwanted species of plants or animals, which will enable regulation of existing pesticides as well as new discoveries.

General Studies-03

‘GST to hit aviation sector by Rs. 5,700 cr. a year’

  • The aviation industry will take a annual hit of Rs. 5,700 crore following the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), domestic airlines told the Finance Ministry recently.
    • The Federation of Indian Airlines (FIA), which represents IndiGo, SpiceJet, Jet Airways and GoAir, made a presentation before top Finance Ministry officials on September 27 on behalf of the entire airline industry, saying guideline principles of the new indirect system — revenue neutrality and equity — have been violated by the GST.
  •  GST, in the current form, was against the objective of “affordability and sustainability” stated in the National Civil Aviation Policy 2016 and regional connectivity scheme UDAN released last year.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS 

HINDU NOTES-OCT 12 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 12 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, Editorial analysis, The Hindu Notes

General Studies-01

{Op-Ed}It’s not enough to know who killed Mahatma Gandhi-we must understand why he was killed

 Key fact: Sixty-nine years down the line, Pankaj Phadnis has appealed that the Supreme Court reinvestigate the death of Gandhi, and holds that Gandhi was killed by a fourth bullet fired by someone else.
Authors view points:
  • Indians continue to be murdered for the same reason — therefore, the murder of a Gauri Lankesh here, of a Narendra Dabholkar there, of a Govind Pansare here, and of an M.M. Kalburgi there.
    • Gandhi was a powerful moral exemplar — therefore, he posed a distinct threat to the dark forces of doom and destruction. He had to be removed physically.
  • Nathuram Godse of the Hindu Mahasabha assassinated Gandhi because the Mahatma stood for a world view implacably opposed to the hate-filled rhetoric of the religious right.
  • It was not just Gandhi who got assassinated but entire perspective committed to ahimsa, toleration, and respect for other religious traditions was sought to be obliterated.
  • But killers target failed because Gandhi continues to live in our hearts, he inhabits our imaginations.

Albert Einstein remarked that: “generations to come, it may be, will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth”.

What made Gandhi great?

  • Gandhi himself was what he was, a great moral leader and a giver of remedies for the maladies of the human condition, because he drew inspiration from a variety of sources.
  • Gandhi’s truth led inexorably in the direction of toleration
  • We do not tolerate others because we alone know the truth, we tolerate because we do not know enough.
  • Confidence that we know the truth leads to violence, doubt that we know enough leads to non-violence.

General Studies-02

Sexual intercourse with minor wife is rape, says SC

News:

  • The Supreme Court on Wednesday held that sexual intercourse by a man with his wife, who is below 18 years of age, is rape.

Details of verdict:

  • A girl child below the age of 18 cannot be treated as a commodity having no say over her body or someone who has no right to deny sexual intercourse to her husband.
    The court read down Exception 2 to Section 375 (rape) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which allowed the husband of a girl child — between 15 and 18 years of age — blanket liberty and freedom to have non-consensual sexual intercourse with her.
  • The exception had remained an anomaly because Section 375 itself mandated that sex with a girl below 18 years of age, with or without her consent, was statutory rape.
  • With this judgment, considered by experts as trigger to declaring child marriage void ab initio, the court ended the decades-old disparity between Exception 2 to Section 375 IPC and other child protection laws.

SC to frame norms for drafting ‘living wills’

News:

  • A person’s advance directive to withdraw medical care to allow him to die with dignity should take effect only when a medical board affirms that his medical condition is beyond cure and irreversible, Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra said on Wednesday.

Informed consent:

  • It would lay down guidelines for drafting living wills and how it could be authenticated. It had reserved the case for judgment.
  • The court is hearing a petition by an NGO, Common Cause, to legalise euthanasia and the concept of living will.
  • A certificate from a statutory medical board that a patient’s condition was beyond cure and irreversible would take care of apprehensions of relatives and doctors about withdrawing life support.
    The legalisation of “advance directives” would amount to the waiving of the paramount fundamental right to life enshrined under Article 21 of the Constitution.

U.K. race audit shows British Indians are better off

News:

  • The British government published a report earlier this week highlighting the huge differences in the experiences of ethnic minority groups across Britain in terms of access to public services ranging from education to health as well as in the outcomes and treatment they experienced.

Beyond News:

  • It Builds up a snapshot of the British Indian community, which appeared to show them often to be better off than their counterparts from other ethnic minority groups.
  • On employment, British Indians had among the highest rates of hourly pay, above the national average and the white British community, while levels of employment was only marginally lower than that of white British (73% against 75%).
  • British Indians also did well in areas of education, with one of the higher rates of students achieving at least 3 A grades at A level in the final school exams.

General Studies-04

{Op-Ed}The will to die

The debate on allowing euthanasia as a means to protect the dignity of patients in a vegetative state has crystallised into a key question before a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court.

Should the law allow ‘living wills’?

  • These are advance directives that people can lay down while being sound of mind, on whether they should continue to get life-sustaining treatment after they reach a stage of total incapacitation, that is, a vegetative state.
  • The question is fraught with legal, moral and philosophical implications.
  • The court will have to resolve the question whether the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution, which according to an earlier verdict does not include the right to die, is being voluntarily waived by a person giving such an advance directive.
  • A living will,may relieve the close family members and caregivers of a terminally ill patient of the moral burden of making a life-ending decision.

In case of US jurisdiction:

  • Under U.S. jurisdiction patient autonomy is paramount, and many States have laws allowing advance directives, even the nomination of a ‘health care proxy’ who can decide on behalf of the patient.

Should India follow suit?

  • The court has indicated that it may lay down comprehensive guidelines on operationalising the idea of living wills.
  • The government has opposed the concept of an advance directive, arguing that it would be against public policy and the right to life.

Back to history:

  • The Supreme Court, in a landmark verdict in 2011, ruled out any support for active euthanasia, but laid down a broad legal framework for passive euthanasia, or the withdrawal of life support subject to safeguards and a fair procedure.

Current scenario:

  • In the present case, the court may have to draw up stringent safeguards for certifying living wills, preferably by a judicial officer, and lay down the exact stage at which the advance directive becomes applicable.
  • The court’s observation that it would kick in only after a medical board rules that a person’s condition is incurable ought to be sufficient reassurance for those concerned about its possible misuse.
  • The present law provides for advance directives regarding treatment of mental illness, so the concept is not new to Indian law.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS 

[IASTODAY MASTER 2017]UPSC Mains Questions from 8 editorials: 12 October

Mains 2017, Master 2017, UPSC answer writing, Writing contest

IASTODAY MASTER 2017-MASTERING UPSC ANSWER WRITING

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING SERIES WITH EXPERT REVIEW –MASTERing UPSC

OCTOBER 12– Questions for Mains Answer Writing

IAS TODAY MASTER 2017- THE FIRST & ONLY WEB PORTAL FOR IAS MAINS ANSWER WRITING WITH REVIEW & PERFORMANCE TRACKING.

What toppers say about
Agam JainAgam JainAIR 133 (2015)
Writing skill is the key to unlock UPSC MAINS from my experience.Getting answers reviewed is equally important & this MASTER initiative with daily answer review is applaudable as it helps a lot of aspirants.Im glad to be a part of it & I appreciate the dedication of team IASTODAY

START WRITING HERE

Nb: For ANSWER REVIEW – upload answer in your user dashboard;If you hadn’t yet joined then enroll from below.

DAILY UPDATE BEFORE 8:00 AM

Enroll MASTER PLUS (Answer review in 60 minutes)


CLICK HERE TO SEE previous days Questions DATE WISE<<

Nb: We analyse all leading 8 newspapers in India for this mains answer writings questions & those already covered in previous dates wont be asked again to write, instead will be provided in compilation.You wont get these wide coverage anywhere else.


General Studies -01

Syllabus area: Significant personalities & issues in modern india until present.

Q1: Gandhi was not murdered, an entire perspective committed to ahimsa, toleration, and respect for other religious traditions are murdered together.Discuss in the light of recent appeal to SC by pankaj Phadnis to re investigate the death of Gandhi. (200 words)

Source: The Hindu.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 1)


General Studies -02

Syllabus area: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors & issues arising out of their design & implementation.

Q2. The central government’s decisions of dismissing Congress governments in Uttarakhand and Manipur have led to a trust deficit. In this scenario, critics argue that the proposal of simultaneous central and assembly elections does not seem worthwhile.Analyse(200 words) 

Source: The Tribune.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 4)


General Studies -03

Syllabus area: Indian economy,Inclusive growth & issues arising  from it.

Q3: “Deficit isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Much depends on how public money is allocated and spent and what the macroeconomic situation is what matters”. Comment (200 words)

Source: The Business standard.

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 6)


General Studies -04

Syllabus area:Attitude,Laws ,rules & regulations as a source of ethical guidance.

Q4: Analyse the ethical aspects of Criminalizing sex with a minor wife by supreme court.(150 words)(150 words)

Source: The Indian Express

Reference: EDITORIAL MODULE(Page 9)


So Don’t wast any more time;START DRAFTING ANSWERS IN RECOMMENDED WORDS LIMIT & UPLOAD IT IN YOUR DASHBOARD and wait for the Magic.

Happy Learning;Keep visiting MASTERS 2017 & Stay in Track for UPSC 2017.

LOGIN NOW & UPLOAD ANSWER FOR REVIEW

<<Comments are closed>>

Nb: This is an addon for current affairs to our dedicated test series live in user dashboard & Not stand alone series;LOGIN NOW.

Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

Daily PIB Notes-October 8 and 9 compilation

Bank test, Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily quiz, IAS EXAM, PIB notes, UPSC exam

Press Information Bureau(PIB) is an important part in competitive exams. We are already providing PIB notes monthly Magazines free of cost .Now onwards you can track daily PIB notes from here instead of surfing through 30+ daily PIB updates which may not be relevant for preparation. We provides CRUX OF PIB DAILY.

PIB important articles monthly compilation

>>CLICK HERE for date wise compilations free<<

1.Prime Minister launches Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 

  • Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease: Prime Minister
  • Improving the health status of children of our country is amongst the top priorities of the Government: Sh J P Nadda

Aim: To reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme.

Focus: Improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.

  • The achievement of full immunisation under Mission Indradhanush to at least 90% coverage was to be achieved by 2020 earlier. With the launch of IMI, achievement of the target has now been advanced.
  • Earlier the increase in full immunization coverage was 1% per year which has increased to 6.7% per year through the first two phases of ‘Mission Indradhanush’.

Features of Intensified Mission Indradhanush :

  • Will cover low performing areas in the selected districts and urban areas.
  • Special attention will be given to unserved/low coverage pockets in sub-centre and urban slums with migratory population.
  • The focus is also on the urban settlements and cities identified under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
  • Will have inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination, action-based review mechanism and intensified monitoring and accountability framework for effective implementation of targeted rapid interventions to improve the routine immunization coverage.

2.World post day:

  • In India it will be a part of the National Postal Week till 15th October 2014.
  • On all the days school children will be involved to educate them on functioning of the Postal Department

Background:-

  • World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9thOctober, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Berne.
  • The Minister for Communications  launched e-IPO (Indian Postal Order) in the denominations of Rs. 10/-, Rs. 20/-, Rs. 50/- &Rs. 100/-, as a pilot project in Bihar, Delhi and Karnataka.
  • e-IPO will be used for all purposes like fee payment for RTI/ educational institutions/ Court/ online registration for Cable Operators etc.

3.The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi layed Foundation Stone for Bhadbhut Barrage over the River Narmada.

The Prime Minister also flagged off the Antyodaya Express between Udhna (Surat, Gujarat) and Jaynagar (Bihar).

Proposed advantages:

  • Connects people and particularly helps those who are from Uttar Pradesh or Bihar, and work far from their home.
  • Train will make it easier for people from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar to go home for Chhath Puja.

4.Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala is all set to conduct the fourth edition of the prestigious annual Dilli seminar on 12th and 13th of October 2017. 

Theme:‘India and Southeast Asia – Maritime Trade, Expedition and Civilisation Linkages’.

Background :-

INA conducts the annual Dilli seminar on elements and issues of maritime history and heritage of the nation to help the young officers and cadets keep an eye on future developments in the maritime domain with a strong foundation of the past.

5.Trails pass.

  • Traill’s Pass (5400m) is a high altitude pass in Nandadevi National Park (Kumaon Region) which joins the Milam and Pindari Glaciers.

6.Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  •  PMGDISHA is aimed at imparting digital literacy to citizens in rural areas. It will provide access to information, knowledge, education, and healthcare.
  • It will create avenues for livelihood generation, and financial inclusion through digital payments.

7.ImTeCHO

  • ImTeCHO is an innovative mobile phone application to improve performance of ASHAs through better supervision, support and motivation for increasing coverage of proven maternal, newborn and child health interventions among resource-poor settings in India.
  • ImTeCHO stands for “Innovative mobile-phone Technology for Community Health Operations”.
  • “TeCHO” in Gujarati means “support”; therefore, “ImTeCHO” means “I am support.
  • The Prime Minister will distribute e-tablets to health workers to mark the launch of ImTeCHO.
HINDU NOTES-OCT 11 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

HINDU NOTES-OCT 11 2017 [UPSC Current affairs DAILY CAPSULE]

Current affairs, Daily Capsule, Daily challenge, Daily hindu notes, hindu notes, The Hindu Notes

General Studies-02

Hate messages could have communal angle: Kerala police.

News:

  • A fake audio clip about a hotel owner in Kozhikode bludgeoning to death a migrant worker had recently spawned a visceral sense of insecurity among other-State labourers in North Kerala.

Beyond News:

  • The police pointed out that the bulk of the migrant labour community in Kerala relied exclusively on WhatsApp groups to communicate with each other and their families in Assam, West Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand. Such groups were their sole source of news.
  • They conceded that running to ground the perpetrators of the disinformation campaign might be difficult given the fact that such platforms used encrypted communication. Senior police officers pointed out that a similar set of regional language chauvinists had unleashed a comparable fake news campaign in Mumbai last year to drive out migrant workers.
  • They have also not ruled out the possibility that business rivalry between labour suppliers could have motivated the fake news.
  • The police have launched a social media campaign to counter the attempt to sow division between migrant workers and the indigenous population and to reassure other-State workers.

India, U.K. to firm up defense links

  • Following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to London in 2015, the two countries agreed to hold regular dialogues, as part of the India-U.K. Defence Consultative Group.
  • Since then, a step change in terms of depth had taken place in cooperation and dialogue in the area, Mr. Mitra said.
    Wide-ranging dialogue
    During his trip which focused on meetings of the Defence Consultative Group.
    ‘Make in India’ push
    India has pegged the defence sector as one of the major areas where the bilateral partnership could be expanded around the “Make in India” campaign.
  • During Mr. Modi’s visit in 2015, the two sides agreed to move towards a new Defence and International Security Partnership that would “intensify cooperation on defence and security, including cybersecurity, and maritime security” pushing for joint working in key strategic areas.

London Mayor Sadiq Khan to visit India and Pakistan

News:

London’s Mayor Sadiq Khan and Deputy Mayor Rajesh Agarwal are to visit India and Pakistan later this year.

Beyond News:

  • In the first official trip by a senior British politician to both countries, as city authorities seek to reassure businesses and others across the world of the resilience and strengths of the city post-Brexit.
  • The six-day visit due to take place at a yet-to-be-confirmed date later this year is part of the Labour Mayor’s ‘London is Open’ campaign.

Significance: 

  • European cities and financial centres have launched aggressive bids for international business amid the insecurity thrown up by Brexit.
  • London, while not complacent, remained confident that it would retain its current status.
  • He also highlighted concerns about the impact of U.K. government immigration policy on international students.
  • While the U.K. government couldn’t do trade deals with non-EU countries while still in the EU, it could take steps to ease relations with them.
  • The Mayor will also be accompanied by a delegation of businesses that are part of his International Business Programme, focussed on helping city businesses attract international business and investment.
  • The visit was intended to demonstrate how Britain was equal partners with both countries, with Britain able to offer India and Pakistan as much as the other way around.

{Op-Ed}Foggy thinking — on SC restoring ban on cracker sales in Delhi

Issse: Editorial is all about supreme court ban on Firecrackers during deepavali.

Pollution BAN cartoon
Image Credits: THE HINDU { Cartoon says it all perfectly}
  • For the second time since November 2016, the Supreme Court has temporarily banned the sale of firecrackers in the National Capital Region.
  • The idea is to test whether it cuts the deadly pollution levels seen in Delhi during and after Deepavali.
  • More importantly, despite delivering a big blow to the industry and incurring the displeasure of many, it offers too piecemeal a solution, akin to the even-odd licence number scheme of the Delhi government in 2015.

Core issues:

  • The major sources of pollution in the NCR have been clear enough to drive policy changes.
  • While their relative contributions are still indeterminate, these include construction dust, vehicular pollution, waste burning, generators and crop residue burning in the Indo-Gangetic plains.
  • To tackle each of these will take decisive and persistent policy actions, not panic-driven and ill-considered bans.

Back to History:

  • Take the 2015 ban on crop-residue burning in Punjab and Haryana for example.
  • Two years later, farmers continue to violate it, because the State governments have still not taken the steps required to solve the underlying problem — the high cost of cleaning the paddy stubble instead of burning it to prepare the field to sow wheat.
  • Another option is biomass-energy plants that buy paddy straw from farmers for use in generating power.

Solutions:

  • The only answer is for the Punjab and Haryana governments to move purposefully on the solutions they know will work — just as the only option for the Delhi government is to raise awareness on the impact of firecrackers, while also tackling vehicular pollution, construction dust and other pollution sources.
  • In the absence of these less dramatic, but more feasible solutions, it is unlikely a firecracker sale ban will avert the kind of health emergency that struck Delhi last year.

General Studies-03

IMF lowers forecasts for India

News:

  • India’s economic growth for 2017 and 2018 will be slower than earlier projected, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said in its latest World Economic Outlook released on Tuesday.

Beyond News:

  • The report cited “lingering impact” of demonetization and the Goods and Services Tax for the expected slowdown during the current and the next year.
  • The IMF projected India to grow at 6.7% in 2017 and 7.4% in 2018, which are 0.5 and 0.3 percentage points lower than the projections earlier this year, respectively.
  • India’s slowdown is happening even as the world economy is picking up steam.
  • The IMF has revised upwards “global growth projections to 3.6% for this year and 3.7% for the next.”

The wrong options

  • It has been well over three years since the government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi assumed power at the Centre.
  • Mr. Modi’s election promise of creating a “minimum government” that would liberalise the economy by cutting down the size of the government’s influence over the economy remains a pipe-dream.
  • Instead, each passing day, the goods and services tax (GST) and demonetization are being touted as big-bang reforms that, despite the short-term costs, will bring long-term economic benefits to the nation.

Unnecessary pain, no gain

  • What India needs, in other words, is not increased tax compliance among citizens, but pro-market reforms that will make the country a free and competitive marketplace.
  • A government that allows free competition, without favouring special interest groups, either through pro-business or pro-poor policies, will also be sowing the seeds for improved living standards.
  • As several scholars have pointed out, historically this is pretty much the only way countries have managed to free themselves from the shackles of poverty.

CLICK HERE TO SEE DATE WISE CURRENT AFFAIRS 

Role of family in inculcating values: Ethics

General Studies, IAS EXAM, UPSC exam

Role of family in inculcating values: Ethics

Role of family in inculcating values is a topic in GS 4 famously known as ethics paper.The role of family in inculcating values is provided in simple points.

There is a close contact between the parents and children, which determine the personality of child. Family is the foundation on which values are built.

  • Blissful and cheerful atmosphere in the family will develop the love, affection, tolerance, and generosity.
  • Joint family system, the presence of elders in the family plays the effective role in social and moral development of the children.
  • It will also help young generation of the family to imbibe human values and eradicate their negative mental tendencies when they are among elders.
  • Moral values like truthfulness, happiness, peace, justice are instilled in children’s thoughts, feelings and actions and they function as ideals and standards that govern their actions in their life.
  • The value system practiced in the family becomes automatic to the young family members if they are taught moral values systematically.
  • The family, shapes the child’s attitude towards people and society, and helps in mental growth in the child and supports his ambitions and values.
  • Children identify themselves with their parents, other family elders and adopt them as their personal models for emulation and imitation.
  • The behavioral problems are set correct only by the involvement of family in the child’s life as they spend most of their time in adolescence with the parents.
  • Family is the first social organization that provides the immediate proximity from which the kid can learn his behavior.
  • Social standards and customs defined by a family provide the emotional and physical basis for a child.
  • Families values helps the child to stand strong on his views despite others efforts to break through with opposing beliefs. A child has a strong sense of what is right and wrong and are less likely to become victims of deviant influences.